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Update on Aviation Testbeds and Pilot Activities in OGC • Nadine Alameh, Ph. D. Update on Aviation Testbeds and Pilot Activities in OGC • Nadine Alameh, Ph. D. • OGC, Director of Interoperability Programs • nalameh@opengeospatial. org • (240) 669 -8788 OGC ® Copyright © 2011, Open Geospatial Consortium

OGC at a Glance (1) The Open Geospatial Consortium (OGC) is a non-profit, international OGC at a Glance (1) The Open Geospatial Consortium (OGC) is a non-profit, international voluntary consensus standards organization that is leading the development, promotion and harmonization of standards for geospatial and location based services. • Founded in 1994, not for profit, consensus based and voluntary • Over 416 member organizations (industry, government, academia) (January 2011) http: //www. opengeospatial. org/ogc/members • 30+ adopted OGC Standards (some are ISO Standards) http: //www. opengeospatial. org/standards • Several hundred software products, implementing OGC Standards http: //www. opengeospatial. org/resource/products • Broad user community worldwide, many policy positions for NSDI based on OGC standards • Cooperation with other standards organizations and foundations, e. g. ISO, W 3 C, OMG, etc http: //www. opengeospatial. org/ogc/alliancepartners OGC ® ® © 2011 Open Geospatial Consortium, Inc. 2

OGC’s Approach for Advancing Interoperability • Interoperability Program (IP) - a global, innovative, handson OGC’s Approach for Advancing Interoperability • Interoperability Program (IP) - a global, innovative, handson rapid prototyping and testing program designed to unite users and industry in accelerating interface development and validation, and the delivery of interoperability to the market • Specification Development Program –Consensus standards process similar to other Industry consortia (World Wide Web Consortium, OMA etc. ). • Compliance Testing and Certification Program allows organizations that implement an OGC standard to test their implementations with the mandatory elements of that standard • Outreach and Community Adoption Program – OGC ® education and training, encourage take up of OGC specifications, business development, communications programs 3

OGC Interoperability Program • Proven process to rapidly develop, test, validate and demonstrate new OGC Interoperability Program • Proven process to rapidly develop, test, validate and demonstrate new standards based on real world use cases identified by OGC members • Effective way for members to quickly align industry to advance standards to meet priority needs • Efficient and competitive process, regularly yielding a high-level of industry participation and cooperation • Repeatable process – over 30 initiatives successfully conducted using proven policies and procedure OGC ® Copyright © 2011 Open Geospatial Consortium 4

Interoperability Program Development http: //www. opengeospatial. org/ogc/policies/ippp Specification Program OGC Network n Pilot r Interoperability Program Development http: //www. opengeospatial. org/ogc/policies/ippp Specification Program OGC Network n Pilot r tu a y. M g Interoperability Experiment Testbed OGC o ol n h ec T i pl Plugfest io at nd A om C nc a e Specifications Implementations Demonstrations ® © 2011, Open Geospatial Consortium, Inc. 5

Interoperability Program Interoperability Initiatives • Testbeds are fast-paced, multi-vendor collaborative efforts to define, design, Interoperability Program Interoperability Initiatives • Testbeds are fast-paced, multi-vendor collaborative efforts to define, design, develop, and test candidate interface and encoding specifications. These draft specifications are then reviewed, revised, and, potentially, approved in the OGC Specification Program. • Pilot Projects apply and test OGC specifications in real world applications using standards based commercial off-the-shelf (SCOTS) products that implement OGC Specifications. • Interoperability Experiments are brief, low-overhead, formally structured and approved initiatives led and executed by OGC members to achieve specific technical objectives that further the OGC Technical Baseline. OGC ® Copyright © 2011 Open Geospatial Consortium 6

OGC Aviation Testbeds • Sponsored by – FAA (AIM, SWIM and NNEW) and EUROCONTROL OGC Aviation Testbeds • Sponsored by – FAA (AIM, SWIM and NNEW) and EUROCONTROL • Focus – – Validation and advancement of AIXM and WXXM Delivery of Aeronautical and Weather information on-demand via OGC Web Services Increased uptake by industry for AIXM and WXXM Delivery of Standards-based Commercial Off-The-Shelf (SCOTS) products • Challenges – – – Dealing with the (complex) temporality of aeronautical information Dealing with metadata/lineage of information Handling Digital NOTAMS – Events – Event content/Event filtering Standardized styling of information Encoding and filtering of 4 D/5 D weather information (e. g. radar data, weather forecasts, etc) Bandwidth constraints (to aircraft) • Outcomes – Changes to AIXM/WXXM – Changes to OGC/ISO standards – SCOTS products on the market OGC ® © 2011 Open Geospatial Consortium, Inc. 7

Aviation in OGC Web Services Testbed 6 • Testing SOA Architecture • AIXM over Aviation in OGC Web Services Testbed 6 • Testing SOA Architecture • AIXM over WFS • 4 D trajectory filtering • Event Architecture • Digital NOTAMs • Outcomes • Aviation Clients • Event Service • Change Requests to AIXM and Web Services OGC ® http: //www. opengeospatial. org/pub/www/ows 6/index. html 8

Aviation in OGC Web Services Testbed 7 • Enhancing the architecture • AIXM 5. Aviation in OGC Web Services Testbed 7 • Enhancing the architecture • AIXM 5. 1 over WFS • Modeling & validation tools • Portrayal • Weather and WXXM • Outcomes • Standards-compliant Commercial Off-The-Shelf products (SCOTS) • Open source validator • Portrayal • More Change Requests OGC ® http: //www. opengeospatial. org/pub/www/ows 7/index. html 9

Global Participation by Industry and Academia • Participants from Europe, USA, Australia and Canada Global Participation by Industry and Academia • Participants from Europe, USA, Australia and Canada OGC ® Copyright © 2011, Open Geospatial Consortium

Interoperability Program Interoperability Initiatives • Testbeds are fast-paced, multi-vendor collaborative efforts to define, design, Interoperability Program Interoperability Initiatives • Testbeds are fast-paced, multi-vendor collaborative efforts to define, design, develop, and test candidate interface and encoding specifications. These draft specifications are then reviewed, revised, and, potentially, approved in the OGC Specification Program. • Pilot Projects apply and test OGC specifications in real world applications using standards based commercial off-the-shelf (SCOTS) products that implement OGC Specifications. • Pilot projects help users understand how to best implement interoperable geoprocessing that meets their requirements for application, spatial data, and geoprocessing service sharing. • These projects also help identify gaps for further work. • Interoperability Experiments are brief, low-overhead, formally structured and approved initiatives led and executed by OGC members to achieve specific technical objectives that further the OGC Technical Baseline. OGC ® Copyright © 2011 Open Geospatial Consortium 11

FAA SPECIAL ACTIVITY AIRSPACE (SAA) Information Dissemination OGC Pilot • Extend the SAA SWIM FAA SPECIAL ACTIVITY AIRSPACE (SAA) Information Dissemination OGC Pilot • Extend the SAA SWIM Services to enable the dissemination of SAA information (including updates) to National Airspace System (NAS) stakeholders and other external users via OGC Web Services – Build on SAA SWIM Services leveraging OGC Web Services and AIXM – Towards end-to-end automated information flow from the US Department of Defense (Do. D) - originators of SAA activation requests - to airlines and other NAS stakeholders. OGC ® Copyright © 2011, Open Geospatial Consortium, Inc. 12

Pilot Participants Organization Deliverables Boeing/Jeppesen Aviation Client Concept Solutions Engineering Report Galdos-Envitia Feature Portrayal/Registry Pilot Participants Organization Deliverables Boeing/Jeppesen Aviation Client Concept Solutions Engineering Report Galdos-Envitia Feature Portrayal/Registry Institute of Geoinformatics - U of Muenster Event Service/Adapter Luciad Web Feature Service/ Feature Portrayal/ Aviation Client Lufthansa Systems Flight. Nav Aviation Client Snowflake Web Feature Service/ Event Adapter OGC ® © 2011, Open Geospatial Consortium, Inc.

FAA SPECIAL ACTIVITY AIRSPACE (SAA) Information Dissemination OGC Pilot Schedule • RFQ Issued – FAA SPECIAL ACTIVITY AIRSPACE (SAA) Information Dissemination OGC Pilot Schedule • RFQ Issued – 20 Sept 2010 • RFQ Responses Due – 18 October 2010 • Kickoff Meeting – 13 -15 December 2010 • Demo at AIM COI Meeting – June 2 2011 1 - 3 pm • Demo at AIXM/WXXM Conf – Aug/Sep 2011 OGC Copyright ©® 2011, Open Geospatial Consortium, Inc. Requirements • Retrieve SAA information using WFS/FE and AIXM • Portray SAA information using FPS and SLD • SAA updates using OGC Event Service • Implement with SWIM Compliance

Use Cases SAA information Static Repository (NASR) query subscribe/un-subscribe SAA User Operational Repository (SAMS) Use Cases SAA information Static Repository (NASR) query subscribe/un-subscribe SAA User Operational Repository (SAMS) SAA update notification Interoperability Layer OGC ® Copyright © 2011, Open Geospatial Consortium, Inc. 15

SAA Pilot Use Cases • Query for SAAs by – Spatial bounding box – SAA Pilot Use Cases • Query for SAAs by – Spatial bounding box – Flight route filter (spatio-temporal) – Airspace feature property value (e. g. by lower/upper altitude) • Event Subscriptions and Notifications – – – Subscribe for flight route active schedules Get notified of airspace active schedules Get notified of schedule reservations/cancelllations Subscribe for SAA definitions/updates Heartbeat OGC ® © 2011 Open Geospatial Consortium, Inc. 1 6

SAA Pilot Scenarios 1. Commercial Flight (Lufthansa Systems & Luciad) – Flight planning • SAA Pilot Scenarios 1. Commercial Flight (Lufthansa Systems & Luciad) – Flight planning • Dispatch personnel plans a flight from KORD to KLAX by generating route from departure to destination and checking restrictions along the route (checking for airspaces that are active at the time the aircraft would pass them) • Optimized route is released as part of electronic briefing package to crew – Flight preparation • Crew loads briefing package and visually inspect the route on their enroute chart (and checking all SUAs and their activation times) • Subscription for hearbeat reservation updates is registered with the Event Service – Flight conduction • During the flight, a new reservation for a restricted area is published. The event is received on flight deck. The crew checks the new activation time and location of the airspace and determine that the flight route does not cross the airspace directly • When passing by the active airspace one hour later, the crew checks again to make sure to avoid the airspace – In-flight replanning • Severe weather is encountered and the flight has to be diverted. • To plan diversion route, the crew displays the enroute chart including all SAAs represented differently (by color/pattern) depending on their activation time (active, becomes actives in 2/4/8 hours). The crew plans a new route. ® OGC © 2011 Open Geospatial Consortium, Inc. 1 7

SAA Pilot Scenarios 2. VFR GPS Chart Production (Jeppesen) – Interaction between a client SAA Pilot Scenarios 2. VFR GPS Chart Production (Jeppesen) – Interaction between a client production data maintenance application and the FAA SAA services for the ingestion of AIXM SAA data for use in client end product • Initial population of client data store with both Baseline SAA static data information and Baseline SAA Schedule data information • Subscription to Event Service for notification of any changes as they occur • Processing of SAA Static Delta changes and SAA Schedule Delta changes • Client production process ingests AIXM data, validates it is compliant with the published AIXM version and converts AIXM into appropriate formats for client end product. • Final output is graphical display of SAA static and schedule data 3. Student Pilot – Student pilot is planning a cross-country circuit to receive her solo license certification. • A round-trip route with both touch-and-go and airport sign-in stops will include five airports. During a sign-in stop, the pilot uses her mobile device to receive a commercial service notification of the cancellation of a nearby military mission that will allow a more direct route to the next airport, and the flight is re-planned and re-filed with the ARTC. OGC ® © 2011 Open Geospatial Consortium, Inc. 1 8

SAA Pilot Scenarios 4. Logistics Supply Mission – An Air Mobility Command pilot at SAA Pilot Scenarios 4. Logistics Supply Mission – An Air Mobility Command pilot at Eglin AFB is notified that some equipment is needed immediately at Mc. Guire AFB. The local Air Base ops are closed. • The pilot uses the Internet to identify airspace scheduled by Mc. Guire that involve altitudes below 10000 feet MSL, and to obtain SAA reservation schedules for these airspace that will be active within the next 24 hours. He obtains flight plan approval from the local ARTC, and his departure is scheduled for three hours in the future. • Just before boarding the airplane, the pilot receives notification of a new SAA activation that impacts his flight plan. These pre-flight changes are seen as highlighted modifications on a display showing both his original flight plan and the new route. 5. Land Management Survey – The Bureau of Land Management is conducting an aerial survey to count the deer population within a 50, 000 square foot area defined as a rectangular polygon. Parts of this area are adjacent to an Air Force field used for target practice that requires NOTAM notifications for activation. • The survey is underway when a 2 -hour advance notice of activation is communicated to the local ARTC, which subscribes to such notifications for SAA within 100 nm of their facility. The ARTC warns the pilot of the planned activation. OGC ® 6. Styling and Portrayal Scenario(s) © 2011 Open Geospatial Consortium, Inc. 1 9

FAA SPECIAL ACTIVITY AIRSPACE (SAA) Information Dissemination OGC Pilot Schedule • RFQ Issued – FAA SPECIAL ACTIVITY AIRSPACE (SAA) Information Dissemination OGC Pilot Schedule • RFQ Issued – 20 Sept 2010 • RFQ Responses Due – 18 October 2010 • Kickoff Meeting – 13 -15 December 2010 • Demo at AIM COI Meeting – June 2 2011 1 - 3 pm • Demo at AIXM/WXXM Conf – Aug/Sep 2011 OGC ® Copyright © 2011, Open Geospatial Consortium, Inc. Requirements • Retrieve SAA information using WFS/FE and AIXM • Portray SAA information using FPS and SLD • SAA updates using OGC Event Service • Implement with SWIM Compliance

Aviation in OGC Web Services Testbed 8 • OGC Web Services Phase 8 Testbed Aviation in OGC Web Services Testbed 8 • OGC Web Services Phase 8 Testbed (OWS -8) – Focusing on information management and automation • Advancement of AIXM including metadata • Validation of Digital NOTAM Event Specification – Supporting end-users • Access, filtering & notification of information • Styling using ICAO symbology • Supporting current developments undertaken by the EAD (implementation of the Digital NOTAM) and the implementation of the ADQ Regulation (AIXM). OGC ® © 2011 Open Geospatial Consortium

OWS-8 Aviation Scenario Ideas 1. Earthquake/Tsunami Response – Inspired by earthquake/tsunami that occurred in OWS-8 Aviation Scenario Ideas 1. Earthquake/Tsunami Response – Inspired by earthquake/tsunami that occurred in Japan on March 11, 2011 – Developed by Hawaiin Airlines dispatcher 2. Dispatch / Flight Operations Scenarios – Demonstrate the use of OGC web services in providing flight dispatchers and pilots with an alternative source for much of the information that is needed in the flight planning, pre-flight briefing and flight following processes. 3. Increasing situational awareness – Demonstrate the use of real-time weather information (radar) accessible via web services to enable increased level of situational awareness for flight planners, pilots and operations centers. – Data provided by Hawaiin Airlines OGC ® © 2011 Open Geospatial Consortium, Inc. 2 2

OWS-8 Aviation Scenario Ideas 4. Digital NOTAM Events – Realistic scenarios developed by EUROCONTROL OWS-8 Aviation Scenario Ideas 4. Digital NOTAM Events – Realistic scenarios developed by EUROCONTROL based on Digital NOTAM Event Spec 5. Authoritative Data Source – Provide a proof-of concept on how the WFS-T (along with basic security and access control measures) can be used to update or insert new AIXM information back into the underlying database, while ensuring the integrity of the database as an Authoritative Data Source for AIXM (an official or recognized data source publishing reliable and accurate data for subsequent use by users). 6. Probabilistic Weather in Decision Making – Demonstrate the potential of using probabilistic information in weather data in decision-support applications. The NOAA Meteorological Development Lab (MDL) will provide all the weather data (via WFS and WCS) as needed to support the scenarios OGC ® © 2011 Open Geospatial Consortium, Inc. 2 3

OWS-8 Testbed Milestones Kickoff Meeting 9 -11 March 2011 Key Initial Designs/Components/Services Due 22 OWS-8 Testbed Milestones Kickoff Meeting 9 -11 March 2011 Key Initial Designs/Components/Services Due 22 April 2011 Interim Milestone (first draft of components, services, and reports) 24 June 2011 Demonstration Milestone (screen captures; final services and testing due) 26 August 2011 Interoperability Day at OGC TC (live & screen capture demonstrations) Final Delivery (all final reports are due) OGC ® 22 September 2011 30 September 2011 Copyright © 2011 Open Geospatial Consortium 24

For More Information Open Geospatial Consortium, Inc mail. opengeospatial. org/mailman/listinfo/sensorml OGC Aviation Domain Working For More Information Open Geospatial Consortium, Inc mail. opengeospatial. org/mailman/listinfo/sensorml OGC Aviation Domain Working Group http: //www. opengeospatial. org/projects/groups/aviationdwg Nadine Alameh, Ph. D. nalameh@opengeospatial. org OGC ® Copyright © 2011, Open Geospatial Consortium, Inc. ,