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Trade Promotions Chapter 13 Overview
The Critical Components The Robison-Pattman Act Marketing Development Funds Display / Feature Activity Slotting Allowances Account Specific Promotions Third-Party Promotions
Robison - Pattman Must treat all retailers on an “equal basis” in terms of your product marketing. OK to scale in proportion to volume. Smith’s vs. Dan’s
Marketing Development Funds (MDF) Money accrued on a per-case basis to fund marketing activity for that particular brand within that particular store chain. May be used to fund displays, feature activity, price reductions. Usually NOT allowed to be given to the store and dropped to their bottom line.
MDF Just about ALL grocery chains deal in MDF. Walmart the exception. They require the brand to roll all MDF monies into lowering the cost price to Walmart for the product. Walmart does not play the game.
The Difference Typical Grocer Walmart Cost Per Case: l $14. 00 Accrues $2. 00 per case MDF l $12. 00
Store-Level Marketing Activities Shelf (price reduction, instant coupons) Off-shelf display (in-aisle stack or shipper display case). End-aisle display Display with Feature Pricing
The Volume Effect Store Shelf 1 x Off-Shelf Display Only 2. 5 x End Aisle Display Only 4 x Feature Price Only 7 x Off-Shelf Display + Feature Price 10 x End Aisle Display + Feature Price 13 x
The Economics (Net Brand Profit) Store Shelf $2, 436 End Aisle Display Only $2, 744 Feature Price Only $7, 152 End Aisle Display + Feature Price $10, 568
The Economics (Net Chain Profit) Store Shelf $2, 016 (30. 37%) End Aisle Display Only $15, 604 (44. 90%) Feature Price Only $12, 252 (27. 97%) End Aisle Display + Feature Price $25, 468 (29. 77%)
Coupon Opportunities l Catalina “Checkout” Coupons l Direct Mail “Smart” Coupons l In-store “Instant” Coupons l National FSI’s
Which One? Depends on your objectives. It hurts to give coupons to your loyal customers who will pay full price. Instant-Coupons highest redeeming, but only make sense if you are a small brand fighting for sales. It’ll kill you if you’re a category leader.
Coupon Economics Lot’s of hands in the food chain: l Distributor (Catalina, In-store, Vlassis) l Redemption ($$ per coupon) l Redemption House Processor
Who Pay’s Coupon costs are ALL payable out of the brand’s national marketing budget. In-store features, displays are paid out of the MDF monies accrued by the store and managed by the sales force, not the brand team.
Account-Specific Promotions The preferred method by retailers. They want promotions that set them apart as different, better & special, not the same promotion the store down the street has on your brand. The promotion reflects on the STORE, not the BRAND. Consumers don’t know where it’s coming from, and assume it’s the store doing it.
Account-Specific Methods Proprietary programs (Disney Video Cart at Target) Tagged Media Point-of-Sale Materials Display cases (especially refrigerated) Third-Party Promotions
Slotting Allowances Required for getting placement on any new product (usually). The economics are simple…. eight out of ten new products fail. The stores need to protect their profitability, and want the companies to put their money where their mouth is to get it into the store.
New Product Proliferation Over 25, 000 new products presented each year to the grocer. That’s about 100 per business day over the course of the year. They want to see your marketing plan, advertising plan, and your agreement to pay the slotting allowance as price of admission. Product has 45 days to prove itself or it’s gone.
Unique Promotions A really great and unique promotion can get the chains to waive slotting fees, but it’s gotta be GREAT! l l l Olympic Torchbearer (Coke) Catamarans (Hawaiian Punch) Autographed Stuff
Trade Before Consumer You have to figure out how you are going to market your product successfully at the trade level BEFORE you can market successfully to consumers. The TRADE is the GATEKEEPER.