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U. S. Naval Forces Europe U. S. Naval Forces Africa Commander SIXTH FLEET “Maritime U. S. Naval Forces Europe U. S. Naval Forces Africa Commander SIXTH FLEET “Maritime Domain Awareness Perspectives” Mediterranean Security 2012 January 2012

Agenda • What is MDA ? • Challenges • Prerequisites for Success • Solutions Agenda • What is MDA ? • Challenges • Prerequisites for Success • Solutions – MSSIS – SEA VISION • Summary

Maritime Domain Awareness The effective understanding of anything associated with the maritime domain that Maritime Domain Awareness The effective understanding of anything associated with the maritime domain that could impact the security, safety, economy, or environment of a nation.

Prerequisites for Success • Acquiring and sharing maritime information with a broad array of Prerequisites for Success • Acquiring and sharing maritime information with a broad array of partners reduces vulnerability to attack and improves cooperation toward maritime security and safety. • Governmental agencies and international partners recognize benefits of cooperating to achieve common maritime security goals and perceive positive return on investment. • Both the greatest advances in and most significant challenges to improving MDA involve overcoming legal, policy, and cultural barriers to sharing information. The Global Maritime Community Of Interest (GMCOI) cannot afford a unilateral approach to improving MDA.

MDA Solution • Detection - Access and integrate maritime data already collected by GMCOI MDA Solution • Detection - Access and integrate maritime data already collected by GMCOI • Data Sharing - The ability to share information requires a trusted collaboration environment • Fusion and Analysis - The GMCOI must enhance its tool set to process and analyze the ever increasing amount of maritime data, all source information and detect key anomalies • Dissemination - Migrate away from traditional point-topoint bi-lateral information networks to a federated regional architecture wherein data is exposed and discoverable based on a user’s preferences Integrate existing systems/networks and share information to the maximum extent possible

Maritime Safety and Security Information System (MSSIS) • Collects and distributes worldwide, open source Maritime Safety and Security Information System (MSSIS) • Collects and distributes worldwide, open source AIS data • Participants voluntarily share national AIS information. In return participants have access to all AIS in the network • Participants upload/view AIS data on TV 32 software (developed by Volpe) • Some participants use a hardware device that negates the requirement for a PC • Developed, hosted and maintained by US Department of Transportation Volpe Center • Volpe provides operations and maintenance support for NAVAF servers • Seven country visits per year • Sever upgrades in FY 13 http: //en. wikipedia. org/wiki/Maritime_Safety_and_Security_Information_System http: //www. youtube. com/watch? v=AEu. WV-1 y. V 80

MSSIS PARTICIPATING NATIONS (July 2011 - 68 NATIONS) ACTIVE PARTICIPANTS ALBANIA ESTONIA KENYA POLAND MSSIS PARTICIPATING NATIONS (July 2011 - 68 NATIONS) ACTIVE PARTICIPANTS ALBANIA ESTONIA KENYA POLAND ARGENTINA FINLAND LIBERIA PORTUGAL AUSTRALIA FRANCE LITHUANIA ROMANIA BAHRAIN GABON MALTA SAO TOME & PRINCIPE BELGIUM GAMBIA MAURITANIA SENEGAL BENIN GEORGIA MAURITIUS SEYCHELLES BRAZIL GERMANY MEXICO SINGAPORE BULGARIA GHANA MONTENEGRO SLOVENIA CAMEROON GREECE MOROCCO SPAIN CANADA GUINEA MOZAMBIQUE SWEDEN CAPE VERDE ICELAND NETHERLANDS TOGO CHILE IRAQ NEW ZEALAND TUNISIA COLOMBIA ISRAEL NIGERIA TURKEY CROATIA ITALY NORWAY UKRAINE DENMARK JAMAICA OMAN UNITED KINGDOM DJIBOUTI JAPAN PAKISTAN UNITED STATES DOMINICAN REP. JORDAN PERU URUGUAY PENDING AND/OR UNDER CONSIDERATION INDIA COSTA RICA IRELAND PHILIPPINES TIMOR LESTE

MSSIS - Gulf of Guinea Nigeria Ghana Cameroon STP Gabon MSSIS - Gulf of Guinea Nigeria Ghana Cameroon STP Gabon

Adding Satellite AIS Togo Benin Liberia Cote D’Ivore Ghana Nigeria Cameroon Gabon Congo • Adding Satellite AIS Togo Benin Liberia Cote D’Ivore Ghana Nigeria Cameroon Gabon Congo • Sat AIS increases data by 157% • Allows easy access (through web) for interagency MDA partners. • Vastly increases the range of data (400 NM +) • Covers areas of coast not covered by Terrestrial AIS • Doesn’t require equipment maintenance

Maritime Surveillance System (MSS) • Surveillance system consisting of radars, AIS, and data fusion Maritime Surveillance System (MSS) • Surveillance system consisting of radars, AIS, and data fusion display • Data fusion display provides radar with overlayed AIS data • Connected to MSSIS • Some installs complete, others in progress Senegal Sierra Leone Nigeria Cameroon Gabon Tanzania Mozambique Seychelles Mauritius

Regional Maritime Awareness Capability (RMAC) • Surveillance system consisting of radars, cameras, AIS, and Regional Maritime Awareness Capability (RMAC) • Surveillance system consisting of radars, cameras, AIS, and data fusion display • Data fusion display provides vessel track stitching using radar with overlayed AIS data. • Connected to MSSIS • Originally in Nigeria and Sao Tome and Principe. Developed by NAVAIR • Djibouti and Kenya installs were 1206 • DJ expansion • Kenya. One node installed, others pending • Nigeria expanding RMAC to afloat platform (NNS THUNDER) Surface Surveillance Day/Thermal Cameras AIS Tracking

SEA VISION • • • Hosted by The Volpe Center Web-based MSSIS backbone Available SEA VISION • • • Hosted by The Volpe Center Web-based MSSIS backbone Available to any MSSIS Member Expandable – Data feeds (in progress) – Threat detection/evaluation (future)

Includes Ship Information Each box is a block of ships 13 Includes Ship Information Each box is a block of ships 13

Includes Tracking 14 Includes Tracking 14

Threat Detection Computer Aided Maritime Threat Assessment System (CAMTES) 15 Threat Detection Computer Aided Maritime Threat Assessment System (CAMTES) 15

Rule Based Alerts 16 Rule Based Alerts 16

Satellite Radar Research off Lagos observed a large number of vessels in SAR which Satellite Radar Research off Lagos observed a large number of vessels in SAR which were not transmitting AIS. – On average 85% or more. – Many vessels not transmitting AIS of significant length- most likely > 300 GT. Green – AIS Red – RADARSAT ship detections Successfully demonstrated publishing RADARSAT ship detections into SEA VISION Green and blue – AIS Pink – SAR ship detections

Questions? Edgar. Bates@eu. navy. mil Questions? Edgar. [email protected] navy. mil

All Partners Access Network (APAN) This brief https: //community. apan. org All Partners Access Network (APAN) This brief https: //community. apan. org