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turn to DS slide show dramatic structure Page 36 1
Dramatic Structure 2
• a play’s sequence of events, often represented on/by a triangle 3
Dramatic Structure 1. Exposition is off the triangle
#1 --Exposition • What we know about the play before the real action starts • It can come from the dialogue • It can come from visual elements • costumes, setting, or props • It can come from the program • It is off the triangle
#1 --Exposition • All the background so we can understand the play: • who is protagonist [main character]? • who is the antagonist? • what is the setting, including season & time of day? • what is the basic conflict?
#1 --Exposition Examples • Romeo & Juliet • R&J = dual protagonist • setting = Verona • Basic conflicts = R&J’s families hate one another • Season = summer • Juliet’s dad is having a party
Exposition “The Three Little Pigs” • 3 Pigs get kicked out of their homes by Mom • Each pig must go his own way & build his own cozy home
On page 37 in your notebook, please select 2 of the following to complete: 1. Some of the components of exposition are ___ and ___. 2. An example of an expositional element from a play is ___. 3. One can find information about the exposition from ___ and ___. 4. Exposition is ___. Collect cards from really great students
Dramatic Structure 2. Inciting Incident
#2 --Inciting Incident • Point at which the story actually begins • Inciting incident = Exciting incident
#2 --Inciting Incident • So important that most playwrights wave a flag just before it's introduced • They do this with a • (Pause) stage direction • (General stage direction) involving a physical action • note that stage directions are usually in italics
#2 --Inciting Incident Examples • When Romeo sees Juliet for the first time • When Macbeth meets up with 3 Witches who tell him that he will be king • When Oedipus sends for Tiresius who says to back off on the search for the killer
Inciting Incident “The Three Little Pigs” • The wolf wants some lunch. . . and blows on the first pig’s door
amatic Structure 3. Rising Action
#3 --Rising Action • All the important events that occur before the climax • All series of events that lead up to the most important moment in the play FYI: Don’t write this. . . • Short plays have few events • Long plays have more events • Typically you will be asked to record 3 5 for any play we analyze
Rising Action “The Three Little Pigs” • Pig #1 goes to Pig #2 and seeks shelter • Wolf comes & blows down #2’s house • Pigs #1 & #2 whine to Pig #3 for shelter • Wolf tries to blow down #3’s house
On page 25 in your notebook, please select 1 of the following to complete: 1. Critical attributes of dramatic structure include___ and ___. 2. An example of an inciting incident is ___. 3. The key components of an inciting incident include ___ and ___. 4. To define the rising action of a play, it is necessary to understand ___ because ___.
On page. . . in your notebook, please select 2 of the following to complete: 1. Critical attributes of dramatic structure include___ and ___. 2. An example of an inciting incident is ___. 3. The key components of an inciting incident include ___ and ___. 4. To define the rising action of a play, it is necessary to understand ___ because ___.
amatic Structure 4. Climax
#4 --Climax • Most exciting/intense moment on stage • Turning point for protagonist • change for protagonist--for better or for worse
#4 --Climax Examples • Most exciting/intense moment on stage • Characters may • die [all bad guys in Shakespearean tragedy] • express their passion for one another • reveal something alarming [Oh no, I have been sleeping with my mother and we have children? !] • do something alarming based on that information [stab out their eyes, kill someone, kill themselves]
Climax “The Three Little Pigs” • Wolf goes down chimney • will he eat the pigs? • will he get trapped in the pot of boiling water?
amatic Structure 4. Falling Action
#4 --Falling Action • All the events/action that happen right after the climax • May be a moment of final suspense in which final outcome of conflict is in doubt
#4 --Falling Action Examples • Juliet awakens and offs herself • Macbeth’s head is displayed on a stick • Rizzo tells Kenickie she’s not pregnant
Falling Action“The Three Little Pigs” • Soup’s on at the pig # 3’s house
amatic Structure 5. Resolution
#5 --Resolution • How the story ends • How the conflict is finally resolved • How the order is restored • Come full circle
#5 --Resolution Examples • Romeo & Juliet’s family must forgive one another • A new king is crowned/name as order is restored • Sandy & Danny ride off in Greased Lightning Car
Resolution“The Three Little Pigs” • Pigs realize they must work together • Mom says she’s proud