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Vermont Hydro Power Winooski Vermont Hydro Power Winooski

VT Water Power History • Our water ways have been used for mechanical power VT Water Power History • Our water ways have been used for mechanical power since the earliest European settlers • For sawmills, gristmills, cotton mills, carding mills, and producers of machine tools, scales, paper, and pulp

How much and from what? • as late as 1940, 90 percent of Vermont's How much and from what? • as late as 1940, 90 percent of Vermont's needs were met by stations operating solely on water power • In 1999 29. 4% of our power was hydroelectric • 10. 8% was from utilities • 18. 7% was from non-utilties • Today Vermont uses 1000 mw a day

 • Ten Largest Plants by Generating Capability, 1999 -Summer mw capacity • • • Ten Largest Plants by Generating Capability, 1999 -Summer mw capacity • • • 1. Vermont Yankee Nuclear Vermont Yankee Nucl Pwr Corp 506 2. J C Mc. Neil Petroleum, Gas, Other Burlington City of 52 3. Berlin 5 Petroleum Green Mountain Power Corp 41 4. Bellows FLS Hydro US Gen New England Inc 40 5. Wilder Hydro US Gen New England Inc 37 6. Harriman Hydro US Gen New England Inc 33 7. Sheldon Springs Hydro Missisquoi Associates 26 8. Ryegate Power Other Ryegate Associates 21 9. Vernon Hydro US Gen New England Inc 20 10. Burlington GT Petroleum Burlington City of 20

Our Power • VT power Production Our Power • VT power Production

Some VT Hydro Stations Comerford Station whose four large generators produce 164 megawatts of Some VT Hydro Stations Comerford Station whose four large generators produce 164 megawatts of power

 • The Vernon station whose eight turbines produce 22 megawatts of electric power • The Vernon station whose eight turbines produce 22 megawatts of electric power

 • The Bellows Falls station whose three generating units draw on water flowing • The Bellows Falls station whose three generating units draw on water flowing through the historic 1791 canal and produce 49 megawatts of electric power

 • The Wilder station, consisting of a 2, 900‑feet long dam and three • The Wilder station, consisting of a 2, 900‑feet long dam and three generators which produce 42 megawatts of power;

The Moore Station, the largest hydro-generating facility on the Connecticut River which encompasses a The Moore Station, the largest hydro-generating facility on the Connecticut River which encompasses a 3, 490‑acre storage reservoir and whose power output totals 192 megawatts

 • Mc. Indoes Station whose 13 megawatts of power serve primarily to smooth • Mc. Indoes Station whose 13 megawatts of power serve primarily to smooth the uneven water flows which result from the Comerford station’s operation

Government Model of Hydro Resources in VT • There are 29 dams that produce Government Model of Hydro Resources in VT • There are 29 dams that produce power with a potential of 62. 9 mw and modeled 31. 8 mw • There are 70 dams without power with a potential of 261. 4 mw and modeled 131. 1 mw • There are 50 undeveloped sites with a potential of 90. 1 mw and modeled 11. 7 mw

Semi Current Events • VT had a chance to buy 8 hydro dams in Semi Current Events • VT had a chance to buy 8 hydro dams in VT • 2 on the Deerfield River and 6 on the Connecticut River • Total of 527 mw or 50% of our power