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U. S. Coast Guard International Port Security (IPS) Program LCDR Ray Negrón USCG Atlantic U. S. Coast Guard International Port Security (IPS) Program LCDR Ray Negrón USCG Atlantic Area III Western Hemp. Port Security Conference Punta Cana, Dominican Republic April 10, 2008

Overview • USCG IPS Intro/Review • Country Visit Status • Reciprocal Visits • Best Overview • USCG IPS Intro/Review • Country Visit Status • Reciprocal Visits • Best Practices • Areas of Concern • Long Term Direction

USCG International Port Security Program Overview The IPS Program’s focus is to: • Engage USCG International Port Security Program Overview The IPS Program’s focus is to: • Engage in bilateral and multilateral security discussions with trading nations • Share and align maritime security practices • Exchange best practices

USCG International Port Security Program Overview • Preliminary information exchange with maritime trading partners USCG International Port Security Program Overview • Preliminary information exchange with maritime trading partners • Port facility visits • In country visit and information exchange • Ongoing dialogue • Reciprocal visits

IPS Program Personnel Rotterdam Alameda DC Norfolk Tokyo Singapore IPS Program Personnel Rotterdam Alameda DC Norfolk Tokyo Singapore

Status Report Country Visits to Date: 136 Visits Completed • (out of 145) 10 Status Report Country Visits to Date: 136 Visits Completed • (out of 145) 10 Have Not Substantially Implemented the ISPS Code (2 More Have Not Reported to IMO) - Second Round of Visits has Commenced

Reciprocal Visits Hosted 27 reciprocal visits to the U. S. § § § § Reciprocal Visits Hosted 27 reciprocal visits to the U. S. § § § § European Commission (Italy, Netherlands, U. K. , Belgium, France) Russia Norway Korea Canada Nigeria Brazil China Guatemala Honduras Nicaragua Ghana European Commission (Ireland, UK, Bulgaria, Portugal Dominican Republic § § § South Africa Gabon Mexico Uruguay European Commission (Greece, Belgium, Spain, France, U. K. , Sweden) § Saudi Arabia § Argentina § Columbia § Trinidad and Tobago § Togo § Bahrain § Norway § Albania (Israel – April 2008) (Suriname – May 2008)

Locations of Reciprocal Visits • CG Headquarters • • Atlantic Area • Command • Locations of Reciprocal Visits • CG Headquarters • • Atlantic Area • Command • • New York, NY • • Philadelphia, PA • • Baltimore, MD • • Norfolk, VA • • Charleston, SC • • Savannah, GA • • Jacksonville, FL • • San Francisco, CA Miami, FL Tampa, FL Mobile, AL New Orleans, LA Port Arthur, TX Corpus Christi, TX Houston, TX Galveston, TX Los Angeles, CA Seattle, WA

Reciprocal Visit Previous Topics of Interest • Container, bulk liquid, cruise, & coal facilities Reciprocal Visit Previous Topics of Interest • Container, bulk liquid, cruise, & coal facilities • National Vessel Movement Center • El Paso Intelligence Center (EPIC) • Joint Harbor Operations Center (Norfolk, VA) • CBP Border Crossing • Vessel Traffic Centers

Reciprocal Visit Potential Topics of Interest • • • Security Committees Security Exercises Inland Reciprocal Visit Potential Topics of Interest • • • Security Committees Security Exercises Inland River Ports Ice Operations Outer Continental Shelf Cooperative Agreements – St. Lawrence Seaway

Reciprocal Visits Lessons Learned • Delegation – 4 to 6 working level DA reps Reciprocal Visits Lessons Learned • Delegation – 4 to 6 working level DA reps • Security Policy Automation Network (SPAN) • Delegate information required 30 days prior to arrival: – Name – Date of birth – Country of origin/nationality – Rank/title – Agency/organization – Position – Passport number – A short biography of senior members • How to request a reciprocal visit – U. S. Embassy – International Port Security Liaison Officer (IPSLO)

Best Practices • Alfapass – Belgium – – Industry led Worker access to various Best Practices • Alfapass – Belgium – – Industry led Worker access to various facilities Internet based Electronic and biometric technologies • Control tower - Romania – – Observe entire facility Monitor personnel and vehicles Climate controlled CCTV

Best Practices • Security Zones - Jamaica – – Waterside access is common weakness Best Practices • Security Zones - Jamaica – – Waterside access is common weakness Political implications Cooperative effort Potentially costly • Railroad gate guard tower – India – – Locked gate Guards on ground and tower Moderate cost Not fool proof

Best Practices • Pipe barrier – Saudi Arabia – Supplements perimeter fence – Recycled Best Practices • Pipe barrier – Saudi Arabia – Supplements perimeter fence – Recycled material – Virtually impenetrable • Concertina wire at bottom of fence – Indonesia – Discourages access over or under – Additional deterrent

Best Practices • Anti-vehicle barriers - Korea – Low cost (scrap materials) – Easy Best Practices • Anti-vehicle barriers - Korea – Low cost (scrap materials) – Easy to deploy – Little/no training • Carbon dioxide (CO 2) detector – Dominican Republic – Uncomplicated – Low cost (<$300 U. S. ) – Minimal training

Best Practices • Color-coded flags – Ecuador – Easily understood – Country-wide – Cost Best Practices • Color-coded flags – Ecuador – Easily understood – Country-wide – Cost Effective • Color-coded uniforms – Philippines – Required for all contractors – Color coded per restricted area – Easily seen from a distance

Best Practices • Signs in Multiple Languages – Malaysia – Three languages – Posted Best Practices • Signs in Multiple Languages – Malaysia – Three languages – Posted at gates • Port security advisory committee – South Africa – All port stakeholders – Emphasis on port security – Informed response

Best Practices • Police presence – Thailand – Cooperative agreement – Officer and motorcycle Best Practices • Police presence – Thailand – Cooperative agreement – Officer and motorcycle – 24/7 presence • Canine unit – Guatemala – Cargo and personnel screening – Effective – Minimal cost

Best Practices • 24 -hour guards – Algeria – Stationed at transfer pier – Best Practices • 24 -hour guards – Algeria – Stationed at transfer pier – Must have authorized access – Additional guards during transfer • Monthly DA inspections – Costa Rica – Announced – Observes security measures and procedures – Follow-up

Best Practices • Security training - Uruguay – All personnel – Minimum 2 hours Best Practices • Security training - Uruguay – All personnel – Minimum 2 hours = Admin – Contracted truck drivers • Response cards - Peru – Details security duties – All security levels – Laminated – Worn around neck

Best Practices • Whistle - Thailand – – Security incident codes Effective at medium Best Practices • Whistle - Thailand – – Security incident codes Effective at medium distances Very low cost No maintenance • Continuous Improvements Argentina – 3 tiered system for facility improvements – Follow-up coincides with Annual Endorsement on ISSC (Perimeters, barriers, fencing, Access Control, IDS) – 66% of facilities at third stage

Best Practices • Homeport Website http: //homeport. uscg. mil Best Practices • Homeport Website http: //homeport. uscg. mil

Areas of Concern Governance and oversight • No enacting legislation • Communication of security Areas of Concern Governance and oversight • No enacting legislation • Communication of security levels • Use of last ports of call information for Port State Control purposes

Areas of Concern Capacity to meet Security Level 2 • • Sustainability Lack of Areas of Concern Capacity to meet Security Level 2 • • Sustainability Lack of resources Communications U. S. approach - Targeted measures

Areas of Concern Poor access control • • Fences Gates Guards City encroachment Areas of Concern Poor access control • • Fences Gates Guards City encroachment

Areas of Concern Waterside Security • • • Standoff area Availability of boats Crew Areas of Concern Waterside Security • • • Standoff area Availability of boats Crew Training Maintenance Waterway congestion

Areas of Concern Drills and exercises • Execution • Feedback loop • DA oversight Areas of Concern Drills and exercises • Execution • Feedback loop • DA oversight • DA connectivity with port facilities • Lost in translation

Success Story – Dominican Republic Before. After Success Story – Dominican Republic Before. After

Success Story – Dominican Republic Before After Success Story – Dominican Republic Before After

Long Term Direction Increase focus on capacity building • Assistance with security shortfalls • Long Term Direction Increase focus on capacity building • Assistance with security shortfalls • Lack of sufficient resources • Develop relationships Requires assistance of developed countries • • Organization of American States (OAS) Asian-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) Transport Canada USCG drill & exercise training

Long Term Direction The ISPS Code is a minimum security standard Long Term Direction The ISPS Code is a minimum security standard

Long Term Direction “A systems approach to maritime governance must be global in scope Long Term Direction “A systems approach to maritime governance must be global in scope and must be built upon a foundation of international cooperation. ” U. S. Coast Guard Strategy for Maritime Safety, Security, and Stewardship

Questions? Raymond. Negron@uscg. mil 757 -753 -6728 Questions? Raymond. [email protected] mil 757 -753 -6728