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Transformation of Research and Education in the 21 st Century Edward Seidel Director, Office Transformation of Research and Education in the 21 st Century Edward Seidel Director, Office of Cyberinfrastructure National Science Foundation [email protected] gov

Data-Driven Multiscale Collaborations* for Complexity Great Challenges of 21 st Century Ø Multiscale Collaborations Data-Driven Multiscale Collaborations* for Complexity Great Challenges of 21 st Century Ø Multiscale Collaborations • General Relativity, Particles, Geosciences, Bio, Social. . . • And all combinations. . . Ø Science and Society being transformed by CI and Data • Completely new methodologies • “The End of Science” (as we know it) Ø CI plays central role • No community can attack challenges • Technical, CS, social issues to solve Ø Places requirements on computing, software, networks, tools, etc *Small groups still important!

Crises We Face v Computing Technology: SC last 4 yrs Ø Multicore: processor is Crises We Face v Computing Technology: SC last 4 yrs Ø Multicore: processor is new transistor Ø Programming model, fault tolerance, etc Ø New models: clouds, grids Ø Generate PBs of data! v Software Ø Complex applications, tools needed Ø Modern apps: 106+ lines, take decades v Collaboration “Computational science serves to advance all of science. . . inadequate and outmoded structures within the Federal government and the academy today do not effectively support this critical multidisciplinary field”

Data Crisis: Information Big Bang Industry PCAST Digital Data NSB Report: Long-Lived Digital Data Data Crisis: Information Big Bang Industry PCAST Digital Data NSB Report: Long-Lived Digital Data Collections Enabling Research and Education in the 21 st Century NSF Experts Study Wired, Nature Storage Networking Industry Association (SNIA) 100 Year Archive Requirements Survey Report “there is a pending crisis in archiving… we have to create long-term methods for preserving information, for making it available for analysis in the future. ” 80% respondents: >50 yrs; 68% > 100 yrs Scientific Computing and Imaging Institute, University of Utah

NSF National CI Blueprint Virtual Education Crisis: I Organizations for Exascale (multi-agency? ) need NSF National CI Blueprint Virtual Education Crisis: I Organizations for Exascale (multi-agency? ) need all of this to Distributed Communities Clouds? Nets start to solve my problem! Software Algorithms Track 1 High Apps Performance Computing Data. Net Data & Visualization/ Apps Interaction Data. Net VO Data. Net Track 2 Grand Challenge Community OSG Campus Track 2 Viz Track 2 Learning & Work Force Needs & e. Xtreme Digital Apps Opportunities LC OSG LC VO Apps Campus Apps Data. Net Apps Campus Apps Campus

What about Campuses? Next generation science requires huge data to be manipulated, retrieved, stored, What about Campuses? Next generation science requires huge data to be manipulated, retrieved, stored, analyzed v Collaborative environments will need unprecedented levels of sophistication v Ø Can barely do low-end video conferencing today! HD, Optiportal-level environments needed v DNA sequencers generate Tera. Bytes of Data We need to seriously rethink our campus environments and how they can support new data-driven modalities of research, collaboration, i. HDTV: 1500 Mbits/sec Calit 2 to UW education Research Channel Over NLR/CENIC/PW

Federated Identity Management v It is a nightmare to navigate the many logins and Federated Identity Management v It is a nightmare to navigate the many logins and passwords we live with Ø A huge barrier to campus integration It is also insecure! v There are solutions under development v We need to see if we can adopt a standard mechanism v Ø NSF, Tera. Grid, and many universities and organizations have joined In. Common Ø NIH has adopted it!

FY 09/Stimulus Package Update v $3 B stimulus package for NSF Ø On top FY 09/Stimulus Package Update v $3 B stimulus package for NSF Ø On top of ~$7 B FY 09 annual budget v General NSF priorities Ø “$2 B+ in unfunded excellence” • Focus on in-house proposals, standard research grants of 2 -5 year duration; increase success rate to 30% • Young investigators; CAREER, transformative, excellence v OCI: $80 M stimulus funds Ø Jumpstart new activities in software, LWD, applications Ø Career awards, GRF, Peta. Apps, STCI v OIA: MRI-R 2 and ARI-R 2 special opportunities for campus investments in CI: $200 M each

New Programs Provide Opportunities for Campuses v ARI-R 2: $200 M Ø Can be New Programs Provide Opportunities for Campuses v ARI-R 2: $200 M Ø Can be used to address campus research infrastructure, e. g. , network infrastructure v MRI-R 2: $200 M Ø “Supporting advances in supercomputing technology” Ø Awards up to $6 M v NTIA/RUS: $7. 2 B for broadband Ø NSF is working with these groups to help develop activities where universities can serve as community anchors, hubs of innovation Ø Unleashing Waves paper • http: //www 2. wiche. edu/info/publications/Unleas hing. Waves. pdf