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Water and Sanitation Trust Fund: UN-HABITAT’S Response to MDG and WSSD By: Kalyan Ray Senior Adviser on Water, Sanitation & Infrastructure Office of the Executive Director
New Mandates for Water and Sanitation Millennium Summit Targets Sufficient improvement in the lives of at least 100 million slum dwellers by 2020 Halve by the year 2015, the proportion of people without access to safe drinking water Johannesburg Summit Sanitation Targets Halve by the year 2015, the proportion of people who do not have access to basic sanitation CSD 12 & 13 Water, Sanitation, H. S.
The MDG Context: A New Opportunity Commitment at the highest level to a set of quantitave time bound targets l A new compact: Water, Sanitation and Human Settlements – An Entry point for realization of other MDGs l The Goal and the Process: MDGs and PRSPs l
ODA: More and Better l l The Country by Country, Donor by Donor, Project by Project Approach is NOT the Answer The Need for a Programmatic Approach Committing More, Implementing Better. Greater Focus on Monitoring and Evaluation
UN-HABITAT’s Response l l l A Water and Sanitation Trust Fund Established in October 2002, with a well-defined Goal and a Clear Set of objectives Focus on: Pro-poor Investments Reliance on core competencies: – – Advocacy, Awareness Raising and Education Building Capacity Linked to Follow-up Investments Building Partnerships at Local Level Demonstration and Piloting of Innovative Approaches
Water and Sanitation Trust Fund Development of norms, standards and management toolkits for pro-poor investment. Promoting pro -poor investment through regional water and sanitation programmes. Strategic support to local pro-poor water and sanitation initiatives. Monitoring of progress towards internationally agreed goals and targets.
Delivery Mechanisms l Regional Programmes l l l Strategic Initiatives at Regional Level l Lake Victoria Water & Sanitation Initiative Greater Mekong Water and Sanitation Initiative Normative Work l l l Water for African Cities programme Water for Asian Cities programme Global Assessments: State of Water & Sanitation Pro-poor Governance Toolkit Rights-based Approach to water and Sanitation Integrated Urban Water Resource Management Environmental Assessments Monitoring Progress with Achievement of MDG
Building Strategic Partnerships with Development Partners l International Financing Institutions l l l Asian Development Bank ($500 Million over 5 years) African Development Bank ($362 Million over 5 years) The World Bank (under negotiation) EU ? Donor Countries and Institutions l l EU member states: The Netherlands, Norway, (Sweden) Canada – Canada Fund for Africa European Institutions: IHE-Delft; IRC; IIED; WEDC; SIWI Africa: ENDA; CREPA; CEFOC; NETWAS