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UNIT 2 FUTURE EVENTS “Future GOING TO” L. E. L. I. Karim Juárez Cortés
USE OF THE LANGUAGE Future “ be going to “ Hello, I am Susana your e-mate. I am 24 years old, I feel really happy because we are going to work through the Web. Moreover, I guess We are going to practice some exercises about grammar rules and expressions! See you soon! We are going to learn more about the English language. USE • It is used to talk about future plans or intentions. Moreover, it is used to talk about predictions based on evidence in the present.
Example: q I am going to travel to France the next weekend. q You are going to eat out with your family the next week. q He is going to work late tonight. q She is going to start an English course. q They are going to organize a family reunion. q There are dark clouds in the sky, It’s going to rain.
FORM Personal Pronoun I You He She It We You They Form of the verb “To be” Am Are GOING TO verb Complement Going to Travel By airplane Mexico Is Are Going to Visit tomorrow read An interesting book Examples: v. I am going to read a magazine v. You are going to work in a factory the next week v. Susana is going to visit her grandparents tomorrow v. Roberto is going to finish his English exam in two hours v. We are going to have a new library in our school v. You are going to write a letter to your boss. v. Enrique and Susana are going to get married the next month.
We form the NEGATIVE form by adding the word NOT. J ( personal pronoun)+ Am/ is / are + NOT + going to + VERB ( in the base form) Examples: q. I am not going to travel to France the next year. q. You are not going to finish your English course. q. She is not going to buy a new car. q. He is not going to dance with Susana in the Party. q. We are not going to visit our relatives in Cancun. q. You are not going to work night shifts q. They are not going to the discotheque
We form the INTERROGATIVE form by putting the verb to be before the subject pronoun ( personal pronoun) Am/ is / are + J + going to + VERB + complement ? Examples: q. Are you going to sleep? Yes, I am / No, I am not. q. Is she going to buy a new jacket? Yes, she is / No, she isn’t. q. Is he going to the party with Susana? Yes, he is / No, he isn’t. q. Are we going to prepare Roberto’s birthday? Yes, We are / No, we aren’t q. Are you going to travel by bus to USA? q. Are they going to play video games tomorrow ? This kind of question we can answer with a simple YES or NO. NOTE: Utilizamos “going to”( voy a ) para hablar de posibles planes a futuro o predicciones que se realicen en el futuro; ya sea de manera afirmativa, negativa o interrogativa. Solamente vamos a omitir el verbo cuando utilicemos “Go” Ejemplo: I am going to go to the disco = I am going to the disco.
Future “ Going to” with WH- QUESTIONS We can use WH- Questions to make questions in order to get more information from the other person. We can use: WHAT (que), WHERE (donde), WHEN (cuando), WHO (quien), HOW (como), WHICH (cual), and WHY(porque). Wh- Question + Auxiliary + Personal Pronoun What / Where/ when / Who/ How/ Which Am / is / are I/ you / we /they He / she / It GOING TO Going to +Verb Complement? Live / Walk / Watch / Write / Like, etc…. The next year Tomorrow This summer
QUESTIONS 1. ANSWERS What are you going to do this 1. I’m going to the discotheque night? 2. Where is Susana going to this weekend? 2. She is going to the restaurant. 3. When are you going to buy your English book? 3. I am going to buy my English book the next Monday. 4. How is your mother going to prepare the potatoes? 4. She is going to make fried potatoes. 5. Where is Roberto going to stay this 5. He’s going to stay in his house. afternoon? 6. I guess, It’s going to be Roberto 6. Who is going to be the new Medina. president of Mexico?
Expressions using in the Future: q. Tomorrow The next Friday, Saturday, Sunday, e. t. c q. The next year, month, season, etc. q. This summer, winter, etc. q. After graduation, dinner, etc. q. In two years, three years, etc. Note: Utilizamos las WH- questions para adquirir mas información del hablante. Asi mismo utilizamos expresiones de tiempo que nos ayudan a referirnos al tiempo futuro como por ejemplo: Tomorrow ( mañana), the next Friday ( el proximo viernes), etc.
REFERENCES: (Referencias) Bibliography (Bibliografía) q Evans Virginia, y Dooley Jenny (2000): Enterprise 1 Grammar Book. USA, Express Publishing q Evans Virginia, y Dooley Jenny (1999): Enterprise 3 Grammar Book. USA, Express Publishing q Evans Virginia y Dooley Jenny ( 2005): Upstream Beginner A 1+. USA, Express Publishing. q Jones Ceri ( 2000) American Framework elementary. USA, Richmond Publishing. q Redston Chris y Cunningham Gillie (2005) face 2 face Elementary Student’s book. ITALY, Cambridge University Press q Redston Chris y Cunningham Gillie (2005) face 2 face Pre- intermediate Student’s book. ITALY, Cambridge University Press. q Richards C. Jack y otros ( 1997): New Interchange 1 Student’s book. USA, Cambridge University Press. q Rogers Mickey, Sturtevant Jane, and Williams Libby ( 2004). Style 1. THAILAND, Macmillan. q Rogers Mickey y otros (2010) Open. Mind Level 1. THAILAND, Macmillan q Stempleski Susan y Curtis Andy ( 2005): Worldlink 2 Developing English Fluency. USA, Thomson Heinle