Скачать презентацию The War in Europe and North Africa EQ Скачать презентацию The War in Europe and North Africa EQ

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The War in Europe and North Africa EQ 4: How did the Allies turn The War in Europe and North Africa EQ 4: How did the Allies turn the tide against the Axis in Europe? 1

Hitler first Strategy • FDR agrees that Germany is a larger threat to the Hitler first Strategy • FDR agrees that Germany is a larger threat to the world • Britain and the USSR must not fall • the US may need more allies in the Pacific 2

Alliance between Britain, U. S. , and Soviet Union • Germany invaded the USSR Alliance between Britain, U. S. , and Soviet Union • Germany invaded the USSR in May, 1941 • Operation Barbarossa, 1941 • hopes to conquer Russia before winter stalled in the Balkans • Stalingrad became the linchpin • 3 million Germans and Russians killed 3

Allied War Strategy in Europe and Africa • Operation Torch (North Africa), 1942 • Allied War Strategy in Europe and Africa • Operation Torch (North Africa), 1942 • the USSR demanded a second front • under Patton, the US invaded North Africa at Morocco • 275 k Germans surrender • the US used North Africa to get to the island of Sicily and then to Italy • “soft underbelly of Europe” • the USSR complained it was taking too long 4

Allied War Strategy in Europe and Africa • Strategic Bombing • the allies bombed Allied War Strategy in Europe and Africa • Strategic Bombing • the allies bombed Italy and Germany to destroy their industry • British bombed at night despite higher civilian casualties • U. S. continued daytime raids from England Italy • 1. 5 million tons of bombs were dropped on Germany • it’s debatable how effective the bombing was • they were psychologically traumatic 5

Bombing of Dresden 6 Bombing of Dresden 6

Allied War Strategy in Europe and Africa • Operation Overlord D -Day, 6/6/44 • Allied War Strategy in Europe and Africa • Operation Overlord D -Day, 6/6/44 • D-day was the largest invasion in history • planned by Gen. Eisenhower • Allied commander in Europe • Fake plans were leaked • 150, 000 troops landed on five beaches • just under 7000 ships were involved • France and Belgium were liberated by September 7

D-Day, June 6, 1944 8 D-Day, June 6, 1944 8

Allied War Strategy in Europe and Africa • Germans try to push allies back Allied War Strategy in Europe and Africa • Germans try to push allies back to the English Channel • 250 k German troops were sent to take Antwerp • after Operation Market Garden • “Bulge” in allied line • US held at Bastogne, will push steadily to Berlin Bulge • Battle of the Bulge, 1944 9

Allied War Strategy in Europe and Africa • V-E Day (May 8, 1945) • Allied War Strategy in Europe and Africa • V-E Day (May 8, 1945) • the US and Britain pushed into Germany from the West while the USSR came from the East • while Europeans cheered, Americans feared the war in Japan 10

The War in Europe and North Africa – The Holocaust EQ 5: How did The War in Europe and North Africa – The Holocaust EQ 5: How did the Holocaust develop and what were its results? How did Americans react to the Holocaust? 11

The Holocaust • Kristallnacht, 1938 • at first Jews were segregated and forced to The Holocaust • Kristallnacht, 1938 • at first Jews were segregated and forced to wear a Star of David • Hitler tried to get them to leave Germany • he watched the way the South treated blacks in the US • in one night, 7, 500 Jewish shops and 400 synagogues burned • almost 100 Jews killed and 20, 000 sent to concentration camps • this is the beginning of the holocaust 12

The Holocaust • The Final Solution • the Nazis imprisoned slavs, gypsies, and other The Holocaust • The Final Solution • the Nazis imprisoned slavs, gypsies, and other ethnic groups • the elderly, the insane, homosexuals, and the mentally retarded were executed • a combined program of eugenics and euthanasia • millions of Jews were segregated into Ghettos before being taken to concentration camps • Aushwitz and Dachau • 78% of Jews in Europe were killed • They were killed in showers using a pesticide called Zyklon-B and then burnt in ovens to hide the evidence • even when the war looked hopeless, Hitler pushed for the work to continue 13

The Holocaust • America’s Response to the Holocaust • the US held to its The Holocaust • America’s Response to the Holocaust • the US held to its immigration quotas • the Holocaust got little attention in the news • military resources were not used to destroy rail lines to the camps • after the war, we helped create Israel 14

EQ 5: • How did the Holocaust develop and what were its results? How EQ 5: • How did the Holocaust develop and what were its results? How did Americans react to the Holocaust? 15

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