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Warm UP • What would you do if your brother, sister, or other family member came into the room later today and said that you have to make room for them and their stuff or find another place to sleep? • Who should get the room? • Suppose you got pressured? • How could you solve the problem peaceably?
Palestine – Israel http: //vimeo. com/50531435 At the heart of this conflict is a dispute over land borders.
Why do Christians, Muslims and Jews all have claim to this land? • Christianity: Major events of Jesus’ life took place • Islam: Jerusalem is considered the 3 rd holiest city b/c where Muhammad ascended into heaven • Judaism: Historically been labeled as their “holy land” b/c God gave it to them
The land of Palestine was inhabited by Palestinian Arabs 400, 000 Muslims – 80% 75, 000 Christians – 15% 25, 000 Jews – 5% 1850 For centuries these groups had lived in harmony
1947 – The UN gets involved • In the aftermath of WWII and the Holocaust the UN gave 55% of Palestine to a newly created Jewish State – Israel – Jews were 30% of the population and owned only 7% of the land
1948: Arab Israeli War • Jews declared an independent state of Israel within the boundaries prescribed by the UN resolution. • Next day Arab Muslims declared war.
• Israel conquered 78% of Palestine • Created nearly 1 million Palestinian refugees • Over 400 towns and villages were destroyed • Every city, river, and hill received a new Hebrew name • Denied the existence of Palestine
Brief Historical Background
1967: Six Day War • Israel (Jews) conquered more land by launching a highly successful attack • Occupied additional 22% of Palestine – The West Bank and the Gaza Strip
Recognizing the Two Sides The Palestinian Side: • Fear of Dispossession / 20 th Century Jewish Immigration- taking over land in the West Bank • Fight against Israel led by the PLO (Palestine Liberation Organization)- leader Yassir Arafattried to gain more political power • Spiritual connection to the Holy Land
Recognizing the Two Sides The Jewish Side: • • History of Jewish Persecution Holocaust Israel as Jewish ‘Safe Haven’ Spiritual connection to the Holy Land
The Composition of the Holy Land Source: 2003 CIA World Fact Book - Palestine data consists of the West Bank and Gaza Strip.
Economic Comparative Analysis In the land between the Mediterranean sea and the Jordan river… Israel GDP Per Capita Annual Budget UN HDI Rank $117. 4 Billion $19, 500 $45. 1 Billion 22 out of 177 Palestine GDP Per Capita Annual Budget UN HDI Rank $2. 4 Billion $700 $1. 2 Billion 102 out of 177 Unemployment 1 out of 2 Growth rate -18% Unemployment 1 out of 10 A Palestinianrate -0. 8% for 28 years to earn what an Israeli does in one year Growth has to work Sources: United Nations 2004 Human Development Index (HDI), 2003 CIA World Fact Book.
Military Comparison Israel Main Battle Tanks Combat Aircraft Artillery 2001 Military Expenditures Official Active Forces – – – 3, 950 438 1, 542 $10. 1 billion 167, 600 Palestine 0 0 0 $85 million 35, 000 Israel continues to maintain tens of thousands of troops in the West Bank and Gaza – Israel invaded and occupied those areas in the 1967 war Source: Center for Strategic and International Studies “We can argue with the Palestinians about who’s to blame; but about who is suffering worse – there is no argument. They are a destitute nation living in an elaborate prison under the guns of the Israeli army. ” Jerusalem Post Editorial, March 3, 2004
The Path of the Israeli Barrier The barrier’s path has been projected to annex between 7% – 45% of Palestinian land. This will: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Completely surround 100, 000 people in 42 towns Reduce the available water supply by 1 billion gallons Confiscate hundreds of thousands of acres of land Severely restrict travel to jobs, hospitals and schools Adversely affect 4 out of 10 Palestinians
A Look at the Israeli Barrier from Space Before After CLOSE UP: Qalqilyah was a relatively rich Palestinian town, nicknamed the ‘bread basket. ’ After the Wall was constructed around it the cost of shipping goods has tripled. Consequently, 600 stores have been forced to close and now 75% of the town’s 40, 000+ residents depend on humanitarian assistance from overseas.
The Israeli Barrier on the Ground Archbishop Pietro Sambi, of Jerusalem said the wall, “cuts in half monasteries, convents, churches and cemeteries. ” The pictures above are of the wall in Bethlehem
Homework • Explain one reason why religious conflicts occur. (Social, Political, Economic) • Is it only that religious ideologies disagree, or is geography involved? • How do you think religious conflicts can be resolved? • Typed- ½ Page