Скачать презентацию The United States of America Constitution How a Скачать презентацию The United States of America Constitution How a

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The United States of America Constitution How a Bill Becomes Law Article I, Section The United States of America Constitution How a Bill Becomes Law Article I, Section 7 1

Vocabulary Bill An idea that a Representative or Senato has and would like it Vocabulary Bill An idea that a Representative or Senato has and would like it to become a law 2

Vocabulary Veto President does not agree with the bill a rejects the bill 3 Vocabulary Veto President does not agree with the bill a rejects the bill 3

Vocabulary Override Congress votes for a bill becomes a la after the President vetoes Vocabulary Override Congress votes for a bill becomes a la after the President vetoes the bill 4

How a Bill Becomes a Law • Laws are passed to keep our country How a Bill Becomes a Law • Laws are passed to keep our country functioning • It is a long, step-by-step process 5

How a Bill Becomes a Law Bill • An idea a representative or senator How a Bill Becomes a Law Bill • An idea a representative or senator has – Would like it to become a law • Either house may begin a bill – Except money issues (House of Representatives) • Must turn in bill in written form to the fellow congressmen 6

How a Bill Becomes a Law Dead Bill • Bill is voted on and How a Bill Becomes a Law Dead Bill • Bill is voted on and does not pass • If bill passes, then it is sent to the opposite house for approval – If they disagree, then they send it back to the house it came from • Must have approval of both houses 7

How a Bill Becomes a Law Bill Becomes Law • If President agrees and How a Bill Becomes a Law Bill Becomes Law • If President agrees and signs the bill • If President does not respond within 10 working days 8

How a Bill Becomes a Law Veto • When the President does not agree How a Bill Becomes a Law Veto • When the President does not agree with the bill and rejects it • If Congress still is in session, the bill goes back to the house that began the bill 9

How a Bill Becomes a Law Pocket Veto • When the President does not How a Bill Becomes a Law Pocket Veto • When the President does not sign the bill within 10 days after Congress ajourns • The bill dies 10

How a Bill Becomes a Law Overriding a Veto • A bill has been How a Bill Becomes a Law Overriding a Veto • A bill has been vetoed and sent back to Congress • The Senate & House agree with the bill with a 2/3 majority • The bill becomes law without the President’s approval 11

How a Bill Becomes a Law Overriding a Veto • This is a way How a Bill Becomes a Law Overriding a Veto • This is a way for the Legislative Branch to check the Executive Branch – Checks & Balance Procedure 12

How a Bill Becomes a Law We will trace Senate Bill-200 as it become How a Bill Becomes a Law We will trace Senate Bill-200 as it become law. Rounded Box Action by House of Representatives Oval Action by the President Square Box Action by the Senate 13

Senate Bill-200 is introduced, and the Senate votes on the bill. If approved, it Senate Bill-200 is introduced, and the Senate votes on the bill. If approved, it goes to the House. If not, the bill dies. If SB-200 is approved by the House the bill is then sent to the President Presiden If not, the bill goes back to the Senate for changes If the president signs SB-200 or doesn’t sign it within ten working days, it becomes a law If the Senate votes by a 2/3 majority to override the President’s veto, the bill is sent to the House. If not, the bill dies If the House votes by a 2/3 majority to override the President’s veto, the bill becomes a law. If not, the bill dies. If the President doesn’t sign SB-200 within ten days after Congress adjourns, the bill dies (pocket veto) If the President Vetoes SB-200, it goes back to the Senate 14

Question If the bill is approved by each group the time it is presented, Question If the bill is approved by each group the time it is presented, how many steps does it go through? 15

Question If the President vetoes the bill but Cong votes to override the veto, Question If the President vetoes the bill but Cong votes to override the veto, how many steps must the bill go throug 16

Practice Now trace House Bill 100 17 Practice Now trace House Bill 100 17

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Powers of Congress Powers • • Tax Borrow money Regulate trade Naturalization – Process Powers of Congress Powers • • Tax Borrow money Regulate trade Naturalization – Process by which one can become a United States Citizen 19

Powers of Congress Powers Article I, Section 8 • Coin money • Establish a Powers of Congress Powers Article I, Section 8 • Coin money • Establish a system of weights and measurements • Establish a post office • Declare War • Provide a military 20

Powers of Congress Elastic Clause Article I, Section 8, Clause 18 • Gives Congress Powers of Congress Elastic Clause Article I, Section 8, Clause 18 • Gives Congress the power to make all laws necessary and proper to carry out its responsibilities 21

Powers of Congress 3 Types of Powers 1. Enumerated Powers • Powers specifically given Powers of Congress 3 Types of Powers 1. Enumerated Powers • Powers specifically given by the Constitution • Written powers • i. e. Declare war 22

Powers of Congress 3 Types of Powers 2. Implied Powers • General powers that Powers of Congress 3 Types of Powers 2. Implied Powers • General powers that are stated but not enough information • i. e. Establish a post office & post roads – Obviously more is needed than an office and roads to have a postal system • Carriers, security, buildings, etc 23

Powers of Congress 3 Types of Powers 3. Inherent Powers • Unlisted powers • Powers of Congress 3 Types of Powers 3. Inherent Powers • Unlisted powers • Needed to run the government smoothly • i. e. Conduct foreign affairs 24