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This is it – the last part of History 1965 - Present
• SS 8 H 12 The student will explain the importance of significant social, economic, and political developments in Georgia since 1970. • a. Evaluate the consequences of the end of the county unit system and reapportionment. • b. Describe the role of Jimmy Carter in Georgia as state senator, governor, president, and past president. • c. Analyze the impact of the rise of the two-party system in Georgia. • d. Evaluate the effect of the 1996 Olympic Games on Georgia. • e. Evaluate the importance of new immigrant communities to the growth and economy of Georgia.
County Unit System • • • Urban Counties = 8 votes (8) Town Counties = 4 votes (30) Rural Counties = 2 votes (121) • Made rural White votes count more. 120 One Party System: Everyone in the rural areas were Democrats and only Democrats were being elected. The more populated areas – where more Republicans lived – did not have a lot of voting power. Republicans could not get elected in the state. Therefore – Georgia had a One Party System. The County Unit System violated the 14 th Amendment. When it ended – most of the Candidates came from urban areas. 242 64
• Ending the County Unit System, according to Jimmy Carter, was "one of the most momentous political decisions of the century in Georgia, " and his book Turning Point: A Candidate, a State, and a Nation Come of Age (1992) describes the impact of eliminating the county unit system. During the fall of 1962 Carter also happened to make his first foray into politics, running for the office of state senator.
Reapportionment • Means to “reorganize” • The congressional districts in Georgia had to be reapportioned so they would represent the people of Georgia in a better way. • Then and today congressional districts are strictly drawn based on population. • • • State Congressional Districts http: //georgiainfo. galileo. usg. edu/gacdma p. htm http: //www. govtrack. us/congress/findyourr eps. xpd? state=GA State House Districts & State Senate Districts http: //georgiainfo. galileo. usg. edu/ga_maps. htm http: //www. house. ga. gov/Represent atives/en. US/House. Members. List. aspx? Sort= District&Session=21
Jimmy Carter • 2 Senate Terms in the Georgia General Assembly • 1 Term as the Governor of Georgia (1971 – 1975) • President of the United States (1977 -1981). • After being defeated in the presidential election of 1980, by Ronald Reagan, he founded the Carter Center, a nonpartisan public policy center in Atlanta. • He has been a better Ex. President than President.
Senator & a Governor: 1. Made a stand against racism 2. Combined 300 agencies into 30 – saving a lot of money 3. Made the state give equal amounts of money to all schools 4. Made sure that people got jobs based on skills – not who they knew. 5. Appointed more people of color to leadership positions than any of the other Governors combined
• 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. President: Signed peace treaties between Egypt & Israel, a nuclear arms treaty with the Soviet Union, & the Panama Treaty. Began a relationship with China Took steps against countries that violated human rights by deceasing aid to those countries. Tried to handle the Iranian Crisis – didn’t handle it well. Was President during a recession and a gas shortage.
• 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Ex-President Has worked unrelentlessly to bring peace between countries and support human rights through out the world. Founded the Jimmy Carter Work Project to help low income families. Leads Habitat for Humanity. Won the Presidential Medal of Freedom in 1999. Won the Nobel Peace Prize in 2002. http: //nobelprize. org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/2002/press. html
The Rise of the 2 Party System in Georgia • Since the Civil War – until the 1970’s – Georgia was a one party system. A one party system allows only one political party to have political power. • This began to end with the Voting Right Act of 1965 – and the end of the County Unit System. • When the General Assembly reapportioned voting district based on population, the voting power of Blacks began to change politics.
• The popular vote in the urban areas began to out vote the rural counties. • Changes in politics: More Blacks were elected to office and a two party system arose in Georgia (Republican). • Changes in the Economy: Funds no longer were directed solely towards rural farmers – they began going towards urban development (companies, affirmative action…)
Social Developments Since the 1970’s 1. The strength of the urban voters has improve the standard of living in urban areas. 2. Standards in education were increased. 3. Historically Black colleges receive more money. 4. State helps minority businesses get started.
1996 Olympic Games
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• From July 19 until August 4, 1996, Atlanta hosted the Centennial Summer Olympic Games, an event that was without doubt the largest undertaking in the city's history. The goal of civic leaders was to promote Atlanta's image as an international city ready to play an important role in global commerce. Preparations for the Olympics took more than six years after the awarding of the bid to Atlanta and had an estimated economic impact on the city of at least $5. 14 billion.
• In the process Atlanta changed dramatically, as new sports venues were built, park space was created, sidewalks and streets were improved, and housing patterns were altered.
• During the seventeen days of the Olympics, more than 2 million visitors came to Atlanta, and an estimated 3. 5 billion people around the world watched part of the games on television. The 1996 Olympics produced a significant legacy for Atlanta and its leaders.
New Immigrant Communities • Immigrants come from countries all around the world to Georgia for many different reasons. The first immigrants in Georgia could have been one of your ancestors! • Most immigrants come to the United States for better jobs and a chance to live a better life. • Many immigrants have left their countries to save their families lives.
Countries of Origin http: //www. nytimes. com/interactive/2009/03/10/us/20090310 -immigration-explorer. html
• How Immigrants Help the Economy Immigrants fill jobs. They raise the amount of money in any given area – and also the amount of work that is done. • Immigrants in Georgia have typically filled jobs in farming and manufacturing. • Many immigrants in Georgia are from Mexico or other Latin American countries.
The Problem: Illegal Immigrants
Illegal Immigrant Population
Problems with Illegal Immigration • Census Numbers: Negative Impact on Congressional Representation • Child Endangerment • Closed and Overcrowded Hospitals and Emergency Rooms • Depreciated Wages for Americans and Legal Immigrants • Disrespect for American Laws • Document Fraud • Drunk driving injuries and deaths: Hit and Runs • Gangs, Graffiti, Drugs, Cartels, Smugglers, and Violence • Gang Rape and unreported rapes • High Birth Rates and Overpopulation • Identity Theft • Increased Crime • Increased Taxes for Americans • Increased pressures on infrastructure (roads, traffic, water, sewer)
• Infectious Diseases • Lost American Jobs • Overcrowded Schools and Negative Impact on American Education • Overcrowded single family homes • Overcrowded Jails and Prisons • Stolen American Taxpayer Resources: Tuition, Welfare, Licenses • Taking limited seats in colleges at taxpayer expense • Terrorism Threats and Loss of national security • Trash and Negative Impact on Environment at border • Unfair to Legal Immigrants • Unfair Business Competition for law abiding companies • Unlicensed and Uninsured Motorists • Untaxed Wages • Voter Fraud
http: //espressostalinist. wordpress. com/genocide/native-american-genocide/