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We Are in the Village Disclaimer: The views expressed in this document are those We Are in the Village Disclaimer: The views expressed in this document are those of the author, and do not necessarily reflect the views and policies of the Asian Development Bank (ADB), its Board of Directors, or the governments they represent. ADB does not guarantee the accuracy of the data included in this document, and accept no responsibility for any consequence of their use. By making any designation or reference to a particular territory or geographical area, or by using the term “country” in this document, ADB does not intend to make any judgments as to the legal or other status of any territory or area. Liu Wei The LGOP-accredited First Secretary of Nanmeng Village, Leishan County, Guizhou Province September 2016

I. To learn about rural China before understanding the whole country Countryside touches the I. To learn about rural China before understanding the whole country Countryside touches the mind of each of us and affects all of our families. Poverty alleviation is in fact helping ourselves.

I started off on July 31, 2015. —— The founder of the People's Republic I started off on July 31, 2015. —— The founder of the People's Republic of China Mao Zedong said to the famous American reporter Edgar Snow in Yan'an in 1937 that: "The man who wins Chinese peasants will win China. "

Leishan County • The key county of national development-oriented poverty alleviation, the county in Leishan County • The key county of national development-oriented poverty alleviation, the county in contiguous destitute areas, a county with small area, small population and relatively backward economic development • A key county of ecological resources, ethnic culture, traditional villages and tourism

Langde Town • There are 6 poor villages in 13 administrative villages. • 2, Langde Town • There are 6 poor villages in 13 administrative villages. • 2, 327 out of 10470 are impoverished people. • The ethnic minorities account for 99% of the total population. • The key cultural relics site under the state protection—— Lang De • Home of Lusheng Dancing Art ——Nanmeng

The First Batch of Chinese Traditional Villages -- Nanmeng Village The First Batch of Chinese Traditional Villages -- Nanmeng Village

Home of Lusheng Dancing Art ——Nanmeng Home of Lusheng Dancing Art ——Nanmeng

Home of Lusheng Dancing Art ——Nanmeng Home of Lusheng Dancing Art ——Nanmeng

Home of Lusheng Dancing Art ——Nanmeng Home of Lusheng Dancing Art ——Nanmeng

Home of Lusheng Dancing Art ——Nanmeng Home of Lusheng Dancing Art ——Nanmeng

Four Famous Lusheng Performers in the History of China Four Famous Lusheng Performers in the History of China

The filed poor village --Nanmeng • Nanmeng is located in the southwest of Langde The filed poor village --Nanmeng • Nanmeng is located in the southwest of Langde Town, with an altitude of 906 meters on average, 15 kilometers away from the town government and 13 kilometers away from the county; • The village covers six square kilometers, with the forest area of over twothirds. Each household has 2 mu of farmland tea respectively and a Lusheng; • The village was built surrounding mountains, which has upper, middle and lower stockaded villages, including 10 groups, 194 households and 756 villagers. The per capita disposable income of the peasants of the whole village was 5, 000 yuan in 2015, with an incidence of poverty of 24%.

II. Poor Household Visit II. Poor Household Visit

II. Poor Household Visit II. Poor Household Visit

II. Poor Household Visit II. Poor Household Visit

II. Poor Household Visit II. Poor Household Visit

II. Poor Household Visit II. Poor Household Visit

II. Poor Household Visit II. Poor Household Visit

II. Poor Household Visit II. Poor Household Visit

II. Poor Household Visit II. Poor Household Visit

II. Poor Household Visit II. Poor Household Visit

II. Poor Household Visit II. Poor Household Visit

II. Poor Household Visit II. Poor Household Visit

II. Poor Household Visit II. Poor Household Visit

III. Project Construction III. Project Construction

III. Project Construction III. Project Construction

III. Project Construction III. Project Construction

III. Project Construction Main Projects for Nanmen Village in 2015: 1. The III. Project Construction Main Projects for Nanmen Village in 2015: 1. The "one discussion for one matter" project for traditional village construction, funded with 1. 5 million yuan; Construction Contents: 3 pavilions (one in each of the three stockaded villages) Two village roads, a total of 200 meters 150 solar street lamps 1, 700 meters of road barrier 800 meters of sewage ditch 1, 500 meters of quartzite footpath

III. Project Construction Main Projects for Nanmen Village in 2015: 2. Pilot construction of III. Project Construction Main Projects for Nanmen Village in 2015: 2. Pilot construction of rural poverty alleviation through tourism, funded with 3 million yuan (Nanmeng Village is one of the tourism -oriented pilot poor villages for poverty alleviation in 2015); The requirements for capital use: The expenditure on infrastructure should not exceed 75%, industrial projects 20%, and the remaining should be appropriated for training.

III. Project Construction The program for pilot construction of rural tourism poverty alleviation: • III. Project Construction The program for pilot construction of rural tourism poverty alleviation: • The funds of 300, 000 yuan originally planned to build village gate and monument of village history and two public toilets are repurposed for the improvement of lavatories in the whole village; • The funds of 500, 000 yuan originally planned to purchase Lusheng, Lusheng clothing, black hogs and rice-field fish are repurposed for the share capital of 44 filed poor households, to be injected into the newly established mutual assistance rural tourism cooperative; • Other projects: Renovation of dilapidated buildings, maintenance of water conservancy facilities, transformation of small- and medium-size tea gardens, rice-field fish culture, etc. The investment of departments exceeded 6. 3 million in 2015 on an accumulative basis.

III. Project Construction 乡村旅游扶贫试点建设方案: ·原计划 30万修建村寨门、村史碑、两个公厕,改为全村改厕; ·原计划 50万购买芦笙、芦笙服装、黑毛猪、稻田鱼变成 44户建档立卡贫 困户的股金,注入到新成立的共济乡村旅游合作社; 其它项目:危房改造、水利设施维修、中低茶园改造、稻田养鱼等 2015年各部门投入累计超过630万 III. Project Construction 乡村旅游扶贫试点建设方案: ·原计划 30万修建村寨门、村史碑、两个公厕,改为全村改厕; ·原计划 50万购买芦笙、芦笙服装、黑毛猪、稻田鱼变成 44户建档立卡贫 困户的股金,注入到新成立的共济乡村旅游合作社; 其它项目:危房改造、水利设施维修、中低茶园改造、稻田养鱼等 2015年各部门投入累计超过630万

III. Project Construction 乡村旅游扶贫试点建设方案: ·原计划 30万修建村寨门、村史碑、两个公厕,改为全村改厕; ·原计划 50万购买芦笙、芦笙服装、黑毛猪、稻田鱼变成 44户建档立卡贫 困户的股金,注入到新成立的共济乡村旅游合作社; 其它项目:危房改造、水利设施维修、中低茶园改造、稻田养鱼等 2015年各部门投入累计超过630万 III. Project Construction 乡村旅游扶贫试点建设方案: ·原计划 30万修建村寨门、村史碑、两个公厕,改为全村改厕; ·原计划 50万购买芦笙、芦笙服装、黑毛猪、稻田鱼变成 44户建档立卡贫 困户的股金,注入到新成立的共济乡村旅游合作社; 其它项目:危房改造、水利设施维修、中低茶园改造、稻田养鱼等 2015年各部门投入累计超过630万

III. Project Construction III. Project Construction

III. Project Construction III. Project Construction

IV. Mutual Assistance Cooperative • The professional mutual assistance cooperative of rural tourism in IV. Mutual Assistance Cooperative • The professional mutual assistance cooperative of rural tourism in Nanmeng Village received a business license on December 4; • The mutual assistance cooperative is divided into Lusheng performing group, ethnic handicraft group, agricultural operation group and e-commerce group, and the Village Director Yang Xiuming was elected to serve as the Chairman of the cooperative by its members; • The ownership structure is "44 + 1", that is, 44 filed poor households +1 village collective, accounting for 50% of the shares respectively. The registered capital of the cooperative is 1 million yuan;

IV. Mutual Assistance Cooperative (A) Lusheng Performing Group • 共济合作社分为芦笙表演组、民族手 艺组、农业经营组和电子 商务组,社员选举村主任杨秀明兼任合作社理事长; • 股权结构为“ IV. Mutual Assistance Cooperative (A) Lusheng Performing Group • 共济合作社分为芦笙表演组、民族手 艺组、农业经营组和电子 商务组,社员选举村主任杨秀明兼任合作社理事长; • 股权结构为“ 44+1”,即 44户建档立卡贫困户+1个村集体,各占 50%股份,合作社注册资金 100万元;

IV. Mutual Assistance Cooperative (A) Lusheng Performing Group • 共济合作社分为芦笙表演组、民族手 艺组、农业经营组和电子 商务组,社员选举村主任杨秀明兼任合作社理事长; • 股权结构为“ IV. Mutual Assistance Cooperative (A) Lusheng Performing Group • 共济合作社分为芦笙表演组、民族手 艺组、农业经营组和电子 商务组,社员选举村主任杨秀明兼任合作社理事长; • 股权结构为“ 44+1”,即 44户建档立卡贫困户+1个村集体,各占 50%股份,合作社注册资金 100万元;

IV. Mutual Assistance Cooperative (A) Lusheng Performing Group • 共济合作社分为芦笙表演组、民族手 艺组、农业经营组和电子 商务组,社员选举村主任杨秀明兼任合作社理事长; • 股权结构为“ IV. Mutual Assistance Cooperative (A) Lusheng Performing Group • 共济合作社分为芦笙表演组、民族手 艺组、农业经营组和电子 商务组,社员选举村主任杨秀明兼任合作社理事长; • 股权结构为“ 44+1”,即 44户建档立卡贫困户+1个村集体,各占 50%股份,合作社注册资金 100万元;

IV. Mutual Assistance Cooperative (A) Lusheng Performing Group : • Work with key scenic IV. Mutual Assistance Cooperative (A) Lusheng Performing Group : • Work with key scenic regions in Xijiang and Leishan and organize the Nanmeng Lusheng team to participate in commercial performances • Regularly conduct training exchanges • Prepare to build the Lusheng Cultural Heritage Base of the Miao nationality • 30% of the performance profits are owned by the cooperative and 70% individuals.

IV. Mutual Assistance Cooperative (B) Ethnic Handicraft Group: IV. Mutual Assistance Cooperative (B) Ethnic Handicraft Group:

IV. Mutual Assistance Cooperative (B) Ethnic Handicraft Group: ·与阿妮刺绣有限公司合作,开发阿妮·南猛系列产品 ·定期开展培训交流 ·合作社负责提供原料,利润 30%归个人,70%归合作社 · 2016年 IV. Mutual Assistance Cooperative (B) Ethnic Handicraft Group: ·与阿妮刺绣有限公司合作,开发阿妮·南猛系列产品 ·定期开展培训交流 ·合作社负责提供原料,利润 30%归个人,70%归合作社 · 2016年 1月初贵州海权肉羊有限公司、越南红河股份公司 分别 预订了1000件手 刺绣茶杯垫,合同金额 6万元

IV. Mutual Assistance Cooperative (B) Ethnic Handicraft Group: ·与阿妮刺绣有限公司合作,开发阿妮·南猛系列产品 ·定期开展培训交流 ·合作社负责提供原料,利润 30%归个人,70%归合作社 · 2016年 IV. Mutual Assistance Cooperative (B) Ethnic Handicraft Group: ·与阿妮刺绣有限公司合作,开发阿妮·南猛系列产品 ·定期开展培训交流 ·合作社负责提供原料,利润 30%归个人,70%归合作社 · 2016年 1月初贵州海权肉羊有限公司、越南红河股份公司 分别 预订了1000件手 刺绣茶杯垫,合同金额 6万元

IV. Mutual Assistance Cooperative (B) Ethnic Handicraft Group: ·与阿妮刺绣有限公司合作,开发阿妮·南猛系列产品 ·定期开展培训交流 ·合作社负责提供原料,利润 30%归个人,70%归合作社 · 2016年 IV. Mutual Assistance Cooperative (B) Ethnic Handicraft Group: ·与阿妮刺绣有限公司合作,开发阿妮·南猛系列产品 ·定期开展培训交流 ·合作社负责提供原料,利润 30%归个人,70%归合作社 · 2016年 1月初贵州海权肉羊有限公司、越南红河股份公司 分别 预订了1000件手 刺绣茶杯垫,合同金额 6万元

IV. Mutual Assistance Cooperative (B) Ethnic Handicraft Group: ·与阿妮刺绣有限公司合作,开发阿妮·南猛系列产品 ·定期开展培训交流 ·合作社负责提供原料,利润 30%归个人,70%归合作社 · 2016年 IV. Mutual Assistance Cooperative (B) Ethnic Handicraft Group: ·与阿妮刺绣有限公司合作,开发阿妮·南猛系列产品 ·定期开展培训交流 ·合作社负责提供原料,利润 30%归个人,70%归合作社 · 2016年 1月初贵州海权肉羊有限公司、越南红河股份公司 分别 预订了1000件手 刺绣茶杯垫,合同金额 6万元

IV. Mutual Assistance Cooperative (B) Ethnic Handicraft Group: ·与阿妮刺绣有限公司合作,开发阿妮·南猛系列产品 ·定期开展培训交流 ·合作社负责提供原料,利润 30%归个人,70%归合作社 · 2016年 IV. Mutual Assistance Cooperative (B) Ethnic Handicraft Group: ·与阿妮刺绣有限公司合作,开发阿妮·南猛系列产品 ·定期开展培训交流 ·合作社负责提供原料,利润 30%归个人,70%归合作社 · 2016年 1月初贵州海权肉羊有限公司、越南红河股份公司 分别 预订了1000件手 刺绣茶杯垫,合同金额 6万元

The first embroidery order in 2016 -- 2, 000 teacup mats The first embroidery order in 2016 -- 2, 000 teacup mats

IV. The Mutual Assistance Cooperative and National Intangible Culture The heritage inheritor of Lusheng IV. The Mutual Assistance Cooperative and National Intangible Culture The heritage inheritor of Lusheng production Mo Yanxue was signing a cooperation agreement.

IV. Mutual Assistance Cooperative - Lusheng Production IV. Mutual Assistance Cooperative - Lusheng Production

IV. Mutual Assistance Cooperative - Lusheng Production IV. Mutual Assistance Cooperative - Lusheng Production

IV. Mutual Assistance Cooperative (B) Ethnic Handicraft Group: • Cooperate with Ani Embroidery Co. IV. Mutual Assistance Cooperative (B) Ethnic Handicraft Group: • Cooperate with Ani Embroidery Co. , Ltd. , to develop Ani • Nanmeng series of products • The cooperative is responsible for providing raw materials, 30% of the profits owned by individuals and 70% the cooperative. • Guizhou Haiquan mutton sheep Co. , Ltd. and Vietnam Red River AG ordered 1, 000 hand embroidery cup mats respectively in early January, 2016, with the contract amount of 60, 000 yuan. • Invite the Lusheng inheritor Mo Yanxue to train the production of "Nanmeng Lusheng" • Create the employment of disabled persons

IV. Mutual Assistance Cooperative (C) Agricultural Operation Group ·管理有机肥发放,组织社员锄草施肥、加强茶园管护 ·与贵州苗家春茶叶有限公司签订 2016年茶青收购合同 ·开展土地流转,建立南猛白茶种植示范基地 ·分种统销,合作社提取一定比例销售佣金 IV. Mutual Assistance Cooperative (C) Agricultural Operation Group ·管理有机肥发放,组织社员锄草施肥、加强茶园管护 ·与贵州苗家春茶叶有限公司签订 2016年茶青收购合同 ·开展土地流转,建立南猛白茶种植示范基地 ·分种统销,合作社提取一定比例销售佣金

IV. Mutual Assistance Cooperative IV. Mutual Assistance Cooperative

IV. Mutual Assistance Cooperative-- Land Transfer Conferences IV. Mutual Assistance Cooperative-- Land Transfer Conferences

IV. Mutual Assistance Cooperative - Newly Added 150 Acres of Tea Plantation IV. Mutual Assistance Cooperative - Newly Added 150 Acres of Tea Plantation

IV. Mutual Assistance Cooperative - Newly Added 150 Acres of Tea Plantation IV. Mutual Assistance Cooperative - Newly Added 150 Acres of Tea Plantation

IV. Mutual Assistance Cooperative - Tea Picking IV. Mutual Assistance Cooperative - Tea Picking

IV. Mutual Assistance Cooperative - Tea Picking IV. Mutual Assistance Cooperative - Tea Picking

IV. Mutual Assistance Cooperative – Tea Weighing IV. Mutual Assistance Cooperative – Tea Weighing

IV. Mutual Assistance Cooperative-- The First Sales Income of Fresh Tea Leaves IV. Mutual Assistance Cooperative-- The First Sales Income of Fresh Tea Leaves

 IV. Mutual Assistance Cooperative - Miaojiachun • Nameng Series IV. Mutual Assistance Cooperative - Miaojiachun • Nameng Series

IV. Mutual Assistance Cooperative - Miaojiachun • Nameng Series IV. Mutual Assistance Cooperative - Miaojiachun • Nameng Series

IV. Mutual Assistance Cooperative—— Construction of Waxberry Refrigeration Storage IV. Mutual Assistance Cooperative—— Construction of Waxberry Refrigeration Storage

IV. Mutual Assistance Cooperative—Waxberry Sorting IV. Mutual Assistance Cooperative—Waxberry Sorting

IV. Mutual Assistance Cooperative—Waxberry Packaging IV. Mutual Assistance Cooperative—Waxberry Packaging

IV. Mutual Assistance Cooperative—Waxberry Air Transportation IV. Mutual Assistance Cooperative—Waxberry Air Transportation

IV. Mutual Assistance Cooperative—Field Sales IV. Mutual Assistance Cooperative—Field Sales

IV. Mutual Assistance Cooperative (C) Agricultural Operation Group: 1. Tea • Manage agricultural resources IV. Mutual Assistance Cooperative (C) Agricultural Operation Group: 1. Tea • Manage agricultural resources and protection tea garden • Sales of fresh tea leaves and tea • Construction of the Nanmeng White Tea Cultivation Demonstration Base with 300 acres of land transfer • Establish a brand; The Miaojiachun • Nanmeng tea series have officially hit the market. 2. Waxberry management and protection, construction of refrigeration storage, packaging, transportation, multi-channel sales

IV. Mutual Assistance Cooperative – E-Commerce Group • 6 students who took part in IV. Mutual Assistance Cooperative – E-Commerce Group • 6 students who took part in the college entrance examination this year joined the cooperative and formed a e-commerce working group. • They participate in the village work on their holiday, which can both meet the needs of the cooperative to develop ecommerce and enhance the students' level of computer applications.

 IV. Mutual Assistance Cooperative - E -Commerce Group IV. Mutual Assistance Cooperative - E -Commerce Group

IV. Mutual Assistance Cooperative (D) E-Commerce Group: • The first professional cooperative for peasants IV. Mutual Assistance Cooperative (D) E-Commerce Group: • The first professional cooperative for peasants settled in the E-commerce Industrial Park in Leishan County • Platform establishment. The cooperative, which set up a shop on We. Chat, integrates peripheral resources to develop e-commerce products (tea, Lusheng, embroidery, fish sauce acid, etc. ), which has created an income of nearly 30, 000 yuan within two months. • Convenience services. The cooperative provides services of purchase and sales commission for the villagers, which is completely free to poor households and charges a certain commission for general households.

IV. Mutual Assistance Cooperative - Remuneration Payment IV. Mutual Assistance Cooperative - Remuneration Payment

IV. Mutual Assistance Cooperative - Remuneration Payment • 32, 000 yuan of remuneration paid IV. Mutual Assistance Cooperative - Remuneration Payment • 32, 000 yuan of remuneration paid in the first quarter • 55, 000 yuan paid in the second quarter • over 70, 000 yuan paid in the third quarter • Increase opportunities for village employment, improve the ability and enhance participation

V. Transfer of Employment- Spending the International Labor's Day in Yiwu • Over one V. Transfer of Employment- Spending the International Labor's Day in Yiwu • Over one third of the village population work outside in the largest city of labor input - Yiwu City, Zhejiang Province • There are over 50 Nanmeng villagers, over 15, 000 people from Leishan and over 100, 000 people from the southeast of Guizhou Province in Yiwu. • Yiwu has a permanent population of about 1. 5 million, and there is one from the southeast of Guizhou Province in every 15 persons. • The main problem: Their children's entrance into school

V. Transfer of Employment V. Transfer of Employment

VI. Residency Experience VI. Residency Experience

VI. Residency Experience Each poor village is a battlefield, which is not a show VI. Residency Experience Each poor village is a battlefield, which is not a show field, but a battlefield of life and death.

VI. Residency Experience • Mr. Li Xianyi from a filed poor household suffered from VI. Residency Experience • Mr. Li Xianyi from a filed poor household suffered from intestinal tuberculosis and Crohn's disease, which were critical in early 2016. • The donation of the whole village exceeded 13, 000 yuan, and my personal friends and relatives also donated 15, 000 yuan. • The poverty alleviation microfinance loans reached 50, 000 yuan.

VI. Residency Experience The following three aspects may improve the sense of gain of VI. Residency Experience The following three aspects may improve the sense of gain of poor people: 1. Medical care: To purchase critical illness insurance 2. Education: To improve domestic learning environment, give priority to supporting high school and college students, and implement the directional enrollment program for poor areas. 3. Housing: Improvement of lavatories

VI. Residency Experience VI. Residency Experience

VI. Residency Experience VI. Residency Experience

VI. Residency Experience • Poverty is a values-driven work. There as many harvests as VI. Residency Experience • Poverty is a values-driven work. There as many harvests as affection paid to poor households.

Thank you! Please continue to pay attention to Nanmeng Village! • 扶贫是价值观驱动的 作, 对贫困户有多少感情,就有多少收获 Thank you! Please continue to pay attention to Nanmeng Village! • 扶贫是价值观驱动的 作, 对贫困户有多少感情,就有多少收获