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u u u Charles Muller, Masahiro Shimoda, Kiyonori Nagasaki Center for Evolving Humanities, Graduate school of Humanities and Sociology, University of Tokyo (Powerpoint file for this presentation available at: http: //www. acmuller. net/articles/2011 -03 -31 SAT_DDB-AAS. ppt)
u Joseph Raben: “Humanities Computing in an Age of Social Change, ” Keynote Lecture, Digital Humanities, King’s College, 8 th July 2010. http: //www. artshumanities. net/video/roberto_busa_award_lec ture_joseph_raben_%E 2%80%93_humanities _computing_age_social_change_dh 2010
Joe Raben: “It seems ironic that the community of scholars dedicated to promoting wired access to the riches of the humanist tradition have so far failed to create a Wiki of their own activities. To rely on the imprecise algorythmic methods of Google, which is basically an advertising medium designed by computer engineers without any evident input from the scholarly community, scarcely seems like appropriate behavior for a group that prides itself on the minute accuracy of its own documents. . . “
u “. . . And while Wikipedia probably contains a good deal of information regarding Digital Humanities, that information is so scattered among all the other types of information it contains, and is so subjected to random editing that it cannot be relied on for comprehensiveness, interconnectivity, or timeliness. A Wiki for humanities computing therefore, which could be called Digital Scholar, would provide many benefits to both the inner community itself, and the general world of scholarship. “
u Scholarly Wikis, yes, but more than this is needed to improve the situation.
u Digital Humanities in Japan has its own shortcomings: u u A overall sluggishness in the acceptance of the digital medium in the humanities disciplines Lack of institutional recognition.
Ironically, in North America, Europe, and Asia, since the early days of the WWWeb, the field of Buddhist Studies, normally associated with the oldest trappings of inertia in humanistic studies, has emerged as one of the leading forces in the digitization of scholarship. u Spearheaded by canonical digitization projects. u
SAT Taishō Database Project: Centered on the Taishō Canon, INBUDS database, and DDB, and now linking with numerous other projects worldwide through the RBIB. u Center for Evolving Humanities (CEH). Academic unit at the University of Tokyo promoting digital scholarship through the development of a DH curriculum, seminars, symposia, workshops, and conferences, and support of young DH researchers. u
To cooperate with various related projects in the field of Buddhist Studies u To resolve a range of problems from an approach that understands the methods of traditional humanities as well as humanities informatics. u Construction of a “Research Base for Indology and Buddhist Studies” u
Interoperability Digital Dictionary of Buddhism bibliographic database INBUDS Multilingual Imager Web API SAT DB DDB Character Ontology 10
Type in 阿羅漢 (arhat) and search
Select a page from the search results
Located term 阿羅漢
Select a portion of text Basic meanings from DDB, along with a link into the dictionary are generated
DDB entry on Arhat
Search for 阿羅漢 in the article database Ci. Nii database information indicates the availability of a PDF
PDF of article from Ci. Nii
SARDS (Germany) (Austria) INBUDS (Japan) Various other international projects ITLR (Germany) DDB (Japan) International Buddhist Studies alliance International connection of basic research via hyperlink SAT (Japan) Pali Canon (Thailand) English Daizōkyō (Numata) Collected Works of Korean Buddhism (Korea) 20
Past Indological and Buddhist Research RBIB Revised texts and Tripiṭaka as result Legacy and Digitization Single-dimensional data in the form of transcripts、images, music, film SARDS (Germany) DDB (International) International Buddhist Studies alliance English translation of Daizōkyō SAT (Japan) International connection of basic research via hyperlink ITLR (Germany) collaborative management Buddhist Research Base Various other international projects Pali Canon (Thailand) Collected Works of Korean Buddhism (Korea) research on evaluation Analyzing Next-Generation Humanities Storing Digital Humanities INBUDS (Japan) Research on Media and Buddhism Next-Generation Buddhist Studies
The Digital Dictionary of Buddhism [DDB]: A Model for the Sustainable Development of a Collaborative Scholarly Field-wide Web Reference Service 恕
DDB Process of Development 1986 – work initiated with book publication in mind. u 1995 – placed on web with approx. 2800 entries u 1995 -2000 HTML hardlinked version (base files maintained in SGML then XML) u 2001 – "Beddow Version. " Web delivery with Perl/XSL (approx. 5, 000 entries) u
DDB Process of Development u u 2002 – Completion of input of Soothill data (funded by JSPS), along with user contributions, raising the DDB content to 15, 000 entries. 2002 -2011 – rapid addition of entries based on translation work and user input (esp. Karashima, Hodge, Sinclair, Foulk, Radich, Swanson, Chun, Lusthaus, plus scores of others). Entry total has reached 55, 000 and continues to grow rapidly
DDB Interoperation with SAT Database 2008 – For the first time, the DDB was applied directly to an online textual database, based on the work of Kiyonori Nagasaki of IIDH. u 2008 – Reverse linking: based on documentation provided on the SAT web site, we were also able to link entries directly back into their locations in the Taishō via SAT. u
"DDB 2. 0" u Fall 2010 – Michael Beddow completes radical rewrite of DDB and CJKV-E programming structure.
Access and Collaboration Guest user (5 searches per day). Policy developed gradually based on experience. u Full access (contribution—basic: 1 A 4 page for two years of full access; or fee). u Success of the model is based greatly on devoting energy to making known the contributions of collaborators: node level, web site (Contributors), monthly newsletter, monthly data postings. u
Access and Collaboration u Institutional Subscriptions. More than 38 university libraries are now subscribed to the DDB/CJKV-E dictionaries, perhaps the greatest single validation of the acceptance of the project as scholarly resource.
"CJKV-E 2. 0" u We have received a three-year research grant for the purpose of expanding the coverage of the CJKV-E dictionary. We are making excellent progress, such that by the end of 2013, users will have access to a significantly larger lexicon for the study of classical Chinese texts.
Thank you! 恕 u (Powerpoint file for this presentation available at: http: //www. acmuller. net/articles/2011 -03 -31 -SAT_DDBAAS. ppt)