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Volunteer Observing Ships (VOS) Port Meteorological Officers (PMO) Workshop John D. Murphy Director, Office Volunteer Observing Ships (VOS) Port Meteorological Officers (PMO) Workshop John D. Murphy Director, Office of Science & Technology (U. S. National Weather Service) Acting Observation Portfolio Lead Aug 25, 2014

Outline • NWS PPA and Hq Restructure • Proposed Observation Portfolio • Portfolio Introduction Outline • NWS PPA and Hq Restructure • Proposed Observation Portfolio • Portfolio Introduction FY 15 Thrust Areas Baseline Investments FY 15 Milestones • VOS Normalization National Weather Service 2

Restructured NWS Programs, Projects, Activities (PPAs) Forecast Process PPAs Existing Programs Observations Surface, Ocean Restructured NWS Programs, Projects, Activities (PPAs) Forecast Process PPAs Existing Programs Observations Surface, Ocean & Upper Air Observations, Aircraft Obs, Radiosondes, NEXRAD, ASOS, Buoys, Snow Surveys, Profilers, National Mesonet, Observations Support Central Processing Data Collection/Display, AWIPS, Model Implementations, Supercomputing, Advanced Hydrologic Prediction System Analyze, Forecast, Support WFO Forecasts & Warnings, National Service Centers, River Forecast Centers, CWSUs, Tsunami Services, Decision Support Services, WCM/SCH Program Dissemination IT & Dissemination Systems; Telecommunications Gateway, NOAA Weather Radio; NEXTGEN, Ground Readiness, NOMADS Science & Technology Integration Research/Development/Assess, Environmental Modeling Center, Test and Demonstration, WRN Pilots, Testbeds, Training, CSTAR, Education & Outreach, SOO/DOH Program National Weather Service 3

Proposed HQ Organization Structure HQ Office National Weather Service Field Office Pre-Decisional & Administratively Proposed HQ Organization Structure HQ Office National Weather Service Field Office Pre-Decisional & Administratively Confidential 4

High Level Organization Chart of NWS Observation Office • • • Note: Below is High Level Organization Chart of NWS Observation Office • • • Note: Below is the proposed office structure reviewed/approved by NWS AA/DAA on 6/5/2014 Divisions: Composed of 3 Divisions under an Observations Office: Maritime (NDBC), Radar (ROC), & SFC/UA Branches: NDBC and ROC branch structure left as is due to interagency/cross-agency coordination that would be required of any changes. In addition, they were told organizational changes would be limited to Silver Spring campus. Therefore, any changes should only occur following the new organizational stand up and only after proper functional/workload analyses. SFC/UA branches are proposed IAW major functions to be performed Observations Office Portfolio Management Staff ROC • Radar systems National Weather Service NDBC • Maritime systems Portfolio Responsibilities include (not limited): Portfolio Planning, Budget Execution Input, Schedule, Risk Management, Engineering Support, Program Management Support, Acquisition Support SFC/UA • Surface/Upper Air Systems Pre-Decisional & Administratively Confidential 5

OBS Portfolio Introduction Includes NWS systems (and ‘data buys’) that provide observations from radar, OBS Portfolio Introduction Includes NWS systems (and ‘data buys’) that provide observations from radar, upper air, surface and marine environments used to support NWS’ mission of providing weather, water, and climate data forecasts and warnings for the protection of life and property; and for the enhancement of the National economy Funding supports O&M of existing systems as well as development and implementation (PAC) of new observational capabilities required to meet the NOAA strategic plan goals for a Weather-Ready Nation Funding for these systems provide up-to-date and accurate information to the Nation through support of the 122 WFOs, 13 RFCs, and 10 national Centers. It improves the resiliency of the American public and the US economy and reduces the potential of societal and economic impacts due to high impact weather events FY 2015 President’s Budget Estimate Funding ($ , 000) *$213, 591 National Weather Service FTE 804 *ORF & PAC 6

FY 15 Thrust Areas • “Do no harm” with PPA realignment • Improve return FY 15 Thrust Areas • “Do no harm” with PPA realignment • Improve return on investments • Normalize programs • Smart data buys • Lean logistics to achieve Ao National Weather Service 7

Baseline Investments Marine • Comprehensive, reliable systems and marine observations to support missions of Baseline Investments Marine • Comprehensive, reliable systems and marine observations to support missions of NWS and NOAA, promote public safety, and satisfy future needs of many external customers – Operations & maintenance of buoys and coastal stations providing real-time meteorological, climatological, and tsunami data – High quality meteorological/environmental data in real time from automated observing systems including buoys in the open ocean and coastal zones surrounding the US – Engineering support, including applications development, buoy deployment & operations, and installation/operation of automated observing systems installed on fixed platforms Assessment: Investment Name ($ , 000) CWB C-MAN DART TWC Sea Level TAO PIRATA VOS GLOS Portfolio Total FTE’s 37. 6 1. 9 0 0 0 39. 5 Labor $4, 689 $274 $0 $0 $0 $4, 963 NSP $0 $0 $0 NSP $18, 811 $9, 998 $1, 500 $6, 100 $600 $180 $5 $37, 014 $180 $5 $42, 157 PCS Non-Labor TOTALS $23, 500 National Weather Service $10, 272 $1, 500 $6, 100 $600 Pre-Decisional & Administratively Confidential 8

FY 2015 Milestones (1) • The 20 portfolio milestones are broken into 2 groups FY 2015 Milestones (1) • The 20 portfolio milestones are broken into 2 groups for ‘slidesmanship’ only… • There approximately 75 portfolio milestones collected by the OBS Team (NWSH & Field reps) Thrust Area Milestone $ ROM Quarter Due Sustain NEXRAD Maintain at Ao of 96% or higher $40. 0 M Q 4 Sustain Rawinsonde Maintain 102 sites with GPS at 2 launches / day $22. 0 M Q 4 Sustain ASOS Maintain 315 NWS/572 FAA systems at req’d sensor Ao $10. 0 M Q 4 Smart data buys Leverage NOAA GPS-MET CRADA (data buy) $0. 3 M Q 3 Normalize MESONET Establish MESONET Program Office $0 Q 1 Sustain Critical Wind Profilers Maintain 3 AK sites at Ao of 96% or higher $1. 6 M Q 4 Smart data buys Acquire 20 additional WVSS for aircraft observations $1 M (SS) Q 4 Smart data buys Leverage COSMIC partnership (data buy) $0. 5 M Q 2 Smart data buys Leverage NSO GONG investment (data buy) $0. 4 M Q 2 Sustain DART Maintain DART network Ao at 80% $10. 3 M Q 4 National Weather Service 9

FY 2015 Milestones (2) • The 20 portfolio milestones are broken into 2 groups FY 2015 Milestones (2) • The 20 portfolio milestones are broken into 2 groups for ‘slidesmanship’ only… Thrust Area Milestone $ ROM Quarter Due Sustain Hurricane Buoy Maintain Hurricane Buoy network Ao at 80% $4. 2 M Q 4 Sustain CWB Maintain CWB network Ao at 73% $18. 5 M Q 4 Sustain C-MAN Maintain C-MAN Ao at 80% $0. 6 M Q 4 Sustain TAO Maintain TAO network Ao at 80% $6. 1 M Q 4 Improve Investment Return Deploy NEXRAD RPG/RDA Software Build 15 $50 K Q 2 Improve Investment Return Evaluate automated Radiosonde launch capability $2. 0 M (FY 13/15) Q 3 Sustain ASOS Plan ASOS Service Life Extension Program acquisition $1. 9 M (FY 13/14) Q 4 Improve Investment Return Develop wireless temperature system for COOP $400 Q 2 Normalize VOS Establish VOS Program Office $0 Q 1 Lean Logistics Sustain 1 day turnaround for emergency requisitions and 2 day turnaround for routine requisitions 95% of time $4. 4 M Q 4 National Weather Service 10

VOS Normalization Issue: VOS Normalization (Funding, PMOs, & Oversight) Impacts: None expected with planned VOS Normalization Issue: VOS Normalization (Funding, PMOs, & Oversight) Impacts: None expected with planned funding • • • Collects/Disseminates real-time maritime weather observations through recruitment and support of ships to fulfill National needs and International agreements supporting commerce, forecasts/warning programs, and safety of life at sea (SOLAS) worldwide Defines global climate and helps measure extreme weather events, climate variability, and long-term climate changes Operates at no cost to vessel: comm charges, equipment, and supplies from NWS U. S. VOS provides over 6, 500 observations/day which is approximately 18% of the entire VOS fleet (national/international) Prior to VOS being transferred to NDBC from Hq (2000), it was funded at $210 K/year (under resourced for years) Mitigation of risks and issues: • Funding VOS at level sufficient to maintain existing capabilities (want to meet obligations/increase automation ~$250 K/yr level) • Oversight moved to Hq to increase standardization and improve visibility • Workshop is first step in recovery Dependencies: AOML National Weather Service 11

Thank You Questions? National Weather Service 12 Thank You Questions? National Weather Service 12