Скачать презентацию WHO Prequalification of Medicines Programme 18 November 2008 Скачать презентацию WHO Prequalification of Medicines Programme 18 November 2008

d245aa376aa3340d9207e5662287921e.ppt

  • Количество слайдов: 24

WHO Prequalification of Medicines Programme 18 November 2008 Raul Kiivet, MD, Ph. D Manager, WHO Prequalification of Medicines Programme 18 November 2008 Raul Kiivet, MD, Ph. D Manager, Prequalification of Medicines Programme Quality Assurance and Safety: Medicines (QSM) Department of Essential Medicines and Pharmaceutical Policies (EMP) 1

Web site updated constantly – www. who. int/prequal Department of Medicines Policy and Standards, Web site updated constantly – www. who. int/prequal Department of Medicines Policy and Standards, Health Technology and Pharmaceuticals 2

Prequalification of Medicines Programme q The UN Prequalification Programme is ensuring that medicines procured Prequalification of Medicines Programme q The UN Prequalification Programme is ensuring that medicines procured with international funds are of assessed and inspected quality, efficacy and safety. q The Prequalification Programme is an action plan for expanding access to priority essential medicines in the following four areas: - HIV/AIDS - Tuberculosis - Malaria - Reproductive Health q A UN Prequalification Program of Quality Control Laboratories exists to facilitate the quality control of the prequalified products. Department of Medicines Policy and Standards, Health Technology and Pharmaceuticals 3

Prequalification of Medicinal Products: Objectives - Propose a list of prequalified products and manufacturers Prequalification of Medicinal Products: Objectives - Propose a list of prequalified products and manufacturers meeting international norms and standards of which the quality, efficacy and safety has been assessed, inspected and controlled - Ensure that international norms and standards are applied at all the steps of the Prequalification Programme. - Make sure re-evaluation and maintenance of the list are performed and that variations and changes are correctly controlled. - Help the national drug regulatory authorities to build up capacity in assessment, inspection and control meeting international norms and standards. - Develop the local possibilities of production and clinical studies by offering customized technical assistance. Department of Medicines Policy and Standards, Health Technology and Pharmaceuticals 4

Prequalification of Priority Essential Medicines Organisation (1) Assessment of the product dossier i. e. Prequalification of Priority Essential Medicines Organisation (1) Assessment of the product dossier i. e. quality specifications, pharmaceutical development, stability, bioequivalence… q Copenhagen assessment week - 15 to 20 assessors during one week at least every two months - Every dossier is assessed by at least two assessors including one senior assessor for the second assessment - An assessment report is issued - Letter summarizing the findings and asking for clarification and additional data if necessary; sent first by e-mail to the applicant followed by surface mail q Handling of variations of already prequalified products - Done in house and during Copenhagen-week Department of Medicines Policy and Standards, Health Technology and Pharmaceuticals 5

Prequalification of Priority Essential Medicines Organisation (2) q Inspections of manufacturers of Finished Products Prequalification of Priority Essential Medicines Organisation (2) q Inspections of manufacturers of Finished Products (FP) Active Pharmaceutical Ingredient (API) and also Contract Research Organizations (CRO, which carry out bioequivalence studies) Team of inspectors - WHO representative (qualified GMP inspector) - Inspector from well-established inspectorate - National inspectors invited to be part of the team but have no decision making power (different GMP standards, potential conflict of interest) - Inspector of developing countries as observer, for capacity building purpose. Department of Medicines Policy and Standards, Health Technology and Pharmaceuticals 6

August 2008 - 6 th Invitation to manufacturers of anti-malarial medicines q 1. Artemisinin-based August 2008 - 6 th Invitation to manufacturers of anti-malarial medicines q 1. Artemisinin-based fixed dose oral combination formulations Artemether + Lumefantrine, tablet 20 mg + 120 mg; tablet 40 mg + 240 mg tablet 60 mg + 360 mg; tablet 80 mg + 480 mg q 2. Artemisinin-based fixed dose combination or co-blistered oral formulations q q Artesunate + Amodiaquine, tablet 25 mg + 76. 5 mg; tablet 50 mg + 153 mg tablet 100 mg + 306 mg Artesunate + Mefloquine, tablet 25 mg + 250 mg; tablet 50 mg + 250 mg tablet 100 mg + 250 mg Artesunate + Sulfadoxine + Pyrimethamine, tablet 25 mg + 500 mg + 25 mg tablet 50 mg + 500 mg + 25 mg; tablet 100 mg + 500 mg + 25 mg 3. Artemisinin-based fixed dose combination or co-blistered oral paediatric formulations, preferably dispersible Department of Medicines Policy and Standards, Health Technology and Pharmaceuticals 7

Department of Medicines Policy and Standards, Health Technology and Pharmaceuticals 8 Department of Medicines Policy and Standards, Health Technology and Pharmaceuticals 8

Assessment & Inspections n Key numbers for 2007 ä ä ä 21 products prequalified Assessment & Inspections n Key numbers for 2007 ä ä ä 21 products prequalified (28 in 2008*), 90 dossiers submitted (66 in 2008*) 463 assessment reports (487 in 2008*) 46 inspections (43 in 2008*) * (8 months) For each prequalified product in 2007 there were: l l l 5 -15 assessment reports 3 -7 inspections it took 2 years in average to be prequalified Department of Medicines Policy and Standards, Health Technology and Pharmaceuticals 9

List of WHO Prequalified Medicinal Products Currently prequalifed (15 November 2008): q 162 for List of WHO Prequalified Medicinal Products Currently prequalifed (15 November 2008): q 162 for treatment of HIV/AIDS and related diseases q 18 for treatment of tuberculosis (10 prequalified in 2007 -08) q 13 for treatment of malaria (8 prequalified in 2007 -08) Department of Medicines Policy and Standards, Health Technology and Pharmaceuticals 10

New submissions to prequalification 2005 HIV TB Malaria Repr Health 2006 2007 67 17 New submissions to prequalification 2005 HIV TB Malaria Repr Health 2006 2007 67 17 3 42 9 5 25 17 7 39 13 11 - - 10 3 Department of Medicines Policy and Standards, Health Technology and Pharmaceuticals 11 2008 * (8 months)

Currently under evaluation in WHO Prequalification Programme As of 1 November 2008: q 120 Currently under evaluation in WHO Prequalification Programme As of 1 November 2008: q 120 products for treatment of HIV/AIDS and related diseases q 48 products for treatment of tuberculosis q 23 products for treatment of malaria q 11 reproductive health products Department of Medicines Policy and Standards, Health Technology and Pharmaceuticals 12

Transparency – dossier status information on the web Department of Medicines Policy and Standards, Transparency – dossier status information on the web Department of Medicines Policy and Standards, Health Technology and Pharmaceuticals 13

Anti-malaria medicines under evaluation Department of Medicines Policy and Standards, Health Technology and Pharmaceuticals Anti-malaria medicines under evaluation Department of Medicines Policy and Standards, Health Technology and Pharmaceuticals 14

Inspections - statistics in 2007 vs 2006 n A total of 45 (2006 – Inspections - statistics in 2007 vs 2006 n A total of 45 (2006 – 42) inspections were carried out in 2007: ä ä ä 26 (17) inspections of the manufacturing sites of finished product manufacturers 6 (10) inspections of the manufacturing sites of active pharmaceutical ingredients (APIs) 13 (15) inspections of contract research organizations (CROs) In 2006 two inspectors in house, four in 2008 Department of Medicines Policy and Standards, Health Technology and Pharmaceuticals 15

Transparency – Inspection outcomes on the web Department of Medicines Policy and Standards, Health Transparency – Inspection outcomes on the web Department of Medicines Policy and Standards, Health Technology and Pharmaceuticals 16

Problems n Antimalarials and antituberculosis products – old problems but few new solutions ä Problems n Antimalarials and antituberculosis products – old problems but few new solutions ä No new innovator products ä Generic products with no innovator ä …or problem "new" products ä GMP (both for finished dosage form and API) ä Quality part of the dossier – specifications, stability data etc ä Safety and efficacy – poor clinical and safety data, poor quality information Department of Medicines Policy and Standards, Health Technology and Pharmaceuticals 17

Training activities in 2008 n n In total 13 training courses of 3 to Training activities in 2008 n n In total 13 training courses of 3 to 5 days: ten courses organized and 3 co-organized In Belgium, Brazil, China, India, Iran, Jordan, Morocco, Nicaragua, Pakistan, Tanzania More than 500 participants - staff of regulatory authorities and pharmaceutical manufacturers Topics: ä ä ä Development of diossiers for submission Asssessment of Interchangeable medicines Pharmaceutical Development of Paediatric Formulations GMP, Quality and Bioequivalence of malaria ATC products GMP, Quality and Bioequivalence of Reproductive Health products Pharmaceutical Development of Paediatric Formulations Department of Medicines Policy and Standards, Health Technology and Pharmaceuticals 18

Prequalification of Quality Control Laboratories n n So far mainly for AFRO region, now Prequalification of Quality Control Laboratories n n So far mainly for AFRO region, now wider scope 6 QC Labs prequalified ä ä ä n 13 QC Labs audited, corrective measures proposed ä ä n RIIP, South Africa – 07/2005 LNCPP, Algeria – 10/2005 Adcock, South Africa – 01/2008 National QCL, Kenya – 07/2008 National QCL, Marocco – 07/2008 Vimta Labs, India – 07/2008 Cameroon, Mali, Madagascar, Niger, Senegal Ghana, Etiopia, Kenya NQCL, Kenya MEDS, Uganda, Tanzania 8 QC Labs expressed interest, but not send LIF yet ä Benin, Burkina Faso, Cote d'Ivoire, Guinea Department of Medicines Policy and Standards, Health Technology and Pharmaceuticals 19

Technical Assistance - Policy Criteria for the products in relation to which technical assistance Technical Assistance - Policy Criteria for the products in relation to which technical assistance is considered: n Inclusion in the list of expression of interest n High value for Public Health purposes n Poor representation on the Prequalification list n Manufacture has applied for PQ (exemptions can be made upon justified requests for technical assistance from regional offices) danger Criteria for the experts: n Excellent qualifications and long standing experience in the area where expertise is required n Absence of conflict of interest n Total intellectual independence from the prequalification programme, no participation in inspections or assessments. Department of Medicines Policy and Standards, Health Technology and Pharmaceuticals 20

Technical Assistance - Examples 2007 Manufacture of oral solid dosage forms anti TB Ukraine Technical Assistance - Examples 2007 Manufacture of oral solid dosage forms anti TB Ukraine Technical Assistance on stability studies 06 -09 February 2007 Manufacturer of sterile anti malarial API China TA on manufacture of a sterile API under aseptic conditions 05 -10 March 2007 Manufacture of oral solid dosage forms anti malarial Cambodia TA on packaging of co-blisters 26 March – 02 April 2007 Manufacture of oral solid dosage forms ARV Zimbabwe TA on GMP compliance 01 -05 May 07 Manufacturer of anti TB API India TA on manufacturing process validation and GMP 20 -26 May 2007 Manufacture of oral solid dosage forms anti malarial Manufacture of oral solid dosage forms ARV Cambodia TA on packaging of co-blisters 17 -29 July 2007 Bangladesh TA on GMP and engineering 23– 29 August 2007 Zimbabwe TA on GMP compliance 04 -09 November 2007 Manufacturer of anti TB API India Manufacturer of sterile anti malarial API China TA on manufacturing process validation and GMP TA on manufacture of a sterile API under aseptic conditions Department of Medicines Policy and Standards, Health Technology and Pharmaceuticals 21 17 -21 December 2007 17 -22 December 2007

Revision of PQ procedure in 2008 n Reasons for revision ä ä ä n Revision of PQ procedure in 2008 n Reasons for revision ä ä ä n 5 years experience from implementation discrepancies between rules and practices unclear responsibilities of parties Aims of revision ä ä ä increase transparency of PQ activities publish more details of prequalified products harmonize terminology and clarify procedures better define responsibilities confidentiality agreement with applicants Department of Medicines Policy and Standards, Health Technology and Pharmaceuticals 22

New PQ procedure for APIs in 2009 n n n until now the qualification New PQ procedure for APIs in 2009 n n n until now the qualification of API source and manufacturer is the responsibility of finished product manufacturer => API manufacturer seldom inspected and API dossier commonly not evaluated API source considered "confidential" information Oct 2008 WHO Expert Committee on Specifications for Pharmaceutical Preparations will discuss ä Procedure for API Master File in Prequalification Programme ä PQ procedure for active pharmaceutical ingredients (APIs) – new "regulatory" approach Department of Medicines Policy and Standards, Health Technology and Pharmaceuticals 23

Summary remarks n n n n The purpose of the prequalification programme is to Summary remarks n n n n The purpose of the prequalification programme is to list good quality, safe and effective medicinal products in the interest of public health in resource-limited countries. The products should be submitted with technical data proving the quality of API and finished product together with necessary data on safety and efficacy Manufacturing sites of API s and finished products should operate according to GMP principles in order to deliver consistent quality products Technical assistance for promising manufacturers/products can be made available to achieve the goal and speed up the prequalification process. Close cooperation with international procurement and financial institutions ä quality as prerequisite for procurement decision ä instruments to support quality production Encourage manufacturers to invest into quality, and to apply for independent evaluation Main aim of PQ – to increase choice and access to quality products Department of Medicines Policy and Standards, Health Technology and Pharmaceuticals 24