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Why do people travel? • have a rest • explore new places - • for education – to study • practise a foreign language • for an adventure • get to know new cultures • for entertainment • To see historical places • For shopping reasons • Because it´s their hobby • Because of work or go on business • to commute to work/school • to visit family
Ways of transport - by land – car, bus, (drive a car, go by bus) bicycle (ride a bike), train ( take a train), motorcycle/motorbike, truck (Am)/lorry, tram, van, scooter, underground – by air – plane, hot-air balloon, jet (prúdové lietadlo), helicopter, – by water – ship, boat yacht, canoe, ferry (trajekt), •
Means of transport – a car • The dominant form of transport nowadays is undoubtedly the car. Slovaks use it when they go on holidays or travel to closer destinations. It has got some disadvantages but many advantages. • Pros – you can stop when you want, when you are sick and tired, want to eat, a car has got a big boot so you can take a lot of luggage with you • Cons – if you travel long distances it is tiring, petrol/gas now is expensive, this means of transport pollutes the environment a lot (we should use unleaded petrol) and catalyzators to reduce pollution
Means of transport – a train • Travelling by train is quite common nowadays. • Pros- relatively cheap, quick, comfortale – if you are tired of sitting, you can walk. If you travel at night, you can sleep in a sleeper and if hungry, you can eat in a dining-car. You can enjoy the scenery, can work/study/take phone calls on the way. • It doesn´t pollute environment a lot. (environmentally friendly means of transport) • Cons – Railways stations and trains are noisy, overcrowded and dirty sometimes. In a compartment you don´t have a privacy, strangers staring, can be stressful, listening to other people´s loud phone conversations can be unpleasant, disturbing.
Walking, riding a bike • If you travel for shorter distances – we can walk /go on foot or ride a bike • These are definitely the healthiest ways of travelling • UNDEGROUND/TUBE/SUBWAY • in big cities • It´s very convenient way of travel, the undeground trains go every five minutes, the rates are quite low, you can travel easily even rush hours
Means of transport - plane • Using a plane has become quite popular. It is most convenient for longer distations • Some people are afraid of flying but statistics show there are fewer air accidents than the road ones. Moreover, flying is faster and more comfortable, of course when the weather is nice. • Pros: it´s fast, comfortable, relatively safe • Cons: it´s sometimes expensive, if you don´t travel with low cost airlines – budget airlines, • Moreover there is a danger of hijacking
Journey by plane • If you want to fly, you have to book flight tickets in advance • you can choose from the first class called also business class or second class called economy class. • On the day of your departure, you have to arrive at the airport at least two hours before your departure • At the airport the pasengers have check-in at first. The luggage is weighed because each passenger can take only 20 kg of luggage free of charge. Then the passengers go through the customs to show their flight tickets and passports For air traffic safety both people and luggage have to be checked and metal objects have to be detected. It is forbidden to take sharp objects and liquids on the board • Then the passengers can go to the departure lounge. When the plane is ready to take off the announcer calls passengers to get ready and board the plane. Before the aircraft moves the notices flash up – „Fasten Your Safety Belts“ and „No Smoking“. When the plane get permissions from the control tower for flight it takes off. • In the plane the stewardess shows passengers their seats and during the flight she offers them some meals, refreshments or drinks.
Travelling abroad • Slovak families usually travel to spent their holidays abroad once a year. Families can use the services of travel agencies or they can travel independently – on their own. • If they travel on their own, they can stay in a campsite or rented bungallow and prepare meals by themselves. (self-catering holiday) • Home –swapping is a new type of holiday. You exchange your home with a family in another country. • Couch-surfing is a way of travelling for young people who want to save money, accomodation is provided for free.
Hichhiking and backpacking • Especially young people like to travel by hitchhiking. It is one of the cheapest ways of travelling. They take their backpack and can go wherever they want. • It’s cheap, but dangerous. And you must have luck by hitch-hiking. It is very slow travelling. • What to arrange before travel • When we are going abroad we must have necessary documents- at first checked a validity of your passport, sometimes we must get a visa and other things e. g. we must exchange money. • When we are going by train, bus and plane. We must buy tickets. • We have to have information about accomodation, transportation and so on. We have to get travel insurance • We can live in a hotel, a hostel, a cottage, a appartement.
• • • Vocabulary cancel – zrušiť delay – meškanie connection – spoj backpack – ruksak handbag – príručná taška suitcase – kufor sleeping bag – spací vak penknife – vreckový nožík tent – stan traveller´s cheques – cestovné šeky • tram – električka • • • truck – nákladné auto yacht – jachta boat – menšia loď ferry-boat – trajekt sailing ship – plachetnica Its departure is scheduled for. . . – jeho odchod je naplánovaný na. . . get on /off the train – nastúpiť/vystúpiť na/do vlak/u go for a holiday – ísť na prázdniny off-season – mimosezóna on-season – v sezóne excursion places – výletné miesta
seamen – námorníci shipyard – lodenica aircraft – lietadlo jet – prúdové lietadlo be in charge of – mať na starosti crew – posádka pilot, co-pilot – pilot, druhý pilot deck – paluba cockpit – palubný priestor railways – železnice arrivals and departures – príchody a odchody consult the rail guide – pozrieť sa do cestovného poriadku fare – cestovné inquiry office – informácie return ticket– cesta/lístok tam/späť single/one-way ticket – obyčajný lístok slot machine – automat na lístky baggage check – batožinový lístok left –luggage office – úschovňa batožiny dining-car – jedálny vozeň fast train – rýchlik passenger train – osobný vlak sleeping car – spací vozeň smoker – fajčiarske oddelenie catch / miss a train, bus – chytiť /zmeškať vlak, autobus in time – presne(o hodinách) on time – presne(v určený čas)
book a seat – kúpiť si miestenku seat reservation – miestenka make a reservation for a ticket – rezervovať lístok independent travel – individuálna turistika itinerary – plán cesty package tour – zájazd s pevným programom low-cost – nízkonákladové entry visa – vstupné vízum, valid visa – platné v. grant/refuse sb visa – udeliť/zamietnuť niekomu vízum business trip – služobná cesta cruise – cesta loďou Voyage (passage) – plavba, cesta loďou journey – cesta be/go abroad – byť/ísť v/do zahraničia cross the frontier – prekročiť hranicu customs – colnica duty-free – oslobodený od cla smuggle – pašovať fine – pokuta be worth (seeing)– mať cenu, oplatiť sa extend the stay – prdĺžiť si pobyt check-in – zaregistrovať sa na letisku passenger lounge – odletová hala land – pristáť, get off – vzlietnuť hijack( a plane) – uniesť lietadlo fasten the belts – pripútať sa crash – zrútiť sa, havarovať inconvenience - nepohodlie pass through – prechádzať cez travel via Sydney– cestovať cez. .