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UNDP Experiences on Anti. Corruption Consultative Event on Engaging Parliamentarians to Support the Implementation UNDP Experiences on Anti. Corruption Consultative Event on Engaging Parliamentarians to Support the Implementation and Review of the UNCAC Bratislava April 2 – 5, 2009 Anga R. Timilsina (anga. [email protected] org), Research Analyst Democratic Governance Group (DGG), Bureau for Development Policy (BDP), UNDP

Background • UNDP was one of the pioneer organizations in early 1990 s to Background • UNDP was one of the pioneer organizations in early 1990 s to develop AC programmes (first generation of work on ATI; 1999 flagship manual Fighting Corruption to Improve Governance) • Since then, UNDP has been a leading provider of TA on AC within governance portfolio PAR/AC 41% of total DG exp in 2006

Internal Norms and Standards GA Res. 58/4 UNCAC Adoption of CAC Merida GA Res. Internal Norms and Standards GA Res. 58/4 UNCAC Adoption of CAC Merida GA Res. 55/61 Establishment of Conference Ad Ad Hoc Committee (1 st – 8 th Sessions) 2003/5 TOCC GA Res. 55/181 Negotiation. Asset Recovery GA Res. 51/191 UN Declaration 8 th Crime Congress 1997 EU 1999 Co. E Conventions Convention 1996 OAS Convention 1997 OECD Convention 2003 AU Convention

Background: continued • International norms and standards on AC (particularly, UNCAC) continue to evolve Background: continued • International norms and standards on AC (particularly, UNCAC) continue to evolve • UNDP need to refocus its energies and priorities in anticorruption, within its area of comparative advantages Kemal Dervis: “A national system of democratic governance that is supportive of inclusive growth, harmonized with international standards and norms developed within a legitimate and cooperative multilateral framework, constitutes the crucial software of development. ” --Statement to staff post HLP November 2006

UNCAC A Governance and Development Framework UNCAC Articles Demand for Programming Article 5: Preventive UNCAC A Governance and Development Framework UNCAC Articles Demand for Programming Article 5: Preventive anti-corruption Policy framework, strategies, coordination, policies and practices and consultation Article 6: Preventive anticorruption body or bodies TA to establish/strengthen oversight institutions Article 7: Civil service capacitybuilding Public sector reform Article 8: Code of conduct Promotion of integrity, honesty and responsibility among public officials Article 9: Public procurement and management of public finance Promoting a transparent effective system of public procurement and public finance management. Article 10: Public reporting Media and civil society empowerment Article 12: Private sector in delivering services Article 13: Civil society Social audit, and budget tracking

The Four Pillars of the UNCAC and Technical Assistance “UNCAC” Preventive Measures Strengthening State The Four Pillars of the UNCAC and Technical Assistance “UNCAC” Preventive Measures Strengthening State Institutions Asset Recovery International Cooperation Criminalization Law Enforcement UNDP’s comparative advantage is “Preventive Measures”

Capacity Development Demand South-south Cooperation Supply Inclusive Participation Responsive Institutions International norms and principles Capacity Development Demand South-south Cooperation Supply Inclusive Participation Responsive Institutions International norms and principles Human rights - Gender equality – Accountability & transparency Strategic plan – key result area Democratic Governance Aid Effectiveness National Ownership

Democratic Governance Approach: Holistic Approach to Implement Article 6 of UNCAC Democratic Governance Approach: Holistic Approach to Implement Article 6 of UNCAC

Global Programme on Anti-Corruption for Development Effectiveness (PACDE) South-South Cooperation Expected q Increased institutional Global Programme on Anti-Corruption for Development Effectiveness (PACDE) South-South Cooperation Expected q Increased institutional capacity Outcomes: Capacity Development to implement UNCAC q Increased utilisation of governance and anti-corruption assessment tools and instruments q Strengthen capacity of media and civil society to provide oversight q Improved harmonisation and coordination Aid Effectiveness q Increased awareness and knowledge on anti-corruption norms and standards National Ownership

The practice architecture Oslo Gov centre Bratislava RC New York BDP HQ/DGG Panama Regional The practice architecture Oslo Gov centre Bratislava RC New York BDP HQ/DGG Panama Regional Centre Cairo Reg centre Dakar Regional centre Colombo Regional Centre Johannesburg Regional Centre Bangkok Suva Pacific Centre

UNDP’s Work on Anti-Corruption • Global level: Service Delivery platform (Mo. U; partnership; context UNDP’s Work on Anti-Corruption • Global level: Service Delivery platform (Mo. U; partnership; context policy position; knowledge management) • Regional level: Regional programmes (POGAR/Bratislava/Bangkok Centre’s work; Regional AC networks) • Country level: Advisory Support; governance/AC anti-corruption assessment; coordination

Multi-stakeholder partnership in Fighting Corruption Multi-stakeholder partnership in Fighting Corruption

Building Partnerships for Anti-Corruption at Global, Regional and Country level UNDP Partnerships: • Global Building Partnerships for Anti-Corruption at Global, Regional and Country level UNDP Partnerships: • Global level: Policy leadership (global AC Co. P); strategic thinking (strengthening advocacy role); development of global knowledge products & tools • Regional level: Regional policy and strategy formulation (regional Co. P); programme implementation (e. g. , POGAR, Bangkok, and Bratislava programmes) • Country level: coordination; programme implementation (policy/advisory support for AC institutions, national strategies, work plans; surveys; trainings; AC-tools and methodologies; strengthening civil society and media)

Building Partnerships for Anti-Corruption at Global, Regional and Country Levels (Contd. ) UNDP Partners: Building Partnerships for Anti-Corruption at Global, Regional and Country Levels (Contd. ) UNDP Partners: • UNODC (Cooperation framework at the headquarters; programming cooperation at regional & country levels) • UNIFEM; UNICEF; UN ECA: Corruption in service delivery; gender issue; AC Commissions in Africa • TI: Development of knowledge products; IACC process • OECD, DAC/Govnet : Joint assessment; Coordination of AC initiatives through DAC AC task team • U 4 & GTZ : trainings; knowledge products • World Bank, ADB, Af. DB, and other bilateral and multi-lateral donors Interdependence of Cooperation to Prevent and Combat Corruption

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