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XFEL Crate Standard Workshop, DESY, Hamburg 4. 12. 2007 Market analysis for VME/ATCA Thomas. XFEL Crate Standard Workshop, DESY, Hamburg 4. 12. 2007 Market analysis for VME/ATCA Thomas. [email protected] de

power. Bridge Computer n Founded 1993, headquartered in Burgwedel/Hannover, Germany n Computer Products and power. Bridge Computer n Founded 1993, headquartered in Burgwedel/Hannover, Germany n Computer Products and System Integration for Applications in Avionic, Space, and Defence Engineering, Telecommunication, Industrial Automation, and Traffic Control n World-wide leading Suppliers: Aculab, ADLINK, CM Computer, Ikon, Interphase, Interface Concept, Motorola Computer Group, Schroff, TEWS and Thales Computer n Products: Boards, Mezzanines, Chassis, System Integration, OEM Solutions, Drivers, Protocols, Operating Systems n Standards: VMEbus, Compact. PCI, Advanced. TCA, µTCA, PMC, AMC, Industry. Pack

Boards & Systems for Industrial Applications I/O Boards Software CPU Boards and Blades Advanced. Boards & Systems for Industrial Applications I/O Boards Software CPU Boards and Blades Advanced. TCA, VMEbus, Compact. PCI and µTCA Chassis Switches System Development and Integration Industrial PCs Carrier Boards

Industrial Bus Standards for Computer Systems n. PCI-Bus (Peripheral Component Interconnect Bus) n Standardization: Industrial Bus Standards for Computer Systems n. PCI-Bus (Peripheral Component Interconnect Bus) n Standardization: Through PICMG (PCI Industrial Manufacturers Group) n Bus Architecture: Parallel 1 to 8 Slots, 32 -bit/64 -bit, 33/66 MHz n Standards: PCI, c. PCI, PICMG 2. 16 / Compact. TCA, PXI Measurement-Bus n Mezzanines: PMC, Pr. PMC, PTMC, XMC, PC 104+, Mini. PCI n Data Rates: 132. . 528 MB/s n. VMEbus (VERSAmodule Europe Bus) n Standardization: Through VITA (VMEbus International Trade Association) n Bus Architecture: Parallel, 1 to 21 Slots, 8/16/32/64 -bit n Standards: VME 32, VME 64, VME 2 e. SST (VME 320), VXS (VITA. 41) n Data Rates: 10. . 320 MB/s

Industrial Bus Standards for Computer Systems n. Advanced. TCA (Advanced Telecommunication Computing Architecture) n Industrial Bus Standards for Computer Systems n. Advanced. TCA (Advanced Telecommunication Computing Architecture) n Standardization: Through PICMG n Bus Architecture: Serial Communication over Ethernet, Infiniband, ATM, FC, . . 1 to 24 Slots n Data Rates: up to 40 Gbit/s per Slot n. Micro. TCA (Micro Telecommunication Computing Architecture) n Standardization: Through PICMG n Defines a system architecture for AMC plugged into a backplane n. AMC (Advanced Mezzanine Card) n Standardization: Through PICMG n Bus Architecture: Serial Communication over Ethernet, serial Rapid. IO, PCI Express (advanced switching), FC n Data Rates: up to 40 Gbit/s per Slot

Standardization VITA 31/ VXS (VITA 41) n ANSI/VITA 31. 1, Gigabit Ethernet on VME Standardization VITA 31/ VXS (VITA 41) n ANSI/VITA 31. 1, Gigabit Ethernet on VME 64 x, adds Gig. E to backplanes via a P 0 connector as defined in VME 64 x. This implementation, as well as several other serial schemes, all work with the VME 32, VME 64 and VME 2 e. SST configurations (fully backward compatible). n ANSI/VITA 41, VMEbus Switched Serial or VXS, is an ANSI standard that combines parallel VMEbus with enhancements to support switched serial fabrics including PCI Express, Rapid. IO, Star. Fabric and Infini. Band over a new high speed P 0 connector. The standard also incorporates ANSI/VITA 1. 7, allowing more DC power input into each board.

Standardization VPX (VITA 46) n VPX is a proposed ANSI standard which breaks out Standardization VPX (VITA 46) n VPX is a proposed ANSI standard which breaks out from the traditional connector scheme of VMEbus to merge the latest in connector and packaging technology with the latest in bus and serial fabric technology. n VPX combines best-in-class technologies to assure a very long technology cycle similar to that of the original VMEbus solutions. n Hybrid backplanes to accommodate VME 64, VXS and VPX boards (through additional bridging components) n supports 3 U and 6 U formats; but 5 HP slot depth n No switches/ full mesh n New 7 -row high speed connector rated up to 6. 25 Gbps n Choice of high speed serial fabrics n PMC and XMC (VITA 42) mezzanines n High density, high power n Clustered architecture (4 boards per cluster, ringconnections per cluster (2 x)

VITA 46 Working Group members n Boeing n Dy 4 Systems Inc. n FCI VITA 46 Working Group members n Boeing n Dy 4 Systems Inc. n FCI n Foxconn n Hybricon Corporation n Mercury Computer Systems n Naval Surface Warfare Center, Crane Division n Positronic Industries n Radstone Technology n Pentair/Schroff n Tundra Semiconductor n Tyco Electronics n VISTA Controls

Standardization ATCA n PICMG 3. 0 Base specification n The PICMG 3. 0 “core” Standardization ATCA n PICMG 3. 0 Base specification n The PICMG 3. 0 “core” specification will specify board, backplane and shelf mechanicals, power distribution and the connectivity required for system management. n PICMG 3. 1 Ethernet und Fibre-Channel fabric n Define how Ethernet and Fibre Channel are mapped onto PICMG 3. 0 n PICMG 3. 2 Infiniband fabrics n Define how Infini. Band transport is mapped onto PICMG 3. 0 n PICMG 3. 3 Starfabric topology n Define how Star. Fabric transport is mapped onto PICMG 3. 0 n PICMG 3. 4 PCI-Express Advanced switching n Define how PCI Express and PCI Express Advanced Switching transport is mapped onto PICMG 3. 0 n PICMG 3. 5 Serial Rapid IO n Define how Serial Rapid. IO transport is mapped onto PICMG 3. 0 n PICMG 3. 6 (member review) n Define how Packet Routing Switch (PRS) is mapped onto PICMG 3. 0

Standardization AMC. 0 (Advanced Mezzanine Module) n Defines a mezzanine building block approach for Standardization AMC. 0 (Advanced Mezzanine Module) n Defines a mezzanine building block approach for the addition of crucial functionality to a PICMG 3. 0 carrier card available from a number of third party suppliers. n AMC. 1 (Advanced Mezzanine Module PCI Express and Advanced Switching) n Defines port usage for PCI Express and Advanced Switching environments on AMC. 0 n AMC. 2 (Advanced Mezzanine Module Ethernet) n Defines port usage for Ethernet on AMC. 0 n AMC. 3 (Advanced Mezzanine Module Storage) n Defines port usage for Fibre Channel, SATA or SAS on AMC. 0 n AMC. 4 (Advanced Mezzanine Module Serial Rapid. IO) n Defines port usage for Serial Rapid. IO on AMC. 0

Flexible Product Platform ATCA Carrier Flexible Product Platform ATCA Carrier

Open platform n ATCA provides a vendor-neutral, open, modular hardware standard n Carrier grade Open platform n ATCA provides a vendor-neutral, open, modular hardware standard n Carrier grade linux has emerged as a complementory open, modular standard on the software side n SAF (Service Availibility Forum) sets standards for Interoperatibility n n n Hardware independant OS independant HPI (Hardware platform Interface) AIS (Application Interface Specification) www. saforum. org

Computing Platform Trading Association n Addresses the specification for application layers and below n Computing Platform Trading Association n Addresses the specification for application layers and below n Defining interoperablity test procedures n Managing interoperatibility test procedures n Drive the creation of mainstream market for an open industry standard n www. cp-ta. org n Enable and promote open standard COTS hardware n Promote FOSS (free open source software) n Promote interoperatibility n www. scope-alliance. org

Bus architecture CAGR Bus architecture CAGR

VME Segmentation VME Segmentation

Market Size Non-Telecom Opportunity … Large, Growing Source: Venture Data Corp (VDC), ECC Market Size Non-Telecom Opportunity … Large, Growing Source: Venture Data Corp (VDC), ECC

Market Size/Share Compact. PCI WW Compact. PCI TAM (merchant) n Not dead by a Market Size/Share Compact. PCI WW Compact. PCI TAM (merchant) n Not dead by a long shot Modest growth continues despite calls for c. PCI’s demise n Growth Engines Systems, particularly 3 U in Mil/Aero, driving positive CAGR Source: IDC, Venture Data Corp (VDC), ECC

Market Size/Share VME WW VME TAM (merchant) n Trends: Tempered growth overall Systems growth Market Size/Share VME WW VME TAM (merchant) n Trends: Tempered growth overall Systems growth relatively strong (near 10% CAGR across verticals) Ruggedized boards & systems growing mid single digits Source: IDC, Venture Data Corp (VDC), ECC

Market Size/Share Pr. PMC WW Pr. PMC TAM (merchant) n Moderate Growth Pr. PMC Market Size/Share Pr. PMC WW Pr. PMC TAM (merchant) n Moderate Growth Pr. PMC market expands during forecast period n Pr. PMCs Coexist with AMCs Traditionally strong PMC markets -- military/aerospace and highreliability industrial -- have areas for PMCs to thrive while AMCs create a new market space related to x. TCA Source: IDC, Venture Data Corp (VDC), ECC

Market Size/Share Micro. TCA WW Micro. TCA TAM (merchant) n Key Assumptions Factors driving Market Size/Share Micro. TCA WW Micro. TCA TAM (merchant) n Key Assumptions Factors driving market outlook n Builds on ATCA/AMC momentum/success n Low(er)-cost price point achieved n Opportunity Outside Telco Mil/Aero shown to be key vertical with largest overall revenue potential Distribution by Vertical 2007 2010 Source: IDC, Venture Data Corp (VDC), ECC

Market Size/Share Advanced. TCA WW ATCA TAM (merchant) n Key Assumptions Factors effecting current Market Size/Share Advanced. TCA WW ATCA TAM (merchant) n Key Assumptions Factors effecting current outlook n FY 2006 ATCA revenues well below initial forecast n ATCA prices heading into 2007 too high (and volume too low) n Delays in IMS implementations n Mega-mergers slowed ATCA rollouts (e. g. Alcatel-Lucent and Nokia-Siemens) n 2007 Represents Inflection Point Almost all Tier 1 vendors have introduced at least one system based on ATCA, and most are now developing a range of ATCA-based products covering multiple application areas. n Services Integration, Service & Support are near 20% of TAM ($400 M) by 2010 Source: IDC, Venture Data Corp (VDC), ECC

x. TCA Market Outlook Source: IDC - ATCA Adoption in the Telecommunications Industry; June x. TCA Market Outlook Source: IDC - ATCA Adoption in the Telecommunications Industry; June 2006 n 2007 represents inflection point for ATCA, w/volume shipments heading into ’ 08 n Approximately 50% of the NEP community will adopt ATCA in parts of their product line by 2007 n 87% CAGR (2006 -2011); 900% growth n Non-telecom markets not included

x. TCA Market Outlook Hardware, Software & Services Mix Source: IDC - ATCA Adoption x. TCA Market Outlook Hardware, Software & Services Mix Source: IDC - ATCA Adoption in the Telecommunications Industry; June 2006

Where Are We In The Cycle? Product Life Cycle c. PCI 2006 Product delivery Where Are We In The Cycle? Product Life Cycle c. PCI 2006 Product delivery to customers Customer Trials A TC A Maturity Stage Decline Stage A Product Sales We are here Growth Stage C Introductory Stage u. T Development Stage Total Market Sales 2008 Customer Development Time 2010 2012

IDC Survey Results Q. What are your key buying criteria when selecting x. TCA IDC Survey Results Q. What are your key buying criteria when selecting x. TCA products and vendors? (multiple responses allowed) 10% increased focus on services vs. 2006

Legals PICMG, Advanced. TCA, Advanced. MC, μTCA and their logos are trademarks of the Legals PICMG, Advanced. TCA, Advanced. MC, μTCA and their logos are trademarks of the PCI Industrial Computers Manufacturers Group VITA, VMEbus, VME 32, VME 64 x, VME 320, 2 e. SST, VXS, VPX and their logos are trademarks of the VITA Standards Organisation Simple Micro. TCA, Simple µTCA, and SMTCA are registered trademarks of power. Bridge Computer All other product or service names are the property of their respective owners All specifications contained within this presentation are subject to change without notice

Forward / Backward Compatibility Barrier VME…VME 64 x…VME 2 e. SST…VXS …… VPX 1981 Forward / Backward Compatibility Barrier VME…VME 64 x…VME 2 e. SST…VXS …… VPX 1981 1994 1997 2003 2005 2006 VME…VME 64 x…VME 2 e. SST…VXS …. ATCA… 1981 1994 1997 2003 2005 2006 VME…VME 64 x…VME 2 e. SST…VXS …. . µTCA 1981 1994 1997 2003 2005 2006 PCI …. CPCI …. D CPCI (2. 7). … PSB PCI (2. 16) ATCA / µTCA 1994 1997 2001 2005 2006

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CPTA Member companies Founding members Sponsor members Contributor members Adopter members CPTA Member companies Founding members Sponsor members Contributor members Adopter members

Comparison VME, CPCI, ATCA, µTCA, VPX VMEbus Bus Architecture Parallel/serial Compact. PCI ATCA/ Micro. Comparison VME, CPCI, ATCA, µTCA, VPX VMEbus Bus Architecture Parallel/serial Compact. PCI ATCA/ Micro. TCA VPX Parallel Serial Parallel/serial System Architecture Multi Master/Slave Multi Master, switched fabric Multi Master Interconnect VME 32, VME 64, VME 320 PCI (32/64 -bit), Ethernet (PICMG 2. 16) PCI Express, Ethernet, serial Rapid. IO, FC, SATA, SAS Ethernet, serial Rapid. IO, FC Up to 320 MB/s Up to 500 MB/s Up to 5 GB/s Up to 6. 25 Gbps IPMI No Yes No Hot Swap No Yes No Max. 93 W Max. 50/100 W ATCA: 200 W > 450 W VXS (VITA 31. 1; VITA 41 Fabric on P 0) Bandwidth Power VXS: 150 W Micro. TCA: 20 -80 W

Bus connection overview Bus connection overview

VPX n Small volume products n No real COTS n VPX is designed for VPX n Small volume products n No real COTS n VPX is designed for military applications n High power, high density applications n Requires high efficient cooling solutions n Cost per chassis with full MIL spec is > 25. 000 EUR. n Cost per board with full MIL spec is > 10 to 15. 000 EUR