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Road to Revolution British Action 1600 s— 1700 s Colonial Reaction 1763 1765 1770 1773 1774 1775
Warm Up #12 9 -26 What helped to form the American Identity? AGENDA 1. Warm up #12 2. Causes of the American Revolution n HOMEWORK pre-AP: Ch 6 reading and questions 20, 21, 22 due 9/29 n Regular: Ch 6/7 Vocab. due 9/29
Salutary Neglect • the unwritten, unofficial stance of benign (not harmful) neglect by England toward the American colonies Colonial self-govt • On the whole, the colonists were relatively autonomous (independent) and were allowed to govern themselves with minimal royal and parliamentary interference
• Navigation Acts- Colonists can only buy British Goods from British ports and from British ships - guarantees a market for goods in the colonies. Proclamation of 1763 • Law forbids colonists from settling west of the Appalachian Mts. • Colonists begin smuggling foreign goods Colonists Angry/Ignore • Colonists are angry that the land they helped to acquire is forbidden. • Some move over the Appalachians anyway.
1765 Stamp Act Boycott of British goods Required all personal, • Colonists argue “No taxcommercial, and legal ation without representation” documents to carry an official (in British Parliament) stamp showing a tax had been paid. • Sam Adams creates the Sons of Liberty- groups of • Sugar Act- Tax on sugar, colonists who opposed molasses, indigo, and coffee. British policy with boycotts, protests and riots • Quartering Act- Requires colonists to house British soldiers.
1767 Townshend Acts Boston Massacre • More Boycotts • Tax on glass, paper, paint, lead, and tea • March 5, 1770: 5 colonists are killed by British soldiers in the “Boston Massacre” • Writs of Assistance- blanket search warrant to search businesses and residences for smuggled goods. • Crispus Attucks-1 st man to die for American liberty
HSI – History Scene Investigation The Evidence • What do you see? (facts/sensory) The Predictions • What do you think this is? • Prediction #1 I think… • Prediction #2 Now I think… • Prediction #3 Now I think… • Prediction #4 Now I think…
History Scene Investigation
Who does the picture suggest is at fault for this event? How can you tell?
Patriot Perspective The said party (British soldiers) was formed into a half circle; and within a short time after they had been posted at the Custom House, began to fire upon the people. Captain Preston is said to have ordered them to fire, and to have repeated that order. One gun was fired first; then others in succession and with deliberation, till ten or a dozen guns were fired; or till that number of discharges were made from the guns that were fired. By which means eleven persons were killed and wounded… Anonymous Witness
British Perspective "A general attack was made on the men by a great number of heavy clubs and snowballs being thrown at them, by which all our lives were in imminent danger. . . " Captain Thomas Preston was commander of the British squad that evening. He, along with the other members of the squad, was tried for murder in a Boston Court. In the following trial testimony, Captain Peterson describes the events of that evening.
Lawyer: "How did the soldiers stand? “ Witness: "They stood with their pieces before them to defend themselves. A party, about twelve in number with sticks in their hands, who stood in the middle of the street gave three cheers and immediately surrounded the soldiers and struck upon their guns with their sticks and passed along the front of the soldiers toward Royal Exchange Lane striking soldiers' guns as they passed. Numbers were continually coming down the street. ”
Fact or Bias?
Two Character Dialogue • With your partner… • One of you are Speaker “A” and the other speaker “B” • “A”=Loyalist watching the action in the Boston streets • “B”= Patriot watching the action in the Boston streets • “A” begins- I can’t believe what I just witnessed! (pass your note to speaker “B”) • Speaker “B” responds from the perspective of a Patriot • Speaker “A” responds back from the perspective of a Loyalist • Pass notes back and forth following the attitudes of your group as they watched the Boston Massacre
Writing Windows • Write a letter to a newspaper editor summarizing the events of March 5, 1770, using evidence from the different perspectives. Then answer the historical question: “Who was to blame? ” Support your opinion by using text evidence. • Minimum 1 page
Warm-Up 9/27/17 How is this image an example of bias? What facts of this event are exaggerated? Bias—prejudice in favor of or against one thing, person, or group compared with another, usually in a way considered to be unfair
1773 Tea Act • Fee on imported tea from Great Britain Boston Tea Party Committees of Correspondence • Letter writing campaign to unite the colonies • Tea is a very important part of colonial and British • Tea Party- “Sons” disguised diet as Indians dumped 342 chests of tea into Boston Harbor. di ivil nce C die obe s
1 st Continental Congress Intolerable Acts • Colonial assembles banned • Representatives vote to ban all trade with England until • Colonists must repay for destroying the tea • Port of Boston closed all Intolerable Acts are repealed. • Begin to train militias Closed • Massachusetts Governor replaced • Meet back in 7 months
Lexington & Concord 2 nd Continental Congress Midnight Ride of Paul Revere to warn colonists that the British are approaching. • George Washington named Commander of the Continental Army 700 British troops meet 70 Minutemen at Lexington. “Shot Heard around the World” • Congress begins to operate / 8 rebels die as a govt. British march to Concord to take rebel’s arsenal / British retreat / War has begun… • Congress authorizes the printing of money to pay the soldiers
Exit Slip You are a colonial reporter. After watching Patrick Henry’s speech, respond from either the perspective of a Loyalist or a Patriot. Both perspectives will begin with the sentence stem: “I can’t believe what I just heard. . . ”
Bonus +8 Explain how Salutary Neglect led to an increase in the number of Patriots in the colonies.
Sept 22 • Take out your Road to Revolution notes AND a ½ sheet of paper!
Warm Up #12 Your parents are suspicious of you doing drugs. While you're at school, they go into your bedroom with a police officer and tear apart your room. They go through your drawers, closet, under your mattress, etc. They find nothing but are still suspicious. How would you react if this happened? How would this affect the way you felt about living there? How would this affect your relationship with your parents? What would you do? AGENDA HOMEWORK • Warm up • Causes of the American Revolution—overview • pre-AP: Ch 5. 2 subheading Notes due 9/26 • Regular: Ch 5/6 Vocab. due 9/26
British Action (Cause) Colonial Reaction (Effect)