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What is it? Electronic Patrol fence road Barbed-wire fence Trench Trace Road Armored Vehicles Road Service road Width: 60 -100 meters
The Route I n s i d e th e West Bank
Jenin Tulkarm Qalqiliya Project Stages Qedumim. Nablus Ariel Ramallah Jericho Jerusalem Bethlehem Hebron Stage 1: 138 km - Completed in most areas Stage 2: 60 km -of this, 45 km already completed Jerusalem Envelope: 50 km - of this, 35 km already completed Stage 3 and 4: 340 km - Approved in Oct. 2003 Cabinet decision expected regarding changes in the route
Jenin Tulkarm Depth Barrier Nablus Qalqiliya 7 secondary barriers have been approved to the east and west of the main barrier. Ramallah Jericho Jerusalem Bethlehem Hebron The goal: to block access to Israel to isolate areas from the rest of the West Bank
Jenin Tulkarm Length of the Barrier Nablus Qalqiliya Main Barrier: 590 km + Secondary Barriers: 70 km Ramallah Jericho Jerusalem Total length: 660 km Bethlehem Hebron More than twice the length of the Green Line
Jenin Tulkarm Estimated Financial Cost Nablus Qalqiliya US$2. 5 million per kilometer Ramallah Jericho Jerusalem Bethlehem Hebron Total = US$ 2 billion
Jenin Tulkarm Project Stages Nablus Qalqiliya Ramallah Jericho Jerusalem Bethlehem Hebron In addition: Jordan Valley barrier - Proposed
Jenin Tulkarm The Population Affected Nablus Qalqiliya Over 250, 000 people in 84 communities in enclaves* 210, 000 people in East Jerusalem separated from the rest of the West Bank Ramallah Jericho Jerusalem Bethlehem Hebron 402, 000 people in 102 communities separated from vital places* 875, 000 Palestinians directly affected * These figures will change if the Cabinet approves changes to the route, as promised.
Jenin Tulkarm The Land Affected Nablus Qalqiliya Ramallah Jericho Jerusalem Bethlehem Hebron 951, 000 dunams 16% of the West Bank
Stage 1 Jenin Tulkarm Ya’bad Nablus The “Seam Area” Regime: Stage 1 Qalqiliya The area between the barrier and the green line (1. 7% of the West Bank): “closed military zone”. Ramallah Tulkarm Jericho Jerusalem Bethlehem Entering or being in the closed zone is forbidden without a special permit. Qalqiliya Hebron The order does not apply to Israelis, Jews and tourists.
Stage 1 Ya’bad The “Seam Area” Regime: Stage 1 Palestinians over age 12 must obtain a "permanent resident" permit. Tulkarm Need to prove “to the satisfaction of the Civil Administration” that they do in fact live in the seam area. Permits valid only for several months. Qalqiliya Residents can appeal to a military committee; if rejected they must leave their homes.
Stage 1 Ya’bad The “Seam Area” Regime: Stage 1 Other residents from the West Bank must have a permit in order to enter the seam area. Tulkarm 12 types of permits exist based on the purpose of entry: farmer; medical personnel, teacher, etc. Qalqiliya Permits are valid for a particular gate and for certain times of day only.
Stage 1 Ya’bad Crossing the Barrier: Stage 1 Tulkarm Qalqiliya 30 agricultural gates: Open 2 -3 times a day for a short time 9 checkpoints: For the residents of the enclaves and for settlers
Stage 1 Ya’bad Freedom of Movement Passage permits: applications are often arbitrarily rejected Tulkarm Passage requires long waits. During “total closure” the gates are closed. Qalqiliya IDF restrictions have brought Palestinian movement to an almost total halt.
Stage 1 Ya’bad The Right to Work Tens of thousands of Palestinians are separated from their workplaces. Tulkarm Qalqiliya
Stage 1 Ya’bad The Right to Work Agriculture is severely harmed: thousands of acres of cultivated land separated from rest of Tulkarm Qalqiliya the West Bank.
Stage 1 Ya’bad The Right to an Adequate Standard of Living About 40% of West Bank Palestinians Tulkarm Qalqiliya currently live below the poverty line The barrier is liable to force thousands more Palestinian families into poverty.
Stage 1 Ya’bad The Right to Health of Living • Most of the affected communities rely on hospitals in Tulkarem, Qalqilya and East Jerusalem. Tulkarm Qalqiliya • Nine of the villages in enclaves west of the barrier do not have a medical clinic.
Stage 1 Ya’bad Tulkarm Qalqiliya The Right to Education Many teachers who live in Tulkarem, Qalqilya and East Jerusalem teach in schools in neighboring villages and face problems reaching their schools.
Stage 1 Jenin Tulkarm Ya’bad Nablus Qalqiliya Case Study: ‘Azzun ‘Atma Isolation of some residents from the Kafr Thulth ‘Izbat Al-Mudawwar Salman Ramallah ‘Izbat Tulkarm Al-Ashqar Beit Amin Oranit Problems marketing produce in Jericho Sanniriya Jerusalem Azzun Atma Sha’are Tiqva Etz Efrayim Bethlehem Elqana rest of the village Mas-ha the West Bank Restricted access to lands east of the barrier Problems in functioning of two schools Qalqiliya Hebron Restricted access to medical treatment
Case Study: Jerusalem Envelope (East) Jerusalem Envelope Ramallah Falamya Giv’at Ze’ev Zufin Qalqilya Kafr Jammal Jaba Ar-Ram Jayyus Beit Hizma Hanina Pisgat Ramot Allon East Jerusalem Sur Sheikh Sa’d Bahir Beit Jala Bethlehem Until recently, the municipal boundary had almost no implications on the daily lives of the residents. ’Eizariya Silwan Abu Dis Sawahira Gilo West of the municipal boundary: 200, 000 Palestinians Ze’ev Anata Shu’afat West Jerusalem Al-Walaja East of the municipal boundary: 82, 500 Palestinians Beit Sahur The establishment of the barrier to the east of Jerusalem completely ignores the existing reality.
Jenin Tulkarm Establishing Permanent Facts Nablus Qalqiliya Israel describes the barrier as a “temporary means to meet security needs” Ramallah Jericho Jerusalem Israel similarly described most of the settlements that were established in the 1970 s Bethlehem All signs indicate that the barrier is Hebron intended for the long-term
Jenin Tulkarm Concealing the Facts Nablus Qalqiliya Despite the enormous sums that Israeli citizens are paying for the barrier; Despite the grave violations of human rights that it will cause; Ramallah Jericho Jerusalem Despite the political repercussions of far-reaching consequence; Bethlehem Hebron Israel refuses to provide information about the barrier and prevents public debate.
Jenin Jayyus Zufin Tulkarm Qalqiliya Why Was This Route Chosen? Nablus Alfe Menashe Qalqiliya Habla Falamya Matan Kafr Jammal To perpetuate most settlements Original Route Zufin Ramallah Qalqilya To avoid recognition of the 1967 border Jayyus Zufin Jayyus Jericho To benefit Jewish communities in Israel Jerusalem Qalqiliya To preserve antiquities Bethlehem Alfe Menashe Habla Matan Hebron Current Route To ensure access to holy sites
Jenin Tulkarm Are there Alternatives? Nablus Improve functioning of checkpoints along the Green Line Qalqiliya Most perpetrators of attacks enter Israel through the checkpoints. Ramallah Jericho Jerusalem Bethlehem Hebron Deploy more forces along the Green Line The IDF chose to shift forces to locations deep within the West Bank. Construct the barrier along the Green Line or inside Israel.
Jenin Tulkarm Time to Act Nablus Qalqiliya Ramallah Jericho Most of the barrier has not yet been constructed. Jerusalem Bethlehem Hebron It is still possible to prevent future human rights violations.