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Welcome to SNS The Next Large EPICS Project A Partnership between Six National Laboratories: Welcome to SNS The Next Large EPICS Project A Partnership between Six National Laboratories: Argonne National Lab Brookhaven National Lab Lawrence Berkeley National Lab Los Alamos National Lab Oak Ridge National Lab Thomas Jefferson National Lab SNS Integrated Control System

Your local hosts: The SNS Controls Team at ORNL John Cleaves Coles Sibley Richard Your local hosts: The SNS Controls Team at ORNL John Cleaves Coles Sibley Richard Epps Bill Stone Bill De. Van Herb Strong John Munro Ernest Williams Delphy Nypaver Paul Wright Ron Battle Pam Gurd SNS Integrated Control System

Spallation Neutron Source Aerial/Site Plan SNS Integrated Control System Spallation Neutron Source Aerial/Site Plan SNS Integrated Control System

Spallation Neutron Source Aerial/Site Plan SNS Integrated Control System Spallation Neutron Source Aerial/Site Plan SNS Integrated Control System

Schedule Overview Activity FY 99 FY 00 FY 01 FY 02 FY 03 FY Schedule Overview Activity FY 99 FY 00 FY 01 FY 02 FY 03 FY 04 FY 05 FY 06 1. 1. 9 R&D BOD MCR Turnover to operations MCR Operational 1. 9. 2 Global Systems BOD Start Commissioning 1. 9. 3 Front End Controls Start Commissioning BOD 1. 9. 4 Linac Controls Start Commissioning BOD 1. 9. 5 Ring Controls BOD Start Commissioning 1. 9. 6 &7 Target & Instrument Controls BOD Start Cooldown Complete Target Commissioning 1. 9. 8 & 1. 9. 10 CF & CHL Controls BOD MCR Turnover to operations 1. 9. 9 PPS Integrated Controls Systems Master Schedule SNS Integrated Control System Legend R&D Design, Procure, Fabricate Installation & Testing Test Support Software development

Status of the Project l Good News » Funding of $1. 4 B approved Status of the Project l Good News » Funding of $1. 4 B approved (incl $60 M for Controls) » FY 01 Funding of $278 M approved (incl $9. 5 M for Controls) » 1. 4 million yard of dirt moved, first concrete poured l Unresolved Issues » Pre-operations funding » Some controls staffing problems at BNL and LANL » Who is the President (and is he from Tennessee…)? ? ? SNS Integrated Control System

An aside… SNS Integrated Control System An aside… SNS Integrated Control System

We plan a system fully integrated under EPICS, including… l Accelerator Systems » Front We plan a system fully integrated under EPICS, including… l Accelerator Systems » Front End, Linac, Compressor Ring, Beamlines » ~ 50, 000 channels, 160 IOCs » Front End already running under EPICS (at Berkeley) l Target System » Large and complex liquid Mercury Target » 1000 channels, 6 PLCs » Test facility already running prototypical EPICS system l Conventional Facilities » 2500 channels, 10 PLCs, 150 screens » To be done in EPICS by Sverdrup in Tullahoma » Training in January SNS Integrated Control System

Control System Construction is distributed among all Collaborating Laboratories ICWG include JLAB 1. 3 Control System Construction is distributed among all Collaborating Laboratories ICWG include JLAB 1. 3 Front End (LBNL) 1. 4 Linac (LANL) 1. 5 Ring (BNL) 1. 6 Target (ORNL) 1. 7 Instruments (ORNL, ANL) 1. 8 Facilities (ORNL, CM) 1. 9. 3 Front End Controls 1. 9. 4 Linac Controls 1. 9. 5 Ring Controls 1. 9. 6 Target Controls 1. 9. 7 Instrument Controls 1. 9. 8 Facilities Controls 1. 9. 2 “Global” Controls: (Network, Timing, Protection, Control Room, Labs, Applications, System Software) 1. 9. 1 Integration & Management SNS Integrated Control System Cryo (JLAB, ORNL) 1. 9. 10 Cryo Controls 1. 9. 9 Personnel Safety

Total Controls Manpower Construction and Operations SNS Integrated Control System Total Controls Manpower Construction and Operations SNS Integrated Control System

Where we are now l Controls Group Staff of 10 here at ORNL l Where we are now l Controls Group Staff of 10 here at ORNL l EPICS Systems running Target Test Facility here and Front End Systems at Berkeley l Application Development Environment here at ORNL » Distributed CVS – accessible by all the partners l Prototypical Environment running in lab here » MVME 2100 PPC, EPICS 3. 13. 3, Tornado II, DM 2 K » Control. Logix PLC » Control. Net over Ether. Net Driver SNS Integrated Control System

The SNS Control Room SNS Integrated Control System The SNS Control Room SNS Integrated Control System

Some things we have agreed upon… l Site-wide Device and Signal Naming Convention l Some things we have agreed upon… l Site-wide Device and Signal Naming Convention l Control. Logix PLCs (Allen-Bradley) » Control. Net over Ether. Net Driver l Standard Cabinets l Power. PC IOCs (MVME 2100) l VME 64 x (Bid on the street) » Including Utility Board l Linux Environment where appropriate l Oracle, but… SNS Integrated Control System

… and some we have not. l Display Manager » DM 2 K (The … and some we have not. l Display Manager » DM 2 K (The current “official” standard) vs EDM l Database creation » Will use Oracle, but the process is uncertain – Capfast? ? – Templates? l We hope this meeting will help with these decisions SNS Integrated Control System

Some EPICS Developments are needed l Large Array Support » Needed for Diagnostics l Some EPICS Developments are needed l Large Array Support » Needed for Diagnostics l Long PV Names » We could bump up against the current limit l Variable String Size l Multipriority Channel Access » Needed for Diagnostics and Machine Protect l SNS will fund some of these Core developments, but we will need help from the community… SNS Integrated Control System

Summary l Jobs available l Many issues the EPICS Community can help us with. Summary l Jobs available l Many issues the EPICS Community can help us with. l Jobs available l We hope to contribute to EPICS l Jobs available l We look for help and advice from this meeting l Jobs available SNS Integrated Control System

Front End – A Highly Complex System with Several Major Subsystems and Critical Functions Front End – A Highly Complex System with Several Major Subsystems and Critical Functions The Front End has relationships with all systems: rf, high voltage, diagnostics, alignment, controls, magnets, power supplies, pulsed power, physics, vacuum, Cesium, radiation. - Create 65 -m. A H ion beam Accelerate beam to 2. 5 Me. V Chop beam into mini-pulses Match 52 -m. A beam into DTL SNS Integrated Control System Ion Source/LEBT RFQ LEBT/MEBT

Layout of Linac RF with NC and SRF Modules 402. 5 MHz, 2. 5 Layout of Linac RF with NC and SRF Modules 402. 5 MHz, 2. 5 MW klystron 805 MHz, 5 MW klystron RFQ DTL (1) 805 MHz, 0. 55 MW klystron (6) CCL (4) 86. 8 Me. V 2. 5 Me. V 186 Me. V SRF, ß=0. 61 379 Me. V (33) SRF, ß=0. 81 972 Me. V HEBT (59) (2) from CCL 1 SNS Integrated Control System 33 1 59 (92 total)

Ring Lattice 2000 P-03550/jhb SNS Integrated Control System Ring Lattice 2000 P-03550/jhb SNS Integrated Control System

WBS 1. 9 Scope includes control of all major subsystems as well as Personnel WBS 1. 9 Scope includes control of all major subsystems as well as Personnel Safety and “Global Systems. ” SNS Integrated Control System OPIs (1. 8. 3. 4) IOCs ROUTER (1. 9. 2. 4) MAIN CTRL. RM. EQUIP. BEAM PERMIT SYSTEM FRONT END CTRL. RM. EQUIP. (1. 9. 2. 4) RING CTRL. RM. EQUIP. (1. 9. 2. 4) OTHER LOCAL CNTL STNS FILE SERVERS (EPICS FILE SERVER, ARCHIVERS, ETC. ) (1. 9. 2. 4) TIMING SYSTEM MASTER (1. 9. 2. 2) (1. 9. 2. 3) CABLES (1. 9. 2. 2) RACEWAYS (1. 8. X) 1. 9. 2. 1 CONTROL SYSTEM NETWORK (EQUIPMENT AND NODE CABLING) 1. 8. 4 POWER AND COMMUNICATIONS SYSTEMS (BACKBONE CABLING) CABLES (1. 9. 2. 3) RACEWAYS (1. 8. X) PERSONNEL PROTECTION SYSTEM SENSORS &CONTROL ELEMENTS, ETC. (1. 9) FRONT END SENSORS, CONTROL ELEMENTS, CONTROLLERS, ETC. (1. 3) LINAC SENSORS, CONTROL ELEMENTS, CONTROLLERS, ETC. RING SENSORS, CONTROL ELEMENTS, CONTROLLERS, ETC. TARGET SENSORS, CONTROL ELEMENTS, CONTROLLERS, ETC. (1. 4) (1. 5) (1. 6) EQUIPMENT PROTECTION SYSTEM HARDWARE (1. 9. 2. 3) SNS Integrated Control System TIMING SYSTEM SLAVE HARDWARE (1. 9. 2. 2) EXPERIMENT SENSORS, CONTROL ELEMENTS, CONTROLLERS, ETC. (1. 7) C. F. PLCs (1. 8. x) (1. 9. 6) (1. 9. 8). CABLE S (1. 6. 8) PLCs CONVENTIONAL FACILITIES IOC’S (1. 7) CABLE (1. 8. x), TYPICAL (1. 9. 6) EXPERIMENT CONTROL SYSTEMS SYS. (1. 7. x) (1. 9. 5) RACEWAY SYSTEM TARGET IOC’S CABLE SYS. (1. 9. 4, 10) CABLE (1. 9. 3) SYS. (1. 5. x) RING CONTROL SYSTEMS CABLE (1. 8. x) CABLE S PPS PLCs (1. 9. 9) LINAC CONTROL SYSTEMS CABLE (1. 9. 2. 3) FRONT END CONTROL SYSTEMS SYS. (1. 4. x) FAST PROTECT OUTPUT HARDWARE (1. 9. 9) SYS. (1. 3. x) PPS IOC CONVENTIONAL FACILITIES SENSORS & CONTROL ELEMENTS, CONTROLLERS, ETC. (1. 8)

Subsystem interfaces are varied and complex Ethernet – TCP/IP Channel Access Protocol Default Interface Subsystem interfaces are varied and complex Ethernet – TCP/IP Channel Access Protocol Default Interface PLC Examples: Injector PC IOC VXI IOC VME IOC Negotiated Exception Examples: LLRF Diagnostics Default Interface PLC Examples: Beamlines Vac. Sys. PC IOC VME IOC Default Interface Example: HPRF Negotiated Exception Examples: Cryoplant Conven. Facilities “Packaged” PLC System Embedded PLC System PLC Equipment IOC = Input. Output Controller PLC = Programmable Logic Controller PC = Personal Computer SNS Integrated Control System Equipment

Proposed Baseline for full operations (26) Management GL Secretary Safety Eng (2) Techs (2) Proposed Baseline for full operations (26) Management GL Secretary Safety Eng (2) Techs (2) 4 Software 2 12 Hardware Design Eng EPICS System Programmers (3) Tech Pool (7) Application Engineers (7) Network, Sysadmin, Database (2) Total is 26* *APS is 29 for same scope SNS Integrated Control System 8

The exact number of IOCs depends upon Title II design. Ethernet - TCP/IP RF The exact number of IOCs depends upon Title II design. Ethernet - TCP/IP RF System Cavity System KA KB KA Control System Control. Net HPRF IOC PLC HPRF System Power Supply LLRF IOCs (50 Channels) KB PLC Transmitter Klystron Klystron KA LLRF IOCs KB X 5 Transmitter (125 Channels) Klystron 11 Cavities SNS Integrated Control System KB PLC (125 Channels) X 6 KA KA Klystron

Baseline Staffing Plan for Controls SNS Integrated Control System Baseline Staffing Plan for Controls SNS Integrated Control System

Ring Straight Section Functions l l Four straights: 12. 5 m; 2 x 6. Ring Straight Section Functions l l Four straights: 12. 5 m; 2 x 6. 85 m l Injection modules l Two-stage collimation l 3 (h=1)+1 (h=2) interchangeable RF cavities l Beam-in-gap kicker l SNS Integrated Control System Separate functions in each straight Empty section for future use

Spallation Neutron Source Aerial/Site Plan SNS Integrated Control System Spallation Neutron Source Aerial/Site Plan SNS Integrated Control System

Control Systems and Functions l Data Acquisition and Control » 160 distributed Input Output Control Systems and Functions l Data Acquisition and Control » 160 distributed Input Output Controllers with 50, 000 signals l Timing and Synchronization » Synchronizes choppers, kickers, rf systems and beam diagnostics » Time stamps all acquired data to microsecond accuracy l Machine Protection » Turns off beam in <20 usecs for beam loss) or equipment failure l Control System Network » Isolated Control system network includes >20 switches l System and Application Software » Communications, databases, EPICS core software, “engineering applications” and the human interface l Control Room » Operator Consoles, Personnel Access control, network hub, computer servers, timing distribution etc SNS Integrated Control System