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What Does the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act Mean for Community Schools? March 23, What Does the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act Mean for Community Schools? March 23, 2009 1

Agenda • Welcome from the Coalition for Community Schools, Marty Blank, Director • A Agenda • Welcome from the Coalition for Community Schools, Marty Blank, Director • A look at Youth and Education • Economic Stimulus Update School Based Health Clinics and the Stimulus • What Does This Mean for Community Schools? 2

American Recovery and Reinvestment Act’s Impact on Funding on Education and Youth Presented by: American Recovery and Reinvestment Act’s Impact on Funding on Education and Youth Presented by: Phillip Lovell, First Focus 3

American Recovery and Reinvestment Act: Why do we need to support children? Increase in American Recovery and Reinvestment Act: Why do we need to support children? Increase in Homelessness 69 percent of over 1, 700 school districts surveyed enrolled half as many homeless students in the first three months of the school year as they did all of last year. For more information, see: www. firstfocus. net/Download/Housingand. Children. FINAL. pdf Increase in Poverty An additional 2. 6 to 3. 3 million children will fall into poverty as a result of the recession. Increase in Costs If 3 million children fall into poverty, our economy would lose at least $1. 7 trillion over their lifetime. For more information, see: www. firstfocus. net/Download/Cost. Nothing. pdf 4

Children in the Budget: Share of Growth From 2004 to 2008, while federal spending Children in the Budget: Share of Growth From 2004 to 2008, while federal spending increased dramatically, children were almost entirely left out. Increase in Federal Non-Defense Spending: $231 Billion Inflation Adjusted Increase in Federal Spending on Children: Only 1% of the increase went to children and children’s programs 5

American Recovery and Reinvestment Act: SUMMARY Signed into law February 17, 2009 Total Amount American Recovery and Reinvestment Act: SUMMARY Signed into law February 17, 2009 Total Amount $783 billion Amount for Children $144 billion (18 percent) Highlights • Create or save more than 3. 5 million jobs over the next two years • Increase college affordability for seven million students • Largest increase in funding of our nation’s roads, bridges, and mass transit systems since the creation of the national highway system in the 1950 s 6

American Recovery and Reinvestment Act: PROCESS House Passed Version Total Amount: $819 billion Amount American Recovery and Reinvestment Act: PROCESS House Passed Version Total Amount: $819 billion Amount for Children: $154 billion Senate Passed Version Total Amount: $838 billion Amount for Children: $116 billion Final Version Total Amount: $787 billion Amount for Children: $144 billion 7

American Recovery and Reinvestment Act: FUNDING FOR CHILDREN Education (not including higher education): $72 American Recovery and Reinvestment Act: FUNDING FOR CHILDREN Education (not including higher education): $72 billion Tax: $31 billion Health: $18 billion Nutrition: $11 billion Early Childhood: $5 billion Income Support: $5 billion Other (national service, youth training, etc. ) $3 billion 8

The American Recovery and Reinvestment Act and America’s Public Schools AASA Economic Stimulus Update The American Recovery and Reinvestment Act and America’s Public Schools AASA Economic Stimulus Update Presented by: Bruce Hunter, American Association of School Administrators 9

Economic Recovery & Reinvestment Act Review - Three Funding Pots for Schools 1. Funds Economic Recovery & Reinvestment Act Review - Three Funding Pots for Schools 1. Funds flowing through established federal formulas, Title I, IDEA, Title II, Mc. Kinney Vento Homeless Act, Impact Aid 2. Funds flowing through the State Stabilization Fund, controlled by the governors and existing state funding formulas -one exception is $5 billion for competitive grant in school improvement through the Secretary of Education’s ‘Race to the Top’ funds 3. Tax Credit bonds for new construction and Qualified Zone Academy bonds for renovation and modernization 10

Economic Recovery & Reinvestment Act Stimulus Fund for Schools - Pot #1 $10 billion Economic Recovery & Reinvestment Act Stimulus Fund for Schools - Pot #1 $10 billion Title I $3 billion School Improvement Grants $11. 3 billion IDEA Part B $400 million IDEA Section 619 $500 million IDEA Part C $650 million Title II Part D: Education Technology $250 millions State Development of Longitudinal Data $200 million Teacher Incentive Fund $70 million Mc. Kinney-Vento Homeless Act $100 million Teacher Training (Higher Education Act, Title II) 11

How will IDEA Part B Grants Awarded? • 50% of the IDEA Part B How will IDEA Part B Grants Awarded? • 50% of the IDEA Part B Grants to States and Preschool Grants will be awarded to SEAs by the end of March 2009. The remaining 50% will be awarded by September 30, 2009 – the funds are FY 2009 appropriations, in addition to the regular FY 09 Part B grants. • States DO NOT need to submit a new application to receive the first 50% of the Part B grants. • States DO need to submit an amendment to their FY 09 applications to receive the remaining 50% of Part B recovery funds. 12

How will Title I Part A Stimulus Funds be Awarded? • 50% of each How will Title I Part A Stimulus Funds be Awarded? • 50% of each state’s Title I Part A recovery funds will be awarded to SEAs by the end of March 2009, under each state’s existing ESEA Consolidated State Application • To receive the remaining 50%, states will have to submit amendments to their Consolidated Applications • The Title I, Part A ARRA awards will be in addition to the regular FY 2009 Title I, Part A grant awards that the Department plans to make on July 1 and September 30, 2009. • In the absence of a waiver, an LEA must obligate at least 85 percent of its total FY 2009 Title I, Part A funds (including ARRA funds) by Sept. 30, 2010. Any remaining FY 2009 Title I, Part A funds will be available for obligation until Sept. 30, 2011. 13

Suggested Uses for Title I ARRA Funds • • Providing new opportunities for Title Suggested Uses for Title I ARRA Funds • • Providing new opportunities for Title I school-wide programs for secondary school students to use high-quality, online courseware as supplemental learning materials for meeting mathematics and science requirements; Establishing a system for identifying and training highly effective teachers to serve as instructional leaders in Title I school-wide programs and modifying the school schedule to allow for collaboration among the instructional staff; Establishing intensive, year-long teacher training for all teachers and the principal in a Title I elementary school in corrective action or restructuring status in order to train teachers to use a new reading curriculum that aggressively works on improving students' oral language skills and vocabulary or, in some other way, builds teachers' capacity to address academic achievement problems; Strengthen and expand early childhood education by providing resources to align a district-wide Title I pre-K program with state early learning standards and state content standards for grades K– 3 and, if there is a plan for sustainability beyond 2010– 11, expanding high-quality Title I pre-K programs to larger numbers of young children; Using longitudinal data systems to drive continuous improvement efforts focused on improving achievement in Title I schools; Providing professional development to teachers in Title I targeted assistance programs on the use of data to inform and improve instruction for Title I-eligible students; Using reading or mathematics coaches to provide professional development to teachers in Title I targeted assistance programs; and Establishing or expanding fiscally sustainable extended learning opportunities for Title I-eligible students in targeted assistance programs, including activities provided before school, after school, during the summer, or over an extended school year. 14

Economic Recovery & Reinvestment Act Stimulus Fund for Schools - Pot #2 $53. 6 Economic Recovery & Reinvestment Act Stimulus Fund for Schools - Pot #2 $53. 6 billion $39. 5 billion States to fund cuts to K-12 and higher ed $5 billion $8. 8 billion Competitive grants awarded to states States can spend anywhere in their budgets • The $39. 5 billion can be used for any purpose in ESEA or school modernization. • The competitive grants are awarded by the Secretary based on performance in 3 areas: distribution of teachers, creation of longitudinal data systems and development of assessments for special education and ELL. It includes $650 million for innovation grants and ‘Race to the Top’ funds • States can use the $8. 8 billion anywhere in their state budget, including education & school construction. • ESEA rules do not govern these funds. State law does. 15

Suggested Uses for State Fiscal Stabilization Funds • To qualify for State Stabilization Funds Suggested Uses for State Fiscal Stabilization Funds • To qualify for State Stabilization Funds Governors must submit an application to the U. S. Secretary of Education that includes assurances that the state will: – Data Systems: Establish a longitudinal data system that includes prescribed elements in the America COMPETES Act, including among others having linked P-16 systems; a teacher identification system that can be linked to students; college readiness test scores; postsecondary remedial course work data, and a data audit system; – Academic Assessments: Enhance the quality of academic assessments used under Title I, ESEA through activities such as collaboration with higher education, use of multiple measures, and development of performance and technology-based assessment instruments and meet Title I requirements for the inclusion of students with disabilities and LEP students in these assessments, through development of assessments for these students and provision of appropriate accommodations; – Standards: Take steps to improve state academic content standards and student achievement standards consistent with provisions in the America COMPETES Act, which provides for aligning standards with the knowledge and skills needed for success in creditbearing postsecondary course work, 21 st Century jobs, and the Armed Forces, without remediation; and – School Improvement: Ensure compliance with provisions in Title I, ESEA related to implementation of corrective action and restructuring options for schools identified for these interventions. 16

Maintenance of Effort State Stabilization Fund • The maintenance of effort language, as it Maintenance of Effort State Stabilization Fund • The maintenance of effort language, as it pertains to the State Fiscal Stabilization Fund in the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 is as follows: – (1) Maintenance of effort. (A) Elementary and secondary education. The State will, in each of fiscal years 2009, 2010, and 2011, maintain State support for elementary and secondary education at least at the level of such support in fiscal year 2006. 17

Economic Recovery & Reinvestment Act Stimulus Fund for Schools - Pot #3 $22 billion Economic Recovery & Reinvestment Act Stimulus Fund for Schools - Pot #3 $22 billion QZABs and Bonds for New Construction Tax Credit Bonds $2. 8 billion QZAB $24. 8 billion • Under the school modernization funds, the 100 largest, poorest school districts are guaranteed part of 40% of their state’s bond allocation. • Up to an additional 25 school districts may receive priority status from the Secretary • Separate direct funding for school modernization was cut from the final deal and added as an allowable use in the state fund. 18

AASA Webinar Top Ten Stimulus Questions I and IDEA funds? Will there be any AASA Webinar Top Ten Stimulus Questions I and IDEA funds? Will there be any ability to supplant Title Q. A. No. The law and regulations do not permit waivers to supplant. USED has been clear, there will be no supplanting Q. What happens in 2011? A. Nobody is 100% sure. We will have to work together to have funding levels increase—or at least remain flat—after the stimulus funds are spent. Q. Can we reduce our state and local effort for Title I and IDEA? A. Yes, under certain conditions: Section 613 of IDEA permits districts to reduce LOCAL EFFORT by up to 50% of the annual increase in funding Section 9521 of Title IX of ESEA permits reduction in local effort for natural disasters and a precipitous decline in state and local revenues 19

Q. A. Q. A. Can we buy equipment or make renovations with IDEA funds? Q. A. Q. A. Can we buy equipment or make renovations with IDEA funds? Yes. Section 605 of IDEA permits purchasing equipment or altering facilities to make them more accessible. It requires a waiver by the Secretary of Education Can the governor move State Stabilization Funds (SSF) around so there is no net gain for public school districts from the SSF? Yes. We expect many to do that. They are required, though, to provide the higher of 2008 or 2009 funding levels. Q. A. Can we supplant with State Stabilization Funds? Supplanting and maintenance of effort DO NOT apply to the SSF. Q. If a school district has Title I schools in school improvement, must part of the Title I Stimulus funds be set aside for public school choice and/or supplemental educational services? Yes. If they are in school improvement, 20% of stimulus funds must be set aside for public school choice and/or supplemental educational services. Underlying statutes and regulations apply to the stimulus funds, for both IDEA and ESEA. 20

Q. A. Can we use the stimulus funds to hire staff? Yes, you can. Q. A. Can we use the stimulus funds to hire staff? Yes, you can. Remember that as one-time funds, once the stimulus dollars are used, the financial responsibility for funding these positions will fall to the districts. Q. Can we retain or rehire a non-Title I or IDEA teacher with stimulus funds? No, not if that position was being funded through local dollars. You can, however, use SFSF money to fund the position. Refer to the question above. A. Q. A. Is the slideshow presentation from the webinar available for distribution? The slideshow presentations and Q&A for each of the webinars are available to AASA members. (http: //www. aasa. org/content. cfm? Item. Number=11315) 21

Impact of ARRA on School-Based Health Centers Presented by: Linda Juszczak, National Assembly on Impact of ARRA on School-Based Health Centers Presented by: Linda Juszczak, National Assembly on School-Based Health Care 22

School-Based Health Center (SBHCs) and the ARRA • There is no one place in School-Based Health Center (SBHCs) and the ARRA • There is no one place in the ARRA specifically referring to support for SBHCs • Extension of the moratoria on Medicaid regulations targeting school based administration helps some SBHCs • Medicaid provisions help SBHCs by supporting coverage in economic downturn • The strongest opportunities for SBHC program support are likely in the funds for community health centers • Because there are possibilities in several areas, need to know what level you need to do your advocacy work at- federal (contact NASBHC), state, and or local 23

Where are the Opportunities? • Rural Community Facilities Program– Loans and grants for construction Where are the Opportunities? • Rural Community Facilities Program– Loans and grants for construction and maintenance of development of essential community facilities primarily serving rural residents • Bits and Pieces – DOL • 1. 2 million for youth activities i. e. youth programs, mentoring programs, continued supportive services, …. – DHHS • 1. 5 billion for CHC construction renovation and equipment and acquisition of HIT • 500 million for operations (other funds already applied for re increased demand for services and approved but not funded programs) • 1 billion for Prevention and Wellness Fund – 300 million to carry out the immunization program – 650 million evidenced based and community- based prevention and wellness strategies • 19. 2 billion for HIT- encourage doctors, hospitals and other providers around the usage and exchange of EHR 24

Bits and Pieces ( cont) • DOH (cont) – National Health Service Corps and Bits and Pieces ( cont) • DOH (cont) – National Health Service Corps and Ameri. Corps • SBHCs can be an approved site go to www. nasbhc. org for information re the applications • DOE – There will be many demands on these funds to fill the gaps left by state level budget cuts and SBHCs could be supported in instances where there are restrictions on the use of funds- SBHCs need to work with LEAs to determine where and if they might fit 25

Bits and Pieces • DOE – Some especially strong opportunities to support SBHC may Bits and Pieces • DOE – Some especially strong opportunities to support SBHC may be in in the use of school construction funds to build clinics in schools and – in the use of the innovation fund especially if SBHCs help demonstrate working partnerships with the private sector and the philanthropic community 26

Other sources of information • NASBHC has state associations in 19 states – go Other sources of information • NASBHC has state associations in 19 states – go to www. nasbhc. org for information on how to contact them • Go to: http: //www. nasbhc. org/site/c. js. JPKWPFJr H/b. 5018277/ for a collection of resources assembled for easy access 27

What Does All of This Mean for Community Schools? Presented by: Marty Blank, Coalition What Does All of This Mean for Community Schools? Presented by: Marty Blank, Coalition for Community Schools 28

State Incentive Fund: Race to the Top Fund-- $4. 35 Billion • Governor to State Incentive Fund: Race to the Top Fund-- $4. 35 Billion • Governor to submit applications • 50% of funds must be passed through to local high needs districts with schools not making AYP. • Allowable Uses: – – Achieving Equity in Teacher Distribution Improving Collection and Use of Data Standards and Assessments Supporting Struggling Schools • To ensure compliance with: • 1116(a)(7)(C)(iv) • 1116 (a)(8)(B) 29

1116(a)(7)(C)(iv): Failing Schools • Identify school for corrective action and take at least one 1116(a)(7)(C)(iv): Failing Schools • Identify school for corrective action and take at least one of the following steps: – Replace staff who failing to make adequate yearly progress; – Institute and implement a new curriculum; – Significantly decrease management authority at the school level; – Appoint an outside expert to advice the school on its progress toward AYP – Extend the school year or school day for the school – Restructure the internal organization of the school 30

1116 (a)(8)(B): Alternative Governance • Reopen the school as a charter school • Replace 1116 (a)(8)(B): Alternative Governance • Reopen the school as a charter school • Replace all or most of the school staff • Enter into contract with private management company • Turn operation over to the state • Any other major restructuring of the school’s governance arrangement that makes fundamental reforms: Changes in school staffing and governance, to improve student academic achievement and that has substantial promise of enabling the school make 31

Innovation Funds: Sec. 14007 • Eligible entities: – LEA – Partnership between a non-profit Innovation Funds: Sec. 14007 • Eligible entities: – LEA – Partnership between a non-profit organization and one or more LEA or a consortium of schools • Funds Available: $650 Million 32

Innovation Funds: Basis for Awards • To eligible entities that have made significant gains Innovation Funds: Basis for Awards • To eligible entities that have made significant gains in closing the achievement gap to allow – Expansion of their work and serve as models for best practice; – Work in partnership with private sector and philanthropic community; – Documentation of best practices that can be shared and taken to scale based on demonstrated success. 33

Qualifications of Eligible Entities • Significantly closed the achievement gap • Exceeded states annual Qualifications of Eligible Entities • Significantly closed the achievement gap • Exceeded states annual measure objectives for two more years 34

Other Sources of Federal Money Child Care & Development Block Grant $2 B Health Other Sources of Federal Money Child Care & Development Block Grant $2 B Health Resources & Service Administration $1 B Head Start & Early Head Start $2. 1 B Community Services Block Grant $1 B Public Health Service Act $650 M Corporation for National & Community Service $89 M – Ameri. Corps (State & National) $65 M – Ameri. Corps VISTA Rural Community Facilities Program Account $130 M Byrne Competitive Grants (DOJ) $225 M Community Service Employment for Older Americans $120 M Bureau of Indian Affairs $450 M 35

Other sources of information • NASBHC has state associations in 19 states – go Other sources of information • NASBHC has state associations in 19 states – go to www. nasbhc. org for information on how to contact them • Go to: http: //www. nasbhc. org/site/c. js. JPKWPFJr H/b. 5018277/ for a collection of summary’s assembled for easy access 36

Contact Information • Phillip Lovell, First Focus, phillipl@firstfocus. net • Bruce Hunter, American Association Contact Information • Phillip Lovell, First Focus, [email protected] net • Bruce Hunter, American Association of School Administrators, [email protected] org • Linda Juszczak, National Assembly of School-Based Health, [email protected] org • Marty Blank, Coalition for Community Schools, [email protected] org 37

Additional Resources • Stimulus Brief: Growth Opportunities for Community Schools: http: //communityschools. org/CCSDocuments/Stim_Brief _Opportunities_for_CS. Additional Resources • Stimulus Brief: Growth Opportunities for Community Schools: http: //communityschools. org/CCSDocuments/Stim_Brief _Opportunities_for_CS. doc. pdf • US Department of Education ARRA Website: www. ed. gov/policy/gen/leg/recovery/index. html 38

Thank You for Participating! www. communityschools. org 39 Thank You for Participating! www. communityschools. org 39