- Количество слайдов: 32
What is genocide? acts committed with intent to destroy, in whole or in part, a national, ethnical, racial or religious group
What’s the time period of the Holocaust? 1933 -1945
What levels of German society were most drawn to Hitler and the Nazi Party? The Nazis appealed especially to the unemployed, young people, and members of the lower middle class (small store owners, office employees, craftsmen, and farmers).
What was Hitler’s term for the “master race”? Aryan
Describe this type of person. blond, blue-eyed, and tall
What types of German citizens were victims of the Nazi Party? § Roma (Gypsies), an ethnic minority numbering about 30, 000 in Germany § handicapped individuals, including the mentally ill and people born deaf and blind § about 500 African-German children, the offspring of German mothers and African colonial soldiers in the Allied armies that occupied the German Rhineland region after World War I § Jews
What does Anti-Semitism mean? the prejudice, discrimination and hatred of Jews as a national, ethnic, religious or racial group
When did Anti-Semitism begin? Nearly two thousand years ago
What other nations treated Jews as scapegoats? § Spain § Russia § Poland § Austria
According to the Nuremberg Laws of 1935, how did the German government decide if someone was Jewish? anyone who had three or four Jewish grandparents was defined as a Jew, regardless of whether that individual identified himself or herself as a Jew or belonged to the Jewish religious community
What did the German government require of Jews in German society? Jews were required to carry identity cards, but the government added special identifying marks to theirs: a red "J" stamped on them and new middle names for all those Jews who did not possess recognizably "Jewish" first names -- "Israel" for males, "Sara" for females.
What happened on November 9, 1938? Violence against Jews broke out across the Reich: § In two days, over 250 synagogues were burned, over 7, 000 Jewish businesses were trashed and looted, dozens of Jewish people were killed, and Jewish cemeteries, hospitals, schools, and homes were looted while police and fire brigades stood by.
The pogroms became known as Kristallnacht, the "Night of Broken Glass, " for the shattered glass from the store windows that littered the streets. Pogrom is a Russian word designating an attack, accompanied by destruction, looting of property, murder, and rape, perpetrated by one section of the population against another.
What countries accepted the most Jewish refugees? § United States – 90, 000 § Palestine – 60, 000 § France – 38, 000 § Belgium – 30, 000 § Netherlands – 30, 000
Why didn’t the US allow entrance to more refugees before WWII? ØIn the midst of the Great Depression, many Americans believed that refugees would compete with them for jobs and overburden social programs set up to assist the needy. ØWidespread racial prejudices among Americans – including antisemitic attitudes held by the US State Department officials – played a part in the failure to admit more refugees.
What was the goal of the “Final Solution”? a comprehensive plan to concentrate and eventually annihilate all European Jews
How many ghettos existed in German-occupied territories? The Germans established at least 1, 000 ghettos in Germanoccupied annexed Poland the Soviet Union alone.
Describe the largest ghetto. The largest ghetto in Poland was the Warsaw ghetto, where more than 400, 000 Jews were crowded into an area of 1. 3 square miles.
Describe the picture and say how people are treated.
Describe how conditions worsened. The Nazis will not even allow the prisoners to remove the waste and sewage. Lice have infested the ghetto and a typhus epidemic plagues the prisoners.
What does Abe do? Where does he go? Why? With Garfingal’s help, Abe bribes a guard, tells his family good-bye, and successfully escapes. He and Garfingal walk to nearby Krosniewice because it has an open ghetto so there is some freedom to come and go during the day.
What were the first Nazi concentration camps? § Dachau (1933) § Chelmno (1941) § Auschwitz-Birkenau (1942) § Treblinka (1942) § Belzec (1942) § Sobibór (1942) § Majdanek-Lublin (1942)
What was the primary purpose of these camps? the methodical killing of millions of innocent people
Describe what happened to most “workers. ” Prisoners in all the concentration camps were literally worked to death.
What happened at most of these camps? Most of the deportees were immediately murdered in large groups by poisonous gas.
Why were people forced to go on “death marches”? Near the end of the war, when Germany's military force was collapsing, the Allied armies closed in on the Nazi concentration camps. The Germans began frantically to move the prisoners out of the camps near the front and take them to be used as forced laborers in camps inside Germany. Prisoners were first taken by train and then by foot on "death marches. "
Create your own caption for this photo. What is the family doing and where are they going?
When the Soviet soldiers liberated Auschwitz Death Camp, how many shoes did they find? tens of thousands of pairs of shoes
Describe the hardships survivors had to face. § Jewish communities no longer existed in much of Europe. § When people tried to return to their homes from camps or hiding places, they found that, in many cases, their homes had been looted or taken over by others.
- continued § Returning home was also dangerous. After the war, anti-Jewish riots broke out in several Polish cities. § Many survivors ended up in displaced persons' (DP) camps set up in western Europe under Allied military occupation at the sites of former concentration camps. § There they waited to be admitted to places like the United States, South Africa, or Palestine. At first, many countries continued their old immigration policies, which greatly limited the number of refugees they would accept.
A Survivor’s Prayer by Malka B I have lived dear G-d in a world gone mad and I have seen evil unleashed beyond reason or understanding. I was with them. We drank from the same bitter cup. I hid with them Feared with them, Struggled with them And when the killing was finally done I had survived while millions had died. I do not know why. I have asked many questions for which there are no answers And I have even cursed my life thinking I could not endure the pain. But a flame inside refused to die. I could not throw away What had been ripped away from so many. In the end I had to choose life. I had to struggle to cross the bridge between the dead and the living. I had to rebuild what had been destroyed. I had to deny death Another victory. Summarize what it’s about in a few sentences.
If you were going to teach others about the importance of studying the Holocaust, what would you include?