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Update on Feeding in the Canadian Armed Forces Hilda-Anne. Troupe, RD Strat J 4 Update on Feeding in the Canadian Armed Forces Hilda-Anne. Troupe, RD Strat J 4 Food Svcs 5 -2 Nutrition Advisor

Outline • Organization • Nutrition Strategies- – Fresh Feeding – Combat Rations • Research Outline • Organization • Nutrition Strategies- – Fresh Feeding – Combat Rations • Research • Performance Strategy

Organizational Structure Organizational Structure

Strat J 4 Food Services Strat J 4 Food Svcs CWO Strat J 4 Strat J 4 Food Services Strat J 4 Food Svcs CWO Strat J 4 Food Svcs LCol 046972 046977 Strat J 4 Food Svcs 2 Major 046973 Strat J 4 Food Svcs 2 -2 Captain 046879 Strat J 4 Food Svcs 5 Strat J 4 Food Svcs 3 LCdr 046976 Strat J 4 Food Svcs 32 Lt(N) 046979 Strat. J 4 Food Svcs 4 Equipment and Facilities Civilain AS 05 811495 Vacant 046978 Nutrition Advisor Civilian ND ADV 3 Strat J 4 Food Svcs 2 -3 Civilian NDHME 2 806206 FSWEP Student 814011 177077 Unitrak Analysis Civilian AS 05 810831 NDHME 02 Civilian Unitrak/ NACPOSS User Support WO 277340 819199 NDHME 02 Civilian • Established Positions THS Contract 816632 819200 Strat J 4 Food Svcs 6 NCRP PM Civilian NDHME 03 169471 NCRP Tech Asst Civilian EG 04 217053 NCRP Tech Civilian EG 04 259050

Nutrition Strategies Nutrition Strategy for Fresh Feeding Nutrition Strategy for Combat Rations Nutrition Strategies Nutrition Strategy for Fresh Feeding Nutrition Strategy for Combat Rations

Nutrition Strategy for Fresh Feeding and Combat Rations Objective: • To ensure optimal provision Nutrition Strategy for Fresh Feeding and Combat Rations Objective: • To ensure optimal provision of nutrition that enhances operational effectiveness, human performance and long term health by: – providing nutritionally adequate food in an operationally suitable method; and – encourages optimal intake in garrison, during training and on domestic/international deployments.

Nutrition Strategies Key to all strategies • adequate nutrition • operationally suitable feeding concepts Nutrition Strategies Key to all strategies • adequate nutrition • operationally suitable feeding concepts • promotion of adequate intake.

Lines of Operation (LOO) LOO 1 - Optimal Nutrition Content; LOO 2 - Intake Lines of Operation (LOO) LOO 1 - Optimal Nutrition Content; LOO 2 - Intake and Delivery; LOO 3 -. Hydration; and LOO 4 - Education. LOO 5 - Sustainment

Combat Rations Combat Rations

Fresh Feeding Fresh Feeding

Nutrition Strategies Key focus areas 2017 • Establishing a research program • Nutritional needs Nutrition Strategies Key focus areas 2017 • Establishing a research program • Nutritional needs of special groups • Feeding concepts • Education • Focus on Performance Nutrition

Research Academia • Factors affecting intake, • Energy expenditure • Mental health NATO- Optimised Research Academia • Factors affecting intake, • Energy expenditure • Mental health NATO- Optimised Nutrition to Support Health and Performance in Military Operations Technical Panel & Collaborative Partners- Nutrition and Resilience

Nutritional Needs • 2, 300 to 5, 000+ calories per day depending on environment Nutritional Needs • 2, 300 to 5, 000+ calories per day depending on environment and activity level. • NSCM – provides up to approx. 3400 kcal/ day. Requirement to Meet the additional calories to support overall energy needs of all CAF personnel

Feeding Concepts • Factors Affecting Intake-sensory and operational acceptability- rations • Host Nation and Feeding Concepts • Factors Affecting Intake-sensory and operational acceptability- rations • Host Nation and Contract feeding

Combat Rations-STANAG • Nutrition Standards LOO 1, 2 Combat Rations-STANAG • Nutrition Standards LOO 1, 2

Factors Affecting Intake • Education Booklet • Research- Academia L 00 1, 2, 4 Factors Affecting Intake • Education Booklet • Research- Academia L 00 1, 2, 4

Combat rations for Top Performance Field handbook Combat rations for Top Performance Field handbook

Table of contents P. 1 What are combat rations? P. 2 Individual Meal Pack Table of contents P. 1 What are combat rations? P. 2 Individual Meal Pack (IMP) VS Light Meal Combat Ration (LMC) P. 4 Combat rations P. 6 Fresh food supplements P. 7 Energy requirements P. 10 Fuel for mind and body P. 11 Carbohydrate P. 14 Protein P. 16 Fat P. 18 Where to find macronutrients in IMPs P. 19 Hydration P. 22 Nutrition in extreme climates P. 26 Nutrition and performance P. 31 Leadership

Light Meal Combat Ration (LMC) Individual Meal Pack (IMP) • 3 Light Meal Combat Ration (LMC) Individual Meal Pack (IMP) • 3

Energy requirements Calculate your needs • Energy requirements : REE x AF = kcal/day Energy requirements Calculate your needs • Energy requirements : REE x AF = kcal/day – Resting energy expenditure (REE): Minimal energy that is needed to sustain life (breathing, heart beat, regulating body temperature, etc. ). • Men: Weight (kg) x 24 = REE kcal • Women: Weight (kg) x 22 = REE kcal – Activity factor (AF) – see page 9 • E. g. : Man that weighs 75 kg and is moderately active. – 75 kg x 24 = 1800 kcal (REE) – 1800 kcal x 1. 7 = 3060 kcal per day • 8 * Note: Your weight (kg) = Your weight (lbs) divided by 2. 2

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Performance Strategy Purpose • guidance to enhance the culture of fitness in the CAF Performance Strategy Purpose • guidance to enhance the culture of fitness in the CAF and improve both operational and health related fitness. Attained by concentrating efforts on physical activity, performance nutrition, sleep and injury prevention. L 00 1, 2, 4

Performance Strategy Sought after outcomes • Process related • Behaviour related • Physical performance Performance Strategy Sought after outcomes • Process related • Behaviour related • Physical performance related

Performance Strategy Process goal-Nutrition • National Standardized Cycle Menu (NSCM) • Provision of Healthier Performance Strategy Process goal-Nutrition • National Standardized Cycle Menu (NSCM) • Provision of Healthier Choice • Education/promotion of Healthier choices • Food Architecture

Promotional material L 00 2, 3, 4 Promotional material L 00 2, 3, 4

L 00 2, 4 L 00 2, 4

Performance Strategy Behaviour Goals- Nutrition • increase healthier choice selections • Increase whole grain Performance Strategy Behaviour Goals- Nutrition • increase healthier choice selections • Increase whole grain selection Measure by point of sale system/ consumption study/production sheets- TBD • Increase number of times fruit and veg are chosen- measure by Health and Life Style Survey- indication of healthy eating- not adequacy of intake. L 00 2, 4

Questions? Questions?