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THE WARNING SYSTEM, A STEP TOWARD THE FLOOD RISK MANAGEMENT IN HAITI BID Dr. THE WARNING SYSTEM, A STEP TOWARD THE FLOOD RISK MANAGEMENT IN HAITI BID Dr. Helliot AMILCAR, National Program for early flood warning, MARNDR 1

THE WARNING SYSTEM, A STEP TOWARD THE FLOOD RISK MANAGEMENT IN HAITI n SUMMARY THE WARNING SYSTEM, A STEP TOWARD THE FLOOD RISK MANAGEMENT IN HAITI n SUMMARY - some concepts - morphological considerations - State of Play - Reports of Causes to Effects - The Early Warning System Dr. Helliot AMILCAR, National Program for early flood warning, MARNDR BID 2

SOME CONCEPTS n Disaster planing: a continuous and integrated process resulting from a wide SOME CONCEPTS n Disaster planing: a continuous and integrated process resulting from a wide range of risk reduction activities and resources rather than a separate sectored activity in itself. n It requires the participation of many fields, ranging from training to logistics, to health care, recovery, livelihoods and institutional development Dr. Helliot AMILCAR, National Program for early flood warning, MARNDR BID 3

SOME CONCEPTS Disaster: a sudden and disastrous event which seriously disrupts the functioning of SOME CONCEPTS Disaster: a sudden and disastrous event which seriously disrupts the functioning of a community or society and causing human, material and economic or environmental exceed the capabilities of the society or community to cope using its own resources. n Although they are often caused by nature, disasters can also have a human origin. Dr. Helliot AMILCAR, National Program for early flood warning, MARNDR BID 4

SOME CONCEPTS n Disaster: opposite event, frustrating, sad, terrible tragedy that destroys the projects, SOME CONCEPTS n Disaster: opposite event, frustrating, sad, terrible tragedy that destroys the projects, demolished prospects, destroyed the hopes. n (Calamity, plague, defeat)= ± disaster Dr. Helliot AMILCAR, National Program for early flood warning, MARNDR BID 5

SOME CONCEPTS n Hazard: the probability that during a reference period an event reaches SOME CONCEPTS n Hazard: the probability that during a reference period an event reaches a site with a certain intensity. The hazard thus refers to phenomena that could cause damage. Dr. Helliot AMILCAR, National Program for early flood warning, MARNDR BID 6

SOME CONCEPTS n Vulnerability: the wound, weakness. By extension, one that is vulnerable is SOME CONCEPTS n Vulnerability: the wound, weakness. By extension, one that is vulnerable is sensitive, given to making attacks. The term therefore refers to both injury and the propensity to undergo such damage (D'Ercole, 1996) ► A disaster occurs when danger strikes the vulnerable. Dr. Helliot AMILCAR, National Program for early flood warning, MARNDR BID 7

SOME CONCEPTS n the risk is a compound of the hazard and vulnerability Dr. SOME CONCEPTS n the risk is a compound of the hazard and vulnerability Dr. Helliot AMILCAR, National Program for early flood warning, MARNDR BID 8

HAITI, mountainous land * Superficie totale: 27. 750 km 2 5. 550 km 2 HAITI, mountainous land * Superficie totale: 27. 750 km 2 5. 550 km 2 EXCLURE De Plaines cotieres vallées ET, * Les Précipitations pluvieuses annual: 400 mm (altitude basse) 2000 mm (altitude haute) * Température: 15 ° C à 35 ° C * Plus de 1500 km de littoral Dr Helliot AMILCAR, Programme National d'Alerte Precoce aux inondations, MARNDR BID 9

BLEAK versus PLAINS n n n Most cities are coastal These coastal cities have BLEAK versus PLAINS n n n Most cities are coastal These coastal cities have developed near a river Constructions often stood on the banks of rivers Dr. Helliot AMILCAR, National Program for early flood warning, MARNDR BID 10

SITES CONDITIONS n Less than 2% of forest cover explosive demography - In 1980: SITES CONDITIONS n Less than 2% of forest cover explosive demography - In 1980: 5 million - In 2011: about 10 million people → The population has doubled in 30 years Dr. Helliot AMILCAR, National Program for early flood warning, MARNDR BID 11

SITES CONDITIONS (CONTINUED) n Plan land almost nonexistent → Development of unplanned settlements → SITES CONDITIONS (CONTINUED) n Plan land almost nonexistent → Development of unplanned settlements → Environmental degradation in general → Waterproofing land ► Runoff >>> Infiltration Dr. Helliot AMILCAR, National Program for early flood warning, MARNDR BID 12

CONSEQUENCES n Frequent flooding of rivers Flooding of settlements → Loss of life → CONSEQUENCES n Frequent flooding of rivers Flooding of settlements → Loss of life → Loss of property ► HANDICAP FOR ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT Dr. Helliot AMILCAR, National Program for early flood warning, MARNDR BID 13

THE FLOOD WARNING SYSTEM objective: Strengthen the capacity of intervention areas to detect the THE FLOOD WARNING SYSTEM objective: Strengthen the capacity of intervention areas to detect the risk of flooding to reduce loss of life and property. Dr. Helliot AMILCAR, National Program for early flood warning, MARNDR BID 14

THE FLOOD WARNING SYSTEM n strategy: - Organization of communities at risk - Hydrometeorological THE FLOOD WARNING SYSTEM n strategy: - Organization of communities at risk - Hydrometeorological data collection - Alert is triggered - Capacity Building - Sensitization Dr Helliot AMILCAR, Programme National d'Alerte Precoce aux inondations, MARNDR BID 15

ORGANIZATION OF COMMUNITIES AT RISK: Municipal Plan Alert and Evacuation Flood Action Plan ð ORGANIZATION OF COMMUNITIES AT RISK: Municipal Plan Alert and Evacuation Flood Action Plan ð Yearbook crisis ð Dr. Helliot AMILCAR, National Program for early flood warning, MARNDR 16

ORGANIZATION OF COMMUNITIES AT RISK: Municipal Plan Alert and Evacuation Dr. Helliot AMILCAR, National ORGANIZATION OF COMMUNITIES AT RISK: Municipal Plan Alert and Evacuation Dr. Helliot AMILCAR, National Program for early flood warning, MARNDR BID 17

Dr. Helliot AMILCAR, National Program for early flood warning, MARNDR BID 18 Dr. Helliot AMILCAR, National Program for early flood warning, MARNDR BID 18

ORGANIZATION OF COMMUNITIES AT RISK: Municipal Plan Alert and Evacuation Dr. Helliot AMILCAR, National ORGANIZATION OF COMMUNITIES AT RISK: Municipal Plan Alert and Evacuation Dr. Helliot AMILCAR, National Program for early flood warning, MARNDR BID 19

ORGANIZATION OF COMMUNITIES AT RISK: Municipal Plan Alert and Evacuation Dr. Helliot AMILCAR, National ORGANIZATION OF COMMUNITIES AT RISK: Municipal Plan Alert and Evacuation Dr. Helliot AMILCAR, National Program for early flood warning, MARNDR BID 20

ORGANIZATION OF COMMUNITIES AT RISK: Municipal Plan Alert and Evacuation Dr. Helliot AMILCAR, National ORGANIZATION OF COMMUNITIES AT RISK: Municipal Plan Alert and Evacuation Dr. Helliot AMILCAR, National Program for early flood warning, MARNDR BID 21

ORGANIZATION OF COMMUNITIES AT RISK: Municipal Plan Alert and Evacuation Dr. Helliot AMILCAR, National ORGANIZATION OF COMMUNITIES AT RISK: Municipal Plan Alert and Evacuation Dr. Helliot AMILCAR, National Program for early flood warning, MARNDR BID 22

EARLY WARNING SYSTEM n Support provided by: n n n Ministry of Interior (Directorate EARLY WARNING SYSTEM n Support provided by: n n n Ministry of Interior (Directorate of Civil Protection) Civil Protection Committees Department of Agriculture (Water Resources, National Meteorological Center) The municipalities (31 municipalities) Civil Society The University Dr. Helliot AMILCAR, National Program for early flood warning, MARNDR BID 23

EARLY WARNING SYSTEM n Components n Automated water level sensors (38) n Scale rainfall EARLY WARNING SYSTEM n Components n Automated water level sensors (38) n Scale rainfall n Rainfall automated sensors (18) n Sirens automated (47) n Operating system (e. Vigilance; Bank of hydrological data) n Observers direct Dr. Helliot AMILCAR, National Program for early flood warning, MARNDR 24

EARLY WARNING SYSTEM n SYSTÈME DE COMMUNICATION - Satellites Iridium - GPRS The General EARLY WARNING SYSTEM n SYSTÈME DE COMMUNICATION - Satellites Iridium - GPRS The General Packet Radio Service or GPRS is a standard for mobile derivative of GSM allows a higher data rate. Dr. Helliot AMILCAR, National Program for early flood warning, MARNDR BID 25

Water level SENSORS Radar signals are emitted as short pulses of a duration of Water level SENSORS Radar signals are emitted as short pulses of a duration of 1 ns by the antenna of the sensor. After being reflected by the surface of the product, these pulses are received back by the antenna in the form of echoes. The time of the radar pulses is directly proportional to the distance between sensor and product and thus the filling height. Dr. Helliot AMILCAR, National Program for early flood warning, MARNDR BID 26

RAINFALL SENSOR - Wind speed. - Wind direction. - Precipitation (rain). - Barometric pressure RAINFALL SENSOR - Wind speed. - Wind direction. - Precipitation (rain). - Barometric pressure - Temperature. - Relative Humidity. Dr. Helliot AMILCAR, National Program for early flood warning, MARNDR 27

THE WARNING STATIONS The warning stations are made: - On a mast with two THE WARNING STATIONS The warning stations are made: - On a mast with two pavilions double. - Two solar panels with a peak power of 50 watts. - Two batteries 12 V / 65 Ah/C 20. - From an electronic box. - From a mechanical reinforcement. - Possibly a platform. - Possibly a box order. - Possibly a light fixture. Dr Helliot AMILCAR, Programme National d'Alerte Precoce aux inondations, MARNDR BID 28

Hydrometeorological data collection Dr. Helliot AMILCAR, National Program for early flood warning, MARNDR 29 Hydrometeorological data collection Dr. Helliot AMILCAR, National Program for early flood warning, MARNDR 29

DATA VIEW Dr. Helliot AMILCAR, National Program for early flood warning, MARNDR BID 30 DATA VIEW Dr. Helliot AMILCAR, National Program for early flood warning, MARNDR BID 30

INSTRUMENTATION OF WATERSHED FOR COLLECTING INFORMATION n CURRENT STATUS - The system being put INSTRUMENTATION OF WATERSHED FOR COLLECTING INFORMATION n CURRENT STATUS - The system being put in place - Consideration of Watershed 13 of 30 - "Feed Back" with the positive population n NEXT? - Ensure the sustainability of a system from its appropriation by the population - Extend coverage to other Watersheds Dr. Helliot AMILCAR, National Program for early flood warning, MARNDR

THANK YOU Dr. Helliot AMILCAR, National Program for early flood warning, MARNDR 32 THANK YOU Dr. Helliot AMILCAR, National Program for early flood warning, MARNDR 32