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Week 5 Regional Actors I: Japan and Two Koreas n n n Japan as Week 5 Regional Actors I: Japan and Two Koreas n n n Japan as a US Partner? S. Korea as a US Partner? N. Korea as a Problem?

Readings… n n n Robert S. Ross, “Balance of Power Politics and the Rise Readings… n n n Robert S. Ross, “Balance of Power Politics and the Rise of China: Accommodation and Balancing in East Asia, ” Security Studies, Vol. 15, No. 3 (July– September 2006), pp, 355 -395. Richard J. Samuel, “New Fighting Power! Japan’s Growing Maritime Capabilities and East Asian Security, ” International Security, Vol. 32, No. 3 (Winter 2007/08), pp. 84 -112. Llewelyn Hughes, “Why Japan will not Go Nuclear (Yet): International and Domestic Constraints on the Nuclearization of Japan, ” International Security, Vol. 31, No. 4 (Spring 2007), pp. 67 -96.

Cornerstone: Treaty of Mutual Cooperation and Security between the United States and Japan n Cornerstone: Treaty of Mutual Cooperation and Security between the United States and Japan n n n ARTICLE III 1960, 1, 19 The Parties, individually and in cooperation with each other, by means of continuous and effective self-help and mutual aid will maintain and develop, subject to their constitutional provisions, their capacities to resist armed attack. ARTICLE IV The Parties will consult together from time to time regarding the implementation of this Treaty, and, at the request of either Party, whenever the security of Japan or international peace and security in the Far East is threatened. ARTICLE V Each Party recognizes that an armed attack against either Party in the territories under the administration of Japan would be dangerous to its own peace and safety and declares that it would act to meet the common danger in accordance with its constitutional provisions and processes. Any such armed attack and all measures taken as a result thereof shall be immediately reported to the Security Council of the United Nations in accordance with the provisions of Article 51 of the Charter. Such measures shall be terminated when the Security Council has taken the measures necessary to restore and maintain international peace and security.

n n ARTICLE VI For the purpose of contributing to the security of Japan n n ARTICLE VI For the purpose of contributing to the security of Japan and the maintenance of international peace and security in the Far East, the United States of America is granted the use by its land, air and naval forces of facilities and areas in Japan. The use of these facilities and areas as well as the status of United States armed forces in Japan shall be governed by a separate agreement, replacing the Administrative Agreement under Article III of the Security Treaty between Japan and the United States of America, signed at Tokyo on February 28, 1952, as amended, and by such other arrangements as may be agreed upon. How about Taiwan? How about Diaoyutai?

US Department of State, Daily Press Briefing Washington, DC, August 16, 2010 The Senkaku US Department of State, Daily Press Briefing Washington, DC, August 16, 2010 The Senkaku Islands are under the administrative control of the Government of Japan. Article 5 states that the treaty applies to the territories under the administration of Japan. So that if you ask today would the treaty apply to the Senkaku Islands, the answer is yes. http: //fpc. state. gov/img/09/33308/Crowley 0717_900_1. jpg

Why? ? Strategic Value? n Economic Value? n http: //static 2. filmannex. com/users/galleries//1081/Senkaku-Diaoyu-Tiaoyu-Islan. jpg Why? ? Strategic Value? n Economic Value? n http: //static 2. filmannex. com/users/galleries//1081/Senkaku-Diaoyu-Tiaoyu-Islan. jpg An island too small, Landmass near by

Area: 4. 32 Sq KM http: //farm 4. staticflickr. com/3140/3096856252_745 f 7397 b 3_z. Area: 4. 32 Sq KM http: //farm 4. staticflickr. com/3140/3096856252_745 f 7397 b 3_z. jpg http: //www. af. mil/shared/media/photodb/photos/060622 -N-9662 L-092. jpg http: //farm 4. staticflickr. com/3140/3096856252_745 f 7397 b 3_z. jpg http: //www. radioaustralia. net. au/chinese/sites/default/files/imagecache/ra_article_feature/images/2012/09/11/diaoyu_island. jpg http: //hkchcc. org/diaoyuislands 4. jpg

http: //oceanservice. noaa. gov/news/weeklynews/aug 09/arcticmap 3. jpg United Nations Convention on the Law of http: //oceanservice. noaa. gov/news/weeklynews/aug 09/arcticmap 3. jpg United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea Article 121 Regime of islands 1. An island is a naturally formed area of land, surrounded by water, which is above water at high tide. 2. Except as provided for in paragraph 3, the territorial sea, the contiguous zone, the exclusive economic zone and the continental shelf of an island are determined in accordance with the provisions of this Convention applicable to other land territory. 3. Rocks which cannot sustain human habitation or economic life of their own shall have no exclusive economic zone or continental shelf. http: //upload. wikimedia. org/wikipedia/commons/3/3 a/Okinominamiiwa_of_Senkaku_Islands. jpg

http: //oceanservice. noaa. gov/news/weeklynews/aug 09/arcticmap 3. jpg http: //static. guim. co. uk/sys-images/Guardian/Pix/maps_and_graphs/2012/4/19/1334834445317/Map---Senkaku. Diaoyu-islan-001. png http: //oceanservice. noaa. gov/news/weeklynews/aug 09/arcticmap 3. jpg http: //static. guim. co. uk/sys-images/Guardian/Pix/maps_and_graphs/2012/4/19/1334834445317/Map---Senkaku. Diaoyu-islan-001. png

http: //media-2. web. britannica. com/eb-media/24/95624 -004 -377 D 1817. jpg http: //imageshack. us/photo/my-images/513/eastsea 0 http: //media-2. web. britannica. com/eb-media/24/95624 -004 -377 D 1817. jpg http: //imageshack. us/photo/my-images/513/eastsea 0 kx. jpg/sr=1

Air Defense Identification Zone Legal Status? ? Nothing to do with Territory Claim! Flight Air Defense Identification Zone Legal Status? ? Nothing to do with Territory Claim! Flight Information Region http: //blog. sina. com. tw/myimages/233/42473/images/20070528160146117. jpg http: //www. mlit. go. jp/common/000006133. gif

http: //www. stratfor. com/sites/default/files/main/images/East-China-Sea-Claims. jpg Light Fire http: //www. stratfor. com/sites/default/files/main/images/East-China-Sea-Claims. jpg Light Fire

Senkaku? Who cares! I just want My Son, Ishihara Nobuteru, become the Chairman (perviously, Senkaku? Who cares! I just want My Son, Ishihara Nobuteru, become the Chairman (perviously, secretarygeneral) of Liberal Democratic Party (and then, the Prime Minister of Japan)!! Ishihara Shintaro http: //img 001. photo. 21 cn. com/photos/album/20120814/o/86 E 93627 AA 8048 E 9270 DB 0 E 29 C 104585. jpg

If this is popular…… Militarism Under the Peace Constitution, ARTICLE 9? ? Aspiring sincerely If this is popular…… Militarism Under the Peace Constitution, ARTICLE 9? ? Aspiring sincerely to an international peace based on justice and order, the Japanese people forever renounce war as a sovereign right of the nation and the threat or use of force as means of settling international disputes. To accomplish the aim of the preceding paragraph, land, sea, and air forces, as well as other war potential, will never be maintained. The right of belligerency of the state will not be recognized.

Legal Binding, Political Decisions “Normal State” Larger Military Role Modernizing Japanese Self Defense Force Legal Binding, Political Decisions “Normal State” Larger Military Role Modernizing Japanese Self Defense Force Targeting PRC?

Gradually Toward Normal State… Larger Role for Japan, Robust Alliance… Gradually Toward Normal State… Larger Role for Japan, Robust Alliance…

http: //risingpowers. foreignpolicyblogs. com/files/2009/03/military-spending. jpg http: //risingpowers. foreignpolicyblogs. com/files/2009/03/military-spending. jpg

Japan Maritime Self-Defense Force 2008~ DDG 178 http: //upload. wikimedia. org/wikipedia/commons/9/91/DDG-178 Making. Ashigara. jpg Japan Maritime Self-Defense Force 2008~ DDG 178 http: //upload. wikimedia. org/wikipedia/commons/9/91/DDG-178 Making. Ashigara. jpg DDH 183 DDH 181 http: //1. bp. blogspot. com/-Sm 0 tud. ZO 7 Hc/Ug. Ol. Cs. S 3 z 8 I/AAAADtg/QVCd 2 WGW 0 n. I/s 1600/Izumo 1. jpg http: //en. wikipedia. org/wiki/File: Hyuuga_04. JPG SS 501 http: //j-navy. sakura. ne. jp/DSC 02984. jpg

n Covered Arms Build-up? n Nontraditional but Traditional? n Confidence Building or Breaking? http: n Covered Arms Build-up? n Nontraditional but Traditional? n Confidence Building or Breaking? http: //www. china-defense-mashup. com/wp-content/uploads/2010/06/98 -pla-navy-jmsdf. jpg http: //www. navytimes. com/xml/news/2010/04/navy_farragut_pirates_041610 w/041610_navy_farragut_piracy_800. JPG

http: //upload. wikimedia. org/wikipedia/commons/4/44/P 3 C_JMSDF. JPG http: //www. tac-photo. com/photo/f 2 -3 sq-003. http: //upload. wikimedia. org/wikipedia/commons/4/44/P 3 C_JMSDF. JPG http: //www. tac-photo. com/photo/f 2 -3 sq-003. jpg http: //oh 1 ninja. la. coocan. jp/details/OH-1_4/031012_ksrz_028. jpg

Larger Role of JSDF is to Relief US Burden after the Cold War, but. Larger Role of JSDF is to Relief US Burden after the Cold War, but. . . http: //songshuhui. net/forum/attachments/month_0912/20091205_626 daeb 88306716274 bd. SORqip. PRvq. Al. jpg http: //www. visualintel. net/Navy/Arleigh-Burke-Class/Curtis-Wilbur. DDG-54/061111 -N-6621 K-002/671761716_ab. RYZ-S-1. jpg http: //www. cargolaw. com/images/disaster 2009. Kurama 1. jpg http: //www 5 b. biglobe. ne. jp/~nvaddr/img 002. jpg The Role of JSDF is still Defined by the U. S. and Has no Autonomy at all. http: //sumerami. modern-magic. net/wp-content/uploads/2009/03/20090318 -00000006 -maip-soci-view-000. jpg

Really Want to be a Normal State? Not Really……. . n n n Right Really Want to be a Normal State? Not Really……. . n n n Right Wing: War were imposed upon Japan Middle: War is Wrong, but Japan is also a victim Left Wing: Both War and Japan are Wrong Majority No More Wars… http: //www. history. navy. mil/photos/images/h 62000/h 62584. jpg

They don’t like China, but They don’t like U. S. EITHER… http: //www. military-today. They don’t like China, but They don’t like U. S. EITHER… http: //www. military-today. com/helicopters/bellboeing_v_22_osprey. jpg http: //4. bp. blogspot. com/_PMw 1 a. INr. Crw/S 2_fc. Gm 2 j 4 I/AAAADWE/gbb. Gs 4 njx. L 4/s 400/japan-setsubun-protest-anti-american-military-base-futenma. jpg http: //news. bbcimg. co. uk/media/images/49205000/gif/_49205474_okinawa_us_bases_464. gif

Abe Shinzo Aso Taro http: //jto. s 3. amazonaws. com/wp-content/uploads/2013/04/nn 20130427 a 2 a. Abe Shinzo Aso Taro http: //jto. s 3. amazonaws. com/wp-content/uploads/2013/04/nn 20130427 a 2 a. jpg http: //static. guim. co. uk/sys-images/Guardian/Pix/pictures/2013/1/22/1358860322985/Japanese-finance-minister-010. jpg Koizumi Junichiro Fukuda Yasuo http: //static. guim. co. uk/sys-images/Guardian/Pix/pictures/2008/09/01/fukudaclose 460. jpg http: //georgewbush-whitehouse. archives. gov/news/releases/2005/11/images/20051116_p 111605 pm-0168 -1 -513 h. jpg

If that cannot be done, I have to divert the attention of my voters. If that cannot be done, I have to divert the attention of my voters. Noda Yoshihiko In Office: 2011~2012 What I want is the Revival of Japanese Economy and thus stay in office LONGER!!! A Constructed Crisis http: //big 5. ifeng. com/gate/big 5/res. news. ifeng. com/attachments/2010/06/02/rd_or_751 aebc 9066 dcd 9 ba 2 d 8 a 8 bc 591 b 0887. jpg http: //app 3. rthk. org. hk/rthk/news/blog/upload_media/image/%E 6%A 2%81%E 5%BF%97%E 5%BE%B 7/%E 9%87%8 E%E 7%94%B 0%E 4%BD%B 3%E 5%BD%A 5. jpg

Patriotism is not equal to Militarism … Abe Shinzo In Office: 2012~~? What I Patriotism is not equal to Militarism … Abe Shinzo In Office: 2012~~? What I want is the Revival of Japanese Economy and thus stay in office LONGER!!! I am BACK!! http: //img. ibtimes. com/www/data/images/full/2013/07/21/391300. jpg

S. Korea n n n Rising Small Power? Beyond Peninsular? Powerful Allie? http: //udn. S. Korea n n n Rising Small Power? Beyond Peninsular? Powerful Allie? http: //udn. com/NEWS/MEDIA/4797618 -2063895. JPG

http: //risingpowers. foreignpolicyblogs. com/files/2009/03/military-spending. jpg http: //risingpowers. foreignpolicyblogs. com/files/2009/03/military-spending. jpg

Military Modernization of South Korea… Great Power Identity? http: //www. pbs. org/newshour/bb/asia/northkorea/images/dmz-images-framed/south-korean-soldier. jpg http: Military Modernization of South Korea… Great Power Identity? http: //www. pbs. org/newshour/bb/asia/northkorea/images/dmz-images-framed/south-korean-soldier. jpg http: //bbs. up. topzj. com/data/bbs/27/8/278/a/07/07/04/20070704_def 7 dc 44054 a 284 ce 265 l 8 Rqj 7 Wf. AVtk. jpg http: //www. defenseindustrydaily. com/images/SHIP_DDG-991_ROKS_Sejong_the_Great_KDX-III_lg. jpg http: //pacificfreeze. ips-dc. org/wp-content/uploads/2008/07/military-exp_sipri_4 c. jpg

V. S. 950, 000 560, 000 4, 000+ 2, 750 2, 500+ 2, 820 V. S. 950, 000 560, 000 4, 000+ 2, 750 2, 500+ 2, 820 17, 900+ ? http: //media 3. washingtonpost. com/wp-dyn/content/graphic/2009/10/09/GR 2009100901418. jpg 10, 744+ 0

http: //2. bp. blogspot. com/_zl. QH 3 h. Y 9 j-E/Sjm. T 9 z. http: //2. bp. blogspot. com/_zl. QH 3 h. Y 9 j-E/Sjm. T 9 z. MLm 8 I/AAAABh. I/LAh. CQx 3 q. UGU/s 400/koksan. jpg 30 km http: //younghee. com/wp/wp-content/uploads/2008/02/003_200801_seoul_0116. jpg http: //media. stratfor. com/mmf/f/d/fd 4140 a 4 d 690646 c 208 b 863 cace 7 a 5 cd 07524 f 3 b. jpg http: //upload. wikimedia. org/wikipedia/commons/9/97/Korean_dmz_map. png

Regional Key Issue… North Korean Nuclear Missile Program Taepodong-1 Taepodong-2 WHY go Nuclear? ? Regional Key Issue… North Korean Nuclear Missile Program Taepodong-1 Taepodong-2 WHY go Nuclear? ?

http: //www. classbrain. com/artread/uploads/north_korea. jpg Key to Survival or Bargaining Chip? http: //tizona. files. http: //www. classbrain. com/artread/uploads/north_korea. jpg Key to Survival or Bargaining Chip? http: //tizona. files. wordpress. com/2008/03/north-korea-is-dark. jpg

No One Really Wants Nukes Common Security Including NK Cooperative Security http: //www. zimbio. No One Really Wants Nukes Common Security Including NK Cooperative Security http: //www. zimbio. com/pictures/n. Cx 8 Ne. M 3 Mg. W/Six+Party+Talks+In+Beijing/1 ir. RWxha. ZPE/Kim+Sook

WHY no solution yet? ? What we want is just the survival of our WHY no solution yet? ? What we want is just the survival of our nation and foreign aid to our economy. WHY not Accept this? ? http: //img. businesstimes. com. hk/articleimgs/86/86981 -. jpg http: //www. zimbio. com/pictures/n. Cx 8 Ne. M 3 Mg. W/Six+Party+Talks+In+Beijing/1 ir. RWxha. ZPE/Kim+Sook

http: //big 5. ifeng. com/gate/big 5/bbsfile. ifeng. com/bbsfile/cmsupload/albums/2009 -11/16299679_f 3 ccdd 27 d 2000 http: //big 5. ifeng. com/gate/big 5/bbsfile. ifeng. com/bbsfile/cmsupload/albums/2009 -11/16299679_f 3 ccdd 27 d 2000 e 3 f 9255 a 7 e 3 e 2 c 48800. jpg Evil Regime? Irrational Regime? http: //www. globalresearch. ca/wp-content/uploads/2009/08/114910. jpg http: //criminalstate. com/wp-content/uploads/2009/09/israel-nuclear-arsenal. jpg

Why not Let the NK keep its Nuke? n Technology Export n Nuclear Proliferation Why not Let the NK keep its Nuke? n Technology Export n Nuclear Proliferation Military Balance……………. ? ? http: //static. howstuffworks. com/gif/nuclear-arms-race-4. jpg

n Asia-Pacific Region n North East Asia n Korean Peninsula North Korean Nuke Alter n Asia-Pacific Region n North East Asia n Korean Peninsula North Korean Nuke Alter the Military Balance? http: //static. howstuffworks. com/gif/nuclear-arms-race-4. jpg

http: //1. bp. blogspot. com/_MTE 3 ro. Zy 35 A/R 71 au. Ns 9 http: //1. bp. blogspot. com/_MTE 3 ro. Zy 35 A/R 71 au. Ns 9 O 7 I/AAAACGw/5 ct. Pci. TCl 18/s 400/USN+Standard+Missile-3+USS+Lake+Erie-2. jpg http: //graphics 8. nytimes. com/images/2009/04/06/world/asia/06 korea-map-span. B. gif North Korean Missile Tests, 2009 … http: //2. bp. blogspot. com/_V 4 w 18 ZWa. Pas/Sbl. YGsswvf. I/AAAAEE 0/M_WGIt. UHCrs/s 400/North-Korea-Missile-Satellite-04. jpg

http: //www. prlog. org/10703725 -cheonan-warship-south-korea. jpg Also A Constructed Crisis http: //news. bbcimg. co. http: //www. prlog. org/10703725 -cheonan-warship-south-korea. jpg Also A Constructed Crisis http: //news. bbcimg. co. uk/media/images/48449000/gif/_48449705_korea_n_s_dmz 464 wargames. gif

If I cannot win supports from my people, I have to divert their attentions. If I cannot win supports from my people, I have to divert their attentions. http: //open. korea. net/content/INFOMATION/exploringkorea/issues(07)_MB_talk. jpg http: //www. chinadaily. com. cn/english/doc/2005 -03/18/xin_1503021810194062561911. jpg http: //www. corea. it/images/t/tokto 02. jpg

http: //i 2. cdn. turner. com/cnn/dam/assets/120415031014 -north-korea-10 -story-top. jpg An Enemy is NEEDED… http: http: //i 2. cdn. turner. com/cnn/dam/assets/120415031014 -north-korea-10 -story-top. jpg An Enemy is NEEDED… http: //www. android-hk. com/wordpress/wp-content/uploads/2013/02/Kim-Jong-Un. jpg http: //media. cleveland. com/world_impact/photo/north-korea-missile-040509 jpg-188 ce 9 cc 420 a 55 a 4. jpg