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Updates on ASEAN Environmental and Safety Policies and Practices 2013 SEAISI Iron and Steel Sustainability Forum Nov 25 - 26, 2013, Jakarta
Latest on Environmental and Safety Issue Commitment to Climate Change • Indonesia’s government commits to cut emissions by 26 % in 2020 from ”business as usual” (BAU) levels and by as much as 41 % With international stepping up investment in renewable energy, such as geothermal power, changing the status the forest from that of a net emitter sector to a net sink sector by 2030. • Implementation of REDD Plus. 3
Latest on Environmental and Safety Issue Safety initiatives Implementation Internal safety induction course Required for project and new recruits Annual safety training programs Conducted internally every year Routine certification for operators and internal safety auditors Required for relevant personnel, conducted regularly Safety inspections Conducted internally regularly involved contractors and third party Sertification In 2011 has been sertified OHSAS 18001 Random inspections Conducted at random time table Job safety analysis Identification and verification to ensure proper job safety implementation Emergency response teams are established at company and business unit levels 4
Latest on Environmental and Safety Issue LT IFR performance 0. 70 0. 60 0. 50 LT IFR KS 0. 56 UPPER LIMIT 0. 45 0. 40 0. 30 • Lost Time Injury Frequency Rate (LT IFR) is the number of lost-time 0. 34 0. 27 0. 20 0. 23 0. 27 per million hours worked, within 2 x 24 work 0. 29 hours, due to injuries 0. 10 0. 08 0. 00 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 Awards in safety performance • Certified OHSAS 18001 in year 2011 • Golden Flag Certificate of EHS management system from The Ministry of Manpower and Transmigration since 2000 5
Latest on Environmental & Safety Issues 1. The Inter-Ministerial Committee on Sustainable Development (IMCSD) had formulated a national strategy for Singapore’s sustainable development, including the following key goals : § Energy – Greater efficiency and diversification reduce energy intensity (per dollar GDP) by 20% from 2005 level by 2020, and by 35% from 2005 levels by 2030. § Greenhouse gas emission - By 2020, Singapore’s Business-As-Usual* (BAU) emissions reach 77. 2 million tonnes (MT) and to cut emissions by 7% to 11% below 2020 BAU levels. § Waste – Towards zero landfill. recycling rate from 56% in 2008 to 65% in 2020 and 70% in 2030
Latest on Environmental & Safety Issues § Water – Towards self-sufficiency and greater efficiency reduce total domestic water consumption from 156 litres per capita per day in 2008 to 147 litres per capital per day by 2020, and 140 litres per capita per day by 2030. § Air Quality – Cleaner air reduce the annual mean for ambient fine particulate matter (PM 2. 5) from 16 µg/m 3 in 2008 to 12 µg/m 3 by 2020 and maintain it at this level till 2030. The ambient Sulphur dioxide (SO 2) levels shall be capped at 15 µg/m 3 by 2020 and maintain it at this level till 2030. 2. A national feasibility study ruled out Singapore’s use of nuclear power due to the safety concern continue to monitor new technologies and develop capabilities in technology and emergency response 3. Businesses are encouraged to adopt an energy management system certified to ISO 500001
Latest on Environmental & Safety Issues § Significant and commendable safety performance § Reduction of overall workplace risks to lower levels
Latest on Environmental & Safety Issues Awards & Recognitions § WSA’s Safety & Health Excellence Recognition 2011 & 2012 § Climate Action STAR certificate awarded by World Steel Association 2012 -2013 (5 -year member recognition) § National Workplace Safety & Health Council (WSHC) Innovation Award § Green Label Certification § Singapore Environmental Achievement Award – Merit § Excellence in Energy Management Awards 2012 § biz. SAFE Partner Award § Winners of the Singapore Compact CSR Awards (2012) for the Green Champion category, which recognizes our sustainability efforts in energy and environmental management § Singapore Health Platinum Award 2012 Amongst the major awards received by NSH - World Steel Association Safety Excellence Recognition Award 2012 SINGAPORE COMPACT CSR AWARD
Latest on Environmental & Safety Issues Safety, Health and Environment Initiatives SAFETY INITIATIVES 1. Recast APEX Safety Committee 2. Supervisor Safety Dialogue to drive a bottom up safety movement 3. Operation Night Eagle 4. Ergonomics Task Force 5. Working At Height Task Force 6. Implementation of Management Plan Road Traffic Safety 7. Perimeter Surveillance and Card Access System Designed and Implemented 8. Operational Discipline Self Assessment and Implementation etc. 1
Constraint and External Factor 1. Challenge to allow for the provision of wide buffers between industrial and residential land 2. The Singapore Civil Defence Force has issued a circular under the Fire Safety Act on requirements for safe transport of flammable materials, including hazardous industrial wastes on Singapore roads. 3. The NEA enforces environmental requirements by regular inspections and prosecuting offenders in court 4. Basel Convention on Jan 1996 for Internal storage, handling, use, transport, import, export and disposal of hazardous industrial waste
Legislation 1. The Energy Conservation Act 2012 , 22 April 2013 (applicable to business consuming 54 tera-joules of energy per year) businesses are required to implement the following energy management practices: (a) To appoint an energy manager within 30 days of being registered (b) monitor and report energy use and greenhouse gas emissions to NEA annually (c) submit annual energy efficiency improvement plan to NEA An energy manager must holds a Singapore Certified Energy Manager (Professional Level) certificate issued by the Institution of Engineers, Singapore.
Legislation 2. The Workplace Safety and Health Act (WSHA) requires the owner, occupier, employer and other stakeholders of a factory or workplace to take reasonably practicable measures to ensure the safety and health of workers and other people that are affected by the work being carried out. The WSHA also regulates the permissible exposure levels, control and disposal of any toxic or noxious materials, whether solid, liquid or vaporous from any factories or workplaces.
Policies The Pollution Control Department (PCD) may require developers of special industries to carry out : A Quantitative Risk Assessment (QRA) in order to identify and quantify hazards and risks related to the transport, use and storage of hazardous materials An emergency response plan (ERP) to mitigate all accident scenarios identified in the QRA study A pollution control study to assess all pollution impact on the environment and recommendation of measures to mitigate such impact.
Reasearch & Depelopment for Environment / Safety § The government has set aside $680 million to build new capabilities in Clean Energy and Water Technologies and $20 million Solar Capability Scheme (SCS) to encourages innovative design and integration of solar panels into buildings. § The government had provided funding to support the steel industry in the development of Waste Heat Recovery System (Organic Rankin Cycle) for electricity generation. § Developing better practices focusing on working at height, material handling, positive energy isolation and ergonomics. § Waste minimization towards the target of zero discharge.
Reasearch & Depelopment by Nat. Steel § Using ladle slag as aggregates in precast concrete product and for reclamation use § Monitoring of CO 2 Emission and Abatement (Moni. CA) Software (developed by Tata Steel R&D)
Latest on the Environmental & Safety Issues 1. During the period of the 1 st 6 months in Vietnam 3, 322 labor accidents occurred 323 people killed and 759 people injured 2. VSA has sent petition letter to Mo. IT and EVN to reject the discrimination against the electric fee applied for steel mills. requests for the proper timeframe so that steel mills can improve their technologies gradually given that the steel industry is now facing a lot of difficulties due to market
General Information on the Safety Figure Area/industry where the accidents occurred • Mining - 22, 95% of total cases ( 22, 22% of total fatalities) • Construction - 21, 31% of total cases (20, 63% of total fatalities) • Electricity/Power supply - 6, 56% of total cases ( 6, 35% of total fatalities) • Fabrication - 3, 3 % (3, 2% of total fatalities)
General Information on the Safety Figure Accident contributing factors • Falls from height - 26% of total cases (25% of total fatalities) • Dropped objects and structure collapse - 20% of total cases (19% of total fatalities) • Being caught/crushed by rotating equipments - 18% of total cases (17, 5% of total fatalities) • External road - 13, 11% 20% of total cases and (12, 7% of total fatalities) • Electrocution - 9, 84% of total cases (9, 52% of total fatalities) • Flying objects - 9, 84% of total cases (9, 52% of total fatalities)
Legislation on the Environment & Safety • Due to the negative trends of safety performance countrywide Mo. LISA is collecting ideas and feedbacks from local companies/businesses to formulate the Safety Law and planned to publish the Safety Law and guideline in the next 3 years • Due to the power shortage and high CO 2 emission from old technology steel mills EVN, Do. IT and Mo. NRE requested all steel mills to put in place the energy management program (5 year plan) and assign Energy Management Officer and may apply higher electricity fees to mills operating old technologies ( Governance audits on annual basis)
Activity related to Environmental Issue • Green Products discussion and application to promote the environment friendly products in steel industry especially roofing & walling
Environmental / Safety Programmes by Malaysian Government • Green Technology (GT) Road Map • National Energy Efficiency Master Plan (NEEMP) • Green Technology Policy • Incentives for Environmental Management • Occupational Safety and Health Master Plan for Malaysia 2015 (OSH-MP 15)
Legislation in Environment üEnacting the Environment Quality Act – (Act 127 - 1974) Ø 21 Regulations, Ø 2 Rules and Ø 16 Orders ü Green Technology Policy
Legislation in Safety and Health Acts implemented by Department of Occupational Safety and Health (DOSH) under the Ministry of Human Resources • Factories and Machinery Act 1967 (Revised - 1974) (Known as FMA 1967 or Act 139) Involving The Iron and Steel Industry • Occupational Safety and Health Act 1994 (Known as OSHA 1994 or Act 514) • Petroleum Act (Safety Measures) 1984 (Act 302)
Mitigation / Measures on the Environmental Issues 1. Investment in new facilities/process to recycle the byproducts for process line by Steel Industries. to minimize waste and reduce environmental impact. 2. Some non steel industries in Malaysia are collecting waste from Malaysia Steel industries as parts of their raw materials. (With references from advance country like France, America and etc) 3. DOE officers are picking up steel industries as one of their KPI. 4. Steel industries require to employ competent environmental specialist to look at Waste water treatment, gas emission quality and disposal of schedule waste. Report on monthly basis.
Environmental activities by NGO Seminars, forums and conferences to increase the environmental consciousness among publics the impact of air pollution, ozone layer depletion, greenhouse effect/global warming, acid rain, deforestation, water pollution, land pollution etc. Among of the involved organisations are : • ENSEARCH (Environmental Management and Research Association of Malaysia) • CETDEM (Centre for Environment, Technology & Development, Malaysia) • WMAM (The Waste Management Association of Malaysia)
Research and Development Some steel industries have joint study with environmental facilities provider to extract oil from coolant. Extract oil Boiler Fuel Coolant Waste Water Treatment Waste Water Discharge (with the quality specified in Act 1974 schedule B)
Environment Related Issues in Philippines • Proposal of DENR Administrative Order (DAO) establishing the National Ambient Air Quality Guideline Values for PM 2. 5 ( to include PM 2. 5 as hazardous air pollutant) The proposed DAO is mandating a more stringent standard of PM 2. 5 than the current PM 10 policy under RA 8749 of the Clean Air Act (CAA) of 1999 • Construction, installation and operation of 2 x 150 MW CFB Coal-Fired Thermal Power Plant in Subic, Zambales The proposed Power Plant project as its perceived environmental effects and alleged nonconsultation with the Local Government Units.
Latest on the Issues • The FPI Environment Committee, suggesting the deferment of the proposed DAO until all concerns and hanging issues are finally resolved An FPI-EMB Consultation meeting was conducted on Oct. 2012 at EMB-DENR office. • The Industry would want to request Philippine Judicial Academy (PHILJA) Chancellor to intervene for industries that might be affected by the misconceptions and misunderstandings of Phillipines laws as against the international commitments.
General Information • Thailand steel demand was predicted to rise approximately 14. 7 million ton in 2011, jump by 5% from 2010. It’s expected that consumption rate would be increased to nearly 20 million tons in 2015 • In 2005, the Pollution Control Department developed the emission inventory of PCDDs/PCDFs in Thailand. The annual release from Ferrous and Non-ferrous metal production were found 19. 776 g I-TEQ to air and to 98. 77 g I-TEQ residue, which accounted for 7% and 12. 99% of total release respectively.
External Factors • The ASEAN Economic Community (AEC) shall be the goal of regional economic integration by 2015 • International, green peace, and local NGOs are actively involved in any development in Thailand especially major industry projects • Thailand’s Constitution B. E 2550 (2007) Clause 67 paragraph 2 under human rights subject all projects that might cause major harmful to communities in term of natural resources, environment and health to make comprehensive study of EHIA, to have public participation and to have independent organization on health and environment review before permitting
Policies • Trend in Waste Management and Recycling Regulations The owner of factory type no. 106, recycling materials shops, has to obtain permission from Department of Industrial Works before transporting the reuse/recycle materials to iron & steel plants. • Promotion of Eco-Industrial Town The Ministry of Industry has set the eco industrial projects as the main policy for the next few years. The projects introduced the waste exchange and waste utilization within and outside the industrial area. • Promotion of Sustainable Development for Thai Industry This project might enforced the steel plant to use more environmental sound technology to prevent the environmental impact. Implemented tools using by Thai industry to support sustainable development in the enterprise are include Cleaner Technology (CT), EMS for SME, LCI/LCA, etc.
Measures on the Environmental Issues • In 2010 -2015, Thai government supported by JICA conducts the development of Pollutant Release and Transfer Register (PRTR) project to develop the data system to identify the specific chemical released from sources Risk communication process to public to gain more trust from public in chemical management field of plants. • Since 2003, Thai government agencies, leading by MTEC, has generated the National Lifecycle Inventory (LCI) for basic materials and energy to support steel industry in implementing the eco labeling program such as carbon footprint, water footprint