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What does it mean to be an international institution? Strategic Issues: Challenges for A view from the UK Universities and their Libraries Professor Michael Worton, Vice-Provost University College London Professor Michael Worton Vice-Provost (Academic & International) UCL
Context Higher Education and advanced training are set to become one of the largest enterprises in the world • How will this expansion be managed and mediated? • What is the role of the Bologna process in this expansion?
Context: The Bologna process Opportunities demand Increased Challenges New technologies • Global revolution in participation – with implications for continued growth in the world economy • Global technological inequalities exist – and may be exacerbated by the developed world’s increased use of new, virtual learning environments THE BOLOGNA PROCESS MUST BE SEEN AS A PROCESS WITH GLOBAL IMPLICATIONS
By 2010, will we have greater diversity, rather than greater harmony?
Bologna Objectives Action 1: Adoption of a system of easily readable and comparable degrees • • Vital to achieve this, but how? How to deal with professional qualifications? What about infringement? (France, Spain, Greece) Do you want to be protectionist or free trade?
Bologna Objectives Action 4: Promotion of mobility • Numbers of students moving between countries are gradually increasing – but HEIs need to create student budgets for mobility • Greater mobility requires a more transparent scheme across the Bologna area for access to libraries, borrowing, etc. • What are the implications for licenses?
Bologna Objectives Action 6: Promotion of the European dimension in HE • Not a strong area at present • The European Science Foundation’s European Research Index in the Humanities: an example of the problematics of “the European” • Need for greater pan-European co-ordination between the Library Associations
Bologna Objectives Action 7: Lifelong learning • An area as yet under-developed in universities • More Continuing Professional Development is needed • Allied to the emerging Knowledge Transfer agenda in many countries • Could potentially have a major impact on what libraries buy, how they buy – and how they are funded
Bologna Objectives Action 8: Involvement of students • Crucial area to develop • In the UK, students have an important part to play in governance at all levels A challenge: greater student participation leads to greater focus on comparability between institutions and between countries
Bologna Objectives Action 9: Promoting the attractiveness of the Higher Education Area • Bologna process must become ever more outward -looking • Universities have a key role to play in developing an understanding of global citizenship, social justice and sustainability in all our students • Further thought is necessary on fees – particularly for the less well-off
Bologna Objectives Action 10: Inclusion of the Doctoral level as the third cycle • Doctoral students: early career researchers or students? • Should we have a credit scheme up to and including Ph. D? • Can access to the doctoral programme be achieved without a Masters? • Skills: subject specific and / or generic? The role of libraries and librarians will be vital in this area
The Bologna process is a bold and ambitious vision. It is also fraught with difficulties and complexities.
The strategic role of universities must be: 1. To offer the highest level of education based on intellectual dialogue and trans-national exchange 2. To contribute to solving humanity’s environmental, healthcare and communication challenges 3. To lead the move towards knowledge-based societies 4. To give moral leadership by fostering global citizenship
Libraries therefore have a vital role to play: Achieving pan. European co-ordination Advice on modes of delivery Managing mobility LIBRARY Knowledge transfer strategies Skills development Negotiating new funding models
And… …managing expectations!