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Wi. MAX Test Solutions Wave 2 and MIMO Update IQfact for Sequans SQN 1010/1130 Wi. MAX Test Solutions Wave 2 and MIMO Update IQfact for Sequans SQN 1010/1130 Automated Manufacturing Test Solution September 18, 2007 John Li, Sales Dir. – Asia Pacific

Agenda • Introduction & Scope • IQmax Wireless Test Systems • IQsignal Control GUI Agenda • Introduction & Scope • IQmax Wireless Test Systems • IQsignal Control GUI Software • IQwave Signal Composition Software • IQfact Automated Test Software

Introduction & Scope Introduction & Scope

Lite. Point Solutions for Wi. MAX Testing Introduction • Lite. Point: a leader in Lite. Point Solutions for Wi. MAX Testing Introduction • Lite. Point: a leader in Wireless Test Proven track record in Wi. Fi • Offering Complete Test Solutions for Wi. MAX, Wi. Fi, BT, Zigbee • • • And more to come One-box test solutions Integrating VSG and VSA • Compact, complete, dedicated, optimized • Multiple wireless standards • • Complete System Solutions Focus on automated manufacturing test • Dedicated solutions for manufacturing and R&D • Systems, software, automation, partnerships • • Achieving the lowest cost of test at the highest coverage

Leading Companies Using Lite. Point 3/16/2018 Copyright © 2006, Lite. Point. All rights reserved Leading Companies Using Lite. Point 3/16/2018 Copyright © 2006, Lite. Point. All rights reserved 5

Sequoia Capital investment – it’s a big deal! “We invest in companies playing in Sequoia Capital investment – it’s a big deal! “We invest in companies playing in large and growing addressable markets, with great teams, clear differentiation and unique competencies, ” says Mike Goguen, Sequoia Capital partner. “Lite. Point is at the top of the class in every regard important to us with a unique business model, large and fast growing markets, world-class technology, a superb customer base, and an inspired and driven team of people. About Sequoia Capital Since 1972, Sequoia Capital has provided early stage and growth stage venture capital for very smart founders and executives who have turned great ideas into sustainable companies of enduring value. To learn more about Sequoia Capital visit www. sequoiacap. com

Lite. Point Unique Approach and Value add • Unique Approach : -focus to provide Lite. Point Unique Approach and Value add • Unique Approach : -focus to provide the best value manufacturing test solutions in the marketplace. • • • Single box solutions, ease of use, simple, elegant and fast Easy to deploy in high volume production set up First line of end customer support for the chip-set companies As a result : our test solutions enable • Chip-set companies to quickly establish their market share • Brand names move massively into the market quickly • Contract manufacturers and ODM efficiently mass-produced #1 3/16/2018 Copyright © 2006, Lite. Point. All rights reserved 7

Lite. Point Solutions for Wi. MAX Testing Key components • IQmax: test platform 3 Lite. Point Solutions for Wi. MAX Testing Key components • IQmax: test platform 3 basic instrument versions, to support specific needs • Modular system for MIMO testing • Software control interface: IQapi • • IQsignal (for Wi. MAX): R&D software PC software to control instrument(s), analyze results • Separate control windows for VSA and VSG function • Supports SISO and MIMO test • • IQfact: automated test software Turn-key automated test solutions for specific chipsets • Specifically targeted at manufacturing or DVT/QA • • IQwave (for Wi. MAX): add-on software for signal generation • Supports fixed and mobile Wi. MAX, SISO and MIMO

Lite. Point Solutions for Wi. MAX Testing Solving T&M problems • Capture & analyze Lite. Point Solutions for Wi. MAX Testing Solving T&M problems • Capture & analyze any Wi. MAX signal for transmitter testing Typically single or few full frame(s) or sub-frame(s) • Analyze PHY-layer characteristics and performance of transmitter • Use IQmax instrument with IQsignal software • • Generate arbitrary Wi. MAX signals for receiver testing Generate predefined waveforms, or replay captured or compiled waveforms with IQsignal on IQmax • Manipulate basic parameters and impairments with IQsignal • Compile any waveform, with arbitrary impairments and channel effects with IQwave • • Automated test (and calibration) of Wi. MAX devices For manufacturing, DVT, QA or even R&D • DIY using C++ API to IQmax instrument • Use turn-key, chipset-specific IQfact software reference solutions •

IQmax™ Wireless Test Systems IQmax™ Wireless Test Systems

IQmax Wireless Test System Key Common Features • One-Box Test System for Wi. MAX IQmax Wireless Test System Key Common Features • One-Box Test System for Wi. MAX products Serves the needs of mfg test, product and test development and QA • Complete PHY layer testing; both Rx & Tx • Verify all PHY layer parameters for RCT compliance • • Advanced vector signal test methodology (VSA + VSG) High accuracy EVM-based test methodology • Optimized for fastest times / lowest cost-of-test • High bandwidth capture and signal generation • • 2. 2 -2. 7, 3. 3 -3. 8 and 4. 9 -6. 0 GHz Wi. MAX tri-band support • • Automated (manufacturing, DVT) test support via IQapi • • All Wi. MAX bandwidth and datarate options supported C++ default, Lab. View (and MATLAB) optional Software upgradeable • Changes to the 802. 16 specification, new features

IQmax Wireless Test System IQmax-500 and IQmax-100 IQmax Wireless Test System IQmax-500 and IQmax-100

IQmax-500 R&D Test System • Two bidirectional RF ports • Interchangeable, programmable; switch-matrix Differential IQmax-500 R&D Test System • Two bidirectional RF ports • Interchangeable, programmable; switch-matrix Differential analog I&Q baseband interfaces • IQsignal GUI for development, QA and troubleshooting • C++ compatible API for production test program support • Option: Wi. Fi and Bluetooth support • Equivalent to IQview Test System • Adds IQsignal for Wi. Fi software, API extensions • • Option: MIMO support Allows combination of multiple units • Use MIMO capabilities of IQsignal • • New “b” platform version

IQmax-100 Manufacturing Test System • Two bidirectional RF ports • Interchangeable, programmable; switch-matrix Optimized IQmax-100 Manufacturing Test System • Two bidirectional RF ports • Interchangeable, programmable; switch-matrix Optimized for Manufacturing. No GUI, no baseband • C++ compatible API for production test program support • Option: Wi. Fi and Bluetooth support • Equivalent to our IQflex Test System • Extended capabilities of API • • No MIMO option True multi-stream MIMO test requires IQmax-500 • Composite / Switching /MPTA •

IQmax MIMO R&D Test System • Targets Wi. MAX MIMO (“wave 2”) testing • IQmax MIMO R&D Test System • Targets Wi. MAX MIMO (“wave 2”) testing • • The next wave in Wi. MAX Building blocks: IQmax-500 (“b” version), MIMO option • IQmax Synchronization Unit; to synchronize frequency and phase • IQsignal for Wi. MAX; new version, supporting MIMO • • Systems: IQmax MIMO Starter Kit (2 x 2) • Expansion (to 3 x 3 or 4 x 4): add IQmax-500 system •

IQmax MIMO R&D Test System • IQmax MIMO Starter Kit (2 x 2) Stacked, IQmax MIMO R&D Test System • IQmax MIMO Starter Kit (2 x 2) Stacked, handles & brackets • Cabling at the back (10 MHz, RF LO, USB) • Expand to 3 x 3, 4 x 4 by adding IQmax-500 units (rack mount) •

IQsignal™ Control GUI Software IQsignal™ Control GUI Software

IQsignal for Wi. MAX Software (VSA Tool, SISO version shown) IQsignal for Wi. MAX Software (VSA Tool, SISO version shown)

IQsignal for Wi. MAX Software (Wi. MAX parameters) IQsignal for Wi. MAX Software (Wi. MAX parameters)

IQsignal for Wi. MAX Software (VSG Tool, SISO version shown) IQsignal for Wi. MAX Software (VSG Tool, SISO version shown)

IQsignal for Wi. MAX Software What is it • GUI based Windows application • IQsignal for Wi. MAX Software What is it • GUI based Windows application • • Runs on standard PC Network connection (ethernet) to IQmax Two main windows: VSA Tool, VSG Tool Controls capture & analysis, signal generation • • • Configure instrument(s) Measure all PHY layer signal characteristics Generate predefined waveforms, replay captured/stored waveforms, introduce signal impairments • Targeted for R&D and Q/A Applications • MIMO update • • Control multiple instruments Support MIMO waveforms (generation, analysis)

IQsignal for Wi. MAX Software Overview of key analysis parameters (1/2) Waveform Display • IQsignal for Wi. MAX Software Overview of key analysis parameters (1/2) Waveform Display • Time Domain graph • I & Q signal graphs • Frequency spectrogram Spectrum / Spectral Mask • Power Spectral Density graph • Spectral Flatness, Spectral Delta graphs • ACLR and OBW measurement Constellation Diagram • I &Q graph • Data, pilots, unmodulated subcarriers Error Vector Magnitude • EVM vs symbol graph • EVM vs subcarrier graph • EVM Average: • All subcarriers or data, pilots, unmodulated Power Level • Peak power • Average: Full capture, waveforms only, preamble, data

IQsignal for Wi. MAX Software Overview of key analysis parameters (2/2) Center Frequency Offset IQsignal for Wi. MAX Software Overview of key analysis parameters (2/2) Center Frequency Offset • Offset vs time graph • Offset Averaged Phase Noise • Power Spectral Density graph • Phase Error vs time graph • RMS phase noise IQ Imbalance • Phase imbalance • Amplitude imbalance Amplitude Variation • Amplitude vs Symbol graph PA Compression Analysis • CCDF graph Spectral Flatness • Frequency domain graph LO Leakage Symbol Clock Rate Offset • Note: all graphs and data can be shown per MIMO stream, per zone and per burst (as applicable)

IQwave™ Signal Composition Software IQwave™ Signal Composition Software

IQwave for Wi. MAX Software What is it • GUI based Windows application Runs IQwave for Wi. MAX Software What is it • GUI based Windows application Runs on standard PC • Standalone application • Resulting waveforms can be used by IQsignal, for VSG • • Generates arbitrary Wi. MAX waveforms Typically single full frame • Supports both fixed and mobile Wi. MAX, wave 1 & 2, SISO & MIMO • Include signal impairments, channel effects • • Targeted for R&D and Q/A Applications • In Manufacturing: use default waveforms (or provided by LP)

IQwave for Wi. MAX Software IQwave for Wi. MAX Software

IQfact™ Automated Test Software IQfact™ Automated Test Software

Production Test Support Typical list of test items, supported by IQmax • Transmitter Tests Production Test Support Typical list of test items, supported by IQmax • Transmitter Tests • • • Relative Constellation Error / EVM Center Frequency Offset Symbol Clock Rate Offset Power Level Control Spectral Flatness Spectral Mask and/or ACLR Carrier Leakage IQ Phase and Amplitude Imbalance MIMO transmit parameters and performance Receiver Tests • • • RSSI, CINR reporting PER test Receiver Sensitivity, Saturation Automatic Frequency Control function MIMO receive performance and reporting

Production Calibration Support Typical list of calibration items, supported by IQmax • • • Production Calibration Support Typical list of calibration items, supported by IQmax • • • Tx Power Calibration RSSI curve calibration IQ Mismatch Adjustment Center Frequency Adjustment Carrier Leakage Adjustment Spectral Flatness / Roll-Off Filter Calibration

Lite. Point Production Test Options Using IQmax instrument • Manual, using IQsignal GUI • Lite. Point Production Test Options Using IQmax instrument • Manual, using IQsignal GUI • • Practical for very small volumes only Automated, build your own test program Using C++ API (or MATLAB, Lab. View) • Time-consuming, need detailed support from chipset vendor • • Automated, using IQfact Turn-key solution for specific chipset • Provided by Lite. Point, developed in close cooperation with chipset manufacturer • Flexible, customizable •

IQfact for Wi. MAX Software (console version) IQfact for Wi. MAX Software (console version)

IQfact for Wi. MAX Software (GUI version) IQfact for Wi. MAX Software (GUI version)

IQfact for Wi. MAX Software What is it • Flexible automated test software for IQfact for Wi. MAX Software What is it • Flexible automated test software for Wi. MAX manufacturing Use out-of-the-box for chip manufacturer recommended test sequence and test limits – fastest time-to-ship • Modify the test sequence, limits and set-up files via simple text files • Source code provided for test flow, result logging etc. • Create custom tests using the IQfact measurement software module (dll) • • Test results are validated with the chip manufacturer • Updates for chipset driver changes, optimizations • Via the Lite. Point Client Center

IQfact for Wi. MAX Software Wave 2 Update • Typical device is MS device IQfact for Wi. MAX Software Wave 2 Update • Typical device is MS device • • • Limited MIMO functionality • • Equivalent to SISO; additional receiver cal & test MIMO function not explicitly tested LP phase 2: use composite and/or switching methods • • Dual receiver, single transmitter Multiple transmitters, higher order in the future LP phase 1: test MIMO chains independently • • PC dongles, gateways Mobile devices coming soon Equivalent to how this was introduced in Wi. Fi by LP In R&D: Use IQmax MIMO Test System

IQfact for Wi. MAX Software Current versions • Several IQfact Wi. MAX test program IQfact for Wi. MAX Software Current versions • Several IQfact Wi. MAX test program available now • • Wavesat DM 256 fixed Wi. MAX devices Sequans SQN 1010 fixed Wi. MAX devices Sequans SQN 1110 wave 1 mobile Wi. MAX devices Sequans SQN 1130 wave 2 mobile Wi. MAX devices Beceem BC-MS 120 wave 1 mobile Wi. MAX devices Beceem BCS 200 wave 2 mobile Wi. MAX devices Several different devices and interface types More to come… Consult LP for up-to-date list of supported and planned chipsets

IQfact for Sequans SQN 11 xx Based Devices IQfact for Sequans SQN 11 xx Based Devices

Typical Wi. Max Test setup IQMax 500 Ethernet cable RF cable DUT interface Shielding Typical Wi. Max Test setup IQMax 500 Ethernet cable RF cable DUT interface Shielding Box 37 10 d. B pad

IQfact for Sequans Wi. Max • Calibration method and Test Coverage Fastest time at IQfact for Sequans Wi. Max • Calibration method and Test Coverage Fastest time at best coverage and quality • Joint effort of Lite. Point and Sequans • • Supported Interfaces: Cardbus, RS 232 • • Adding others is a matter of getting the right drivers from Sequans All Frequency and Bandwidth Variants Supported 2. 3 and 2. 5 GHz • 3. 5, 5, 7, 8. 75 and 10 MHz •

IQfact for Sequans SQN 11 xx Test Items Coverage • • • DUT & IQfact for Sequans SQN 11 xx Test Items Coverage • • • DUT & Tester initialization MAC address entry (manual, barcode, file or none) Check MFG FW version Run board memory test Load default calibration data in EEPROM Calibrate I&Q offset Calibrate PA gain Calibrate RSSI curve PA gain cal and transmitter performance verification Transmit ACLR performance verification Transmit spectrum mask verification RSSI cal and receiver performance verification

Test Times and Analysis SQN 1010 ---- around 5 -6 mins • SQN 1110 Test Times and Analysis SQN 1010 ---- around 5 -6 mins • SQN 1110 ----- from 2 -5 mins depending on design • SQN 1130 ------ as of 11 Sep 07 6 mins on SQN 4. 2. 1. firmware Goal is to beat SQN 1110. • Analysis of Test Times : a) 70% spent on Calibration b) 20% on Rx Verification c) 10% on Tx Verification • LP’s niche is to optimize the Calibration time. This enables you to have an unfair advantage over others.

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