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WORLD RELIGIONS GR 7 World History WORLD RELIGIONS GR 7 World History

CHRISTIANITY q. Origins – founded by Jesus Christ in 30 A. D. , in CHRISTIANITY q. Origins – founded by Jesus Christ in 30 A. D. , in Israel q. Approx 2 billion followers - Catholics, Protestants and Eastern Orthodox (Greek and Russian Church) q. Holy text is called the Bible q. Symbols

CHRISTIANITY Basic Beliefs and Philosophy q. Monotheistic - One God q. Holy Trinity – CHRISTIANITY Basic Beliefs and Philosophy q. Monotheistic - One God q. Holy Trinity – God the Father, Son and Holy Spirit q. Salvation is through faith in Jesus Christ who died on the cross for our sins so that we may have everlasting life (John 3: 16)

JUDAISM q. Origins – religion of the Hebrews or Jewish people, 1300 B. C. JUDAISM q. Origins – religion of the Hebrews or Jewish people, 1300 B. C. , in Israel q. Approx 14 million followers q. Holy text is called the Torah q. Symbol

JUDAISM Basic Beliefs and Philosophy q. Monotheistic - One God (Yahweh) q. Obey God’s JUDAISM Basic Beliefs and Philosophy q. Monotheistic - One God (Yahweh) q. Obey God’s commandments & live ethically q. Focus is more on this life rather than life after death q. Temple service is on Saturdays; eat only Kosher foods; no consumption of pork q. Holidays – Hanukah, Passover, Yom Kippur

ISLAM q. Origins – founded by Muhammad in 622 A. D. , in Saudi ISLAM q. Origins – founded by Muhammad in 622 A. D. , in Saudi Arabia q. Approx 1. 3 billion followers – Sunni and Shiite q. Religious text is called the Qur’an q. Symbol

ISLAM Basic Beliefs and Philosophy q. Monotheistic – god is called “Allah” in Arabic ISLAM Basic Beliefs and Philosophy q. Monotheistic – god is called “Allah” in Arabic q. Humans must submit to the will of god to gain paradise after death q. Must follow the Five Pillars (faith, prayer, alms, pilgrimage, fasting) q. Holidays – Ramadan and Hajj

BUDDHISM q. Origins – founded by Siddharta Gautama (the Buddha) in 520 B. C. BUDDHISM q. Origins – founded by Siddharta Gautama (the Buddha) in 520 B. C. , in India q. Approx 360 million followers q. Religious text is called Pali Canon q. Symbols

BUDDHISM Basic Beliefs and Philosophy q. Polytheistic – purpose is to avoid suffering and BUDDHISM Basic Beliefs and Philosophy q. Polytheistic – purpose is to avoid suffering and gain enlightenment through reincarnation q. Purpose is personal spiritual development and deeper insight into the true nature of life through meditation, mantras (chants) of devotion to deities (gods) q. Holidays – New Year (February) & Vaishakha Festival

HINDUISM q. Origins – in the Indus Valley (Pakistan) around 1500 B. C. ; HINDUISM q. Origins – in the Indus Valley (Pakistan) around 1500 B. C. ; there is no founder q. Approx 900 million followers q. Religious text is called Reg Vega q. Symbol

HINDUISM Basic Beliefs and Philosophy q. Polytheistic – universal eternal soul which is present HINDUISM Basic Beliefs and Philosophy q. Polytheistic – universal eternal soul which is present in everything q. Their existence is a cycle that include birth, death and rebirth (reincarnation) that is governed by karma (your works) q. Holidays – Festival of Lights and Diwali

CONFUCIANISM q. Origins – founded by Confucius in 551 -479 B. C. , in CONFUCIANISM q. Origins – founded by Confucius in 551 -479 B. C. , in China q. Approx 5 -6 million followers q. Famous writings called Analects q. Symbol

CONFUCIANISM Basic Beliefs and Philosophy q. Non-theistic (no belief in God); human nature is CONFUCIANISM Basic Beliefs and Philosophy q. Non-theistic (no belief in God); human nature is focus q. Purpose of life is to fulfill one’s role in society with propriety (proper behavior), honor, honesty, politeness and loyalty to family and nation q. Holidays – Confucius birthday (Sept 28 th)

SHINTOISM q. Origins – founded by , in Japan q. Approx 3 -4 million SHINTOISM q. Origins – founded by , in Japan q. Approx 3 -4 million followers q. Important historical texts called Kojiki records q. Symbol

SHINTOISM Basic Beliefs and Philosophy q. Non-theistic – way of the gods q. Belief SHINTOISM Basic Beliefs and Philosophy q. Non-theistic – way of the gods q. Belief that everything contains “kami” (god or spirit) thus should be worshipped including mythological creatures, spirit figures and human ancestors q. Holiday – Harvest Festival

TAOISM q. Origins – founded by Lao-Tze in 550 B. C. , in China TAOISM q. Origins – founded by Lao-Tze in 550 B. C. , in China (also called Daoism) q. Approx 20 million followers q. Important text called Tao-te Ching q. Symbol

TAOISM Basic Beliefs and Philosophy q. Non-theistic – q. Belief that they are born TAOISM Basic Beliefs and Philosophy q. Non-theistic – q. Belief that they are born in a state of purity, imperfect but capable of seeking the Tao and doing good q. Purpose is to seek inner harmony and peace through the Tao, then revert back to a state of non-being q. Holidays – Chinese New Year, Lantern & Dragon Festivals