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Unit 6 A charity walk Revision
Grammar It is + adj. + that + 句子 It是形式主语, that接的句子是主语从句, that 不能 省略. 它可以与it is + adj. + for sb. + (not) to do sth. (it 是形式主语, to do sth. 是真正的主语, sb. 如果是 代词必须要用代词的宾格) It is necessary that he trains himself before the walk. It is necessary for him to train himself before the walk.
It is wrong that teenagers look down on the disabled people It is wrong for teenagers to look down on the disabled people. It is impossible for him to finish it in ten hours. It is impossible that he will finish it in ten hours. ] It is sad that some children in poor countries can not go to school. = It is sad for some children in poor countries not to go to school
It is + adj. + to do sth. (It 是形式主语, 真正的主语是to do sth) = To do sth. is + adj. = Doing sth. is adj. It is meaningful to join the Tree-planting Club. Joining the Tree-planting Club is meaningful. To join the Tree-planting Club is meaningful. It’s fun to do voluntary work. Doing voluntary work is fun. To do voluntary work is fun.
合成词 (compound words) 把两个单词合成一个新单词叫做合成词 e. g. worldwide lifetime first-aid fund-raising during his lifetime
Words and expressions 1. need some more food (more放在数词后表示再, 又) 2. find two more members= find another two members 3. 2. train for a charity (train为vi. , 接受训练) 4. as a doctor train 也可做vt. train the dog 5. 3. a disabled / poor / blind / (an) elderly / homeless / deaf person people是集合名词, 前面不能用冠词a 来修饰, 不加复数 但是可以用one, two, some, many 来修饰 person就是一般的可数名词 a person, many persons 定冠词the加形容词可以表示一类人, 谓语用复数, 如
4. one of HK’s biggest fund-raising events (大事) 5. be known as (作为…而出名) Lu. Xun is known as a writer. He is known as a pop singer. be known for (因…而出名) France is known for its delicious food. 6. group themselves into a team of four people (V. ) = form a team of four people 7. a tough / difficult hike 8. finishing walking a 100 -kilometre trail 9. walk through eight country parks (内部穿过) walk over 20 country mountains (翻越)
10. an excellent chance / student 11. learn the team spirit 12. record the finishing / starting time Only the team’s finishing time will be recorded. 13. raise at least HK $ 6000 14. The money is used to help poor people and support development projects. 15. go up hills with tired bodies. 16. an experience you will never forget 17. a path / trail through the country 18. the process of growth (n. ) – grow (v. )
19. join in / take part in (加入活动) the fund-raising event 20. think of buying a car 21. fitness = health keep fit / healthy 22. take place (发生, 用在主动语态中) 23. The charity show will take place next Sunday. 24. =The charity show will be held next Sunday. 25. 24. Its aim / goal is to raise money for helping the poor. 26. (动词不定式做表语, 表目的) 25. bring a first-aid box / raincoat 26. have enough / no / much time to play with you
27. look down on the disabled (看不起) 28. exercise / do exercise(不可数) to keep fit 29. the only hill close to the Moonlight Town (定语) The park is close to our school. (表语) 30. route of the walk 31. play hide-and-seek 32. go fishing by the lake 33. It is a 900 -metre-high hill (定语, 物高用high) The hill is 900 metres high. (表语) The girl is 1. 70 meters tall. (人高用tall)
34. enjoy the beautiful view of the country 35. fly kites on the flat land 36. best of all 37. the perfect place for the charity walk 38. It is wise to take a map and a mobile phone. 39. the sound of violins (物体声音用sound) sing with beautiful voice (人的声音用voice) 40. play the violin (乐器前加定冠词the) 41. fill in the form 42. contact us on (电话号码)…
40. miss the chance (错过) Hurry up, or you will miss the early bus! 41. download the film from the Internet 42. receive the certificate 43. return the application form by mail 44. for further information (更进一步, 不能用farther)