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The Wizard of Oz Archetypes in the Movie By: Olivia Patterson, Courtney Malcom & Robbie Miller 1 st Period
Situation Archetypes • The Quest: -Trying to return home Dorothy trying to gain access to the Wizard. Dorothy is trying to find her home in Kansas (from Oz). Her efforts to return home include a quest to find the all powerful Wizard of Oz who she thinks should know how to help her. Also, while she does not realize it, the ruby slippers represent the talisman to help her return home. She is advised to click her heels together three times to return home.
Situation Archetypes • The Initiation: Dorothy has a new awareness of evil when Miss Gulch tries to take Toto. Also, later when the house falls on the Wicked Witch of the East, Dorothy acquires the ruby slippers. . . she then has a new maturity and awareness of the problems/dangers associated with her quest to return home. At home, Miss Gulch represents evil. In Oz, the Wicked Witch of the West represents evil.
Symbolic Archetypes • Darkness vs. Lightness: 1. Dorothy is first in a dark black and white place. She is filled with worries of the unknown and despair that Miss Gulch will take Toto. 2. Later when she wakes, everything is brilliantly colored. She has hope of returning home and learns many things about herself and her friends during her journey to OZ.
Symbolic Archetypes • Supernatural Intervention: 1. Glinda the Good Witch of the North appeared and provided assistance and information (to follow the yellow brick road) to Dorothy and her friends. 2. Later Dorothy and her friends are victims of the poison poppies and fall asleep. This represents an evil intervention of the Wicked Witch.
Character Archetypes • Hunting Group of Companions: Dorothy, Toto, Tin Man, Cowardly Lion, and the Scarecrow are loyal companions willing to face many dangers in order to stay together and find the Wizard of Oz. Dorothy and her friends.
Character Archetypes • Friendly Beast: 1. Dorothy befriends the Cowardly Lion who is a friendly beast. 2. Toto is also a friendly beast who is protective and loyal to Dorothy.
Character Archetypes • Devil Figure: The Wicked Witch of the West is the most evil and conniving character in this movie. She threatens to harm Toto and destroy Dorothy and her friends in order to get the Ruby Slippers.
Character Archetypes • Creatures of the Nightmare: The flying monkeys are monsters that are summoned by the Wicked Witch to attack Dorothy and her friends. They are evil perversions.
Major Archetype • The Wise Old Man: Professor Marvel is a traveling fortune teller and The Wizard of Oz is an almighty wizard. These two characters provide insight and gain trust through trickery. Professor Marvel uses trickery to gain Dorothy’s trust.
Symbolism • Dorothy is a girl= innocence • Miss Gulch is a crone= evil (becomes the Wicked Witch of the West) • Glinda the witch dressed in white/filled with light= goodness • Auntie Em takes care of Dorothy= caregiver • Emerald City green = self growth/ knowledge • Apple orchard/forest (trees that throw their apples) example of nature that is hostile to human needs= wilderness
Works Cited The Wizard of Oz. Dir. Victor Fleming. Perf. Judy Garland, Frank Morgan, Ray Bolger. 1939. Warner, 2009. DVD. Unknown Photographer. Miss Gulch and the Wicked Witch- Represent evil. N. d. Wizard of Oz- Actress Margaret Hamilton, Unknown. Aveleyman- Actor, Films and TV Vidcaps. Web. 3 Sept. 2011. Unknown Photographer. Dorothy trying to gain access to the Wizard. . N. d. The Wizard of Oz, Movie Set Photo. The Best Picture Project. Web. 3 Sept. 2011. Unknown Photographer. Dorothy and her friends. N. d. The Wizard of Oz, Movie Set Photo. Emerald City Blogspot. Web. 3 Sept. 2011. Unknown Photographer. Professor Marvel uses trickery to gain Dorothy’s trust. N. d. The Wizard of Oz, Movie Set Photo. Huffington Post- Lesson from Professor Marvel. Web. 4 Sept. 2011.