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WIPO WORKSHOP ON INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY FOR BUSINESS FOR SMALL AND MEDIUM-SIZED ENTERPRISES (SMES) Workshop WIPO WORKSHOP ON INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY FOR BUSINESS FOR SMALL AND MEDIUM-SIZED ENTERPRISES (SMES) Workshop in Dar-es-Salaam, May 10 and 11 2005 Dipl. -Ing. Volker Plogmann Managing Director Patent and Trademark Department Wilhelm Karmann Gmb. H Full Service Vehicle Supplier, Osnabrück, Germany Volker Plogmann

Wilhelm Karmann Gmb. H Karmann Ghia Coupe 1955 Volker Plogmann Wilhelm Karmann Gmb. H Karmann Ghia Coupe 1955 Volker Plogmann

Complete Vehicles Audi A 4 Convertible 2002 Chrysler Crossfire Coupé 2003 Volker Plogmann Mercedes-Benz Complete Vehicles Audi A 4 Convertible 2002 Chrysler Crossfire Coupé 2003 Volker Plogmann Mercedes-Benz CLK Convertible 2003 Chrysler Crossfire Roadster 2004

Roof Systems VW New Beetle Convertible 2002 Renault Mégane Coupe-Convertibles 2003 Volker Plogmann Roof Systems VW New Beetle Convertible 2002 Renault Mégane Coupe-Convertibles 2003 Volker Plogmann

3. 5 Million Vehicles 1949 -2004 Selection from reference vehicle list: VW Beetle Convert. 3. 5 Million Vehicles 1949 -2004 Selection from reference vehicle list: VW Beetle Convert. 331, 847 units VW Karmann Ghia 362, 601 units VW Porsche 914 118, 949 units VW Scirocco II 291, 497 units Ford Escort Conv. 104, 237 units VW Corrado 97, 521 units Merc. -Benz CLK 81, 518 units Audi 80 Convertible 12, 012 units Volker Plogmann VW Golf A 4 Convert. 72, 666 units VW Scirocco I 504, 153 units BMW 6 th Series 96, 149 units Ford Escort Conv. 83, 983 units VW Golf A 3 Convert. 139, 577 units Merc. -Benz CLK Coupé Audi A 4 Convertible 31, 568 units 20, 906 units VW Golf A 1 Convert. 388, 522 units Renault Mégane Conv. 58, 867 units Chrysler Crossfire

Global Locations Karmann-Rheine Gmb. H & Co. KG Vehicle Production Karmann U. S. A. Global Locations Karmann-Rheine Gmb. H & Co. KG Vehicle Production Karmann U. S. A. , Inc. Plymouth, Michigan Vehicle Engineering Karmann-Ghia de Mexico Puebla Roof System Production Karmann-Ghia do Brasil Ltda. Sao Paulo Tooling • Stamping Vehicle Production Volker Plogmann Wilhelm Karmann Gmb. H Osnabrück Vehicle Engineering • Tooling Roof Systems • Production ATP Automotive Testing Papenburg Gmb. H Papenburg Proving Ground Julius Heywinkel Gmb. H Bramsche Fabric & Plastics Production AGS Gmb. H Osnabrück Logistics Services Karmann-Ghia de Portugal Lda. Vendas Novas Fabric Production

Wilhelm Karmann Gmb. H Germany - Osnabrück Service Spectrum: Vehicle Engineering • Tooling Roof Wilhelm Karmann Gmb. H Germany - Osnabrück Service Spectrum: Vehicle Engineering • Tooling Roof Systems • Production Founded: 1901 Employees: 6, 106 total area: 435. 000 m 2 built-on-area: 195. 116 m 2 Current Key Products: è Chrysler Crossfire Coupe è MB CLK Convertible è MB SLK (BIW Module) Volker Plogmann

Karmann-Rheine Gmb. H & Co. KG Germany - Rheine Service Spectrum: Vehicle Production Founded: Karmann-Rheine Gmb. H & Co. KG Germany - Rheine Service Spectrum: Vehicle Production Founded: 1965 Employees: 1, 760 total area: 432. 500 m 2 built-on-area: 78. 500 m 2 Current Key Products: è Audi A 4 Convertible è Renault Mégane II CC (RHT module) è Jaguar XK 8 (Soft-top Frame) Volker Plogmann

Karmann-Ghia do Brasil Ltda. Sao Paulo Service Spectrum: Tooling • Stamping Vehicle Production Founded: Karmann-Ghia do Brasil Ltda. Sao Paulo Service Spectrum: Tooling • Stamping Vehicle Production Founded: 1960 Employees: 498 Current Key Products: è Final Assembly of Land Rover 90 SW è Tools for DC, Dana, Fiat, Ford, GM, Krupp, Land Rover, Honda, Renault, Scania, Volvo, VW è Stamping Parts for DC, Fiat, Krupp, Scania, TWB, Volvo, VW Volker Plogmann

Karmann-Ghia de Portugal Lda. Vendas Novas Service Spectrum: Fabric Production Founded: 1992 Employees: 276 Karmann-Ghia de Portugal Lda. Vendas Novas Service Spectrum: Fabric Production Founded: 1992 Employees: 276 Current Key Products: Fabric & leather seat covers for è Audi A 4 Convertible è BMW new 5 series è Ford Galaxy è Land Rover è MB CLK Convertible è VW Sharan è Seat Alhambra Volker Plogmann

Karmann-Ghia de Mexico Puebla Service Spektrum: Roof System Production Founded: Employees: 2002 150 Current Karmann-Ghia de Mexico Puebla Service Spektrum: Roof System Production Founded: Employees: 2002 150 Current Product: è Soft-top System for Volkswagen New Beetle Cabrio Volker Plogmann

Karmann U. S. A. Plymouth, Michigan Service Spectrum: Vehicle Engineering, Roof System Production (2006) Karmann U. S. A. Plymouth, Michigan Service Spectrum: Vehicle Engineering, Roof System Production (2006) Founded: Employees: Volker Plogmann 1996 140

ATP Automotive Testing Papenburg Service Spectrum: Proving Ground Engineering Operation Begin: 1998 Employees: Testing ATP Automotive Testing Papenburg Service Spectrum: Proving Ground Engineering Operation Begin: 1998 Employees: Testing Area: Volker Plogmann 100 870 ha

Full Service Supplier Styling Concepts/ Advanced Engineering BIW Assembly Systems QA Tooling Tools & Full Service Supplier Styling Concepts/ Advanced Engineering BIW Assembly Systems QA Tooling Tools & Dies Stamping Volker Plogmann FEM Analysis Machining Body-inwhite Package/ Measure Concept/ Surface Class A Engineering/ Concept Module Manufact. Design/ Engineering Vehicle Testing Paint Shop Plastics Technology Prototypes Soft-top Production Roof Systems Powertrain & Chassis Integration Final Assembly

Division & Structure in Osnabrück Tooling Vehicle Engineering Production design. Studio Tools and Dies Division & Structure in Osnabrück Tooling Vehicle Engineering Production design. Studio Tools and Dies Stamping concept. Team BIW Assembly Systems Body-in-white FEM Analysis Machining Modules/Components Package/Measure Concept/ Surface Class A Roof Systems Design/Engineering Development Plastics Technology Intellectual Property Management Prototypes Vehicle Testing Volker Plogmann Design Prototypes Testing Production Paint Shop Final Assembly

Intellectual Property Department IP Department Patents, Utility Models Volker Plogmann Trademarks, Designs Licensing Administration Intellectual Property Department IP Department Patents, Utility Models Volker Plogmann Trademarks, Designs Licensing Administration

Intellectual Property Management • The protection of innovative solutions and the covering of Know-How Intellectual Property Management • The protection of innovative solutions and the covering of Know-How in respect of the economic advantages in national and international competition is the major task of an Intellectual Property Management • The support and the consulting in-house is another topic of the Intellectual Property Management • Law of Contract (Patents and Licenses) • Online research in patent databases • National and international prosecution • Patent litigation Volker Plogmann

Patent Strategy • Support in reaching the company targets • Economical and professional protection Patent Strategy • Support in reaching the company targets • Economical and professional protection of own inventions • Decrease the risk of a blocking by competitors • Avoidance of patent infringement è Setting up a patentportfolio Volker Plogmann

Patent Strategy Questions to be answered: • a) Shall a patent be applied for Patent Strategy Questions to be answered: • a) Shall a patent be applied for an invention? • b) At what time should the application of an invention take place? • c) Can invention be kept secret for „absolute reasons“? • c) Which scope of protection should be aimed for? • d) In which countries should an application take place? Volker Plogmann

Service Invention • R & D Division • IP Department • Search for prior Service Invention • R & D Division • IP Department • Search for prior art • Filing an application Volker Plogmann

Service Invention 1. Employee's invention law (The German Problem!) • Technical inventions • Inventorship Service Invention 1. Employee's invention law (The German Problem!) • Technical inventions • Inventorship • Right to apply for patents • Definition of invention • Definition of employee • Service or free invention Volker Plogmann

Patent Strategy 2. Evaluation of inventions • Evaluation for the classification of the inventions Patent Strategy 2. Evaluation of inventions • Evaluation for the classification of the inventions concerning the intended registration • Orientation at markets and the competitive position • Evaluation of the invention by representatives (Management of Technical Development and its department managers) Volker Plogmann

Patent Strategy 2. Evaluation of inventions (Example) Volker Plogmann Patent Strategy 2. Evaluation of inventions (Example) Volker Plogmann

Patent Strategy 3. Incentive-Program (Law relating to inventions of employees) • an incentive is Patent Strategy 3. Incentive-Program (Law relating to inventions of employees) • an incentive is paid after registration of an invention • a payment according to the Employee´s invention law is done after a patent is granted and used in a product (award to the inventor) Volker Plogmann

Patent Strategy 4. First filing applications • Patent application - yes or no? • Patent Strategy 4. First filing applications • Patent application - yes or no? • Patent application - where and how? National Territories Volker Plogmann

Patent Strategy 4. First filing applications • • National Patentlaw (harmonised) National Patentoffices National Patent Strategy 4. First filing applications • • National Patentlaw (harmonised) National Patentoffices National Patents National, independend proceedings in all countries, where the patent will be registrated • a „worldwide patent“ does not exist ! Volker Plogmann

Patent Strategy 5. Foreign subsequent applications • Foreign protection • Selection of countries (production; Patent Strategy 5. Foreign subsequent applications • Foreign protection • Selection of countries (production; markets) • National applications • PCT • EPC Volker Plogmann

Patent Strategy Paris Convention • international convention • subsequent application in the member states Patent Strategy Paris Convention • international convention • subsequent application in the member states possible • 164 member states • right of priority (1 year) Volker Plogmann

Patent Strategy 6. Examination procedure • Getting a maximum extent of protection Volker Plogmann Patent Strategy 6. Examination procedure • Getting a maximum extent of protection Volker Plogmann

European Patent Office • • • 27 contracting states 5 extension states Registration / European Patent Office • • • 27 contracting states 5 extension states Registration / Search / Examination Grant / Opposition / Appeal Distribution of a „European Patent“ Volker Plogmann

European Patentsystem Distribution procedure EPO European Patent (“Regional-Patent”) Nationalization DE Volker Plogmann FR AT European Patentsystem Distribution procedure EPO European Patent (“Regional-Patent”) Nationalization DE Volker Plogmann FR AT XY

PCT-System Patent Cooperation Treaty (PCT) • international announcing authority • 123 Member countries • PCT-System Patent Cooperation Treaty (PCT) • international announcing authority • 123 Member countries • Registration / Search / Preliminary Examination • no distribution of a patent • national/regional distribution procedures necessary (PCT is an „Preliminary stage “) Volker Plogmann

PCT-System International Phase PCT National and regional Phases EP Volker Plogmann US TZ DE PCT-System International Phase PCT National and regional Phases EP Volker Plogmann US TZ DE

PCT-System Month 0 First filing, DPMA 12 PCT-filing, DPMA, EPC (Priority) 19 Request for PCT-System Month 0 First filing, DPMA 12 PCT-filing, DPMA, EPC (Priority) 19 Request for Int. Preliminary Examination (20) 30 End of International Phase EP Volker Plogmann DE US TZ JP

Fees and Renewals 7. Fees and Renewals • Payment of • procedural fees • Fees and Renewals 7. Fees and Renewals • Payment of • procedural fees • administrative fees • maintenance fees • Screening of the Patentportfolios takes place annually Volker Plogmann

Cost schedule of a patent family (I) Locking device for cabriolet-tops • First filing Cost schedule of a patent family (I) Locking device for cabriolet-tops • First filing of the invention in Germany • Foreign subsequent applications in USA, Japan and in Europe Volker Plogmann

Cost schedule of a patent family (I) Volker Plogmann Cost schedule of a patent family (I) Volker Plogmann

Cost schedule of a patent family (II) Element made of foamed metal • First Cost schedule of a patent family (II) Element made of foamed metal • First filing of the invention in Germany • Foreign applications in USA, Japan and Europe • Two oppositions in the german and in the european procedure Volker Plogmann

Cost schedule of a patent family (II) Volker Plogmann Cost schedule of a patent family (II) Volker Plogmann

Patent Strategy 8. Observation of competitors • Examination of published registrations of third parties Patent Strategy 8. Observation of competitors • Examination of published registrations of third parties • Distribution of specific patent information to the specialized divisions • specific monitoring of selected competitors Volker Plogmann

Patent Strategy 9. Execution of infringement procedures • Infringement of patents of third parties Patent Strategy 9. Execution of infringement procedures • Infringement of patents of third parties Development of a strategy to the practice: Objection, nullity, license negotiations • Infringement of own patent rights Discussion with the management whether or not to proceed against violators Volker Plogmann

Patent Strategy Thank you for listening! Volker Plogmann Patent Strategy Thank you for listening! Volker Plogmann