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WELCOME TO PROGRAMME ON NEW TECHNIQUES IN PACKAGING CSP TRG AIDS 1 WELCOME TO PROGRAMME ON NEW TECHNIQUES IN PACKAGING CSP TRG AIDS 1

YOUR FACULTY CSP TRG AIDS 2 YOUR FACULTY CSP TRG AIDS 2

Prof. C. S. PURUSHOTHAMAN MSc, DBM, DOM, DIFM, Dip. Pkg. (India), Grad. I. I. Prof. C. S. PURUSHOTHAMAN MSc, DBM, DOM, DIFM, Dip. Pkg. (India), Grad. I. I. Ind. Engg. , Dip. Pkg. (NETHERLANDS) , Dip. Ind Safety, M. Inst. Pkg. (UK), FCS(UK), FIC(India), MASQ, AMIIRSM(UK), MNCQM, QMS Auditor (UK), Six Sigma Black. Belt RETIRED CHAIR PROFESSOR DIRECTOR SIES SCHOOL OF PACKAGING – PACKAGING TECHNOLOGY CENTRE DIRECTOR PACKAGING PROFESSIONALS GROUP • • • MANAGING DIRECTOR – CREST PACKAGING P LTD MANAGING PARTNER – NANDA ENTERPRISES PRINCIPAL CONSULTANT – CRYSTAL CONSULTANCY SERVICES SR. PKG. DEVELOPMENT MANAGER – COLGATE, HLL EX- JOINT DIRECTOR IIP 45 YRS IN PACKAGING FIELD (BOTH ACADEMICS & INDUSTRY) WAS ON ADVISORY BOARD OF BIS FOR SETTING STANDARDS IN PKG HOLDS PATENTS TO HIS CREDIT RESEARCH GUIDE TO M. Sc. (FOOD SCIENCE ) STUDENTS CONTACT 098 202 87264 e mail [email protected] com CSP TRG AIDS 3

WHERE FROM CSP TRG AIDS 4 WHERE FROM CSP TRG AIDS 4

CSP TRG AIDS 5 CSP TRG AIDS 5

PACKAGING INTRODUCTION BY Prof. C. S. PURUSHOTHAMAN CHAIRPOFESSOR & DIRECTOR SIES SCHOOL OF PACKAGING PACKAGING INTRODUCTION BY Prof. C. S. PURUSHOTHAMAN CHAIRPOFESSOR & DIRECTOR SIES SCHOOL OF PACKAGING TECHNOLOGY CENTRE CSP TRG AIDS 6

SCOPE • CONCEPT • FUNCTIONS • RELATIONSHIP • CLASSIFICATION • NEED FOR PACKAGING • SCOPE • CONCEPT • FUNCTIONS • RELATIONSHIP • CLASSIFICATION • NEED FOR PACKAGING • MATERIALS • PACKAGING LAWS CSP TRG AIDS 7

CONCEPT HOW ARE THEY AVAILABLE ? CSP TRG AIDS 8 CONCEPT HOW ARE THEY AVAILABLE ? CSP TRG AIDS 8

CONCEPT WHAT HAPPENS HERE? CSP TRG AIDS 9 CONCEPT WHAT HAPPENS HERE? CSP TRG AIDS 9

CONCEPT WHAT HAPPENS HERE ? CSP TRG AIDS 10 CONCEPT WHAT HAPPENS HERE ? CSP TRG AIDS 10

CONCEPT SO WHEN DISTRIBUTION FAILS PACKAGING TAKES OVER TODAY’S WORLD THE MARKET IS GLOBAL CONCEPT SO WHEN DISTRIBUTION FAILS PACKAGING TAKES OVER TODAY’S WORLD THE MARKET IS GLOBAL DISTRIBUTION IS IMPORTANT HENCE PACKAGING IS IMPORTANT PACKAGING IS A DERIVED NEED AND NOT ABSOLUTE CAN YOU IMAGINE ANY PRODUCT WITHOUT PACKAGING ? IT IS DIFFICULT PACKAGING HAS BECOME INTEGRAL PART OF OUR LIVES CSP TRG AIDS 11

CONCEPT IT TAKES A MIRROR TO SHOW YOUR FACE SO ALSO YOU NEED SOMEONE CONCEPT IT TAKES A MIRROR TO SHOW YOUR FACE SO ALSO YOU NEED SOMEONE TO MAKE YOU REALISE ABOUT PACKAGING CSP TRG AIDS 12

CONCEPT WHY THIS CHANGE? CSP TRG AIDS FOR B. E. PPT 13 13 CONCEPT WHY THIS CHANGE? CSP TRG AIDS FOR B. E. PPT 13 13

PACKAGIN G FUNCTIONS CSP TRG AIDS FOR B. E. PPT 14 14 PACKAGIN G FUNCTIONS CSP TRG AIDS FOR B. E. PPT 14 14

FUNCTIONS When you buy one kg of vegetables, vendor puts in a bag and FUNCTIONS When you buy one kg of vegetables, vendor puts in a bag and gives you. What does the pack do? CONTAINS CSP TRG AIDS 15 15

FUNCTIONS When you open a TV pack, you find some components. What does the FUNCTIONS When you open a TV pack, you find some components. What does the pack do? PROTECTS CSP TRG AIDS 16 16

FUNCTIONS Milk and Drinks in TETRAPACKS. What does the pack do? PRESERVES CSP TRG FUNCTIONS Milk and Drinks in TETRAPACKS. What does the pack do? PRESERVES CSP TRG AIDS 17 17

FUNCTIONS You have so many items in the mall. What does the pack do? FUNCTIONS You have so many items in the mall. What does the pack do? IDENTIFIES CSP TRG AIDS 18 18

FUNCTIONS These three bottles contain white liquid. PHE NYL MIL K How to know FUNCTIONS These three bottles contain white liquid. PHE NYL MIL K How to know which product is these bottles? MIL K PHE NYL IDENTIFIES CSP TRG AIDS 19 19

FUNCTIONS When you buy medicine or any product. What does the pack do? EDUCATES FUNCTIONS When you buy medicine or any product. What does the pack do? EDUCATES CSP TRG AIDS 20 20

FUNCTIONS When you squeeze out tooth paste in morning. When you spray deodorant perfume. FUNCTIONS When you squeeze out tooth paste in morning. When you spray deodorant perfume. When you put medicinal drops in your eyes. DISPENSES CSP TRG AIDS 21 21

FUNCTIONS PACKAGING CONTAINS PROTECTS PRESERVES IDENTIFIES EDUCATES DISPENSES IT IS TIME TO DEFINE NOW……. FUNCTIONS PACKAGING CONTAINS PROTECTS PRESERVES IDENTIFIES EDUCATES DISPENSES IT IS TIME TO DEFINE NOW……. CSP TRG AIDS FOR B. E. PPT 22 22

FUNCTIONS PACKAGING DEFINITION PACKAGE SELLS WHAT IT PROTECTS & PROTECTS WHAT IT SELLS. TECHNO-ECONOMIC FUNCTIONS PACKAGING DEFINITION PACKAGE SELLS WHAT IT PROTECTS & PROTECTS WHAT IT SELLS. TECHNO-ECONOMIC FUNCTION TO MINIMIZE COSTS OF DELIVERY & MAXIMIZE SALES AND HENCE PROFITS PACKAGING IS A DERIVED NEED AND NOT AN PACKAGING IS A APPLICATION SCIENCE ABSOLUTE ONE WHICH HAS DEVELOPED OVER THE YEARS INVOLVING THE APPLICATION OF MANY CONCEPTS OF SCIENCE, ENGINEERING AND STATISTICS CSP TRG AIDS 23

RELATIONSHIP PRODUCT PACKAGING RELATIONSHIPS IS SIMILAR TO • TWO PARTERS IN BUSINESS • HUSBAND RELATIONSHIP PRODUCT PACKAGING RELATIONSHIPS IS SIMILAR TO • TWO PARTERS IN BUSINESS • HUSBAND WIFE OTHER ONE EXISTS FOR THE CSP TRG AIDS 24

RELATIONSHIP HENCE BOTH NEED TO BE CONSIDERED SIMULTANEOUSLY IN DEVELOPMENT THEY CANNOT BE DEALT RELATIONSHIP HENCE BOTH NEED TO BE CONSIDERED SIMULTANEOUSLY IN DEVELOPMENT THEY CANNOT BE DEALT SEPERATELY CSP TRG AIDS 25

RELATIONSHIP PACKAGING DEVELOPMENT MANAGER IS SIMILAR TO A FILM DIRECTOR CSP TRG AIDS 26 RELATIONSHIP PACKAGING DEVELOPMENT MANAGER IS SIMILAR TO A FILM DIRECTOR CSP TRG AIDS 26

RELATIONSHIP PRODUCT-PACKAGE COMPATIBILITY From our day-to-day common life name some examples of COMPATIBILITY / RELATIONSHIP PRODUCT-PACKAGE COMPATIBILITY From our day-to-day common life name some examples of COMPATIBILITY / NON-COMPATIBILITY ? DIVORCE OF WEDDED COUPLE COOKING IN COPPER VESSEL PICKLE IN METAL CONTAINER MATCHING DRESS so on…. so forth…. . CSP TRG AIDS 27

COMPATIBILITY IS COMPATIBILITY is ABILITY TO CO-EXIST without affecting one another COMPATIBILITY STUDIES is COMPATIBILITY IS COMPATIBILITY is ABILITY TO CO-EXIST without affecting one another COMPATIBILITY STUDIES is the STUDIES RELATED TO THE UNDERSTANDING OF THE MECHANISM OF CO-EXISTENCE CO EXISTENCE OF PRODUCT & PACKAGING (KEEPING ENVIRONMENT IN VIEW) LET US SEE SOME TYPICAL CASES CSP TRG AIDS 28

ENVIRONMENT PLAYS A ROLE IN SPOILAGE CSP TRG AIDS 29 ENVIRONMENT PLAYS A ROLE IN SPOILAGE CSP TRG AIDS 29

PACKAGING CLASSIFICATIONS UNIT / PRIMARY INTERMEDIATE/ SECONDARY BULK / TERTIARY CSP TRG AIDS APR PACKAGING CLASSIFICATIONS UNIT / PRIMARY INTERMEDIATE/ SECONDARY BULK / TERTIARY CSP TRG AIDS APR 2009 30

CLASSIFICATION S UNIT PRIMARY PACKAGING WHICH TOUCHES THE PRODUCT & RECEIVED BY THE CONSUMER CLASSIFICATION S UNIT PRIMARY PACKAGING WHICH TOUCHES THE PRODUCT & RECEIVED BY THE CONSUMER CSP TRG AIDS APR 2009 31

CLASSIFICATION S INTERMEDIATE SECONDARY PACKAGING WHICH IS USED FOR RETAIL DISTIBUTION & CONTAINS UNIT CLASSIFICATION S INTERMEDIATE SECONDARY PACKAGING WHICH IS USED FOR RETAIL DISTIBUTION & CONTAINS UNIT PACKS CSP TRG AIDS APR 2009 32

CLASSIFICATION S BULK TERTIARY PACKAGING WHICH IS USED FOR WHOLESALE DISTIBUTION & CONTAINS INTERMEDIATE CLASSIFICATION S BULK TERTIARY PACKAGING WHICH IS USED FOR WHOLESALE DISTIBUTION & CONTAINS INTERMEDIATE PACKS CSP TRG AIDS APR 2009 33

CLASSIFICATION S • PRODUCT NATURE • SOLID, PASTE, LIQUID • PRODUCT CATEGORY • FOOD, CLASSIFICATION S • PRODUCT NATURE • SOLID, PASTE, LIQUID • PRODUCT CATEGORY • FOOD, PHARMA, INDUSTRIAL • MARKET NATURE • DOMESTIC , EXPORT • MATERIAL NATURE • METAL, LAMINATES, GLASS CSP TRG AIDS FOR B. E. PPT 34

NEED FOR PACKAGING CONCEPT OF DISTRIBUTION CSP TRG AIDS FOR B. E. PPT 35 NEED FOR PACKAGING CONCEPT OF DISTRIBUTION CSP TRG AIDS FOR B. E. PPT 35

NEED FOR PACKAGING FUNCTION OF REACH PRODUCT TO CONSUMER IN DISTRIBUTION FACTORY FRESH CONDITION NEED FOR PACKAGING FUNCTION OF REACH PRODUCT TO CONSUMER IN DISTRIBUTION FACTORY FRESH CONDITION PRODUCTION & CONSUMPTION ARE DEPENDENT ON DISTRIBUTION THERE IS ALWAYS A TIME LAG BETWEEN PRODUCTION AND CONSUMPTION M. Sc. (Nutraceuticals) 2011 CSP TRG AIDS 36

NEED FOR PACKAGING STAGES OF DISTRIBUTION INHERENTLY INVOLVES CERTAIN STAGES • STORAGE • HANDLING NEED FOR PACKAGING STAGES OF DISTRIBUTION INHERENTLY INVOLVES CERTAIN STAGES • STORAGE • HANDLING • THESE ARE PILLERS OF BRIDGE OF TRANSPORTATION DISTRIBUTION THERE IS ALWAYS A TIME LAG DURING THESE STAGES M. Sc. (Nutraceuticals) 2011 CSP TRG AIDS 37

NEED FOR PACKAGING PROCESS OF DISTRIBUTION HAZARDS EXIST DURING THE VARIOUS STAGES OF DISTRIBUTION NEED FOR PACKAGING PROCESS OF DISTRIBUTION HAZARDS EXIST DURING THE VARIOUS STAGES OF DISTRIBUTION INHERENT BY VIRTUE OF ITS PROCESS HAZARDS EXISTS DURING THE TIME LAG M. Sc. (Nutraceuticals) 2011 CSP TRG AIDS 38

NEED FOR PACKAGING & DISTRIBUTION PACKAGING IS A FUNCTION WHICH ATTEMPTS TO PROTECT THE NEED FOR PACKAGING & DISTRIBUTION PACKAGING IS A FUNCTION WHICH ATTEMPTS TO PROTECT THE PRODUCT FROM HAZARDS OFDISTRIBUTION HENCE PACKAGING SHOULDBE AWARE OF THE DISTRIBUTION MECHANISM TO TAKE CARE OF THE HAZARDS M. Sc. (Nutraceuticals) 2011 CSP TRG AIDS 39

NEED FOR PACKAGING ELEMENTS OF DISTRIBUTION • HANDLING • TRANSPORTATIO N • STORAGE PACKAGING NEED FOR PACKAGING ELEMENTS OF DISTRIBUTION • HANDLING • TRANSPORTATIO N • STORAGE PACKAGING TAKING CARE OF DISTRIBUTION HAZARDS M. Sc. (Nutraceuticals) 2011 CSP TRG AIDS 40

NEED FOR PACKAGING • • • WHERE ARE THE HAZARDS ? HANDLING TRANSPORTATION STORAGE NEED FOR PACKAGING • • • WHERE ARE THE HAZARDS ? HANDLING TRANSPORTATION STORAGE CLIMATIC ENVIRONMENTAL M. Sc. (Nutraceuticals) 2011 CSP TRG AIDS 41

NEED FOR PACKAGING HANDLING HAZARDS • HANDLING ü VERTICAL IMPACT M. Sc. (Nutraceuticals) 2011 NEED FOR PACKAGING HANDLING HAZARDS • HANDLING ü VERTICAL IMPACT M. Sc. (Nutraceuticals) 2011 CSP TRG AIDS 42

NEED FOR PACKAGING TRANSPORTATION HAZARDS • TRANSPORTATION ü ü ü M. Sc. (Nutraceuticals) 2011 NEED FOR PACKAGING TRANSPORTATION HAZARDS • TRANSPORTATION ü ü ü M. Sc. (Nutraceuticals) 2011 VIBRATION VERTICAL IMPACT COMPRESSION HORIZONTAL IMPACT ROLL CSP TRG AIDS 43

NEED FOR PACKAGING STORAGE HAZARDS • STORAGE ü COMPRESSION M. Sc. (Nutraceuticals) 2011 CSP NEED FOR PACKAGING STORAGE HAZARDS • STORAGE ü COMPRESSION M. Sc. (Nutraceuticals) 2011 CSP TRG AIDS 44

NEED FOR PACKAGING CLIMATIC HAZARDS • CLIMATIC ü TEMPERATURE (HIGH & LOW) ü HUMIDITY NEED FOR PACKAGING CLIMATIC HAZARDS • CLIMATIC ü TEMPERATURE (HIGH & LOW) ü HUMIDITY ( HIGH & LOW) ü CYCLIC CHANGE OF TEMPERATURE ü CYCLIC CHANGE OF HUMIDITY ü CONDENSATION ü SALT ü RAIN M. Sc. (Nutraceuticals) 2011 CSP TRG AIDS 45

NEED FOR PACKAGING ENVIRONMENTAL • ENVIRONMENTAL HAZARDS ü ü M. Sc. (Nutraceuticals) 2011 MICROBIAL NEED FOR PACKAGING ENVIRONMENTAL • ENVIRONMENTAL HAZARDS ü ü M. Sc. (Nutraceuticals) 2011 MICROBIAL INFESTATION LIGHT (HIGH INTENSITY) SUNLIGHT CSP TRG AIDS 46

NEED FOR PACKAGING VERTICAL IMPACT (DROP) • CONCEPT OF IMPACTS • CONCEPT OF MANUAL NEED FOR PACKAGING VERTICAL IMPACT (DROP) • CONCEPT OF IMPACTS • CONCEPT OF MANUAL HANDLING ü LOAD vs HANDLING & IMPACT ü NORMS IN DISTRIBUTION • NEED FOR MECHANICAL HANDLING ü ü DEVICES ULDs SYSTEMS CONCEPT CONTAINERISATION • TESTING – SIMULATION & INTREPRETATION M. Sc. (Nutraceuticals) 2011 CSP TRG AIDS 47

NEED FOR PACKAGING VIBRATION (HF & LF) • CONCEPT OF VIBRATION – FREQUENCY • NEED FOR PACKAGING VIBRATION (HF & LF) • CONCEPT OF VIBRATION – FREQUENCY • CONCEPT OF FRAGILITY - NATURAL FREQUENCY • CONCEPT OF CUSHIONING ü CUSHION DESIGNS ü CUSHIONING MATERIALS • TESTING – SIMULATION & INTREPRETATION M. Sc. (Nutraceuticals) 2011 CSP TRG AIDS 48

NEED FOR PACKAGING COMPRESSION • CONCEPT OF COMPRESSION • TYPES OF COMPRESSION – STATIC NEED FOR PACKAGING COMPRESSION • CONCEPT OF COMPRESSION • TYPES OF COMPRESSION – STATIC & DYNAMIC • CONCEPT OF PREVENTION ü DESIGNING ü NORMS • TESTING – SIMULATION & INTREPRETATION M. Sc. (Nutraceuticals) 2011 CSP TRG AIDS 49

NEED FOR PACKAGING HORIZONTAL IMPACT • CONCEPT OF HORIZONTAL IMPACT • TYPES OF HORIZONTAL NEED FOR PACKAGING HORIZONTAL IMPACT • CONCEPT OF HORIZONTAL IMPACT • TYPES OF HORIZONTAL IMPACTS • CONCEPT OF PREVENTION ü SYSTEMS -ULC ü NORMS • TESTING – SIMULATION & INTREPRETATION M. Sc. (Nutraceuticals) 2011 CSP TRG AIDS 50

NEED FOR PACKAGING ROLLING • CONCEPT OF ROLLING • TYPES OF ROLLING • TESTING NEED FOR PACKAGING ROLLING • CONCEPT OF ROLLING • TYPES OF ROLLING • TESTING – SIMULATION & INTREPRETATION M. Sc. (Nutraceuticals) 2011 CSP TRG AIDS 51

NEED FOR PACKAGING CLIMATIC HAZARDS • CONCEPT OF CLIMATIC HAZARDS • TYPES OF CLIMATIC NEED FOR PACKAGING CLIMATIC HAZARDS • CONCEPT OF CLIMATIC HAZARDS • TYPES OF CLIMATIC HAZARDS ü TYPES OF DISTRIBUTION - NORMAL & COLD ü REEFERS • CONCEPT OF PREVENTION ü NORMS • TESTING – SIMULATION & INTREPRETATION M. Sc. (Nutraceuticals) 2011 CSP TRG AIDS 52

NEED FOR PACKAGING ENVIRONMENTAL CONCEPT HAZARDS OF ENVIRONMENTAL • HAZARDS • TYPES OF ENVIRONMENTAL NEED FOR PACKAGING ENVIRONMENTAL CONCEPT HAZARDS OF ENVIRONMENTAL • HAZARDS • TYPES OF ENVIRONMENTAL HAZARDS ü TYPES OF STORAGE • CONCEPT OF PREVENTION ü NORMS ü PALLETS & ULC • TESTING – SIMULATION & INTREPRETATION M. Sc. (Nutraceuticals) 2011 CSP TRG AIDS 53

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. WOOD PAPERBOARD GLASS METAL PLASTICS COMPOSITES 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. WOOD PAPERBOARD GLASS METAL PLASTICS COMPOSITES ANCILLARIES CSP TRG AIDS APR 2009 54

PACKAGING LAWS & REGULATIONS IN INDIA The Standards of Weights and Measures Act, 1976 PACKAGING LAWS & REGULATIONS IN INDIA The Standards of Weights and Measures Act, 1976 and the Standards of Weights and Measures (Packaged Commodities) Rules, 1977 (SWMA). The Prevention of Food Adulteration Act, 1954 and the Prevention of Food Adulteration Rules, 1955 and its first ammendment, 2003 (PFA). The Fruit Products Order, 1955 (FPO) The Meat Food Products Order, 1973 (MFPO) The Edible Oil Packaging Order, 1998 The Agmark Rules CSP TRG AIDS APR 2009 55

THINK CSP TRG AIDS APR 2009 56 THINK CSP TRG AIDS APR 2009 56