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Using the IPCC’s Assessment Report data and climate change science in Geography James Riley Using the IPCC’s Assessment Report data and climate change science in Geography James Riley Head of Geography, The Perse School, Cambridge Charlotte Woolliscroft Teacher of Geography, Lawrence Sheriff School, Rugby Using the IPCC’s Assessment Report data and climate change science in geography GA conference 2015 James Riley and Charlotte Woolliscroft

Introductions James Riley • GA Conferences • 2013: Teaching Contemporary Case Studies • 2011: Introductions James Riley • GA Conferences • 2013: Teaching Contemporary Case Studies • 2011: 40 ideas in 40 minutes • 2010: Google Earth • • • Head of Geography, The Perse School (2014 -) Head of Geography, LSS (2011 -14) Teacher of Geography, LSS (2009 -) Geography Education MA, IOE (2014) Geography PGCE, Oxford (2009) MSci, Bristol (2008) • @jmrileytoadhall @Perse. Geography • [email protected] com Charlotte Woolliscroft • Teacher of Geography, Lawrence Sheriff School (2013 -) • PG. Dip. Ed- University of Birmingham (2012 -13) • BSc Geography - Bangor University (2009 -12) • Short courses - University of Exeter, Climate Change (2015) provided by future-learn charlie. [email protected] com Using the IPCC’s Assessment Report data and climate change science in geography GA conference 2015 James Riley and Charlotte Woolliscroft

Lecture Outline • Lecture outline + rationale • Who are the IPCC and how Lecture Outline • Lecture outline + rationale • Who are the IPCC and how to access their findings • The AR 5 findings • • Synthesis Report WGI The Physical Science Basis WGII Impacts, Adaptation, Vulnerability WGIII Mitigation of Climate Change • IPCC criticism/controversy • Examples of climate change science in our teaching (KS 3 – 5) • 10 min Q&A Using the IPCC’s Assessment Report data and climate change science in geography GA conference 2015 James Riley and Charlotte Woolliscroft

Who are the IPCC? Using the IPCC’s Assessment Report data and climate change science Who are the IPCC? Using the IPCC’s Assessment Report data and climate change science in geography GA conference 2015 James Riley and Charlotte Woolliscroft

Who are the IPCC? • The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change • 1988 • Who are the IPCC? • The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change • 1988 • UN (WMO and UNEP) • Produces reports that support the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) • Ultimate objective: “stabilize greenhouse gas concentrations in the atmosphere at a level that would prevent dangerous anthropogenic interference with the climate system” (UNFCCC) • IPCC don’t collect data; IPCC collate research from scientific experts • The authority on climate change science • 2007 Nobel Peace Prize shared by Al Gore and IPCC • 5 reports: FAR (1990), SAR (1995), TAR (2001), AR 4 (2007), AR 5 (2014) Using the IPCC’s Assessment Report data and climate change science in geography GA conference 2015 James Riley and Charlotte Woolliscroft

The Synthesis Report What can the IPCC offer schools? • A scientific report which The Synthesis Report What can the IPCC offer schools? • A scientific report which allows students, teachers and academics to access a uniform data set through which governments set agendas from • A series of informative images and resources for lessons • Facts and figures taken from reports that are accepted by the scientific community from 12, 000 journals Using the IPCC’s Assessment Report data and climate change science in geography GA conference 2015 James Riley and Charlotte Woolliscroft

The Synthesis Report Exactly what is the AR 5? The Physical Science Basis. Full The Synthesis Report Exactly what is the AR 5? The Physical Science Basis. Full Report 1532 pages- summary- 28 pages Put together by Working Group 1 (WGI) Impacts, Adaptation and Vulnerability Full Report 1820 pages- summary- 32 pages Put together by Working Group 2 (WGII) The Synthesis Report pulls the best of the 3 reports to create a more manageable report. Mitigation of Climate Change Summary – 33 pages Put together by Working Group 3 (WGIII) Using the IPCC’s Assessment Report data and climate change science in geography GA conference 2015 James Riley and Charlotte Woolliscroft

Misconceptions of Terminology What is the difference between Climate Change, Global Warming and the Misconceptions of Terminology What is the difference between Climate Change, Global Warming and the Greenhouse Effect? Using the IPCC’s Assessment Report data and climate change science in geography GA conference 2015 James Riley and Charlotte Woolliscroft

IPCC AR 5 Findings Using the IPCC’s Assessment Report data and climate change science IPCC AR 5 Findings Using the IPCC’s Assessment Report data and climate change science in geography GA conference 2015 James Riley and Charlotte Woolliscroft

Evidence and Agreement Evidence Agreement Limited Low Medium Robust High Likelihood of outcomes 0 Evidence and Agreement Evidence Agreement Limited Low Medium Robust High Likelihood of outcomes 0 -1% Very unlikely 0 -10% Unlikely 0 -33% About as likely as not 33 -66% Likely 66 -100% Very likely 90 -100% Virtually certain Very high Exceptionally unlikely 99 -100% Also use Extremely unlikely 0 -5% More unlikely than likely 0 -<50% More likely than not >50 -100% Extremely likely 95 -100% Using the IPCC’s Assessment Report data and climate change science in geography GA conference 2015 James Riley and Charlotte Woolliscroft

Observed Changes and their Causes • Human influence on the climate system is clear Observed Changes and their Causes • Human influence on the climate system is clear • Warming of the climate system is ‘unequivocal’ • atmosphere and oceans warmer, amount of snow and ice diminished, sea level risen • Just under 1°C warming over past 100 years • Ocean warming has dominated increase in energy in climate system • High confidence that CO 2 intake post industrial revolution has acidified global oceans • p. H decreased by 0. 1 (26% increase in acidity) • High confidence that Greenland Antarctic ice sheets losing mass over past 20 years; Arctic sea ice extent -4% per decrease 1980 -2010 • Global sea levels rose 20 cm in past 100 years Using the IPCC’s Assessment Report data and climate change science in geography GA conference 2015 James Riley and Charlotte Woolliscroft

Observed Changes and their Causes Using the IPCC’s Assessment Report data and climate change Observed Changes and their Causes Using the IPCC’s Assessment Report data and climate change science in geography GA conference 2015 James Riley and Charlotte Woolliscroft

Observed Changes and their Causes • 1750 to 2011 – Total anthropogenic carbon dioxide Observed Changes and their Causes • 1750 to 2011 – Total anthropogenic carbon dioxide emissions about 2000 Gt. CO 2 • 40% remained in atmosphere • Rest absorbed by vegetation (plants/soil 70%) or oceans (30%) • Deforestation responsible for 10% increase in CO 2 (as storage potential decreased) • High confidence that half of emissions came in last 40 years • Drivers: economic and population growth • Economic growth now outweighing population growth • Increase use of coal (NICs) – reversing decarbonisation trend of world’s energy supply Using the IPCC’s Assessment Report data and climate change science in geography GA conference 2015 James Riley and Charlotte Woolliscroft

Observed Changes and their Causes • Impacts of Climate Change • Medium confidence: water Observed Changes and their Causes • Impacts of Climate Change • Medium confidence: water resources quality and quantity impacted • High confidence: impact on abundance and range of marine species • High confidence: negative impacts on crop yields more common than positive ones Using the IPCC’s Assessment Report data and climate change science in geography GA conference 2015 James Riley and Charlotte Woolliscroft

Observed Changes and their Causes Using the IPCC’s Assessment Report data and climate change Observed Changes and their Causes Using the IPCC’s Assessment Report data and climate change science in geography GA conference 2015 James Riley and Charlotte Woolliscroft

Observed Changes and their Causes • Impacts of Climate Change on water • Medium Observed Changes and their Causes • Impacts of Climate Change on water • Medium confidence: water resources quality and quantity impacted • High confidence: impact on abundance and range of marine species • High confidence: negative impacts on crop yields more common than positive ones • Extreme events • Decrease in cold temperature extremes • Increase in warm temperature extremes • Likely that frequency of heatwaves increasing in Europe, Asia and Australia • Increase in high sea levels • Increase in heavy precipitation events (regional inequalities) • Likely more land regions where number of heavy precipitation events has increased than those where it has decreased. Using the IPCC’s Assessment Report data and climate change science in geography GA conference 2015 James Riley and Charlotte Woolliscroft

Future Climate Changes, Risks and Impacts • Continued emission of GHGs will cause further Future Climate Changes, Risks and Impacts • Continued emission of GHGs will cause further warming and long lasting changes “increasing the likelihood of severe, pervasive and irreversible impacts for people and ecosystems” • Some debate about which GHGs we must be most wary of: • CO 2, CH 4, H 20 • Projections vary: • Difficulty of predicting future policy, needs • SRES scenarios of IPCC assessments replaced by “Representative Concentration Pathways” (RCPs) • • Stringent mitigation scenario (RCP 2. 6) Scenario likely to keep below 2°C Two intermediate scenarios (RCP 4. 5 and RCP 6. 0) pre-industrial temperatures Very high greenhouse gas emissions (RCP 8. 5) Roughly 300 baseline scenarios Using the IPCC’s Assessment Report data and climate change science in geography GA conference 2015 James Riley and Charlotte Woolliscroft

Future Climate Changes, Risks and Impacts Using the IPCC’s Assessment Report data and climate Future Climate Changes, Risks and Impacts Using the IPCC’s Assessment Report data and climate change science in geography GA conference 2015 James Riley and Charlotte Woolliscroft

Future Climate Changes, Risks and Impacts • Difficult to predict future changes due to Future Climate Changes, Risks and Impacts • Difficult to predict future changes due to choice of RCP Six Degrees chapters – degrees warming by 2100 • Global mean surface temperature by 2100 (100 yr rise) • • • 1 2 3 RCP 2. 6 0. 3°C – 1. 7°C Urban RCP 4. 5 1. 1°C – 2. 6°C Rural RCP 6. 0 1. 4°C – 3. 1°C Tourism RCP 8. 5 2. 6°C – 4. 8°C Arctic set for well above average temperature rise Energy Hot Cold Rivers Coasts 4 5 6 Using the IPCC’s Assessment Report data and climate change science in geography GA conference 2015 James Riley and Charlotte Woolliscroft

Future Climate Changes, Risks and Impacts Using the IPCC’s Assessment Report data and climate Future Climate Changes, Risks and Impacts Using the IPCC’s Assessment Report data and climate change science in geography GA conference 2015 James Riley and Charlotte Woolliscroft

Future Climate Changes, Risks and Impacts Using the IPCC’s Assessment Report data and climate Future Climate Changes, Risks and Impacts Using the IPCC’s Assessment Report data and climate change science in geography GA conference 2015 James Riley and Charlotte Woolliscroft

Future Climate Changes, Risks and Impacts • Sea level rise by 2100 (100 yr Future Climate Changes, Risks and Impacts • Sea level rise by 2100 (100 yr rise) • • RCP 2. 6 RCP 4. 5 RCP 6. 0 RCP 8. 5 0. 26 – 0. 55 m 0. 32 – 0. 63 m 0. 33 – 0. 63 m 0. 45 – 0. 82 m Using the IPCC’s Assessment Report data and climate change science in geography GA conference 2015 James Riley and Charlotte Woolliscroft

Future Climate Changes, Risks and Impacts • Worst impacts for the most vulnerable • Future Climate Changes, Risks and Impacts • Worst impacts for the most vulnerable • Notion of tipping points • Extinction of species – plant vulnerability • Even small mammals and molluscs can’t keep up with rates of RCP 4. 5 • Ocean acidification and lower oxygen levels • Coral reefs and polar ecosystems as particularly vulnerable Using the IPCC’s Assessment Report data and climate change science in geography GA conference 2015 James Riley and Charlotte Woolliscroft

Future Climate Changes, Risks and Impacts Using the IPCC’s Assessment Report data and climate Future Climate Changes, Risks and Impacts Using the IPCC’s Assessment Report data and climate change science in geography GA conference 2015 James Riley and Charlotte Woolliscroft

Future Climate Changes, Risks and Impacts Using the IPCC’s Assessment Report data and climate Future Climate Changes, Risks and Impacts Using the IPCC’s Assessment Report data and climate change science in geography GA conference 2015 James Riley and Charlotte Woolliscroft

Future Climate Changes, Risks and Impacts • Climate change beyond 2100 • • • Future Climate Changes, Risks and Impacts • Climate change beyond 2100 • • • Difficult to predict Many things will still continue even if anthropogenic emissions were stopped Warming continues in all scenarios apart from RCP 2. 6 Sea levels to continue to rise Greenland tipping point? 1 C-4 C but 7 m sea level rise Using the IPCC’s Assessment Report data and climate change science in geography GA conference 2015 James Riley and Charlotte Woolliscroft

Future Pathways for Adaptation, Mitigation and Sustainable Development Adaptation and Mitigation • Some really Future Pathways for Adaptation, Mitigation and Sustainable Development Adaptation and Mitigation • Some really interesting ethics to think about • Priorities of adaptation v mitigation • Equity – many of those vulnerable to climate change have contributed little to GHG emissions • Delaying mitigation shifts burden from present to future • Given that MEDCs have passed through their industrial phase of development without regard for the environment is it now their duty to assist NICs/LEDCs or by dictating terms in global agreements is this some form of climate-colonialism? • Scale of response • Difficulty of getting politicians on board – immediacy of issues normally a reelection criteria • Humankind’s (in)ability to plan on the global scale Using the IPCC’s Assessment Report data and climate change science in geography GA conference 2015 James Riley and Charlotte Woolliscroft

IPCC AR 5 Criticism Using the IPCC’s Assessment Report data and climate change science IPCC AR 5 Criticism Using the IPCC’s Assessment Report data and climate change science in geography GA conference 2015 James Riley and Charlotte Woolliscroft

IPCC Controversy – UK critiques • UK House of Commons Energy and Climate Change IPCC Controversy – UK critiques • UK House of Commons Energy and Climate Change Committee invited submissions into an inquiry assessing the validity of the IPCC’s AR 5. • Dr. Ruth Dixon- critiqued “ if the reports are to be seen as truly authoritative, a far more challenging review process should be involved. In my opinion, the IPCC reports cannot be described as peer reviewed, rather than a process of public comment” • David Holland stated “IPCC. . . Has failed to ensure that the experts… meet the required professional and ethical standards. The IPCC is seen by many as established to provide a justification for political commitment. For these reasons it has never been fit for purpose. ” Using the IPCC’s Assessment Report data and climate change science in geography GA conference 2015 James Riley and Charlotte Woolliscroft

IPCC Controversy – Response of Chair of the Energy and Climate Change Committee (Tim IPCC Controversy – Response of Chair of the Energy and Climate Change Committee (Tim Yeo) • Impressed with integrity of IPCC and its responses to criticisms since AR 4. • What is starkly clear from evidence… no reason to doubt credibility of the science or integrity of the scientists involved. • There is no scientific basis for reducing the UK’s ambition to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. http: //www. parliament. uk/business/committees-a-z/commons-select/energy-and-climate-change-committee/news/report-ipcc-5 -assessment-review/ 29 th July 2014 Using the IPCC’s Assessment Report data and climate change science in geography GA conference 2015 James Riley and Charlotte Woolliscroft

IPCC Controversy – International Critiques Nongovernmental International Panel on Climate Change • Scientists and IPCC Controversy – International Critiques Nongovernmental International Panel on Climate Change • Scientists and scholars who aim “to present a comprehensive, authoritative, and realistic assessment of the science and economics of global warming” • NIPCC is able to offer an independent “second opinion” of the evidence reviewed – or not reviewed – by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) on the issue of global warming” • In September 2013, NIPCC released Climate Change Reconsidered II: Physical Science, releasing a second volume, Climate Change Reconsidered II : Impacts, Adaptation, and Vulnerability in 2014 (climatechangereconsidered. org) Using the IPCC’s Assessment Report data and climate change science in geography GA conference 2015 James Riley and Charlotte Woolliscroft

IPCC AR 5 Teaching Ideas Using the IPCC’s Assessment Report data and climate change IPCC AR 5 Teaching Ideas Using the IPCC’s Assessment Report data and climate change science in geography GA conference 2015 James Riley and Charlotte Woolliscroft

IPCC Poster Using the IPCC’s Assessment Report data and climate change science in geography IPCC Poster Using the IPCC’s Assessment Report data and climate change science in geography GA conference 2015 James Riley and Charlotte Woolliscroft

Frequently Asked Questions Using the IPCC’s Assessment Report data and climate change science in Frequently Asked Questions Using the IPCC’s Assessment Report data and climate change science in geography GA conference 2015 James Riley and Charlotte Woolliscroft

Frequently Asked Questions Using the IPCC’s Assessment Report data and climate change science in Frequently Asked Questions Using the IPCC’s Assessment Report data and climate change science in geography GA conference 2015 James Riley and Charlotte Woolliscroft

Cross Chapter Boxes • Topics of interest: found at http: //www. ipcc. ch/report/ar 5/wg Cross Chapter Boxes • Topics of interest: found at http: //www. ipcc. ch/report/ar 5/wg 2/docs/WGIIAR 5 Integration. Brochure_FINAL. pdf • • • Coral Reefs Gender and Climate Change Heat Stress and Heat Waves Ocean Acidification Building Long-Term Resilience from Tropical Cyclone Disasters Urban-Rural Interactions – Context for Climate Change Vulnerability, Impacts and Adaptation • Also at the bottom of link is a huge Climate Change glossary Using the IPCC’s Assessment Report data and climate change science in geography GA conference 2015 James Riley and Charlotte Woolliscroft

Cross Chapter Boxes Using the IPCC’s Assessment Report data and climate change science in Cross Chapter Boxes Using the IPCC’s Assessment Report data and climate change science in geography GA conference 2015 James Riley and Charlotte Woolliscroft

CW uses in class LAWRENCE SHERIFF SCHOOL Year 8 – Climate Change Pedagogies • CW uses in class LAWRENCE SHERIFF SCHOOL Year 8 – Climate Change Pedagogies • Reciprocal teaching • Risk management ranking • Debates • Independent research and project potential • Collaborative Learning GEOGRAPHY DEPARTMENT YEAR 8 – CLIMATE CHANGE 1. Historical patterns and trends 2. Recent trends of CO 2 and temperatures 3. Future predictions for the world a. Temperature changes b. Impact on ecosystems and animals c. Impact on humans 4. How will/ are humans adapting? a. Local scales b. National scales c. Global scales d. Eco-cities construction 5. Debate over Global Warming (responsibility/ existence etc…. ) Using the IPCC’s Assessment Report data and climate change science in geography GA conference 2015 James Riley and Charlotte Woolliscroft

CW uses in class Using the IPCC’s Assessment Report data and climate change science CW uses in class Using the IPCC’s Assessment Report data and climate change science in geography GA conference 2015 James Riley and Charlotte Woolliscroft

CW uses in class Uses in class Geographical location specified Future predictions Geographical reasoning CW uses in class Uses in class Geographical location specified Future predictions Geographical reasoning to support weaker learners and extend G & T Using the IPCC’s Assessment Report data and climate change science in geography GA conference 2015 James Riley and Charlotte Woolliscroft

CW uses in class Using the IPCC’s Assessment Report data and climate change science CW uses in class Using the IPCC’s Assessment Report data and climate change science in geography GA conference 2015 James Riley and Charlotte Woolliscroft

CW uses in class Using the IPCC’s Assessment Report data and climate change science CW uses in class Using the IPCC’s Assessment Report data and climate change science in geography GA conference 2015 James Riley and Charlotte Woolliscroft

CW uses in class Eco-cities: Creative Work Using the IPCC’s Assessment Report data and CW uses in class Eco-cities: Creative Work Using the IPCC’s Assessment Report data and climate change science in geography GA conference 2015 James Riley and Charlotte Woolliscroft

CW uses in class Uses in class Skills Used • Ranking of importance • CW uses in class Uses in class Skills Used • Ranking of importance • Discussion of bias of data used • Public Speaking skills • Team work • Development of reasoning skills Using the IPCC’s Assessment Report data and climate change science in geography GA conference 2015 James Riley and Charlotte Woolliscroft

CW uses in class Uses in class- KS 4 Year 11 - Economic Development CW uses in class Uses in class- KS 4 Year 11 - Economic Development Evaluation of what these agreements/ reports mean… - To what extent are they useful? Using the IPCC’s Assessment Report data and climate change science in geography GA conference 2015 James Riley and Charlotte Woolliscroft

Uses in class- KS 5 Year 13 - Climatic Hazards “In what ways do Uses in class- KS 5 Year 13 - Climatic Hazards “In what ways do humans create Climatic Hazards” - Risk and Vulnerability - Acid Rain - Increase in frequency and intensity of storm events including tropical cyclones - Sea Level Rise Using the IPCC’s Assessment Report data and climate change science in geography GA conference 2015 James Riley and Charlotte Woolliscroft

Uses in class- KS 5 Using the IPCC’s Assessment Report data and climate change Uses in class- KS 5 Using the IPCC’s Assessment Report data and climate change science in geography GA conference 2015 James Riley and Charlotte Woolliscroft

IPCC AR 5 Links Using the IPCC’s Assessment Report data and climate change science IPCC AR 5 Links Using the IPCC’s Assessment Report data and climate change science in geography GA conference 2015 James Riley and Charlotte Woolliscroft

Useful Websites • The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change website • Home: https: //www. Useful Websites • The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change website • Home: https: //www. ipcc. ch/index. htm • AR 5: https: //www. ipcc. ch/report/ar 5/ • AR 5 WGI SPM: http: //www. climatechange 2013. org/images/report/WG 1 AR 5_SPM_FINAL. pdf • AR 5 WGII SPM: http: //www. ipcc-wg 2. gov/AR 5/images/uploads/IPCC_WG 2 AR 5_SPM_Approved. pdf • AR 4: https: //www. ipcc. ch/publications_and_data/ar 4/syr/en/contents. html • IPCC Factsheets • • What is the IPCC? https: //www. ipcc. ch/news_and_events/docs/factsheets/FS_what_ipcc. pdf • Timeline of IPCC History https: //www. ipcc. ch/news_and_events/docs/factsheets/FS_timeline. pdf Synthesis Report • IPCC AR 5 Synthesis Slideshow - http: //www. slideshare. net/IPCCGeneva/fifth-assessment-report-synthesis-report? ref=http : //www. ipcc. ch/report/ar 5/syr/ • • IPCC AR 5 Synthesis Report Video summary (15 mins) https: //www. youtube. com/watch? v=F-Hcu 3 j. H 8 G 4#t=179 • IPCC AR 5 Synthesis Report – Headline statements (2 page PDF) http: //www. ipcc. ch/report/ar 5/syr/docs/ar 5_syr_headlines_en. pdf WGI: The Physical Science Basis • IPCC AR 5 WGI Full Report: http: //www. ipcc. ch/pdf/assessment-report/ar 5/wg 1/WG 1 AR 5_ALL_FINAL. pdf • IPCC AR 5 WGI Video summary (9 mins) https: //www. youtube. com/watch? v=6 yi. TZm 0 y 1 YA • IPCC AR 5 WGI Poster: http: //www. ipcc. ch/report/ar 5/wg 1/docs/WGI_AR 5_2013_Poster. pdf • IPCC AR 5 WGI FAQs: http: //www. ipcc. ch/report/ar 5/wg 1/docs/WG 1 AR 5_FAQbrochure_FINAL. pdf • • IPCC AR 5 WGI Summary for Policymakers: http: //www. ipcc. ch/report/ar 5/wg 1/ • IPCC AR 5 WGI Graphics: http: //www. ipcc. ch/report/graphics/index. php? t=Assessment%20 Reports&r=AR 5%20 -% 20 WG 1 WGII: Impacts, Adaptation, and Vulnerability • IPCC AR 5 WGII Full Report: Part A: http: //www. ipcc. ch/pdf/assessment-report/ar 5/wg 2/WGIIAR 5 -Part. A_FINAL. pdf • IPCC AR 5 WGII Full Report: Part B http: //www. ipcc. ch/pdf/assessment-report/ar 5/wg 2/WGIIAR 5 -Part. B_FINAL. pdf • IPCC AR 5 WGII Video summary (12 mins): https: //www. youtube. com/watch? v=j. MIFBJYp. Sg. M • IPCC AR 5 WGII Cross Chapter Boxes: http: //www. ipcc. ch/report/ar 5/wg 2/docs/WGIIAR 5 -Integration. Brochure_FINAL. pdf • IPCC AR 5 WGII FAQs: http: //www. ipcc. ch/report/ar 5/wg 2/docs/WGIIAR 5 -FAQs_FINAL. pdf • • IPCC AR 5 WGII Summary for Policymakers: http: //www. ipcc. ch/pdf/assessment-report/ar 5/wg 2/ar 5_wg. II_spm_en. pdf • IPCC AR 5 WGII Graphics: http: //www. ipcc. ch/report/graphics/index. php? t=Assessment%20 Reports&r=AR 5%20 -% 20 WG 2 WGIII: Mitigation of Climate Change • IPCC AR 5 WGIII Full Report: http: //www. ipcc. ch/pdf/assessment-report/ar 5/wg 3/ipcc_wg 3_ar 5_full. pdf • IPCC AR 5 WGIII Video summary (12 mins): https: //www. youtube. com/watch? v=g. Dc. Gz 1 i. Vm 6 U • • IPCC AR 5 WGIII Summary for Policymakers: http: //www. ipcc. ch/pdf/assessment-report/ar 5/wg 3/ipcc_wg 3_ar 5_summary-for-policymakers. pdf • IPCC AR 5 WGIII Power. Point Presentation: http: //mitigation 2014. org/communication/presentations-events/WG 3_AR 5_Master. pptx Other websites • http: //mitigation 2014. org/report/publication/ • NASA does some brilliant work too http: //climate. nasa. gov/ • http: //www. metoffice. gov. uk/research/climate • http: //www. metoffice. gov. uk/research/monitoring • http: //earthobservatory. nasa. gov/Features/? eocn=topnav&eoci=features • http: //earthobservatory. nasa. gov/Features/Global. Warming/ • http: //earthobservatory. nasa. gov/Features/category. php? cat_id=1465 • http: //polarportal. dk/en/groenlands-indlandsis/nbsp/isens-overflade/ • • Guardian IPCC section of news website: http: //www. theguardian. com/environment/ipcc • http: //www. carbonfootprint. com/calculator. aspx Useful Wikipedia pages (helpful as starting points) • UNFCCC: http: //en. wikipedia. org/wiki/United_Nations_Framework_Convention_on_Climate_Change#cite_note-art 2 -2 • IPCC AR 5: http: //en. wikipedia. org/wiki/IPCC_Fifth_Assessment_Report • SRES: http: //en. wikipedia. org/wiki/Special_Report_on_Emissions_Scenarios • Post Kyoto Protocol negotiations on greenhouse gas emissions: http: //en. wikipedia. org/wiki/Post%E 2%80%93 Kyoto_Protocol_negotiations_on_greenhouse_gas_emissions Using the IPCC’s Assessment Report data and climate change science in geography GA conference 2015 James Riley and Charlotte Woolliscroft • Climate Change refugees: http: //education. nationalgeographic. com/education/encyclopedia/climate-refugee/? ar_a=1

Questions? Thank you for listening. Challenge: cause climate change understanding amongst your students… Using Questions? Thank you for listening. Challenge: cause climate change understanding amongst your students… Using the IPCC’s Assessment Report data and climate change science in geography GA conference 2015 James Riley and Charlotte Woolliscroft