Скачать презентацию Tibia Fractures Open Frequency Etiology Скачать презентацию Tibia Fractures Open Frequency Etiology

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Tibia Fractures, Open Tibia Fractures, Open

Frequency Frequency

Etiology Etiology

Presentation Presentation

Classification Classification

Indications Indications

Contraindications Contraindications

Medical Therapy Medical Therapy

Surgical Therapy Surgical Therapy

Complications Complications

Introduction Introduction

Problem Problem

Frequency Frequency

Etiology Etiology

Pathophysiology Pathophysiology

Presentation and examination Presentation and examination

Indications Indications

Contraindications Contraindications

Laboratory Studies Laboratory Studies

Imaging Studies Imaging Studies

Imaging Studies Imaging Studies

Imaging Studies Imaging Studies

Outcome and Prognosis Outcome and Prognosis

Future and Controversies Future and Controversies

Problem Problem

Frequency Frequency

Etiology Etiology

Indications Indications

Laboratory Studies Laboratory Studies

Imaging Studies Imaging Studies

Imaging Studies Imaging Studies

Imaging Studies Imaging Studies

Medical Therapy Medical Therapy

Surgical Therapy Surgical Therapy

Pubic ramus fractures occur as parasymphysial fractures, midramus fractures, and pubic root fractures in Pubic ramus fractures occur as parasymphysial fractures, midramus fractures, and pubic root fractures in association with distraction and compression injuries of the pelvis (Routt, Orthop Clin North Am, 1997). Displacement of pubic rami fractures may cause impingement or laceration of the bladder, vagina, and perineum, and, for these reasons, operative management may be considered. Operative treatment of pubic rami fractures is indicated to provide additional pelvic ring stability in association with posterior pelvic ring fixation. Stabilization of pubic rami fractures also may be considered in fractures involving the obturator neurovascular canal with accompanying neurologic injury. Treatment options for pubic rami fractures include external fixation, percutaneous screw fixation, and open reduction and internal fixation. External fixation with either multiple pins (Kellam, 1989) or single pins in each hemipelvis (Tucker, 2001) may be used successfully in conjunction with stabilization of posterior ring injuries to impart additional stability to the pelvic fixation construct. External fixation for pubic ramus fractures is indicated to impart additional stability after posterior pelvic ring repair and also when percutaneous or open treatment is contraindicated. Intramedullary fixation of pubic ramus fractures has been described for treatment of pubic rami fractures (Simonian, J Orthop Trauma 1994; 8(6): 476 -82; Tile, 1995). Intramedullary pubic ramus fixation with a 4. 5 -mm cortical screw has demonstrated fixation strength equivalent to plate fixation and has demonstrated good results in clinical settings (Routt, 2000; Simonian, J Orthop Trauma 1994; 8(6): 483 -9). Intramedullary stabilization of ramus fractures may be performed with either a percutaneous or open technique with either antegrade or retrograde screw placement in the pubic ramus. Extramedullary plate fixation is another option to stabilize pubic rami fractures after open reduction and usually is achieved with 3. 5 -mm pelvic reconstruction plates.

Iliac wing fractures Iliac wing fractures

Crescent fractures Crescent fractures

Sacroiliac joint disruptions Sacroiliac joint disruptions

Sacral fractures Sacral fractures

Complications Complications

Outcome and Prognosis Outcome and Prognosis