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11 Lecture. What is Culture 2.pptx

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What Is Culture? Material and Nonmaterial Culture What Is Culture? Material Vs. Nonmaterial Culture What Is Culture? Material and Nonmaterial Culture What Is Culture? Material Vs. Nonmaterial Culture Vs. Nation Vs. Society

What Is Culture? • How would you describe the culture of Kazakhstan? • Would What Is Culture? • How would you describe the culture of Kazakhstan? • Would you talk about the way we dress? • The foods that originated here? • The Kazakh language? • The way we salute the Kazakhstani flag? • What about our values?

Culture can be defined as the language, norms, values, beliefs, and more that, together, Culture can be defined as the language, norms, values, beliefs, and more that, together, form a people's way of life.

 • Culture is an essential part of being human. • For example, • • Culture is an essential part of being human. • For example, • someone who lives in the RK could be part of the national culture in addition to the distinct culture of the South, a religious community, a heritage group, and more.

MATERIAL VS. NONMATERIAL CULTURE • Can be categorized as either material or nonmaterial culture. MATERIAL VS. NONMATERIAL CULTURE • Can be categorized as either material or nonmaterial culture. Material culture includes all the physical things that people create and attach meaning to. Clothing, food, tools, and architecture are examples of material culture that most people would think of.

Nonmaterial culture includes creations and abstract ideas that are not embodied in physical objects. Nonmaterial culture includes creations and abstract ideas that are not embodied in physical objects. Social roles, rules, ethics, and beliefs are just some examples.

Culture Vs. Nation Vs. Society A nation is a territory with designated borders. A Culture Vs. Nation Vs. Society A nation is a territory with designated borders. A society is a population in which people interact and share common interests.

Lesson Summary Culture can be defined as the language, norms, values, beliefs, and more Lesson Summary Culture can be defined as the language, norms, values, beliefs, and more that, together, form a people's way of life.

Material culture includes all of the physical things that people create and attach meaning Material culture includes all of the physical things that people create and attach meaning to. Nonmaterial culture includes creations and abstract ideas that are not embodied in physical objects.

A nation is a territory with designated borders. A society is a population in A nation is a territory with designated borders. A society is a population in which people interact and share common interests.

 • A is a population in which people interact and share culture. • • A is a population in which people interact and share culture. • society • nation • None of these. • individualistic culture • ancient city

 • • • A culture is made up of both material and nonmaterial • • • A culture is made up of both material and nonmaterial culture All of these are true. a combination of elements history and accepted behavior language, norms, values, and beliefs

 • Which of the following is not an example of nonmaterial culture? • • Which of the following is not an example of nonmaterial culture? • These are all examples of nonmaterial culture. • traditional gender roles • strict rules • female fashion • belief in one God

 • Which of the following is true? • Culture cannot be shared outside • Which of the following is true? • Culture cannot be shared outside of one village. • An individual can be part of many cultures and subcultures. • Culture cannot be shared between multiple societies. • All of these are true. • An individual can be part of only one distinct culture. •

 • Which of the following is an example of material culture? • religious • Which of the following is an example of material culture? • religious beliefs • greed • money • rules • an idea

Elements of Culture: Explanation of the Major Elements That Define Culture Elements of Culture: Explanation of the Major Elements That Define Culture

 • In this lesson, we identify four of the elements that exist in • In this lesson, we identify four of the elements that exist in every culture, albeit in different forms: symbols, language, values, and norms. • We also differentiate between folkways and mores.

Elements Of Culture • In this lesson, we are going to take a closer Elements Of Culture • In this lesson, we are going to take a closer look at those elements, specifically symbols, language, values, and norms. • These elements look different across cultures, and many change with time as a society evolves.

Symbols • A symbol is anything that is used to stand for something else. Symbols • A symbol is anything that is used to stand for something else. • People who share a culture often attach a specific meaning to an object, gesture, sound, or image. • For example, a cross is a significant symbol to Christians.

 • The flag represents our entire country. • A red light at a • The flag represents our entire country. • A red light at a traffic intersection is used to relay the message that you need to stop your vehicle.

Language • Language is a system of words and symbols used to communicate with Language • Language is a system of words and symbols used to communicate with other people. • This includes full languages as we usually think of them. • But it also includes body language, slang, and common phrases that are unique to certain groups of people.

 • Another example of how cultural languages differ beyond vocabulary is the fact • Another example of how cultural languages differ beyond vocabulary is the fact that eye contact represents different meanings in different cultures.

Values • Values, which are culturally defined standards for what is good or desirable. Values • Values, which are culturally defined standards for what is good or desirable. • Members of the culture use the shared system of values to decide what is good and what is bad.

Types Of Norms • Norms are culturally defined expectations of behavior. • They are Types Of Norms • Norms are culturally defined expectations of behavior. • They are guidelines we use to determine how we should behave in any given situation and what would be considered inappropriate behavior.

 • Folkways are norms that dictate appropriate behavior for routine or casual interaction. • Folkways are norms that dictate appropriate behavior for routine or casual interaction. • Mores are norms that dictate morally right or wrong behavior. • These are rules for behavior that are so important that they usually don't even get written down because they go without saying.

Lesson Summary • A symbol is anything that is used to stand for something Lesson Summary • A symbol is anything that is used to stand for something else. People who share a culture often attach a specific meaning to an object, gesture, sound, or image. • Language is a system of words and symbols used to communicate with other people.

 • Values are culturally defined standards for what is good or desirable. Members • Values are culturally defined standards for what is good or desirable. Members of the culture use the shared system of values to decide what is good and what is bad. • Norms are culturally defined expectations of behavior. They are guidelines we use to determine how we should behave in any given situation and what would be considered inappropriate behavior.