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Unit 4 The 3 Branches of Government o My goal for this unit is _________________ o 3 Steps I will take n n n
The Executive Branch Kick Off o Should presidential candidates be required to have college degrees?
Qualifications and Benefits o Formal Qualifications: Listed in the Constitution n 35 years old or older Natural born citizen Must live in the USA 14 years before becoming president
Qualifications and Benefits INFORMAL QUALIFICATIONS – Expected by US citizens o A political leader who is above politics o The nation's chief economic manager o Someone who can unify the nation in spite of its deepest differences o A moral leader o A world leader and peace-builder o A morale builder, counselor, and cheerleader o A crisis manager
Presidential Elections o Date: n First Tuesday after the first Monday in November
Electing our President Page 227 – 2008 Election Results o Define n n Electoral College – a group of people named by each state legislature to select the president & vice president Popular Vote – the votes cast by individual voters in a presidential election, as opposed to the electoral vote Electoral College Vote – the votes cast by electoral college voters in a presidential election. Determined by each individual state. Winner Takes All – a system in which the candidate who wins the popular vote in a state usually received all of the state’s electoral votes
2016 Election Popular vote: Trump: 62, 979, 636 (46. 1%) Clinton: 65, 844, 610 (48. 2%)
2012 election Popular vote: Obama: 58, 720, 700 (50. 1%) Romney: 56, 145, 950 (48. 4%)
Order of Succession – Amendment 25
Date established Salary in 2009 dollars September 24, 1789 $25, 000 $566, 000 March 3, 1873 $50, 000 $865, 000 March 4, 1909 $75, 000 $1, 714, 000 January 19, 1949 $100, 000 $906, 000 January 20, 1969 $200, 000 $1, 175, 000 January 20, 2001 $400, 000 $487, 000
The Vice President o Qualifications: n n n 35 years old 14 years living in the USA Natural born citizen Why do you think the qualifications for president and vice president are the same?
o Benefits n Same as the president except for salary and home p Salary is 230, 700 p Home is the Number One Observatory Circle in Washington DC – 1974, before they lived in their own homes.
o Job n n To be the President of the Senate To preside over the Senate and break a tie if needed To replace the president in a moments notice if there is an emergency Some vice presidents work closely with the president on decision making others are more hands off.
http: //www. whitehousemuseum. org/special/1 oc/
The President and Foreign Policy o Kick off n n n Define Foreign Policy Why do you think foreign policy is such an important part of the President’s job? What are the 4 main goals of foreign policy in America?
Foreign Policy Tools Tool Treaties and Executive Agreements Appointing Ambassadors Foreign Aid International Trade Military Force What does that mean? Example
How does the President get ALL his work done? o Kick off o Define n n n Political Appointees Federal Bureaucracy Cabinet
The President’s Helpers o On the TOP half of the page copy the chart on page 244 of the book and answer the 2 questions. o On the BOTTOM half of the page answer the 2 questions on the Chart on page 245 of the book.
How does the President get ALL his work done? o Wrap up n How do you think the job of being president would be different if he didn’t have all of these helpers, use information from your notes. 3 -4 sentences.
What does the President do? o Kick off n List 10 things you think are a part of the president’s job.
Roles/Hats of the President o Hats of the President Worksheet
Chapter 8 Quiz
Chapter 8 Quiz
How is congress organized? o Kick off n Define p Bicameral p Gerrymandering p Census p Constituent p Seniority
The House of Representatives o 435 voting members o Representation based on population o Elected for 2 year terms o Every 10 years there is a census, to adjust the number of representatives. o Each representative represents the people of his or district, also known as constituents. o Gerrymandering is the illegal practice of drawing districts to benefit a certain political party.
The Senate o 100 voting members o 2 per state o Elected for 6 year terms o 1/3 of the senate goes up for election every 2 years. o The 2 senators from each state represent EVERYONE in the state.
Senate and House of Representatives Fill in the following chart with information from book, pg 196 -202 Chapter 7 Senate Number of Members Term Limits Length of Term What is the leader called? Types of committees (all of them) House of Representatives
What are the powers of congress? Kick off n What do you think are the powers of Congress?
Legislative Powers Expressed Implied Limits on Power
Wrap up 1. What is the elastic clause? 2. Why do you think this is also called the necessary and proper clause? On a separate sheet of paper Page 207 #1 -5
How does congress work? o. Kick off n Why do you think a person would want to become a Senator or Representative?
Behind the Scenes Requirements use page 209 Senate House _______ years old Be a citizen for __ years Must live in __________ Salary of Both = ____/year Personal Staff 210 -211 Write a brief description of what Committee Staff 210 -211 the topic is Support Services 211 referring to. Helping District or State 213 -214
After Watch the following Video and do the Video Quiz at the end o http: //www. schooltube. com/video/b 6 cc 17 5 ad 9 a 695002 cf 2/ o On a separate paper o Quiz is 1 - 10 multiple choice, letters only
How does a bill become a law? Kick off o Take notes on I’m just a bill – at least 5 points n Make sure to write down what a veto is. http: //www. youtube. com/watch? v=m. EJL 2 Uuv-o. Q
How does a bill become a law? Why do you think the process of a bill becoming a law has so many steps? 2. Do you think the president should be able to veto a bill? 3. Why do you think congress can override a veto? 1.
Unit 4 Quiz 1
Chapter 7 Quiz
Chapter 7 Quiz
The Judicial Branch o Kick off What do you think is the role of the Supreme Court?
Interpret the Law Define: Dual Court System Copy the chart on page 257 in the text book Define o Original Jurisdiction o Appellate Jurisdiction o Circuit – the area of jurisdiction of a court of appeals o Remand – send the case back to a lower court o Opinion o Precedent
Complete Page 257 #1 -2 of Chart Skills