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Utilization of Geostationary and Polar Orbiting Satellite Data in RA-V Region (Present Status) Outline Dr. Sri Woro B. Harijono 1. 2. Ground Satellite receivers operated by RA-V member countries 3. Common Major applications of satellite data in RA-V 4. 1 Introduction Important point and Future expectations of RA-V.
I) Introduction l l Indispensable need: Warning Center to anticipate the various significant weather and climate variability event. l 2 Introduce inherent characteristic of regional condition: Tropical maritime continent type; Vulnerable to climate variability; and limited in resources. A survey (e. g. questionnaires and E-mail communication) was conducted among 22 member countries. Not all countries responded in time.
RA V MEMBERS AND SIGNIFICANT WEATHER SYSTEM IN SOUTH-WEST PACIFIC REGION (RA V) Typhoon PHILIPPINES Monsoon, Trop. Storm, SINGAPORE Haze MALAYSIA MICRONESIA I N D O N E S I A Trop. Cyclones EAST TIMOR PAPUA NEW GUINEA KIRIBATI SOLOMON ISLANDS Trop. Cyclones SAMOA VANUATU NEW CALEDONIA FIJI TONGA FRENCH POLYNESIA AUSTRALIA 3 COOK ISLAND NEW ZEALAND
WARNING CENTRES of RA V Typhoon Warning Center PHILIPPINES RSMC MALAYSIA Honolulu SINGAPORE Warning of Land Fire and Haze (ASMC) I N D O N E S I A TCWC RSMC FRENCH POLYNESIA TCWC 4 COOK ISLAND
II) GROUND SATELLITE RECEIVER SET UP IN RA V REGION GVAR, 10 -HRPT 2 -HRIT, 3 -HRPT, 16 -LRIT, 2 -APT GVAR/ PHILIPPINES 1 -HRIT, 7 -LRIT 2 -HRIT, 5 -HRPT, 7 -LRIT, 5 -APT MALAYSIA BRUNEI Palau LRIT/APT Guam 1 -LRIT/APT 3 -HRIT, 3 -HRPT, 1 -LRIT SINGAPORE 8 -HRIT, 8 -HRPT 1 -APT, 1 -LRIT, 1 -HRIT Honolulu Marshall Island 1 -LRIT/APT I N D O N E S I A LRIT/APT 1 -LRIT 137 -APT, 117 -LRIT 23 -HRIT, 23 -HRPT 1 -LRIT/APT Tuvalu COOK ISLAND 1 -APT, 1 -HRPT, 3 -HRIT, 1 -GVAR, 1 -LRIT 1 -LRIT/APT 4 -APT, 2 -LRIT, 1 -HRPT, 1 HRIT, 1 -LRIT = 2011 5 1 -LRIT/APT 35 -APT, 17 -LRIT, 5 -HRIT, 5 -GVAR, 10 -HRPT NIUE FRENCH POLYNESIA 2 -APT, 1 -LRIT, 1 HRIT
Global Geostationary Satellite Coverage MTSAT GOES-E Elektro FY-2 Meteosat GOES-W MTSAT 6 ü ü ü ü Australia Brunei Cook Island Fiji Honolulu Indonesia Kiribati ü ü ü ü Guam ü Malaysia ü New Caledonia ü New Zealand ü Niue ü PNG Philippines Samoa Singapore Solomon Tonga Vanuatu ü ü ü Cook Island Fiji Kiribati Marshall Is New Zealand Niue ü ü ü Honolulu Samoa Tonga Tuvalu American Samoa
III) Application of satellite data in different region of RA V APPLICATION REGION • Tropical Cyclone • Typhoon • Monsoon • Weather System • Land Fires • Haze • Environmental Change MTSAT (Hi-Res) NOAA (Hi-Res) AUS, NZ & US MTSAT & GOES (Hi-Res) NOAA , METOP (Hi-Res) Small Island Developing States MTSAT & GOES (Low-Res) Southeast Asia SATELLITE TYPE 7 Geostationary Satellites Polar-orbiting satellites
Tropical Cyclone Monitoring : Tropical Cyclone “Anggrek” From MTSAT-2 IR Enchanced Image 31 October 2010, 18. 30 UTC Track Forecast of Tropical Cyclone “Anggrek” 01 – 04 November 2010 TROPICAL CYCLONE MONITORING ISSUED BY JAKARTA TCWC (EVENT : TC “ANGGREK” 01 NOVEMBER 2010) 8
9 Transboundary Haze Monitoring : Haze distribution detection with NOAA-AVHRR 18 Haze distribution
Monthly SST forecast with MODIS – Terra data FORECAST OBSERVATION 10
IV) Future expectations from RA-V: 1. Polar Orbiting Satellite Products: – – Increasing the resolution of wind velocity products at ocean surface. – Increasing the capabilities of satellite products to be able to identify local convection processes (leading to Hurricane & Tornado) through RPS (Radar-Polarimetric Satellite) – 11 Extension of areal coverage of satellite’s scatterometer and higher spatial and temporal resolution of polar satellite. Increasing the capability of satellite system to monitor tropical air sea interaction processes, a main driving force of tropical cyclone and extreme weather over coastal zone, the frequent weather phenomena in RAV region
Future expectations (continued. . . ) 2. Geostationary imagery products: - Requires an increase of image frequency & image resolution and Lowlight visible imagery. - Southern hemisphere countries are adversely impacted when GOES images cut off when northern hemisphere rapid scan is occurring. 3. Capacity Building – 12 Technical support for RA-V members capacity building on satellite data Acquisition – Processing – Analysis/ Interpretation useful.
Capacity building (continued …) – Indonesian case: National Effort (Indonesia) for ASEAN member Countries: YEAR TITLE EXPERT 2007 JMA-Japan 2008 “Workshop on Satellite & Radar Applications for Early Warning” JMA-Japan; WMO-RTC, China 2009 “Training Course on Doppler Weather Radar for Weather Forecasting” IMD-India (India Met. Department) 2010 Training Course on Satellite and Radar JMA-Japan; WMO-RTC, China 2011 OR 2012 13 “Training Course Radar and Satellite Data Processing” RA V – NOAA – WMO Joint Effort • RA V : 22 member countries participation (Full Covers) • NOAA & WMO : Expert (Full Covers)
Cont… 4. We hope to have a continuation of: – – 14 Direct broadcast of Hi-Res satellite data with current / minor upgrade of existing receiving systems when possible. – 5. Data Collection Platforms (DCPs) utilization for communication from remote sites of member countries. data Assistances for upgrading equipments for small island developing states (SIDS : Tonga, Samoa, Cook Island, Kiribati, Vanuatu, Nieu, Micronesia, Marshall Is, Solomon Is, Tuvalu), and other developing countries (Fiji, Palau, Philippines). Compatibly and more affordable of new version satellite to the existing ground receiver.
Thank you for considering: user readiness • Step by step basis for Developing Countries Need longer lead time to either secure internal funding or donor funding to support these investment. l 15 Some preparation have to be done (2 -3 years) Submit proposal to their government Allocate budget for : l Purchasing the completely new receiving system l Capacity building purposes Conduct training : processing – analysis – interpretation
Thank You … 16