Скачать презентацию Universal Design in the Classroom and Workplace Benefits Скачать презентацию Universal Design in the Classroom and Workplace Benefits

4d64527f6490b33143761b504b84a677.ppt

  • Количество слайдов: 29

Universal Design in the Classroom and Workplace Benefits Us All Marc Duyck MSEd. OHSU Universal Design in the Classroom and Workplace Benefits Us All Marc Duyck MSEd. OHSU Center for Diversity Multicultural Affairs Student Access March 1, 2010

Principles of Universal Design for Instruction and the Workplace n Historical view of individuals Principles of Universal Design for Instruction and the Workplace n Historical view of individuals with disabilities: Charity Model than Medical Model

Principles of Universal Design for Instruction and the Workplace n Medical Model: the unfortunate Principles of Universal Design for Instruction and the Workplace n Medical Model: the unfortunate victim n Stroke victim n Spinal cord patient n TMR n n n Client is seen as faulty and in need of fixing or curing. Accommodations are seen “special rights” as unfair and giving an unfair advantage. Accommodations are a nuisance and “should” only be provided to individuals who are “truly” disabled – visible disabilities only.

Principles of Universal Design for Instruction and the Workplace n n Who is this? Principles of Universal Design for Instruction and the Workplace n n Who is this? “I couldn't read. I just scraped by. My solution back then was to read comic books because I could figure them out from the context of the pictures. ” Charles Schwab founder of one of the worlds largest investment firms n

Principles of Universal Design for Instruction and the Workplace n Nagi “Social Model of Principles of Universal Design for Instruction and the Workplace n Nagi “Social Model of Disability” 1965 n Saad Nagi- Sociologist from OSU/worked for SSA (Social Security Administration). n Established a definition of disability for those seeking SSD (social security disability income).

Principles of Universal Design for Instruction and the Workplace n According to Nagi Disability Principles of Universal Design for Instruction and the Workplace n According to Nagi Disability is the expression of a physical or a mental limitation in a social context. n Nagi recognized the importance of the environment and that family, society and community factors could all influence disability. n Based on this assumption, the consequences of disease and injury for an individual should be described at both the level of the person and at the level of society (Activities of Daily Living).

Principles of Universal Design for Instruction and the Workplace n Nagi/Social Model n n Principles of Universal Design for Instruction and the Workplace n Nagi/Social Model n n Activities of daily living including behaviors such as basic personal care. Instrumental activities of daily living (IADL)— including activities such as preparing meals, doing housework, managing finances, using the telephone, shopping.

Principles of Universal Design for Instruction and the Workplace Nagi/Social model cont. Social activities—including Principles of Universal Design for Instruction and the Workplace Nagi/Social model cont. Social activities—including attending synagogue, church or group activities, socializing with friends and relatives. n Leisure activities—including sports and physical recreation, PE. n

Nagi’s model for individuals with disabilities was the first model to capture the reality Nagi’s model for individuals with disabilities was the first model to capture the reality that individuals with disabilities want to work and also attend schools as a Life activity and Social Beings. as

Principles of Universal Design for Instruction and the Workplace n Significant historical events after Principles of Universal Design for Instruction and the Workplace n Significant historical events after the Nagi model n Rehabilitation Act of 1973 n Separate n but not equal 1990 Americans with Disabilities Act (amended 2008) n Mainstreaming n Integrated classrooms n First wave of students who from K-12 received accommodations through IEP (Individualized education plans).

Principles of Universal Design for Instruction and the Workplace n The Centre for Universal Principles of Universal Design for Instruction and the Workplace n The Centre for Universal Design (UD) North Carolina State University (NCSU) n Founded by Ron Mace in 1989 n Promoted a “barrier free environment” that is friendly to ALL. n n Concept of UD from Mr. Mace. International Classification of Disability (ICF) complements UD very well. First International Conference on UD 1998. Centre at NCSU continues his work.

ICF Model Who is Disabled? Universal NOT a minority problem. ICF Model Who is Disabled? Universal NOT a minority problem.

Principles of Universal Design for Instruction and the Workplace n Equitable Use : The Principles of Universal Design for Instruction and the Workplace n Equitable Use : The design does not disadvantage or stigmatize any group of users. Curricular: take home tests, copies of lecture notes on a web-site. n Physical/Workplace: A “universal” work station in a medical office with a desk that raises and lowers to accommodate those who wish to stand versus sit/vice versa. n

Principles of Universal Design for Instruction and the Workplace n Flexibility in Use: The Principles of Universal Design for Instruction and the Workplace n Flexibility in Use: The design accommodates a wide range of individual preferences and abilities. Curricular: Give options for preparing a project individually or working in a group (helpful for students with anxiety or Asperger's spectrum. n Physical/Workplace: Meeting or conference room that is large enough to hold a meeting for the staff. Accommodate different dimensions of people and uniqueness of people: people using crutches or power mobility. n

Principles of Universal Design for Instruction and the Workplace n Simple and Intuitive Use: Principles of Universal Design for Instruction and the Workplace n Simple and Intuitive Use: The design is easy to understand regardless of the user’s experience, knowledge, language skills or concentration level. n n Curricular: Simple course syllabus that uses clear layout and font and minimizes slang and is less than 5 pages long (seriously). Physical/Workplace: Sign and or directions to research labs that any client, family member, presenter or student can easily find. Clear bold font for signs (black on white). n A Jackson Hall without the maze/Exit signs that truly are Exits.

Principles of Universal Design for Instruction and the Workplace n Perceptible Information: The design Principles of Universal Design for Instruction and the Workplace n Perceptible Information: The design communicates necessary information effectively, regardless of users sensory abilities. n n n Curricular: Class presentations that reinforce the lecture with Power Point slides to deliver information with two modalities. VRS (text over speaker). Physical/Workplace: Sound systems and rooms in which the clinician has audible sound (30 DB) when speaking to client/s, educating clients) and colleagues. 13 million. Physical: Signage that is visible from a distance: 504

Principles of Universal Design for Instruction and the Workplace n Tolerance for Error: The Principles of Universal Design for Instruction and the Workplace n Tolerance for Error: The design minimizes hazards and the adverse consequences of accidental or unintended actions. Curricular: The opportunity to turn in a draft for feedback prior to completing the final draft. n Physical/Workplace: Use of texting to let supervisor know that you are stuck on I-5: easy and pretty intuitive (don’t text while you are on I-5). n

Principles of Universal Design for Instruction and the Workplace n Low Physical Effort: The Principles of Universal Design for Instruction and the Workplace n Low Physical Effort: The design can be used efficiently and comfortably and with a minimum of fatigue/good body/spine alignment. Curricular: Course materials in a smaller purchasable binder versus having to buy 4 textbooks per class. n Physical/Workplace: Chairs with a “lumbar” insert to support natural curve of LB: benefits 90% of population: decrease in workplace injuries: cost $10. n

Principles of Universal Design for Instruction and the Workplace n n Who is this? Principles of Universal Design for Instruction and the Workplace n n Who is this? Growing up she remembers being called “dumb” because she had great difficulty learning. None of her teachers could figure it out. It wasn’t until she was an adult that she was diagnosed as dyslexic. n Whoopi Goldberg entertainer

Principles of Universal Design for Instruction and the Workplace n Size and Space for Principles of Universal Design for Instruction and the Workplace n Size and Space for Approach and Use: The deign provides appropriate size and space for approach, reach, manipulation and use regardless of a user’s body size, posture or mobility. n n Curricular: An adjustable height lectern. A desk that all sizes can comfortably sit at. Physical/Workplace: A client room treatment table that can accommodate a person over 5’ 10” and over 150#. A desk that is wide: a more productive worker!

Principles of Universal Design for Instruction and the Workplace n A community of learners: Principles of Universal Design for Instruction and the Workplace n A community of learners: The instructional and or workplace environment promotes interaction and communication among students and between students. n n Curricular: Position desks and chairs in a circle so all students can see one another. This allows the hearing impaired student to be more engaged and able to hear what is being said. Physical/Workplace: Create a reception desk/clerical area that is open from all sides, no windows and accessible so all clients can approach from left, right or in front with ease.

Principles of Universal Design for Instruction and the Workplace n Instructional/Workplace climate: Instruction is Principles of Universal Design for Instruction and the Workplace n Instructional/Workplace climate: Instruction is designed to be welcoming and inclusive. Curricular: High expectations are espoused for all students in the syllabus. Rewards are given for effort in the form of grades. Instructor grades fairly and consistently. n Physical/Workplace: Don’t say: I am sorry, I can’t help you. Say instead: how can I help you learn this better? Ask for feedback: don’t be afraid. n

Principles of Universal Design for Instruction and the Workplace n Who is disabled? Principles of Universal Design for Instruction and the Workplace n Who is disabled?

Principles of Universal Design for Instruction and the Workplace n Who is this? Facts Principles of Universal Design for Instruction and the Workplace n Who is this? Facts of Life sitcom: Controversy 1980 Jeri Jewell: early role model of integration. n n

Principles of Universal Design for Instruction and the Workplace n Film My Left Foot Principles of Universal Design for Instruction and the Workplace n Film My Left Foot n Forrest Gump n The Diving Bell and the Butterfly “Le Scaphandre et le Papillion” n Emmanuel’s Gift “Don’t say oh my God!” or “Thank God I am not like him. ” Instead say, “My God, I wish I was more like him. ” n

Principles of Universal Design for Instruction and the Workplace n What did you learn Principles of Universal Design for Instruction and the Workplace n What did you learn today?

References n n n AHEAD (2010) Resource Articles on Universal Design. Retrieved February 8, References n n n AHEAD (2010) Resource Articles on Universal Design. Retrieved February 8, 2010: Available at http: //www. ahead. org/resources/universaldesign/resources. Brodwin, M. , Siu, F. , Howard, J. & Brodwin, E. (Eds. ). (2009). Medical, psychosocial and vocational aspects of disability 3 rd Edition. Athens, GA. ICF Model: Towards a common language for functioning, disability and health ICF: Retrieved February 8, 2010 from: http: //www. who. int/classifications/icf/training/icfbeginne rsguide. pdf. n Jette, A. (2006) Towards a common language for disability, function and health. Physical Therapy 86, (5): 726 -734. n Levinson Medical Center for Learning Disabilities (2009) Dyslexic? You are not alone: Famous people with dyslexia. Retrieved February 10, 2010 available at: http: //www. dyslexiaonline. com/famous. htm.

References n n O’Sullivan, S. (2001). Clinical decision making. In O’Sullivan, S. & Schmitz, References n n O’Sullivan, S. (2001). Clinical decision making. In O’Sullivan, S. & Schmitz, T. (Eds). Physical rehabilitation assessment and treatment. (4 th ed), (pp 1 -18). Philadelphia: F. A. Davis. Rocco, T. , (2006). Disability as an issue of marginalization. Merriam, S, Courtenay, S & Cervero, R. Global Issues and Adult Education. (pp. 169 -181). San Francisco: Jossey-Bass. Spinal cord Injury history. (2010) Treatment and Rehabilitation. A short history of the treatment of spinal cord injury. http: //www. medicinenet. com/spinal_cord_injury_ treatments_and_rehabilitation/article. htm U. S. Equal Employment Opportunity Act (2009). Disability Discrimination: Americans with Disabilities Act. Available at: http: //archive. eeoc. gov/ada/amendments_notice. html

Principles of Universal Design for Instruction and the Workplace n Presentation available on-line @ Principles of Universal Design for Instruction and the Workplace n Presentation available on-line @ ohsu. edu/studentaccess n Available in alternative format/larger font n Marc Duyck duyckm@lcc. edu