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WEEK 1 Week of September 5 WEEK 1 Week of September 5

Words have Denotation and a Connotation meanings. Denotation Dictionary meaning of : the word; Words have Denotation and a Connotation meanings. Denotation Dictionary meaning of : the word; the literal meaning of the word. Connotation Your connection to : the word – the emotions in which the word evokes.

For example … The words “woman” and “chick” have the denotation “adult female” in For example … The words “woman” and “chick” have the denotation “adult female” in North America. HOWEVER “chick” has a , negative connotation.

Consider the following connotations: Positive: There are over 2, 000 homeless in the city. Consider the following connotations: Positive: There are over 2, 000 homeless in the city. Neutral: There are over 2, 000 people with no fixed address in the city. Negative: There are over 2, 000 vagrantsin the city.

The word “vagrant”means a “public nuisance”; “homeless”evokes pity and charity. Words like “Negro” and The word “vagrant”means a “public nuisance”; “homeless”evokes pity and charity. Words like “Negro” and “crippled” have been replaced with neutral connotations: “African. American” and “handicapped” …

SIMPLE SENTENCE A simple sentence contains a subject and a verb. It can contain SIMPLE SENTENCE A simple sentence contains a subject and a verb. It can contain modifiers, too (i. e. adjective, adverbs, prepositional phrases, etc. ). Example: 1. We won. 2. We won the game against Exeter.

FAUX PAS (foh PAH). Noun. DENOTATION: a slip or blunder in etiquette, manners, or FAUX PAS (foh PAH). Noun. DENOTATION: a slip or blunder in etiquette, manners, or conduct; an indiscretion. CONNOTATION: an embarrassing mistake The sign in the window stated “Hams for Chanukah”, a religious faux pas to Jewish people.

ECLECTIC (eek LECK tik). Adjective. DENOTATION: made up of elements from different sources CONNOTATION: ECLECTIC (eek LECK tik). Adjective. DENOTATION: made up of elements from different sources CONNOTATION: variety; diversified; broad Simon’s closet was an eclectic array of clothing, including outfits from the 1950 s to the present.

UBIQUITOUS (yoo BIHK wih tis). adjective. Denotation: Existing or being everywhere, or in all UBIQUITOUS (yoo BIHK wih tis). adjective. Denotation: Existing or being everywhere, or in all places, at the same time; omnipresent Connotation: being everywhere at once Online gambling, shopping and videoconferencing may all be ubiquitous in the future.

AUSPICIOUS (ô SPISH əs) adjective Denotation: promising success; propitious; opportune; Connotation: favorable; successful The AUSPICIOUS (ô SPISH əs) adjective Denotation: promising success; propitious; opportune; Connotation: favorable; successful The auspicious fundraiser allowed the charity to donate hundreds of toys to the orphanage.

WEEK 2 Week of September 12 WEEK 2 Week of September 12

Grammar/Writing Connection COMPOUND SENTENCE: two or more SENTENCE: COMPLETE sentences joined together by a Grammar/Writing Connection COMPOUND SENTENCE: two or more SENTENCE: COMPLETE sentences joined together by a coordinating conjunction (and, but, for, nor, yet, so) Mnemonic: FANBOYS For And Nor But Or Yet So

OFFICIOUS (uh FISH us). Adjective. Denotation: eager in offering unwanted services or advice Connotation: OFFICIOUS (uh FISH us). Adjective. Denotation: eager in offering unwanted services or advice Connotation: a pest; annoying The OFFICIOUS waitress kept asking us for coffee, but we kept refusing her.

GREGARIOUS (gruh GAIR ee us). Adjective. Denotation: Seeking and Denotation: enjoying the company of GREGARIOUS (gruh GAIR ee us). Adjective. Denotation: Seeking and Denotation: enjoying the company of others; Connotation: sociable Connotation: Greg’s GREGARIOUS personality allowed him to enjoy a lucrative career in sales, for people were drawn to him.

COGNIZANT (KOG ni zent). adjective. Denotation: fully informed; conscious Connotation: knows what’s happening While COGNIZANT (KOG ni zent). adjective. Denotation: fully informed; conscious Connotation: knows what’s happening While strumming his guitar, Michael was cognizant of the three girls staring at him, yet he acted disinterested.

VORACIOUS (vo RAY shush). Adjective. DENOTATION: An insatiable appetite for an activity or pursuit; VORACIOUS (vo RAY shush). Adjective. DENOTATION: An insatiable appetite for an activity or pursuit; eager to consume great amounts of food CONNOTATION: Can’t get enough of something Big Sue had a VORACIOUS appetite during church camp; she wasn’t allowed to eat at the salad bar after the ninth time.

WEEK 3 Week of September 19 WEEK 3 Week of September 19

Grammar/Writing Connection COMPOUND SENTENCE: two or more SENTENCE: COMPLETE sentences joined together by a Grammar/Writing Connection COMPOUND SENTENCE: two or more SENTENCE: COMPLETE sentences joined together by a coordinating conjunction (and, but, for, nor, yet, so) Mnemonic: FANBOYS For And Nor But Or Yet So

WRITHE (ryth). Verb. DENOTATION: To twist or bend; to suffer pain or embarrassment CONNOTATION: WRITHE (ryth). Verb. DENOTATION: To twist or bend; to suffer pain or embarrassment CONNOTATION: cringe; suffer; agonize “Bulls WRITHE when cowboys RIDE” Tina WRITHED, for Mr. Flenkins embarrassed her for the third time.

CAVALIER (kav ah LEER). Adjective. Denotation: Casual; carefree and nonchalant; Connotation: cocky; arrogant Noun CAVALIER (kav ah LEER). Adjective. Denotation: Casual; carefree and nonchalant; Connotation: cocky; arrogant Noun A gallant gentleman Mike had a cavalier attitude toward marriage, so his wife left him after six months of marriage.

BILK (BILK). Verb. Denotation: to defraud; swindle Connotation: cheat Sharon, the head French fry BILK (BILK). Verb. Denotation: to defraud; swindle Connotation: cheat Sharon, the head French fry woman, bilked Mc. Donalds out of $500. 00, so the company sued her quickly.

CASTIGATE (KASS ti gayt). verb. Denotation: to punish; chastise Connotation: criticize severely Andy’s teacher CASTIGATE (KASS ti gayt). verb. Denotation: to punish; chastise Connotation: criticize severely Andy’s teacher castigated him continuously in front of the class for failing the test; his classmates laughed at him.

WEEK 4 Week of September 26 WEEK 4 Week of September 26

Grammar/Writing Connection COMPOUND SENTENCE: two or more SENTENCE: COMPLETE sentences joined together by a Grammar/Writing Connection COMPOUND SENTENCE: two or more SENTENCE: COMPLETE sentences joined together by a coordinating conjunction (and, but, for, nor, yet, so) Mnemonic: FANBOYS For And Nor But Or Yet So

EGREGIOUS (I GREE jiss). Adjective. DENOTATION: conspicuously bad CONNOTATION: extremely bad; offensive The teacher EGREGIOUS (I GREE jiss). Adjective. DENOTATION: conspicuously bad CONNOTATION: extremely bad; offensive The teacher noticed Bubba’s EGREGIOUS error, but she decided not to tell his momma.

AMBIVALENCE (am BIV ah lents). Noun. Indecision; experiencing contradictory emotions Mike’s AMBIVALENCE about which AMBIVALENCE (am BIV ah lents). Noun. Indecision; experiencing contradictory emotions Mike’s AMBIVALENCE about which woman to choose made him disregard the whole idea of dating, but in two weeks, he found the love of his life.

ACUMEN (AK yə mən) (NOUN) Denotation: Quickness and keenness of judgment or insight Connotation: ACUMEN (AK yə mən) (NOUN) Denotation: Quickness and keenness of judgment or insight Connotation: wisdom; a “good eye” for detail With all respect for your natural acumen, I do not think you’re a acumen match for the detective, for you don’t have life experience.

SURREPTITIOUS (sur ep TISH us) Adjective. DENOTATION: Done or acting DENOTATION: in a secret, SURREPTITIOUS (sur ep TISH us) Adjective. DENOTATION: Done or acting DENOTATION: in a secret, sly manner … clandestine, furtive. CONNOTATION: sneaky CONNOTATION: Sean tried to be SURREPTITIOUS in the store, yet Miss Smith noticed him taking a five-finger discount.

WEEK 5 Week of October 3 WEEK 5 Week of October 3

Grammar/Writing Connection COMPOUND SENTENCE: two or more SENTENCE: COMPLETE sentences joined together by a Grammar/Writing Connection COMPOUND SENTENCE: two or more SENTENCE: COMPLETE sentences joined together by a coordinating conjunction (and, but, for, nor, yet, so) Mnemonic: FANBOYS For And Nor But Or Yet So

ONEROUS (AHN ur us). Adjective. Denotation: Troublesome or oppressive; burdensome Connotation: difficult We had ONEROUS (AHN ur us). Adjective. Denotation: Troublesome or oppressive; burdensome Connotation: difficult We had the ONEROUS task of pushing our car two miles to the nearest gas station, for Billy forgot to buy gas.

ATTRITION (ah TRISH un). Noun/Adjective. Denotation: A reduction or decrease in numbers, size, or ATTRITION (ah TRISH un). Noun/Adjective. Denotation: A reduction or decrease in numbers, size, or strength … Connotation: “Over-FISHIN’ can lead to ATTRITION” Many teachers retired this year, so the ATTRITION rate is high.

LIST 2 CARRION (KAIR ee un). Noun. Denotation: Dead and rotting flesh Connotation: corpse LIST 2 CARRION (KAIR ee un). Noun. Denotation: Dead and rotting flesh Connotation: corpse RAMSES II mummy Egypt’s greatest and most powerful pharaoh Days after the battle, the battlefield was littered by the CARRION of brave soldiers, but the town was too tired to clean it up.

DEPLOY (di PLOY). verb. To arrange strategically The U. S. Navy DEPLOYED many sailors DEPLOY (di PLOY). verb. To arrange strategically The U. S. Navy DEPLOYED many sailors at Pearl Harbor, yet the men were unprepared for the attack. “David DEPLOYED his TOYS to attack his sister. ”

WEEK 6 Week of October 10 WEEK 6 Week of October 10

Grammar/Writing Connection COMPLEX SENTENCE: One main clause SENTENCE: and AT LEAST one dependent/subordinate clause. Grammar/Writing Connection COMPLEX SENTENCE: One main clause SENTENCE: and AT LEAST one dependent/subordinate clause. To create a dependent/subordinate clause, use this “formula”: Subordinating Conjunction + Main Clause

Subordinating Conjunctions after inasmuch as supposing (that) although in case (that) once that than Subordinating Conjunctions after inasmuch as supposing (that) although in case (that) once that than as in order that as (far/soon) asinsofar as though as if in that until as though lest unless because whenever no matter how before now that when even if wherever even though provided (that) whether how since if so that while Relative pronouns also serve as markers of subordinate clauses: That, which, who**, whoever, whomever, whose ** WHO takes the place of the subject in a subordinate clause

BELLIGERENT (be LIG er ent). Adjective. Denotation: hostile; inclined to fight Connotation: mean and BELLIGERENT (be LIG er ent). Adjective. Denotation: hostile; inclined to fight Connotation: mean and hateful Contrary to popular belief, Derek doesn’t have a belligerent bone in his body, because he’s a lover, not a fighter.

BRANDISH (BRAN dish). Verb. Denotation: wave menacingly Connotation: swing back and forth The men BRANDISH (BRAN dish). Verb. Denotation: wave menacingly Connotation: swing back and forth The men brandished swords, as they fought for the hand of the damsel.

CAMARADERIE (kahm RAH da ree). noun. Denotation: trust; sociability among friends Connotation: friendship Timmy CAMARADERIE (kahm RAH da ree). noun. Denotation: trust; sociability among friends Connotation: friendship Timmy likes the camaraderie of his friends in the accordion club, although many of them make caustic remarks when someone plays a wrong note.

CATALYST (KAT uh list). noun. Denotation: something causing change without being changed Connotation: begins CATALYST (KAT uh list). noun. Denotation: something causing change without being changed Connotation: begins something After she watched an animal rights protest, Roxie decided to become a catalyst for change.

WEEK 7 Week of October 17 WEEK 7 Week of October 17

Grammar/Writing Connection COMPLEX SENTENCE: One main clause SENTENCE: and AT LEAST one dependent/subordinate clause. Grammar/Writing Connection COMPLEX SENTENCE: One main clause SENTENCE: and AT LEAST one dependent/subordinate clause. To create a dependent/subordinate clause, use this “formula”: Subordinating Conjunction + Main Clause

Subordinating Conjunctions after inasmuch as supposing (that) although in case (that) once that than Subordinating Conjunctions after inasmuch as supposing (that) although in case (that) once that than as in order that as (far/soon) asinsofar as though as if in that until as though lest unless because whenever no matter how before now that when even if wherever even though provided (that) whether how since if so that while Relative pronouns also serve as markers of subordinate clauses: That, which, who**, whoever, whomever, whose ** WHO takes the place of the subject in a subordinate clause

EVANESCENT (ev-uh-NES-uh nt). Adjective. DENOTATION: momentary; transient CONNOTATION: short-lived; fading away Tornadoes are capricious EVANESCENT (ev-uh-NES-uh nt). Adjective. DENOTATION: momentary; transient CONNOTATION: short-lived; fading away Tornadoes are capricious and Evanescent, while they destroy lives.

DISHEVELED (di SHEV uld). Adjective. DENOTATION: marked by disorder; untidy CONNOTATION: messy Jennifer neatened DISHEVELED (di SHEV uld). Adjective. DENOTATION: marked by disorder; untidy CONNOTATION: messy Jennifer neatened her hair between classes, because she didn’t like to look disheveled.

COERCE (koh URS). Verb. DENOTATION: to force someone by threatening or physically overpowering them COERCE (koh URS). Verb. DENOTATION: to force someone by threatening or physically overpowering them CONNOTATION: harass; threaten The Phantom COERCED the owners of the Opera Populaire when he demanded that they use Christina as a soloist.

AUDACIOUS (adjective) aw DAY shis Denotation: bold, daring Connotation: fearless The warrior felt audacious, AUDACIOUS (adjective) aw DAY shis Denotation: bold, daring Connotation: fearless The warrior felt audacious, until he audacious saw the enemy riding towards him.

WEEK 8 Week of October 24 WEEK 8 Week of October 24

Grammar/Writing Connection COMPLEX SENTENCE: One main clause SENTENCE: and AT LEAST one dependent/subordinate clause. Grammar/Writing Connection COMPLEX SENTENCE: One main clause SENTENCE: and AT LEAST one dependent/subordinate clause. To create a dependent/subordinate clause, use this “formula”: Subordinating Conjunction + Main Clause

Subordinating Conjunctions after inasmuch as supposing (that) although in case (that) once that than Subordinating Conjunctions after inasmuch as supposing (that) although in case (that) once that than as in order that as (far/soon) asinsofar as though as if in that until as though lest unless because whenever no matter how before now that when even if wherever even though provided (that) whether how since if so that while Relative pronouns also serve as markers of subordinate clauses: That, which, who**, whoever, whomever, whose ** WHO takes the place of the subject in a subordinate clause

LIST 2 ABATE (ah BAIT). Verb. DENOTATION: to reduce CONNOTATION: to lessen Resuming our LIST 2 ABATE (ah BAIT). Verb. DENOTATION: to reduce CONNOTATION: to lessen Resuming our picnic was easy, once the storm finally ABATED. Because she had confidence, Martha’s defeat in the tennis tournament did not ABATE her zeal for the game.

LITHE (lythe). Adjective. DENOTATION: bending easily and gracefully CONNOTATION: flexible The LITHE ballerina stretched LITHE (lythe). Adjective. DENOTATION: bending easily and gracefully CONNOTATION: flexible The LITHE ballerina stretched her muscles before performing “Dance of the Sugar Plum Fairy”, although she was paralyzed with fear.

Assiduous (adjective) uh SI joo iss Denotation: diligent; persistent Connotation: hardworking Jody’s friends considered Assiduous (adjective) uh SI joo iss Denotation: diligent; persistent Connotation: hardworking Jody’s friends considered him assiduous, until he cried while trapped on the cliff.

Avant-Garde (adjective) AH vant GARD Denotation: radically new Connotation: original When she promenaded into Avant-Garde (adjective) AH vant GARD Denotation: radically new Connotation: original When she promenaded into the annual Ladies’ Tea, Rosanna’s avantgarde clothing caused a stir among the women.

WEEK 9 Week of October 31 WEEK 9 Week of October 31

Grammar/Writing Connection COMPLEX SENTENCE: One main clause SENTENCE: and AT LEAST one dependent/subordinate clause. Grammar/Writing Connection COMPLEX SENTENCE: One main clause SENTENCE: and AT LEAST one dependent/subordinate clause. To create a dependent/subordinate clause, use this “formula”: Subordinating Conjunction + Main Clause

Subordinating Conjunctions after inasmuch as supposing (that) although in case (that) once that than Subordinating Conjunctions after inasmuch as supposing (that) although in case (that) once that than as in order that as (far/soon) asinsofar as though as if in that until as though lest unless because whenever no matter how before now that when even if wherever even though provided (that) whether how since if so that while Relative pronouns also serve as markers of subordinate clauses: That, which, who**, whoever, whomever, whose ** WHO takes the place of the subject in a subordinate clause

COLOSSAL (adjective) kuh LOS ul Denotation: Immense; enormous Connotation: very big Jacob realized they COLOSSAL (adjective) kuh LOS ul Denotation: Immense; enormous Connotation: very big Jacob realized they made a colossal error by shoplifting at Target.

Complacence (noun) kom PLAY sens Denotation: Self-satisfaction; lack of concern Connotation: contentment; satisfaction George’s Complacence (noun) kom PLAY sens Denotation: Self-satisfaction; lack of concern Connotation: contentment; satisfaction George’s complacence about studying quickly ended when he realized he was in danger of failing English 10.

CONDUIT (noun) KON doo it Denotation: Tube, pipe, or similar passage Connotation: a channel; CONDUIT (noun) KON doo it Denotation: Tube, pipe, or similar passage Connotation: a channel; passage The girl’s bathroom was Carla’s conduit to gossip about boys, whenever she needed a safe place.

CONSENSUS (noun) kon SEN suss Denotation: unanimity Connotation: agreement in opinion or attitude After CONSENSUS (noun) kon SEN suss Denotation: unanimity Connotation: agreement in opinion or attitude After much debate, Troy and the rest of the student council reached a consensus and decided to have a car wash as a senior trip fundraiser, although some of the students voiced their objections.

WEEK 10 Week of November 7 WEEK 10 Week of November 7

Grammar/Writing Connection COMPOUND-COMPLEX SENTENCE: Two SENTENCE: main clauses and AT LEAST one dependent/subordinate clause. Grammar/Writing Connection COMPOUND-COMPLEX SENTENCE: Two SENTENCE: main clauses and AT LEAST one dependent/subordinate clause. SHORT CUT: Create a compound sentence first, THEN add at least one dependent/subordinate clause.

CONSUMMATE (adjective) KON suh mit Denotation: Complete; perfect Connotation: “the best” Megan delivered the CONSUMMATE (adjective) KON suh mit Denotation: Complete; perfect Connotation: “the best” Megan delivered the consummate farewell speech to the class of ‘ 08 during Baccalaureate.

BELIE (trans. verb) bē - LĪ Denotation: To give a false representation to Connotation: BELIE (trans. verb) bē - LĪ Denotation: To give a false representation to Connotation: misrepresent; deceive He dressed like a gentleman to belie his redneck upbringing.

BELLICOSE (adjective) BEL ĭ kōs Denotation: Warlike or hostile in manner or temperament Connotation: BELLICOSE (adjective) BEL ĭ kōs Denotation: Warlike or hostile in manner or temperament Connotation: eager to fight; aggressive The nations exchanged bellicose rhetoric over the border dispute.

CHURLISH (adjective) CHUR lĭsh Denotation: Boorish or vulgar; surly Connotation: rude; unmannerly “He is CHURLISH (adjective) CHUR lĭsh Denotation: Boorish or vulgar; surly Connotation: rude; unmannerly “He is as valiant as the lion, churlish as the bear…” William Shakespeare from Troilus and Cressida

WEEK 11 Week of November 14 WEEK 11 Week of November 14

Grammar/Writing Connection COMPOUND-COMPLEX SENTENCE: Two SENTENCE: main clauses and AT LEAST one dependent/subordinate clause. Grammar/Writing Connection COMPOUND-COMPLEX SENTENCE: Two SENTENCE: main clauses and AT LEAST one dependent/subordinate clause. SHORT CUT: Create a compound sentence first, THEN add at least one dependent/subordinate clause.

DELETERIOUS (adjective) DEL i-TIR ē əs Denotation: Having a harmful effect Connotation: injurious; harmful DELETERIOUS (adjective) DEL i-TIR ē əs Denotation: Having a harmful effect Connotation: injurious; harmful I promise mommy not to do anything DELETERIOUS or mischievous to Sally.

DIFFIDENT (adjective) DIFF-ə-dent Denotation: Lacking self-confidence; timid Connotation: shy He was too DIFFIDENT to DIFFIDENT (adjective) DIFF-ə-dent Denotation: Lacking self-confidence; timid Connotation: shy He was too DIFFIDENT to ask Sally Mae to marry him.

EPIPHANY (noun) ĭ-PIFF-ə-nē Denotation: A sudden manifestation of the essence of meaning of something EPIPHANY (noun) ĭ-PIFF-ə-nē Denotation: A sudden manifestation of the essence of meaning of something Connotation: a revelation Joe experienced an epiphany, a spiritual flash that would change the way he viewed life.

FACETIOUS (adjective) fə-SĒ shəs Denotation: Playfully jocular; humorous Connotation: joking around The person’s facetious FACETIOUS (adjective) fə-SĒ shəs Denotation: Playfully jocular; humorous Connotation: joking around The person’s facetious sign amused the pedestrians.

WEEK 12 No words the week of Thanksgiving Break Week of November 28 WEEK 12 No words the week of Thanksgiving Break Week of November 28

Grammar/Writing Connection COMPOUND-COMPLEX SENTENCE: Two SENTENCE: main clauses and AT LEAST one dependent/subordinate clause. Grammar/Writing Connection COMPOUND-COMPLEX SENTENCE: Two SENTENCE: main clauses and AT LEAST one dependent/subordinate clause. SHORT CUT: Create a compound sentence first, THEN add at least one dependent/subordinate clause.

FILIBUSTER (noun) FILL-ə-BUS-tər Denotation: The use of obstructionist tactics, especially prolonged speechmaking, for the FILIBUSTER (noun) FILL-ə-BUS-tər Denotation: The use of obstructionist tactics, especially prolonged speechmaking, for the purpose of delaying legislative action Connotation: delaying an action The senator’s filibuster lasted over 24 hours.

GAUCHE (adjective) gohsh Denotation: Lacking grace or social polish Connotation: awkward; crude The t-shirt GAUCHE (adjective) gohsh Denotation: Lacking grace or social polish Connotation: awkward; crude The t-shirt in the engagement photo read, “If I throw a stick will you leave? ” Many consider such a photo gauche.

HUBRIS (noun) HYOO-bris Denotation: excessive pride or self-confidence Connotation: arrogance; cocky The student’s hubris HUBRIS (noun) HYOO-bris Denotation: excessive pride or self-confidence Connotation: arrogance; cocky The student’s hubris after the game offended many of the fans.

INCOGNITO (adjective or adverb) IN-kog-NEE-toh Denotation: One’s identity disguised or concealed Connotation: hidden The INCOGNITO (adjective or adverb) IN-kog-NEE-toh Denotation: One’s identity disguised or concealed Connotation: hidden The spy traveled incognito into enemy territory, for he was on a covert mission.

WEEK 13 Week of December 7 WEEK 13 Week of December 7

Grammar/Writing Connection COMPOUND-COMPLEX SENTENCE: Two SENTENCE: main clauses and AT LEAST one dependent/subordinate clause. Grammar/Writing Connection COMPOUND-COMPLEX SENTENCE: Two SENTENCE: main clauses and AT LEAST one dependent/subordinate clause. SHORT CUT: Create a compound sentence first, THEN add at least one dependent/subordinate clause.

INFRASTRUCTURE (noun) IN-frə-STRUCK-chər Denotation: The basic facilities, services, and installations needed for the functioning INFRASTRUCTURE (noun) IN-frə-STRUCK-chər Denotation: The basic facilities, services, and installations needed for the functioning of a community or society Connotation: The basic system of structure of an organization; a support system The infrastructure of the organization quickly collapsed after the terrorist attack.

LAISSEZ FAIRE (noun) LAY-zay-FAIR Denotation: Opposes governmental regulation of or interference in commerce Connotation: LAISSEZ FAIRE (noun) LAY-zay-FAIR Denotation: Opposes governmental regulation of or interference in commerce Connotation: “hands off” in the affairs of others People who support a laissez faire system are against minimum wages, duties, and any other trade restrictions.

LOQUACIOUS (adjective) lō-kwā'shəs Denotation: Very talkative; garrulous Connotation: motor mouth The loquacious beautician always LOQUACIOUS (adjective) lō-kwā'shəs Denotation: Very talkative; garrulous Connotation: motor mouth The loquacious beautician always told stories while cutting the customers’ hair, but she always told the same story.

OBSEQUIOUS (adjective) ŏb-sē'kwē-əs Denotation: characterized by or showing servile complaisance or deference; fawning Connotation: OBSEQUIOUS (adjective) ŏb-sē'kwē-əs Denotation: characterized by or showing servile complaisance or deference; fawning Connotation: obedient; submissive The movie star was surrounded by a large group of obsequious assistants.

WEEK 14 Week of December 14 WEEK 14 Week of December 14

Grammar/Writing Connection COMPOUND-COMPLEX SENTENCE: Two SENTENCE: main clauses and AT LEAST one dependent/subordinate clause. Grammar/Writing Connection COMPOUND-COMPLEX SENTENCE: Two SENTENCE: main clauses and AT LEAST one dependent/subordinate clause. SHORT CUT: Create a compound sentence first, THEN add at least one dependent/subordinate clause.

NOMENCLATURE (noun) nō'mən-klā'chər Denotation: A system of names used in an art or science NOMENCLATURE (noun) nō'mən-klā'chər Denotation: A system of names used in an art or science Connotation: vocabulary for a discipline (art, music, etc. ) Our biology teacher explained the rules of nomenclature for animals, for he wanted us to use the names properly.

OLIGARCHY (noun) ŏl'ĭ-gär'kē Denotation: Government by a few, especially by a small faction of OLIGARCHY (noun) ŏl'ĭ-gär'kē Denotation: Government by a few, especially by a small faction of persons or families Connotation: only a handful of people operate the government The Smiths became the de facto government; many citizens feared this oligarchy.

Denotation: PARADIGM (noun) pār'ə-dīm' A set of assumptions, concepts, values, and practices that constitutes Denotation: PARADIGM (noun) pār'ə-dīm' A set of assumptions, concepts, values, and practices that constitutes a way of viewing reality Connotation: the way we view life When Seth came home from college, his family noticed a major paradigm shift.

PRECIPITOUS (adjective) prĭ-sĭp'ĭ-təs Denotation: Resembling a precipice Connotation: extremely steep The hikers avoided the PRECIPITOUS (adjective) prĭ-sĭp'ĭ-təs Denotation: Resembling a precipice Connotation: extremely steep The hikers avoided the trail through the precipitous areas of the park.

OMNIPOTENT (adjective) ŏm-nĭp'ə-tənt Denotation: Having unlimited power or authority Connotation: all-powerful Christians consider God OMNIPOTENT (adjective) ŏm-nĭp'ə-tənt Denotation: Having unlimited power or authority Connotation: all-powerful Christians consider God to be omnipotent.

RECIPROCAL (adjective) rĭ-sĭp'rə-kəl Denotation: Existing, done, or experienced on both sides Connotation: mutual; “give RECIPROCAL (adjective) rĭ-sĭp'rə-kəl Denotation: Existing, done, or experienced on both sides Connotation: mutual; “give and take” The two chess players showed reciprocal respect throughout the match.

RAZE (verb) rayz Denotation: demolish Connotation: tear down The neighbor decided to raze his RAZE (verb) rayz Denotation: demolish Connotation: tear down The neighbor decided to raze his house and build a new one.

QUOTIDIAN (adjective) kwō-tĭd'ē-ən Denotation: common; ordinary Connotation: routine – everyday experience; daily There’s nothing QUOTIDIAN (adjective) kwō-tĭd'ē-ən Denotation: common; ordinary Connotation: routine – everyday experience; daily There’s nothing like a teacher adding excitement to a quotidian day at school.

SANGUINE (adjective) sāng'gwĭn Denotation: cheerfully confident; red-colored Connotation: optimistic Haggard and red-eyed, his sanguine SANGUINE (adjective) sāng'gwĭn Denotation: cheerfully confident; red-colored Connotation: optimistic Haggard and red-eyed, his sanguine mood was gone.

SUPERCILIOUS (adjective) sōō'pər-sĭl'ē-əs Denotation: showing haughty disdain Connotation: proud; “snotty” Mr. Darcy had a SUPERCILIOUS (adjective) sōō'pər-sĭl'ē-əs Denotation: showing haughty disdain Connotation: proud; “snotty” Mr. Darcy had a supercilious air as he talked with Elizabeth Bennett.

SUBJUGATE (verb) sŭb'jə-gāt' Denotation: to bring under control Connotation: conquer; defeat The army’s goal SUBJUGATE (verb) sŭb'jə-gāt' Denotation: to bring under control Connotation: conquer; defeat The army’s goal was to subjugate the enemy.

TEMPESTUOUS (adjective) těm-pěs'chōō-əs Denotation: tempest; tumultuous Connotation: stormy Due to her tempestuous relationship with TEMPESTUOUS (adjective) těm-pěs'chōō-əs Denotation: tempest; tumultuous Connotation: stormy Due to her tempestuous relationship with Curtis, Shaneeka’s parents advised her not to marry him.

UNCTUOUS (adjective) ŭngk'chōō-əs Denotation: excessively smooth, suave Connotation: oily; slippery They marched through the UNCTUOUS (adjective) ŭngk'chōō-əs Denotation: excessively smooth, suave Connotation: oily; slippery They marched through the unctuous mud.

USURP (verb) yōō-sûrp' Denotation: To seize and hold by force without legal authority Connotation: USURP (verb) yōō-sûrp' Denotation: To seize and hold by force without legal authority Connotation: to take over without right The squatters usurped the farmer’s land.

VACUOUS (adjective) vāk'yōō-əs Denotation: Lacking intelligence; inane Connotation: stupid The celebrity interview yielded a VACUOUS (adjective) vāk'yōō-əs Denotation: Lacking intelligence; inane Connotation: stupid The celebrity interview yielded a plethora of vacuous comments.

AMIABLE (adjective) ā'mē-ə-bəl Denotation: Friendly; amicable Connotation: likable The teacher seemed amiable at first, AMIABLE (adjective) ā'mē-ə-bəl Denotation: Friendly; amicable Connotation: likable The teacher seemed amiable at first, until she whipped out a pop quiz.

ANARCHIST (noun) AN-er-kist Denotation: a person who promotes a revolt against an established government ANARCHIST (noun) AN-er-kist Denotation: a person who promotes a revolt against an established government … with no purpose of establishing any other system of order in the place of that destroyed. Connotation: overthrowing a government Derek pretended to be an anarchist like his friends, but he really thought the student government was doing a great job.

ARCHETYPAL (adjective) är'kĭ-tī'pəl Denotation: quintessential Connotation: the ideal example; perfect model of something Barry ARCHETYPAL (adjective) är'kĭ-tī'pəl Denotation: quintessential Connotation: the ideal example; perfect model of something Barry is the quintessential high school boy, an archetypal jock who plays three sports.

CENSURE (verb) SIN sher Denotation: To find fault with and condemn as wrong Connotation: CENSURE (verb) SIN sher Denotation: To find fault with and condemn as wrong Connotation: blame; criticize; reprimand Jake, a vivacious lawyer, censured the newspaper editor for her support of the new tax law.

CULPABLE (adjective) KUL puh bull Denotation: deserving blame or censure Connotation: guilty Jane knew^ CULPABLE (adjective) KUL puh bull Denotation: deserving blame or censure Connotation: guilty Jane knew^ George was culpable for eating her brownie; she spied the incriminating chocolate smudges around his mouth. GUILTY

DEBILITATING (adjective) dee BILL uh tay ting Denotation: impairing the strength or energy of; DEBILITATING (adjective) dee BILL uh tay ting Denotation: impairing the strength or energy of; enervate Connotation: no strength or vitality Doug’s fear of public speaking was so debilitating that he couldn’t even practice in front of his mirror.

DEBUNK (verb) dee BUNK Denotation: to expose the falseness of Connotation: to expose as DEBUNK (verb) dee BUNK Denotation: to expose the falseness of Connotation: to expose as false Dr. Thomas debunked the anti-aging agent, resveratrol.

DELINEATE (verb) de LIN eel ate Denotation: to depict; portray Connotation: to describe; outline DELINEATE (verb) de LIN eel ate Denotation: to depict; portray Connotation: to describe; outline with precision Joey delineated to his parents his plan to become president of the United States, although he was born in Afghanistan.

DESPOTISM (noun) DES puh tizm Denotation: dominance through threat of violence Connotation: absolute power DESPOTISM (noun) DES puh tizm Denotation: dominance through threat of violence Connotation: absolute power or control; tyranny Some might say Sarah’s despotism occurs, because she is insecure.