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Working Together to Protect the Safety of Your Prescription Drugs Diseases and Disorders: A lesser known important cause Presentation by Pooja khaitan Partnership for Safe Medicines (PSM) India www. safemedicinesindia. in to 6 th graders , Oakridge International School, Hyderabad
A disease is an abnormal condition that affects the body of an organism. It is often construed as a medical condition associated with specific symptoms and signs. Disorder is a disturbance of structure due to genetic failure as a result of exogenous factors.
TOP TEN KILLERS IN OUR COMMUNITY (1) Heart Disease (2) Cancer (3) AID/HIV Virus (4) Depression (5) Homicide (6) Paralyses (7) Diabetes (8) Pneumonia (9) Pulmonary disease (10) Infant deaths
CAUSES • Negative/suppressed emotions • Acid forming diet (all meats, poultry, dairy and most oils • Heavy metals such as lead and mercury and other toxic metals used in dental amalgams fillings • Lack of enough water • Processed food Chlorine or Fluoride in water • Chemicals in food such as pesticides, insecticides, herbicide, etc.
A lesser known but very IMPORTANT CAUSE of diseases and disorders…
MEDICINES SSFFC : Spurious, Substandard, Falselylabelled, falsified, Counterfeit
• MEDICINES are substances that are made in laboratories by chemists, biologists, pharmacists • 10, 000 compounds are made before a medicine is ready with all correct properties to cure a disease • Natural resources like plants and trees
• Illness comes from GERMS • Body’s IMMUNE SYSTEM works to fight off the invaders • Medicines help immune system to fight the germs
When the doctor gives us medicines, we get better , HOW?
What Should the Indian Consumers Expect from PSM India Initiative? • Different parts of the body have KEYHOLES called receptors • Medicine is like a KEY • Medicine is designed to fit perfectly into the correct receptor to make you better
Proposed Way Forward TYPES OF MEDICINES 1. Antibiotics – they kill germs called bacteria 2. Pain Relievers or Symptom Soothers – help in making you feel better while getting well Ex. Throat lozenges, itch relief creams
3. Controllers – these medicines control illness that don’t go away Ex. Diabetes, asthma, blood pressure 4. Immunizations – important medicines that keep you from getting sick in the first place. Usually given as a shot. Ex. Measels , chickenpox
WAYS TO TAKE MEDICINE n n Swallow – pill or liquid. Once swallowed the digestive juices in the stomach break it down. Medicine passes in the blood stream. Blood carries it to other parts of the body. IV – if need immediate effect then IV. This makes medicine get into the blood quickly.
WAYS TO TAKE MEDICINE n Shots – these are given under the skin. They are then absorbed into the blood stream. The medicine wouldn’t work if the digestive juices broke them down. n Directly on the spot – putting ointment on an infected cut or dropping eardrops into a clogged ear.
WHERE DO MEDICINES COME FROM ? n n n Scientists in Pharmaceutical companies make medicine. Pharmaceutical companies supply medicine to the Pharmacy. Medicine is now ready for you to pick up when you take your Prescription.
WHAT ARE PRESCRIPTIONS ? They are ‘vouchers for medicine’ , written by the doctor after he decides what is wrong with you. They tell us which medicine we need, how much we need to take and how often we should take it.
MIND YOUR MEDICINE So medicines sound like a pretty good thing ? YES, BUT ONLY IF USED CORRECTLY. CAUTION • Too much is harmful • Read label • Old and Expired • Wrongly prescribed • Always follow doctors instructions
BEWARE OF FAKE AND SUBSTANDARD MEDICINES
Use of sophisticated technologies for fakes
MAKE SURE YOU ALWAYS BUY MEDICINES BY SHOWING A PRESCRIPTION Never purchase medicines without a prescription !!
Medicine SAFETY RULES : CHECK LABEL: is it crooked ? does the packaging look clean and correctly sealed? APPEARANCE of MEDICATION : are the pills cracked ? Does it appear a shade different from earlier prescription? TASTE: does it have the same taste as before ?
DANGEROUS DRUGS HAVE BEEN GLOBALLY DISCARDED BUT ARE AVAILABLE IN INDIA PHENYLPROPANALAMINE : cold and cough; Reason for ban: Stroke ; Brand name : Vicks Action-500 ANALGIN: pain killer; Reason for ban: Bone Marrow; Brand Name : Novalgin FURAZOLIDONE : antidiarrhoeal. Reason for ban: Cancer ; Brand Name : Furoxone, Lomofen NIMESULIDE : fever; Reason for ban: Liver failure ; Brand Name : Nise, Nimulid
AVOID THESE TABLETS AS THEY ARE VERY DANGEROUS D cold Vicks action- 500 Actified Coldarin Co some Nice Nimulid Cetrizet-D They contain Phenyl- Propanol -Amide PPA. Which Causes strokes, and these tablets are banned in U. S.
NEVER TAKE MEDICATION ON YOUR OWN …. . ALWAYS CONSULT A DOCTOR BEFORE YOU POP PILLS !! Remember…. a doctor knows BEST !
Health & Safety of the Patients Should Always Prevail Over Profit E AF to S is a ess NES T c Ac DICI IGH R ME AN UM H
Just One unsafe Medicine Threatens Patient Safety… we all must work together to educate and to help protect patients around the globe Every Govt. must be committed to the safety of prescription drugs and protecting consumers against Spurious, counterfeit, falsified, substandard or otherwise unsafe medicines
Comprised of more than 50 non-profit organizations, the Partnership for Safe Medicines (PSM) India is a public health group committed to the safety of prescription drugs and protecting consumers against Spurious, substandard or otherwise unsafe medicines. Please feel free to visit us at www. safemedicinesindia. in
Previous Steps in Inda Quiz Time Q. 1. Medicines are made …. a. in schools b. in laboratories c. in space
Quiz Time Q. 2. Medicines help the _______ system to fight germs. a. Respiratory b. Digestive c. Immune
Quiz Time Q. 3. MEDICINE IS LIKE A …… a. book b. bat c. key
Quiz Time Q. 4. _____kills germs called Bacteria. a. Antibiotics b. Batman c. Chota Bheem
Quiz Time Q. 5. Once swallowed, what breaks the medicine in the stomach ? a. hammer b. Stone c. digestive juices
Quiz Time Q. 6. Pharmaceutical companies supply medicine to whom ? a. The Pharmacy b. The Scientists c. The circus
Quiz Time Q. 7. What is a voucher for medicine called? a. Prescription b. Subscription c. Television
Quiz Time Q. 8. When taking medicines whose Instructions must we always follow ? a. Friend b. Doctor c. News channel
Quiz Time Q. 9. When buying medicines from a Pharmacy, what must we check? a. Your favourite colour b. Expiry date of medicine c. Time of purchase
Quiz Time Q. 10. We must always buy medicines by showing a _____. a. Prescription b. School certificate c. Ben 10 gadget