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The World Database on Protected Areas Consortium Silvio Olivieri WDPA Consortium The World Database on Protected Areas Consortium Silvio Olivieri WDPA Consortium

The growth of WDPA • A Success story… – WDPA 2004: double the size The growth of WDPA • A Success story… – WDPA 2004: double the size of WDPA 2003 in 4 months… – Publication of WDPA 2003 catalyzed interest in providing new datasets • the first delivery of the Biodiversity Knowledge Commons

WDPA 2004 Advances • Double amount of data (1 GB) • GIS data: from WDPA 2004 Advances • Double amount of data (1 GB) • GIS data: from 18% of PAs (I-VI) with polygons to 37% coverage • 10, 000 CD-Roms distributed

WDPA 2004 limitations • Polygon coverage: provide analysis for I-VI in surface area protected WDPA 2004 limitations • Polygon coverage: provide analysis for I-VI in surface area protected and in hotspots.

The 12+ % Protected • Is the 12+% of Terrestrial Area Protected worldwide an The 12+ % Protected • Is the 12+% of Terrestrial Area Protected worldwide an overestimate? … • Quality of coverage of data sources (i. e. missing data) • Quality of the data (i. e. wrong data) • Quality control (wrong manipulation of data) • A role for field based organizations: WCPA and Consortium members

Data quality issues that affects % area protected estimate • • • Inaccuracy of Data quality issues that affects % area protected estimate • • • Inaccuracy of point-data surface figures Terrestrial / marine components of PAs The inclusion of “non-IUCN” areas Overlapping PAs (Venezuela worst case) Missing data

Data quality issues that affects % area protected estimate • • • Inaccuracy of Data quality issues that affects % area protected estimate • • • Inaccuracy of point-data surface figures Terrestrial / marine components of PAs The inclusion of “non-IUCN” areas Overlapping PAs (Venezuela worst case) Missing data

Data quality issues that affects % area protected estimate • • • Inaccuracy of Data quality issues that affects % area protected estimate • • • Inaccuracy of point-data surface figures Terrestrial / marine components of PAs The inclusion of “non-IUCN” areas Overlapping PAs (Venezuela worst case) Missing data

Coiba Marine PA Coiba Marine PA

Tortuguero, Costa Rica Tortuguero, Costa Rica

Data quality issues that affects % area protected estimate • • • Inaccuracy of Data quality issues that affects % area protected estimate • • • Inaccuracy of point-data surface figures Terrestrial / marine components of PAs The inclusion of “non-IUCN” areas Overlapping PAs (Venezuela worst case) Missing data

Non-IUCN PAs • • ~36, 000 PAs in 186 countries of 401 different types Non-IUCN PAs • • ~36, 000 PAs in 186 countries of 401 different types Include many areas that shuould be in categories I – VI • Include many that should not be counted for conservation purposes

Non-IUCN PAs COUNTRY FIRST_DESI United Kingdom Site of Special Scientific Interest (SSSI) United States Non-IUCN PAs COUNTRY FIRST_DESI United Kingdom Site of Special Scientific Interest (SSSI) United States COUNT % ot total % cum 7152 20% National Game Reserve 4390 12% 32% Finland Protected Mire 3177 9% 41% Sweden Wildlife and Plant Sanctuary 2666 7% 48% Norway Bog/Mire Reserve 1619 5% 53% Netherlands Nature Conservation Law 1548 4% 57% Uganda Forest Reserve 1404 4% 61% Nigeria Game Reserve 980 3% 64% Poland Area of Protected Landscape 860 2% 66% Canada Provincial Park 789 2% 68% Tanzania, United Republic of State Forest Reserve 712 2% 70% Japan Prefectural Wildlife Protection Area 661 2% 72% Zambia Forest Reserve 606 2% 74% Malaysia Forest Reserve 601 2% 76% Belgium State Nature Reserve 558 2% 77% Brazil Indigenous Area 477 1% 78% Sri Lanka Jungle Corridor 410 1% 80% New Zealand Government Purpose Reserve 386 1% 81%

Data quality issues that affects % area protected estimate • • • Inaccuracy of Data quality issues that affects % area protected estimate • • • Inaccuracy of point-data surface figures Terrestrial / marine components of PAs The inclusion of “non-IUCN” areas Overlapping PAs (Venezuela worst case) Missing data

Venezuela – Brazil border Venezuela – Brazil border

Data quality issues that affects % area protected estimate • • • Inaccuracy of Data quality issues that affects % area protected estimate • • • Inaccuracy of point-data surface figures Terrestrial / marine components of PAs The inclusion of “non-IUCN” areas Overlapping PAs (Venezuela worst case) Missing data

PAs w/o geographic location PAs with 0. 00 Values for Latitude and Longitude PA PAs w/o geographic location PAs with 0. 00 Values for Latitude and Longitude PA Category Total Count Total Records 10, National IUCN I-VI PAs 872 69, 358 National Other PAs International PAs Total % Total 6, 948 35, 953 - 2, 515 17, 820 107, 826 16. 5

National IUCN I-VI WCPA Region Total Records with 0. 0 Lat. & Lon. Values National IUCN I-VI WCPA Region Total Records with 0. 0 Lat. & Lon. Values Total Records National Other Areas % PAs with 0. 0 Lat. & Lon. Values Total Records with 0. 0 Lat. & Lon. Values % PAs with 0. 0 Lat. & Lon. Values Antarctic 6 122 4. 9 - 4 0. 0 Australia and New Zealand 1 9, 162 0. 0 - 390 0. 0 Brazil 310 803 38. 6 49 477 10. 3 Caribbean 94 738 12. 7 47 223 21. 1 Central America 23 465 4. 9 111 200 55. 5 East Asia 121 2, 531 4. 8 637 726 87. 7 Eastern and Southern Africa 72 877 8. 2 933 3, 777 24. 7 Europe 7, 556 24, 418 30. 9 2, 750 19, 493 14. 1 North Africa and Middle East 246 616 39. 9 228 517 44. 1 North America 863 8, 210 10. 5 766 5, 198 14. 7 North Eurasia 569 17, 307 3. 3 11 405 2. 7 Pacific 31 218 14. 2 63 175 36. 0 South America 69 857 8. 1 253 615 41. 1 South Asia 92 845 10. 9 487 626 77. 8 South East Asia 789 1, 814 43. 5 180 835 21. 6 Western and Central Africa 30 375 8. 0 433 2, 292 18. 9 10872 69, 358 6948 35, 953. 00 TOTAL

Current status Total PAs in Total with % with WDPA 2004 GIS data National Current status Total PAs in Total with % with WDPA 2004 GIS data National IUCN I to VI 69, 358 20, 781 30. 0% National Other Protected Areas 35, 953 17, 959 50. 0% 105, 311 38, 740 36. 8% 2, 515 920 36. 6% 3, 298 1, 407 42. 7% 5, 813 2, 327 40. 0% 111, 124 41, 067 37. 0% International (Regional PAs)

International PAs International (Global agreements) Known Number of Sites In % WDPA with GIS International PAs International (Global agreements) Known Number of Sites In % WDPA with GIS 2004 data Biosphere Reserves 440 433 34 7. 9% World Heritage Sites 754 765 184 24. 1% 1, 328 1, 317 708 53. 8% RAMSAR Sites

The Management of WDPA • Transparent protocols • Database management integrated in database at The Management of WDPA • Transparent protocols • Database management integrated in database at field level • Quality control systems and protocols

The architecture of WDPA • Missing features in relation to data contents – Marine The architecture of WDPA • Missing features in relation to data contents – Marine / terrestrial components of PAs – PAs with zoning, with different IUCN categories – No history of data evolution – No redundant / alternate data – Data estimates for key fields – Data accuracy for key fields – Better management of data sources / metadata

The delivery of the WDPA • Annual releases of stable versions • Central database The delivery of the WDPA • Annual releases of stable versions • Central database up-to-date • Proposed architecture called for a serviceoriented database that would allow other organizations to link additional data, information or analysis

Annual Plan for 2004 • WDPA 2004 by COP 7 • WDPA 2005 (by Annual Plan for 2004 • WDPA 2004 by COP 7 • WDPA 2005 (by WCC, November 2004) • Development of WDPA – – – • • Architecture Decentralization Transparent Procedures and Protocols Quality Control Expand & improve contents WDPA Website to link users Insure sustained funding Mobilize WCPA members at regional levels Engage major stakeholders (CBD/CHM, …)

Governance IUCN UNEP World Commission on Protected Areas UNEP - World Conservation Monitoring Centre Governance IUCN UNEP World Commission on Protected Areas UNEP - World Conservation Monitoring Centre WDPA Advisory Council WDPA Consortium WDPA Partners Network • Chinese Academy of Science • Univ. of Buenos Aires • EEA, European Env. Agency • … • Convention on Biological Diversity • RAMSAR • … WDPA

New datasets (partial list) • • • Mesoamerica Brazil Venezuela Colombia Caribbean Micronesia – New datasets (partial list) • • • Mesoamerica Brazil Venezuela Colombia Caribbean Micronesia – Polynesia Egypt Iran …