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United States Department of Agriculture Foreign Agricultural Service Opportunities for U. S. Agricultural and United States Department of Agriculture Foreign Agricultural Service Opportunities for U. S. Agricultural and Processed Food Products in Israel JANUARY 13, 2010

Executive Summary ► FAS- Strategic Goals ► Foreign Trade ► Agreement on Trade in Executive Summary ► FAS- Strategic Goals ► Foreign Trade ► Agreement on Trade in Agricultural Products (ATAP) Barriers to Entry ► Opportunities ► ► Consumers ► Marketing Activities -FAS/Tel Aviv

FAS Main Strategic Goals ► To improve market access for American agricultural and food FAS Main Strategic Goals ► To improve market access for American agricultural and food products by addressing Sanitary and Phyto-Sanitary (SPS) and Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) issues. ► Facilitating trade between US exporters and Israeli importers. ► Providing support for negotiations on the next extended Agreement on Trade in Agricultural Products (ATAP) that have started in 2008.

Imports of Agricultural and Food Products 4. 41 bil 116% up 2. 04 bil Imports of Agricultural and Food Products 4. 41 bil 116% up 2. 04 bil Source: CBS * In 2008, imports of food products and vegetable products increased by 103% and 124 compared to 2002, respectively. * Out of total Ag. and food imports in 2008, 41% were food & beverages products. * Data from January through Nov. 2009 show Ag. and food imports decreased 18% compared to the same period one year ago (from $4. 05 billion to $3. 31 billion).

From Whom Do We Import Agricultural & Food Products? 67% up Source: CBS * From Whom Do We Import Agricultural & Food Products? 67% up Source: CBS * In 2008, US and EU market shares totaled 14% and 39%, respectively. * EU Main Suppliers: U. K, Germany, Netherlands, Italy & France. * Other Main Suppliers: Brazil, Argentina, Black Sea Region, Thailand, China, Turkey & Australia. * Data from Jan. through Nov. 2009 show Ag. and food imports from the U. S. and EU decreased 33% and 14% compared to the same period one year ago, respectively.

From Whom Do We Import and What Kind of Products? U. S. EU Others From Whom Do We Import and What Kind of Products? U. S. EU Others 2007 2008 2009 (till Nov. ) 2007 2008 (till Nov. ) 2009 (till Nov. ) Live Animals; Animal Products 29 40 14 97 124 102 328 470 390 Vegetable 287 391 233 423 586 397 687 850 602 4 35 46 57 65 92 65 151 194 133 825 947 788 471 668 528 Products Animal or Vegetable Fats & Oils Food Products Out of total imports from the US and the EU in 2009, 35% and 59% were food and beverages products, and 61% and 29% were vegetable products, respectively Source: CBS

* Out of total U. S. agricultural exports in 2008, the Israeli market share * Out of total U. S. agricultural exports in 2008, the Israeli market share totaled about 0. 4%. * East Asia ($31 billion) and North America ($30 billion) are U. S. largest export markets.

What Kind of Food Products Do We Import? $ Million 2005 2006 2007 2008 What Kind of Food Products Do We Import? $ Million 2005 2006 2007 2008 % Change compared to 2005 44 44 55 82 +86% Sugar and sugar confectionery 175 252 259 294 +68% Cocoa and cocoa preparations 81 75 95 110 +36% Preparations of cereals, flour, starch or milk, and pastry products 101 112 159 206 +104% Preparations of vegetables, fruits, nuts and other plants 132 133 179 215 +63% Miscellaneous edible preparations 213 223 251 311 +46% Alcoholic Drinks 51 57 72 87 +70% Soft Drinks 18 16 17 35 +94% Preparations of meat, and seafood Source: CBS

Agreement on Trade in Agricultural Products ► In 1996 the U. S and Israel Agreement on Trade in Agricultural Products ► In 1996 the U. S and Israel signed the first ATAP agreement, establishing a program of gradual and steady market access liberalization for food and agricultural products. The 2 nd ATAP agreement was signed in 2004 and was effective through December 31, 2008, and grants improved access for select U. S. agricultural products. This agreement was extended through December 31, 2009. Negotiations on the new agreement started in 2008 and are about to be renewed. ► The agreement provides U. S. food and agricultural products access to the Israeli market under one of three different categories: 1) unlimited duty free access, 2) duty free tariff-rate quotas (TRQs), 3) or reduced tariffs, which are set at least 10% below Israel's Most Favored Nation (MFN) rates. ► Which Products? Chapters 1 to 24 of Israeli customs tariff. ► Only products originating in the U. S. , directly imported from the U. S. and accompanied by a certificate of origin, are eligible for customs discounts.

Ministry of Industry, Trade and Labor - Quota Utilization 1 -6/09, U. S. Products Ministry of Industry, Trade and Labor - Quota Utilization 1 -6/09, U. S. Products

Barriers to Entry ► Local and global Economic Slowdown is continuing. ► EU is Barriers to Entry ► Local and global Economic Slowdown is continuing. ► EU is Israel's Leading Trade Partner. ► Improved FTA between Israel and the EU on Agricultural and processed food products, which took effect on January 1 st, 2010. ► High prices of U. S. food and Agricultural products and shipping costs. ► Israel is increasingly adopting EU standards and requirements on imports. ► Kosher requirements are becoming increasingly strict. ► The local food manufacturing sector is strong. ► Import requirements for Imported food and agricultural products are strict → National Food Control Service; Standards Institution of Israel; Israel Veterinary Services; Plant Protection and Inspection Services. ► Israeli buyers lack familiarity with U. S. sources. Many U. S. exporters lack export experience and knowledge of Israeli import requirements.

Opportunities ► Israel is a net food importer. It is a strong market for Opportunities ► Israel is a net food importer. It is a strong market for U. S. agricultural exports, such grains, oilseeds, dried fruits and prepared food products. ► The Agreement on Trade in Agricultural Products offers the U. S. tariff rate quotas for several important products, and reduced duties for several others. Negotiations on the new agreement will be renewed in 2010. ► Shipping costs from the U. S. east cost are lower compared to other parts in the U. S. ► In 2008, the value of the U. S. Kosher food market was $12. 5 billion – Many U. S. food companies are kosher-certified. ► About 3, 000 new food products are being introduced into the Israeli food market annually. ► The current exchange rate of the US dollar versus the Euro continues to favor U. S. sales. ► In recent years Israel’s economy has remained strong, boosting demand for agriculture products. Israeli Economy to resume growth in 2010.

Promotional Activities –FAS/Tel Aviv ► Webinar – featuring FAS Tel Aviv, USDA State Offices Promotional Activities –FAS/Tel Aviv ► Webinar – featuring FAS Tel Aviv, USDA State Offices and Israeli importers. ► Promotional dinner based on American dried fruits, nuts, fresh fruit products, frozen vegetables, and other products that are considered “ Healthy”. ► Spirits Tasting Event - In conjunction with the Distilled Spirits Council of the US, 3 leading importers of American spirits and the Israeli Whiskey Society. ► U. S. Wine Month – In cooperation with 6 local wine importers & 15 wine stores. 30 varieties of US wines were promoted at 60 in-store wine tasting events. ► FAS & U. S. Wheat Associates organized an Israeli wheat delegation to the U. S. ► FAS and Shufersal, jointly organized an American Month for food products. ► Sending local food importers to Buyers Missions in the U. S. ► Organizing booths at local food and agriculture trade shows. ► Organizing delegations to Food tradeshows in the US.

THANK YOU! Email: Gilad. Shachar@usda. gov Yossi. Barak@usda. gov http: //usembassy-israel. org. il/fas/ Tel: THANK YOU! Email: Gilad. [email protected] gov Yossi. [email protected] gov http: //usembassy-israel. org. il/fas/ Tel: 972 -3 -5197324 / 7686