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TRACEABILITY using rfid
What Is RFID • Identification by Radio Frequency Waves • An infrastructure • Sensory enhanced • Dynamic, real-time – not static • Physical item to IT Link • Minimizes manual labor • Eliminates data entry errors
Solutions In Operation Today • Security (Container, Building Access) • Defense (e. g. Total Asset Visibility) • Maintenance • Manufacturing (Routing, Control, Quality) • Warranty, Service and Support • Sensing (Cold Chain, etc. ) • Warehouse/Inventory • Store Operations (Promotion Execution)
Solutions In Operation Today • Financial (Smart Cards) • Asset Tracking-Recyclable containers/pallets, Equipment • Brand Protection / Anti-counterfeiting • Visibility, Global Trace and Track. • Maritime • Smart Secure Trade Lanes / Operation Safe Harbor • Health Care Patient Safety (SARS, etc. )
RFID Benefits • Makes supply chain more effective • Accurate data warehouse • Maximizes inventory management • Increases employee efficiency • Track goods more quickly • No line-of-sight required
Radio Frequency Spectrum AM EAS Data Modem 10 k. Hz CB Radio Toys 100 k. Hz EAS 1 MHz Low Frequency V 700 V 640 V 600 (125 KHz) (134 KHz) (530 KHz) Television FM 10 MHz Garage Door 100 MHz High Frequency V 670, V 680 &V 720 (13. 56 MHz) Cell Phone Data Terminal + EAS 1000 MHz Experimental Satellite Radar 300 GHz Ultra High Frequency V 740 V 690 (920~925 MHz) (2. 45 GHz)
Application (by frequency range) • Low Frequency (125/134 k. Hz & 530 k. Hz) Asset management (beer kegs, gas cylinders, waste), animal, forestry, manufacturing (cars, plant), security (immobilisers), access control and factory automation applications • High Frequency (13. 56 MHz) Distribution and logistics, document management, logistics, postal services, video rental, baggage handling, anti-counterfeiting, laundry, access control
Application (by frequency range) • Ultra High Frequency (865 -869/902 -928 MHz) Supply chain management, road tolls, drive-in payment schemes, access control • Microwave Frequency (2. 45 GHz) Road tolls, drive-in payment schemes, etc.
About the Tags
RFID TAGS • Passive - No Battery – powered by RF Field - Longer life span - Least functionality - Least expensive • Active - Battery powered - Limited life span - More costly - More functionality/performance - Sensor + data Semi-Passive - Battery assisted (limited) - Better read range than passive - Hybrid functionality - Mid range price
RFID TAGS The Electronic Product Code • A Serial number (ID) created for RFID tags that complements barcodes. • Adopts from Global Trade Item Number (GTIN).
Factory Automation Application
Application Solutions 1. Warehouse Pallet Control Solution • Attach an ID Tag to each pallet, and write the pallet number onto the ID Tag. Then install an Antenna on the forklift and connect it to a PLC or other control unit on the forklift. The operator can then drive to the pallet storage area by following either a work instruction sheet or wireless communications, confirm that the pallet number read by the Antenna contains the desired cargo, and load it onto the forklift (basic application method). • By also writing product information in addition to the pallet number onto the ID Tag, the information that is read by the Antenna when the pallet is loaded onto the forklift can by sent to the host system by wireless communications to help managing distribution control data inside the warehouse.
Application Solutions 2. Controlling Forklift Operation in Warehouse • • • Place an ID Tag on the roof of the forklift (secure with a magnet if necessary). Then install one Antenna each at the entrance and exit of the warehouses. (For the most accurate control, these should ideally be designated as one-way routes. This point must be covered by control measures. ) Store the number of the forklift and, if necessary, the name of the driver, in the ID Tag. The Antennas will then read the data from the ID Tag each time the forklift enters and leaves the warehouse, and send it to the host system. A system can also be built so that an alarm is sent to the forklift driver if he tries to enter the wrong warehouse. For additional control, the time that the forklift passes each Antenna can be written to the ID Tag. That data can later be uploaded to a database to show the operational flow of the forklifts.
Application Solutions 3. Inventory Control for Automated Warehouses • Mount Data Carriers (ID Tags) to the pallets and store the pallet number and information about the contents of the pallet (e. g. , component numbers, model numbers, and quantities) in the Data Carriers. • In response to a storage instruction, read (automatically) all the information in the Data Carrier, and, after checking the contents, store the pallet in the specified rack, and record the rack number of the stored pallet in the host computer. • In response to a delivery instruction from the host computer, take the pallet from the applicable rack, and after checking the pallet information, send the pallet to the picking or sorting process.
Application Solutions 4. Controlling the Entry/Exit of Contractors • Install an Antenna at the gates to read data (contractor's name, driver's name, truck number) from ID Tags held by the drivers, and write that data and the entry/exit time to a database. The driver does not need to leave the truck to do this. He can simply face the ID Tag in the direction of the Antenna to pass through the gate. • By comparing the times read from the ID Tag when passing through the entry and exit gates, the peak traffic times inside the company grounds can be determined
Application Solutions 5. Cargo Container Management • Mount an ID Tag to the container holding the cargo, and install an Antenna near the loading and/or unloading locations. Information can then be written to and read from the ID tag mounted to the container. In addition to the basic container number, the ID Tag can also store the necessary cargo data, destination data, station data, date, courier name, contractor name, security data, and more. • To provide even more thorough control of the cargo destination, Antennas can be installed at each point to be confirmed along the route and every branching location. The data can then be read as the cargo passes by to make sure that it is following the specified route correctly.
Application Solutions 6. Branch Control for Automated Warehouse Deliveries • Write the component classification data onto an ID Tag attached to the pallet following the injection process. • Control the branching at a point immediately before the pallet enters the automated warehouse. • Use the self-execution mode of the V 670 to conduct branching control, thus simplifying control at the host system.
Application Solutions 7. Transport and Control of Construction Materials • Install an Antenna and display at the entrance gate to read data (contractor's name, driver's name, truck number) from ID Tags held by the drivers. Weigh the loaded truck, and write that data to the ID Tag. When the weighing is completed, the unloading station is shown on the display. • After the driver unloads the materials at the specified station, he proceeds to the exit gate. There, the data on the ID Tag is read and the empty truck is weighed. The difference in the two weights (loaded and empty) is used to determine the weight of the load and a form with that information is automatically issued to the driver.
Past Projects & Application 13. 56 Mhz RFID V 720 Series 125 Khz RFID V 700 Series Factory Automation V 600 Series UHF V 750 Seris 場 UHF V 740 Seris
RTI Traceability ・・・ ＵＨＦ RTI Tracking helps to improve efficiency and improve traceability Supplier Super Market Distribution Center outgoing In-coming outgoing ●● Fruit & vegetables In-coming Tag Info Read ●● Tag Info Read Return of Pallets Confidential RTI：Returnable Transporting Item
Material Management・・・ ＵＨＦ UHF RFID Tag ［Benefits］ ・Simplified Work Process ・Higher efficiency Confidential Outgoing DB
Supply Chain Management ・・・ UHF Items level traceability for SCM application. Benefits: 1) Better Supply Chain management. 2) Higher efficiency in handling In and Out of goods. Confidential
Other Projects: 1) Changi Airport T 2 Baggage Sorting System 2) Suzuki Car Manufacturing Plant in India 3) Denso India Assembly Line 4) Mold tracking 5) Car Seat Manufacturing plant 6) Chemical Powder Recipes Mixing 7) Toyota Plant Paint shop 8) Seagate HDD manufacturing process 9) Others Non-factory Application 1) Bank Data Tape Tracking 2) HP Manufacturing plant product tracking 3) Sure Reach Archive documents tracking 4) Canon Plant 5) Retransfer Printing Ribbon tracking 6) Others
UHF: V 750 System Configuration
V 680 System Configuration
Omron V 750 UHF Products Quick Processing and Fine-tuned Functions Offer Best ROI 1. Quick Processing 2. Fine-tuned Functions Enhanced Communication Performances Adaptability to various Application 3. Scalability for Future Technology
Key V 750 Products Features Specification Omron General Reader Microprocessor Automobile Onboard Microprocessor Mostly Intel XScale Operation System Real Time Operating System (ITRON) Windows OS/Linux OS Filtering Function Machine Level filtering (faster) Application Level I/O can be control while reader is in execution communication Unknown Self-execution Mode Command can save in reader and mapped to external I/O trigger Some can but some response very slow. Power Configurable Individual Antenna port power can be configurable Some can but some cannot Environment Noise Level Check Feature Yes Not common. Smoothing Filter function Yes, to improve detection Unknown Auto-tuning Multi-access Algorithm Yes (Omron design) No Programmable Output Yes Unknown Error History Report Yes Unknown
Why Quick Processing? Quick and High-reliability Reader Architecture The V 750’s H/W and S/W is designed based on our Sensing and Control technology. This reader architecture enables communication sequence without a break. V 750 Communication Average Communication Communication (Break) Communication Reliability Level At the core of S/W is Real-time operation system : “ITRON”. The “ITRON” have high real-time capability and reliability as it is used for control of automobile. Control Component ITRON Embedded Linux Server PC Windows CE 100 ms 1 ms Real-time capability (Response time for processing request)
Why Quick Processing? Auto-tuning Multi-access Algorithm Our Multi-access Algorithm optimizes the parameter to read at high speed automatically according to the predicted number of tags to be read. Approximately 30% faster than standard anti-collision sequences. Even when the number of tags changes, the reader does not require prior setting of the parameter. For 18 tags For 4 tags For 100 tags ● ● Number of Tags The Number of tags to be read is always changing in real usage. Time
Real-time Control Quick Access and High Reliability deliver Real-time control to your System. V 750 provides accurate tag information within your time limit and enable to control a sorting machine on a high speed conveyor. Ant 1 Any directions Even if the packages with tags are facing in any directions, the reader can read them one by one very quickly. Ant 3 Ant 2 Closer Gap Even if the packages with tags are conveyed very closely, the reader can read them in order. Short access cycle enables shorter gap between packages (tags) than others. Tag 1 Packages 2 Packages 3 Tag 2 in Tag 3 ・・・ Tag n out in （Access Cycle) out *Tags is deactivated once being read. (Broken line)
On-Site Maintenance function Online Monitoring & Setting Operating status and setting conditions can be displayed and a parameter of operation can be set easily via Web browser. Ø System verification : 1)Tag communication test 2)Noise check Ø On-site environmental check : 1)Operation monitor (Command, Detected Antennas) 2)Error logging facility (Latest, Historical) Noise Level on site Multiple Status Indicators The multiple LED indication lamps enable users to see the reader clearly. RUN, PWR, ERR, NORM/ERC, ANT 1 -4, IN 1 -4, OUT 1 -4 Advantage Easy Site Assessment from Pilot to Roll-out These functions help users maintain their system quickly and remotely. These monitoring function shortens system verification time.