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What Texas Learn From Other Desal Successes Tom Pankratz, pankratztm@gmail. com Texas Innovative Water What Texas Learn From Other Desal Successes Tom Pankratz, [email protected] com Texas Innovative Water 2010 San Antonio, Texas – October 2010

Texas Water Innovative Water 2010— Tom Pankratz Seawater desal is growing rapidly ✔ Texas Water Innovative Water 2010— Tom Pankratz Seawater desal is growing rapidly ✔

Texas Water Innovative Water 2010— Tom Pankratz Seawater desal initiatives (2008) • Australia +310 Texas Water Innovative Water 2010— Tom Pankratz Seawater desal initiatives (2008) • Australia +310 MGD • Spain +265 MGD • Libya +265 MGD • China +265 MGD ✔ • US +132 MGD • Saudi Arabia +1, 500 MGD

Texas Water Innovative Water 2010— Tom Pankratz Australian Seawater Desal Installations: <2007 › Texas Water Innovative Water 2010— Tom Pankratz Australian Seawater Desal Installations: <2007 ›

Texas Water Innovative Water 2010— Tom Pankratz Current Australian SWRO Plants Gold Coast Perth Texas Water Innovative Water 2010— Tom Pankratz Current Australian SWRO Plants Gold Coast Perth 1 Perth 2 Sydney Adelaide Melbourne

Texas Water Innovative Water 2010— Tom Pankratz Carlsbad, California – 50 MGD Carlsbad, California Texas Water Innovative Water 2010— Tom Pankratz Carlsbad, California – 50 MGD Carlsbad, California Carlsbad considers desal Poseidon begins development Permitting process starts Ceremonial CDP groundapplication issued breaking First water? 1994 199619982000 2002 2004 20062008 2010 2012 2014

Texas Water Innovative Water 2010— Tom Pankratz Carlsbad versus Tampa Bay Carlsbad, California Carlsbad Texas Water Innovative Water 2010— Tom Pankratz Carlsbad versus Tampa Bay Carlsbad, California Carlsbad considers desal Poseidon begins development Permitting process starts Ceremonial CDP groundapplication issued breaking First water? 1994 199619982000 2002 2004 20062008 2010 2012 2014 Desal first considered Tampa Bay, Florida BOOT contract awarded Project first commissioned Passes first performance test Rehab contract awarded Fully operational

Texas Water Innovative Water 2010— Tom Pankratz Carlsbad versus Perth Carlsbad, California Carlsbad considers Texas Water Innovative Water 2010— Tom Pankratz Carlsbad versus Perth Carlsbad, California Carlsbad considers desal Poseidon begins development Permitting process starts Ceremonial CDP groundapplication issued breaking First water? 1994 199619982000 2002 2004 20062008 2010 2012 2014 Perth, Australia EIS Project re-starts; First water Fully operational process EIR approved; starts; Tenders called Contract award; ROI’s Construction called begins

Texas Water Innovative Water 2010— Tom Pankratz Carlsbad versus Sydney Carlsbad, California Carlsbad considers Texas Water Innovative Water 2010— Tom Pankratz Carlsbad versus Sydney Carlsbad, California Carlsbad considers desal Poseidon begins development Permitting process starts Ceremonial CDP groundapplication issued breaking First water? 1994 199619982000 2002 2004 20062008 2010 2012 2014 Sydney, Australia SWC Feasibility, First water Fully operational determined Planning study no water Contract award; by 2011 Construction begins

Texas Water Innovative Water 2010— Tom Pankratz Carlsbad versus Israel Carlsbad, California Carlsbad considers Texas Water Innovative Water 2010— Tom Pankratz Carlsbad versus Israel Carlsbad, California Carlsbad considers desal Poseidon begins development Permitting process starts Ceremonial CDP groundapplication issued breaking First water? 1994 199619982000 2002 2004 20062008 2010 2012 2014 First project tendered Israel 82 MGD 132 MGD Ashkelon starts Hadera starts Soreq awarded 40 MGD Palmachim starts

Texas Water Innovative Water 2010— Tom Pankratz What does it take to move desal Texas Water Innovative Water 2010— Tom Pankratz What does it take to move desal forward? q It must really be needed ✔

Texas Water Innovative Water 2010— Tom Pankratz Australian Dam Levels – March 2007 Gold Texas Water Innovative Water 2010— Tom Pankratz Australian Dam Levels – March 2007 Gold Coast 21% Perth 22% Sydney 38% Adelaide 55% Melbourne 32%

Texas Water Innovative Water 2010— Tom Pankratz What does it take to move desal Texas Water Innovative Water 2010— Tom Pankratz What does it take to move desal forward? q It must really be needed q Address all environmental issues ✔

Texas Water Innovative Water 2010— Tom Pankratz Environmental Issues • Impingement & entrainment • Texas Water Innovative Water 2010— Tom Pankratz Environmental Issues • Impingement & entrainment • GHG • Growth inducement • No well-defined permitting process

Texas Water Innovative Water 2010— Tom Pankratz What does it take to move desal Texas Water Innovative Water 2010— Tom Pankratz What does it take to move desal forward? q It must really be needed q Address all environmental issues q Economics must make sense ✔

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Ba ar rb Ba a ha , 19 m el as 91 La ia, Ba ar rb Ba a ha , 19 m el as 91 La ia, , 1 C rn 9 ac ypr us 96 Ta a, , 1 C w 99 ee ypr 7 us la h, , 1 U AE 999 , 2 As T 0 hk rini da 00* el d, Tu on 2 as , Is , S ra 001 Ta e i m nga l, 2 00 pa p 1 Pa Ba ore , 2 lm y (o 0 ac rig 03 hi ), Be m , I ni sr 200 C 4 ap Saf ael D , Al , 20 jin ge 05 et , A ria Sk 20 lg 05 D ikda eri ou , A a, ao 20 ud lge ria 05 a, H , 2 am Al m ger 005 a Pe ia , 2 rth , Al 00 1, ger 5 Au ia, 20 st r 05 Fu alia , 2 M ja ac ira 00 ta h 6 a, 2, Al U G AE g ol Su eri d a C oa r, O 20 st 08 , A ma us n 2 So tra 00 Sy req lia, 8 , dn 2 ey Isra 009 Pe e , rth Aus l, 20 t 1 C ar 2, A ralia 0 ls us 20 b 10 M ad, tral ia on C , 2 al te if 01 re y, orn ia 0 C al ifo 201 0 rn a 20 14 he k D a Sa nt $ per acrefoot Texas Water Innovative Water 2010— Tom Pankratz Seawater RO Water Cost $3. 00 3, 690 3, 075 $2. 50 2, 460 $2. 00 1, 845 $1. 50 1, 290 $1. 00 ✔ $0. 50 615 $0. 00 0

Texas Water Innovative Water 2010— Tom Pankratz What does it take to move desal Texas Water Innovative Water 2010— Tom Pankratz What does it take to move desal forward? q It must really be needed q Address all environmental issues q Economics must make sense ✔ q It must be a transparent process

Texas Water Innovative Water 2010— Tom Pankratz What does it take to move desal Texas Water Innovative Water 2010— Tom Pankratz What does it take to move desal forward? q It must really be need q Consider all environmental issues q Economics must make sense ✔ q It must be a transparent process q There are no shortcuts