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TRADE MICRODATA: OECD PERSPECTIVES Dominique Guellec Head, Trade and Business Statistics Directorate
Main messages In order to map and understand trade flows in an era of globalisation (GVCs etc. ) we need to capture the micro, business-level dimension of trade = who trades? The TEC exercise has proved a very efficient and cost effective way of advancing in that direction: it needs to be pursued and broadened.
- The TEC database - Trade microdata Handbook - Future perspective
The TEC database
Trade by Enterprise Characteristics (TEC) database Context TEC is a joint OECD-Eurostat exercise. Dataset are compiled by linking micro data (data at trader level) with business registers. Under guidance of the OECD Steering Group “Business Economic Statistics and Trade (BEST)”, a first OECD set of Linkage Tables was sent out to participating Non-EU-OECD member countries in June 2007. Structure 5 datasets displaying imports/exports by ISIC industry (or group of industry) in terms of value (M$) and numbers of enterprises : I. Trade by size class II. Trade by top enterprises III. Trade by partner zones and countries IV. Trade by number of partner countries V. Trade by commodities (CPC)
TEC database Content Up to now, OECD has received tables from Canada, the United States, Norway and Israel. In addition to that, Eurostat provided OECD with the respective (published) data tables of 19 EU member states: – EU countries 2005, 2006, 2007 – Canada 2003, 2006, 2007, 2008 exports – USA 2003, 2005 (exports) – Israel 2006, 2007, 2008 (exports) – Norway 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007 (aggregated data) – Expected soon: Australia, Brazil Comparability – EU countries trade data are reported either for Intra-EU or for extra-EU, no Total trade as the other countries, the perimeter of these zones evolves with the time (EU 25, EU 27) – For the majority of the countries (except Canada), data are not longitudinal series
TEC database Accessibility: Dot. Stat
Handbook for trade microdata
HANDBOOK FOR TRADE MICRODATA The Handbook will be a joint OECD-Eurostat endeavour (Eurostat is currently preparing a highly practical “compilers’ guide” for EU countries). • Objective: – Understand the relevance of matching microdata with trade data – Review the main methodological issues – Present the TEC database • Target Audience: – Statisticians and data compilers – Policy analysts (trade, industry)
HANDBOOK FOR TRADE MICRODATA Proposed contents: • The need of matching databases – The relevance of matching BR with other databases to understand economic microstructure and address policy relevant issues • Technical issues: – Matching firm level data with trade statistics – Sources of trade data and population coverage – International comparability • Data description (and analysis) – TEC content and organisation – Descriptive statistics
HANDBOOK FOR TRADE MICRODATA Tentative Calendar: • End of January: first draft OECD/Eurostat • February: discussion with the TEC Group • April: presentation at the TEC meeting for discussion and adoption
Future perspectives on trade microdata
Strengthening the quality of the data • Continue this highly successful exercise • Improve comparability (e. g. establishment v. enterprise) • Intra-EU trade v. extra-EU trade • Bring in new countries
Making more with the data Trade microdata are a unique tool to explore key policy questions: – What is the impact of the economic downturn on trade? (intensive/extensive margin) – What is the connection between trade and entrepreneurship? (exports by start-ups) – How do global value chains work? (offshoring, outsourcing => impact on job creations)
How to make more with the data? • Enriching the matched datasets: Business Registers are a unique platform for further matchings => ownership etc. Longitudinal datasets => business demography Discussion at CSTAT = very supportive. Database matching allows to create more value from existing sources while saving resources in NSOs
With those datasets, one can… - Compile further indicators, e. g. : – Trade by multinational enterprises; intrafirm trade. – Persistent exporters – Exports by young firms - Work with/facilitate data access to analysts: E. g. national researchers, etc. Experience in Canada, Italy, others?
Questions to delegates • Do you see the TEC database as useful? • What is your view on the Trade microdata handbook? • Is a broadening of trade micro databases useful? How can this be done? Do you have experience in that field?