Скачать презентацию Windows Server 2003 基本概念 林寶森 jeffl ms 11 hinet Скачать презентацию Windows Server 2003 基本概念 林寶森 jeffl ms 11 hinet

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Windows Server 2003 基本概念 林寶森 jeffl@ms 11. hinet. net Windows Server 2003 基本概念 林寶森 [email protected] 11. hinet. net

The Windows Server 2003 Family Use for Web servers Use for small businesses and The Windows Server 2003 Family Use for Web servers Use for small businesses and departments as domain controllers and member servers Use for medium and large organizations as application servers and domain controllers, and for clustering Use for mission-critical solutions for databases, enterprise resource planning software, high-volume real-time transaction processing, and server consolidation

Windows 2003 Versions Version CPU RAM Web Edition 32 bit 2 2 GB Standard Windows 2003 Versions Version CPU RAM Web Edition 32 bit 2 2 GB Standard Edition 32 bit Enterprise Edition 32 bit Datacenter Edition 32 bit 32 64 GB 64 bit 128 (64 * 2) 1 TB 64 bit 4 8 4 GB 32 GB 64 GB 1 TB

Windows Server 2003 Cluster Private Network Cluster Node 1 RAID disk sets Cluster Node Windows Server 2003 Cluster Private Network Cluster Node 1 RAID disk sets Cluster Node 2 Multi-initiator SCSI over Fiber Channel

Hardware Requirements for an Windows Server 2003 Cluster To use a cluster, you must Hardware Requirements for an Windows Server 2003 Cluster To use a cluster, you must Two have: or more nodes Drives in each node from which operating system starts A separate mass-storage controller for shared disk A shared disk Two network adapters in each node Node 1 C: Local Disk Shared Disk Node 2 C: Local Disk Network Adapter

Types of Cluster Configurations Active/Active Configuration VS VS Active/Passive Configuration VS Types of Cluster Configurations Active/Active Configuration VS VS Active/Passive Configuration VS

The Workgroup Model The Workgroup Model

Domain Model (Windows NT 4. 0) PDC Copied Directory Database BDC Copied Directory Database Domain Model (Windows NT 4. 0) PDC Copied Directory Database BDC Copied Directory Database Administration and Security Windows 2000 Server Windows XP Professional Windows NT Workstation

Server Role • Primary Domain Controller – Maintains master copy of directory database – Server Role • Primary Domain Controller – Maintains master copy of directory database – Validates users • Backup Domain Controller – Contains copy of directory database – Validates users • Stand-Alone or Member Server – Acts as file, print, and application server

Domain Model (Windows 2000) Domain Model (Windows 2000)

Domains • A Domain Is a Security Boundary – A domain administrator can administer Domains • A Domain Is a Security Boundary – A domain administrator can administer only within the domain, unless explicitly granted administration rights in other domains • A Domain Is a Unit of Replication – Domain controllers in a domain participate in replication and contain a complete copy of the directory information for their domain

DNS and Active Directory Namespaces DNS Namespace Internet “. ” (DNS root domain) Active DNS and Active Directory Namespaces DNS Namespace Internet “. ” (DNS root domain) Active Directory Namespace com. microsoft. com training sales training. microsoft. computer 1 sales. microsoft. com = DNS node (domain or computer) = Active Directory domain

Logical Structure • • Domains Organizational Units Trees and Forests Schema Domain Tree Domain Logical Structure • • Domains Organizational Units Trees and Forests Schema Domain Tree Domain Forest Domain Tree Domain OU

Active Directory Terms Forest Domain nwtrader. m sft Tree asia. nwtrader. m sft au. Active Directory Terms Forest Domain nwtrader. m sft Tree asia. nwtrader. m sft au. nwtrader. m sft OUs in a domain brisbane. au. nwtrader. m sft

What Is a Schema? • A forest-wide definition of object classes and attributes that What Is a Schema? • A forest-wide definition of object classes and attributes that can be extended • Schema changes can be redefined or deactivated Examples of object class User Computer Printer Examples of attributes account. Expires department distinguished. Name direct. Reports d. NSHost. Name operating. System reps. From reps. To first. Name last. Name

Physical Structure • Sites • Domain Controllers Domain Site Physical Structure • Sites • Domain Controllers Domain Site

Sites Seattl e New York Los Angeles Chicag o IP subnet Site IP subnet Sites Seattl e New York Los Angeles Chicag o IP subnet Site IP subnet

Linking Multiple Sites • Site Links • Site Link Bridges – Cost – Interval Linking Multiple Sites • Site Links • Site Link Bridges – Cost – Interval – Schedule Site Link XY Site X Site Link YZ Site Y Site Link Bridge XYZ Site Z

What Is Forest and Domain Functionality? Enable forest-wide or domain-wide Active Directory features Network What Is Forest and Domain Functionality? Enable forest-wide or domain-wide Active Directory features Network environment Windows 2000 mixed-mode Windows 2000 native-mode Windows Server 2003 Domain Windows Server 2003 Interim Domain functional levels Forest functional levels

將 NT 4. 0 Domain 順利升級成 AD • 在 Windows NT 4. 0 Domain 將 NT 4. 0 Domain 順利升級成 AD • 在 Windows NT 4. 0 Domain 中加裝一台 BDC – 新機的硬體須能支持 Windows Server 2003 • • • 暫時 Shutdown 原本的 PDC 將新的 BDC 強迫升級成 PDC 安裝 Windows NT 4. 0 SP 6 以上 將新的 PDC 升級成 Windows Server 2003 如果有任何意外,只需將新的 PDC Shutdown, 再將舊的 PDC 重新開機即可!